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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
A Experimental Study for Developing of the Dry Double Floors Hydronic Ondol System
Kim Nan-Haeng ; Sohn Jang-Yeul ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 1~7
The aim of the research was to evaluate the characteristics of thermal environment and thermal comfort in the Dry Double floors Hydronic Ondol System. Physical indoor thermal environments (the floor surface temperature, the vertical temperature, etc.) and skin temperature have especially been measured. Physical features conditions, sensation, thermal comfort, humidity sensation, comfort of body were investigated for the survey. As a result, (1) During the operation of the boiler (12 hour), the average indoor temperature is appeared to be
. The floor surface temperature showed peak value of
after 8hours 30minutes after the start-point of the heating. The vertical difference of temperature was turned out to be not uniform. (2) While the skin temperature showed a narrow distribution of temperature in the Dry Double floors Hydronic Ondol system. (3) The response to thermal comfort which people felt was satisfactory, and most of them felt dry during the test.
Tenants' Post Occupancy Evaluation in the Mid-sized Rental Apartment
Lee Sang-Un ; Park Kyoung-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 9~18
This study analyzes relevant data based on the mid-sized rental unit. It focuses on how we can set up appropriate mid-sized rental unit plan as its supply has been accelerated over time. The questionnaires used in this study cover a series of categories including site environment, unit plan, neighborhood, economy, and management. The 342 respondents are from the 3-year old apartments at Cheongju. The key findings are as follows. 1) As the average indices including number of family, life cycle, and income under the survey are different in terms of the rental unit sizes between 20 and 30 pyeongs. 2) In general, residents present comparatively high level of satisfaction in terms of residential environments. Their evaluation on the site environment unit plan, and neighborhood is around the average. In contrast, the economic and management efficiency categories are under the average. This study suggests residential guidelines should be derived from tenant differentiation policies dealing with diverse socio-demographic characteristics and satisfaction level. 3) In terms of improvement priority, residents present, higher preference on the management system and site environment. This study advises to establish an appropriate alternative to guarantee effective tenant participation. Considering the lower satisfaction level in the green space, common facilities, and resting space, this study also urges to secure quality control for desirable planning of the mid-sized rental apartments.
A Comparison of the Characteristics of and the Residents' Satisfaction with the Housing Unit with 2-Bay and 3-Bay - Focused on
-Sized Housing Units in Hwamyung-dong, Busan -
Bang Jung-Hoon ; Oh Chan-Ohk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 19~30
The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of floor plan of
-sized housing units with 2-bay and 3-bay and the residents' satisfaction with them. The subjects for analyzing floor plan were six floor plans of
-sized housing units with 2-bay and nine floor plans of housing units with 3-bay in the new town, Hwamyeong-dong, in Busan. The floor plans were analyzed based on seven characteristics of floor plans such as the composition type of entrance core hall, the entrance arrangement, width and depth of the housing unit, size of each room, LDK arrangement, arrangement of family bathroom and private bathroom for husband and wife, and balcony arrangement. The subjects for grasping satisfaction with each housing unit were 400 residents of
-sized housing units. A half of them lived in housing units with 2-bay and another half of them with 3-bay in the same area. They answered about the degree of satisfaction with the characteristics of each room and the preferred floor plan type if they move to the same size housing units through a questionnaire. The results were as follows; First, the floor plan with 3-bay had more diverse elements than one with 2-bay. Second, the residents who lived in 3-bay housing unit were younger, higher education, and higher income than the ones in 2-bay. Third, the residents who lived in
-sized housing unit were more satisfied with and preferred to 3-bay housing units than 2-bay one.
A Study on the Characteristic Analysis of Housing Complex planning by Regional Characteristic
Seo Ji-Eun ; Park Eui-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 31~40
The purpose of this study is to grasp the present state of a outdoor space planning and to analysis plan characteristics in based on regional characteristics in Housing complex plan. The analysis result of this study is as follows : first, we know that the right of regional characteristics is appearing variously every research workers. also an analysis about regional characteristics that should be considered in housing complex plan was insufficient. Second, regional characteristics can be classified into 5 factors. These are classified as a context of location, city link, life atmosphere, needs of locals and creation of image. Third, it has originality against other housing complex to graft items connected with 'U contest' on outdoor space planning. Also, it has affirmatively effected on image of Buk-gu and recognition of Dong beyn-dong and Seo beyn-dong. It is get out of the uniform design by a planning based on land and surrounding environment in arrangement and forms. Also residents have the satisfaction and pride in arrangement considering the climate of a region and security of the green space.
A Study on the Automatic Design of Unit Modular House Using Component and Unit DB
Lim Seok-Ho ; Kim Soo-Am ; Hwang Eun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 41~49
Precast concrete apartments were main stream of domestic industrialized housing around 90's, and Steel Houses applying Steel Stud technique with light weighted steel have been dominant portion since 1995. On the other hand, various building techniques including Steel Stud method and highly prefabricated and industrialized Unit method are prevailing in developed countries like Japan. Steel stud and unit box have their own merits and demerits, but the more crucial aspect is that the constant design standard should be applied in each design procedure. It entails the necessity of industrial housing development on the open system basis. In this study, the design standard for unit house will be established coping with the established preparing standard for design specifications defined by architectural law and promotion law of housing construction. That is for design standard of industrialized private housing on the open system basis. This study attempts to propose the design automation, with the method of unit construction of which the rate of pre-fabrication is the biggest, that can cope with the demand of user on the basis of open-system. Ticky-tacky is the biggest technical problem in suppling industrialization housing. Therefore, we will suggest a basic plan for design automation of unit modular housing which can raise the productivity of industrialization housing by applying open system, utilized by DB of component and unit, and solve the problem concerned about ticky-tacky.
The Identity and Some Practical Suggestions of The Demolishing Walls Campaign in Daegu City
Kim Soo-Bong ; Jung Eung-Ho ; Lee Seung-Ji ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 51~60
Ten years have passed since the Demolishing Walls Campaign has started in Daegu. Recently, the campaign influenced to the other cities in Korea, such as Seoul, Incheon and Busan with various names regarding cities' circumstances. In these context, the study aims to highlight the identity of the Demolishing Walls Campaign compare Daegu with other cities where similar movement has started. In addition, the study evaluates the campaign in terms of physical, psychological and economical aspects to suggest some practical suggestion for the development of the campaign based on questionnaire survey. The research findings are as follows. The research shows that the identity of the Daegu Campaign is started by bottom-up approach based on citizens' participation compare with others cities' campaigns which are mainly started by the local government so called top-down method. The Daegu campaign influences the local people aware of their potential abilities in positively improving urban environment. The results of survey also highlights the advantages of green spaces which by the campaign in terms of environmental and economical aspects. Newly generating urban greens accept and store heat which Influences urban microclimate conditions and it possibly affects energy savings of the city. Most of survey participants eager to continue this campaign which shows positive results in various aspects by the local people. Therefore, the city government building a coalition of local people, NGOs, and interest group to keep the identity of the campaign in Daegu.
Vertical Vibration Decrease Effect of Slab in Shear-Wall Structures According to Property and Size of Structural Members
Chun Ho-Min ; Yoo Seung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 61~69
Vertical vibrations on the slab of buildings are affected by types of vibration sources, transfer paths, and the material property and the size of members. Among these parameters, the vibration sources and the transfer path can not be controlled, but the property and the size of members can be controlled in the phase of design the members. In this study, the vibration responses according to the property and size of members were obtained by using a prediction program based on dynamic-stiffness matrix. Three parameters which are not usually considered as major factors for architecral planning were selected fur these analyses. They are the strength of materials, the thickness of wall and the thickness of slab. The ground vibration source located near a building was used as vibration input data in the analyses. This study has its originality on presenting appropriate property and size of structural members in order to reduce vertical vibration of slab in shear-wall structures. Analysing the results from the vibration estimation program according to the variations of parameters, the appropriate ratio among the sizes of structural members were proposed. From these results, the vibration level on the slab which is not constructed yet would be predicted and the vibration peak level can be reduced or shifted into the desirable frequency range. Therefore, the vertical vibration could be controlled in the phase of designing buildings.
A Study on the Status of Village Facility and the Resident Satisfaction after Composition of Mountain Village Package Development Work
Lee Sang-Hong ; Shin Yong-Ho ; Seo Hee-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 71~78
The purpose of this study is to grasp effectiveness of Mountain Village Package Development Work. Mountain Village Package Development Work was started for the welfare and economic activation plan of residents of village from 1995. We want to grasp a practical economic and welfare of residents of village through the village that is enforced Mountain Village Package Development Work after two-three years. The process of this study is as follows. First, we select the village that Mountain Village Package Development Work finished. Second, we grasp the status of Mountain Village Package Development Work through a field study on destination village. Third, we investigate the resident satisfaction.
Appling Weights of Decision-Making for Design Concepts in Architectural Design Process - A Case Study on Elementary School in District of Housing Development -
Ryoo In-Woo ; Byun Chang-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 79~87
The purpose of this study is to propose an architectural design process adopting design concepts with weight on them. The process of the study is as follow; First, design concepts for the study are classified by the hierarchy. Developing process of those design concepts which had been adopted for a creative thinking was investigated. Second, after putting different weight on diverse design concepts, this study propose a design process adopting design concepts with different weight. Finally, the proposed process adopting design concepts with weight was verified through a case study of elementary school project. The case study was carried out by questionnaires 3 times. Experimental results verified the hypothesis which was about the process adopting design concepts with different weight. Architects can precede their design process with confidence about setting design concepts by the result of this study.
Educational Program Model of Housing Welfare
Park Nam-Hee ; Choi Jae-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 89~98
The purpose of this study was to survey curriculum of the department of housing and to develop housing welfare educational program in order to offer the information helpful to the professional of housing education and housing policy makers. Documentary research and content analysis methods were used in this study. Data drawn from internet homepage of each universities and public institutions. The major results of this study are as follows. 1) There were 30 universities which has related to the department of housing and the name of major was very various. The half of their curriculum were housing and interior design. 2) The housing welfare educational program should be step by step. The first is basic step to team basic theory of housing and to establish concept of housing welfare. The second is application and practice step of housing design and housing policy and housing economics. The third is specific application step to consider that who were taker from the housing welfare policy and to take practical training in field.
Preference Analysis of the View in an Apartment Unit according to the Location of View Target
Moon Ji-Won ; Ha Jae-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 99~109
The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristic of each view in an apartment unit in terms of the quality. This study was accomplished by two research methods; the field survey on 181 apartment complexes in Daegu, and the preference evaluation on 24 cases sampled in the sense of its location, i.e. inside or outside of a complex. In the field survey, view targets were categorized into various items such as a building, a road, a mountain, a tree, another apartment, the sky, and so on, and the characteristics of the distance from a viewer to view targets and view of the level in an apartment were analyzed. In the preference evaluation, 24 cases, each one has one of the follows; the natural view, the artificial view, and the combined view of the both, were chosen and those were evaluated by 167 interviewees. As a result, the conclusions from the study were drawn as follows; 1) The view, the combination of buildings, roads, mountains, trees, apartments, and the sky, is usually seen in an apartment unit. 2) The type of view target is more significant to a person than its location. 3) The natural and combined view are preferred to the artificial one. 4) In the case of the same outside view, a person likes the open view more than the somewhat covered one.
A Study on Architectural Characteristics on the Ddeuljip in Northern Area of Kyongsang-Bukdo Focused on Sunshine Environment
Yi Hyoung-Sam ; Kim Hwa-Bong ; Yoo Jae-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 111~121
The objective of the study is to derive the quantitative result and method from the solar simulation on the traditional architectonic control methods and their effects for the sunshine on Ddeuljip in Northern Area of Kyongsang-Bukdo Province, Korea. The Ddeuljip(rectangular-shaped housing plan having an inner court) has distinctive form to introduce plentiful sunshine deep inside to the house in spite of disadvantageous condition resulted from the structure of traditional housing composition, that is, Ickrang(linkage block connecting buildings). From the research on the Ddeuljip, following results were derived: First, in the plan the sunshine environment was improved by placing the master bedroom on the right diagonally, or projecting it toward the Ickrang when there isn't enough space for the inner court and the Daechung(wooden floored main hall). Second in the elevation specific sunshine control methods were developed by increasing the height of the master bedroom, reducing the eaves of south elevation, or differentiating the height of ceiling structure gradually.
A Study on Applicable External Color Design of High-storied Apartment House Considering Street Components
Lee Cheong-Woong ; Park Sung-Jin ; Kim Mu-Oh ; Park Hang-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 123~131
This study examined types and color conditions of street views through relationship of high-storied apartment house to street components which has great visual influence on urban street view and requires harmony with street environment as background factor and conducted positive experiment with high-storied apartment houses located at housing site development districts in Gwangju Metropolitan City since 1990s in order to set applicable color ranges in designing external colors of high-storied apartment houses which became background of street view by types. Consequently, in image changes of four factors of main colors in classified street types, P, RP, R and YR colors showed high average values in naturalness, harmony and unity and GY, G, BG and B colors showed dichotomy with low average value, but image of personality showed generally low average value. RP, R and YR colors showed higher adaptability and GY, G and BG colors showed lower adaptability. It was confirmed that according to adaptability of main colors used in high-storied apartment houses by street types, there was difference of appropriate color range in street components and external colors of high-storied apartment houses by street types.
A Study on the Space-based System Development of the Ubiquitous Apartment
Moon Yun-Sook ; Yoon Chae-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 133~141
The purpose of this paper is to develop ubiquitous systems based upon individual space in an apartment dwelling, which are called space-based systems in a ubiquitous Apartment. This research investigates the present technology-based ubiquitous systems in apartment design and also include the recent design themes such as 'well-being space' and 'flexible space' to develop Space-Based systems. The proposed the Space-based Systems are concretely applied in a characteristic dwelling unit of stepped level apartment with specific activity scenarios to demonstrate their actual realization. This paper also focuses on 'responsive systems' with automated actuators and sensors as well as on 'flexible infill systems' to accommodate various space needs.
Needs and Consciousness of Housing for the Elderly in Rural Area
Choi Byung-Sook ; Oh Chan-Ohk ; Hong Chan-Sun ; Park Sun-Hee ; Park Jung-Rhan ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 17, issue 3, 2006, Pages 143~155
The purpose of the study was to examine the housing needs of the elderly who lived in rural area and suggest the planning directions of the housing for the rural elderly. The subjects were 192 elderlies who lived in the rural area in Gyeongnam and Chonbuk. They were selected by using the stratified sampling method. Also the interview method was used for collecting the data. The results were as follows: 1) Most of the rural elderly had some problems in their health. Thus, the housing for them should be planned on the basis of their health conditions. 2) The rural elderly had active interaction with their neighborhoods. Therefore, the housing for them should be planned for maintaining this active relation. 3) The rural elderly has lived in their housing for long time and wanted to live there as long as possible. This implies that the concept of 'aging in place' should be considered as one of the Important design issues in the rural housing for the elderly. 4) Even though many rural elderlies didn't know about the planned housing facilities for the elderly, they had intentions to live in there if they were provided in rural area. 5) The rural elderly preferred the monthly payment system or the life long payment system as the payment system of the planned housing facilities for the elderly. Also, they wanted that facility to be maintained by the government. 6) The detached housing type or three story townhouse type which is located in each rural village as small size would be desirable as the housing for the rural elderly. 7) The 10-30 pyung would be desirable as the size of housing unit. Also, 2-6 persons per room in case of sharing a bedroom. 8) Ondol-bang would be desirable however the size of the bedroom should be determined by considering using the bed.