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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Spatial Composition of the Folk Houses at Wanggok Village
Choi, Jang-Soo ; Jo, Hyun-Gil ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 1~10
This study is to analyze the residential spatial composition structures of vernacular agricultural village which to be called Wanggok in Yeongdong area. The results of this study are as follows;
The backyard of farmhouses is surrounded by a fence and a frontyard is open to the road, so that the spatial realm system from the road to the backyard is classified as public-semi public-private realm.
The plan type of this village is mainly composed of ㅡ type Gyeobjib (the two row rooms under one roof) and ㄱ type Gyeobjib, the Anmaru (the inner wood floor to be surrounded with wall) in both of which plays an important role that connects Sarangbang (the men's main room) with Anbang (the women's main room) in the residential space.
The particular item that not found out in another area is the Sarangbang kitchen which located to Sarangbang's side wall to be furnished with a fire hole.
The houses represent the socio-cultural environmental elements of those built days, such as while Sarangbang is faced on a frontyard to be open to the neighborhood, Anbang is faced on a backyard surrounded with a fence to be closed to the one.
The Gyeobjib with Anmaru appeared by cultural transformation connecting the 田-shaped house of Hamgyeongdo with the Gyeobjib with Anmaru of Gangwondo and Gyeongsangbukdo.
The ㄱ type Gyeobjib is preferred to ㅡ type Gyeobjib because of the sea wind and the north-east wind occurring by geographical and climatic environment elements, the privacy protection according to look into a frontyard, the muck drainage of cowshed to make use of ground unevenness, the economic gains called material saving and the intention to enlarge the frontyard as to be concentrated in a residential space and etc.
A Study on Unit Model Development of Urban Type Silver Housing Applying Open Housing Concept -In Response to the kinds and process of diabetes elders-
Lee, Bo-Ram ; Yoon, Chae-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 11~22
The purpose of this study is to propose prototypical plans for a dwelling unit applying the concepts of 'open housing' and 'aging in place' for senior citizens living in cities focusing on specific life patterns with chronic disease. Especially, a unit was designed for diabetes patients because diabetes, a representative disease of elderly people, often accompanies complications such as arthritis and Alzheimer disease. A unit design suitable for the convenient life of the elderly people with diabetes will provide a guideline for the similar unit designs of the senior citizens with other diseases. In this study, three types of unit plan are proposed. A-type plan is for type-1 diabetes patients, B-type alt.1 for the independent seniors of type-2 diabetes patients, and B-type alt.2 for the dependant seniors of type-2 diabetes patients. And a support design for a unit plan with the exclusive area of
is proposed. The same support design is used for all three unit types. Although the locations of bathroom and storage room are fixed and the location of the kitchen is changeable only in wet-zone. In conclusion, senior residents with diabetes can choose one of three unit types before occupation and the chosen unit type can be renovated by replacing infill systems as the health condition or life style changes.
An Analysis on Floor Planning Characteristics of Rural Houses in Na-po Munwha Village - A Comparison with Literature Review of Apartment Unit Plan -
Ryou, Ok-Soon ; Choi, Byung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 23~32
This study was to find out contemporary planning characteristics of rural houses in Na-po Munhwa village by analyzing their floor plans. These results were then compared with apartment housing trends. 240 houses were built in that village, but it was only possible to collect housing data, floor plans and general building records from 102 houses, using house registers. By analyzing those data, the findings were as follows: 1) Floor plan shapes of rural houses showed a tendency to words a 'ㅋ' shape, a 3bay or a transformed 3 bay and a "room-living-room" space arrangement of a centered living room. Public spaces (L.D.K) were separately planned DK from livingroom. Living space was very open and the DK space had created visual privacy from the entrance. The Anbang (master bedroom) and living space were set to the front of the floor plan and an interior toilet was planned in them. These floor-planning tendencies were similar to trend apartment houses in urban areas. 2) Utility and Balcony spaces as a support space of kitchen were not popular features of rural houses in the Munhwa village. These results were different from urban apartment housing trends. 5) Storage space practically absent in those rural houses, and this was similar to urban the trends in urban apartment houses.
A Study on the Intelligent System Development for Apartment Housing corresponding to the Resident Group Characteristics
Lee, You-Mi ; Yim, Mi-Sook ; Kim, Suk-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 33~43
This study aimed to analyze residential demands on intelligent systems for apartments and suggest space design directions of intelligent apartment complexes. Data collection was done through mail-in surveys by five respondent groups. Outcomes of this study would provide basic data for developing intelligent apartment housing corresponding to the residential characteristics and demands of the five respondent groups. The sample size for the questionnaire survey was 592. The types of the target residents in this study were classified into five categories; nuclear families, dual income families, single households and the handicapped needing special environmental supports, and workers at home who need the new home design with a home office. The primary findings of this study were as follows. 1) For the controllers of intelligent system, nuclear families preferred TV, single households prefer home-pad which is movable and provides access to the internet. Dual income families, the handicapped and workers at home preferred remote control panels. 2) For the desirable space for computer equipment, regardless of the types of target residents, bedroom and living room were preferred. 3) For the desirable space for a home theater system, most of respondent groups preferred living rooms, but many rather wanted to have media rooms only for this system.
A Comparative Study on Design Guidelines for Entrance, Corridor and Stairway of the Elderly Housing
Rhee, Ji-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 45~52
The demographic profile of the households will shift towards the 'older elderly'. There are need upgrading existing housing and new housing in aspect of floor plan, accessories, facilities and so on. The government should prepare the policy and standards of housing design for the aged and disabled in order to improving the residents' housing conditions. The purpose of this study is to compare Korean to foreign guidelines related to residential design for the elderly and disabled and find out the characteristics of our standards. It was accomplished by literature research. The results were as follows. There is disagreements between domestic standards over the clear door opening, the clear hallways and handrails at entrance. And the foreign standards are based on their wheelchair size, ours are founded on it's size which specified only maximum overall dimensions. So ours are seem to be lack of accuracy. Our standard of stairs is in details in comparison with other space components. But ours don't go into details than foreign ones over length of hand-rails, riser etc. And for recommendations denoting minimum and maximum height of various component, it should be preceded the specific survey on limits of reaching ability for the elderly and disabled.
A Comparative Study of Perception on Management Services Between Management Staffs and Residents of Permanent Rental Housing from the Perspective of Welfare
Kim, Young-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 53~64
In recent, the concept of management is emphasizing the aspects of social welfare, especially in permanent rental housing that most of the residents are very low income households. Although the quality of service for the residents of permanent rental housing was improved comparatively, it still needs to continually change in response to the needs of residents. To figure out the better way of supporting the service for the residents of permanent rental housing, this study examined the role and function of management office and compared perception on management services between management staffs and residents of permanent rental housing. Based on the in-depth interview with 5 managers of permanent rental housing, two types of survey questionnaire (residents/staffs of management office) were developed for the research purpose. A sample of 89 management office staffs and 111 residents were used for the data analysis. Most of the respondents recognized the need of a cooperation system among management office, social welfare center, and residents for providing better management system and welfare service.
A Case Study of Possession Display Pattern as a Mean of Self-identity Expression in Older People's Households
Choi, Jung-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 65~72
What is the meaning of home to older people? How much is home significant for older people? How do they express self-identity through decorating their own homes? These are the new subjects that scholars in the West are involved in lately in terms of micro-perspective (George, 1998; Kellett, Gilroy & Jason, 2005; Gilroy & Kellett, 2006). It is evident that home has more significant meaning to older people than other age groups, since the older are more likely to spend greater time within the home through lower income, lessening mobility or loss of companions (Gilroy, 2005). Also the older tend to cling to their homes and attach to possessions than the younger. Older people's possessions are the things that memories of their lives were absorbed. Therefore, possession display can role as a mean of showing their past lives and memories. Gilroy and her colleagues (2005, 2006) found that there was a certain pattern of possession display in English older people's households, and that older people would like to express self-identity through decorating their own homes with their precious possessions. Then, isn't it interesting to find out if there is any pattern of possession display or decoration items in Korean older people's households as well? Thus, the aim of this study is to describe pattern of possession display as a mean of expressing self-identity in Korean older people's households. Interview with older people was used to find out the way and reason of display possessions. Observation method including taking photos and hand-drawings was also added in order to demonstrate detail condition of display items in the house. Possessions display and furniture arrangement in the living room and bedroom were investigated to find out a certain pattern of display and meaning. Research objects were healthy older people aged over 60, who are living independently from their adult children, and who can manage housekeeping by themselves. 32 households were investigated in the area of Seoul, Kyunggi, Chungchungnam, and Kangwon provinces. The findings demonstrate that most precious possession for Korean older people is photo of themselves; especially one taken in their younger age. The reason of it is because the photo reminds them of their heydays when they were vital. Photo of the most beloved one is displayed more frequently in the bedroom than in the living room indicating consistence with English case. As symmetrical display pattern was dominant in case of English older people's households, no dominant display pattern is found in Korean case. Korean older people also cling to their homes and possessions and want to keep their dwelling space as large as what they use now. It is notable that even after they become older and frail, they want sufficient space to display possessions as a mean of self-identity expression. Attachment to possessions and decoration can give older people significant meaning of identity, and it is the reason why architects or interior designers have to meet older people's needs. It needs consideration that residents are allowed to bring their old furniture and precious possessions when they move in elderly housing unit in order to minimize environmental shock, as well as feeling at home. This subject could suggest a clue to designers or architects who have to meet residents' needs in space design of elderly housing or facilities in the future. Psychological well-being of older people can be met by making them feel at home wherever they live. They need space where they can express their own identity and personality even in case when they have to live in a limited small space like elderly housing unit or nursing home.
Issues and Perception on Management Fee and Rental Payment Overdue of Permanent Rental Housing Residents
Kim,, Young-Joo ; Kim, Young-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 73~84
Permanent rental housing, the construction of which was strongly financed by the central government, is regarded as a social housing for those who fall within the lowest income bracket. Differing from "public rental housing", offered to tenants for sale after a five year rental period, this type of housing is intended for rental use on a long-tenn basis. At present, about 190,000 permanent rental housing units exist in Korea. According to a statistics, 15.6% of its residents did not pay their management fee and rental payment in 4 or more months in 2005, which places stress on the housing management. Based on the "eviction condition" stipulated in the tenancy agreement for permanent rental housing, a householder owning assets or a vehicle which is not used as his means of living, who is overdue with his management fee and rental payment for a long time, may be evicted from the house. However, there are many conflicts and problems between administrators/housing managers and residents in the process of enforcing this regulation. The purpose of this study is to explore the key issues associated with the present situation and the reasons why so many management fee and rental payment for permanent rental housing are overdue. For the purpose of research, data were collected from 10,990 permanent rental housing residents nationwide via a questionnaire survey in February 2007. One third of the respondents had an experience of more than 2 months overdue since they have moved in current residence. For further analysis, the respondents were divided into three groups, based on their working ability. The major finding showed that the group of respondents who have working ability required a more practical plan, such as employment, to have a sustainable life, while the other group of no labor force indicated a need for more housing allowance from the government. To suggest more specific alternatives for the subject of housing payment overdue, further comparison study should be performed between the residents of permanent rental housing and other low income tenants in private housing sector.
A Case Study for Analysis on Present Condition and Cause of Indoor Noise in University Cafeteria
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Lee, Seon-A ; Kim, Hye-Kyeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 85~91
This is a case study for improving the sound environmental quality of cafeteria in university campus. The purpose of the study is to find out the present condition of physical level, type, and cause of indoor noise of cafeteria in university campus by comparison with a restaurant near campus. Research methods were field survey and questionnaire survey. Field survey was consisted of measurement on equivalent and instant noise level and observation on noise type. Respondents of questionnaire survey were 60 students using subject cafeteria or restaurant. Surveys were carried out in the 8th and in the 14th of December 2005. The results are as follows. 1) Indoor noise levels of the cafeteria were measured as
(average 73.3) dB(A)Leq5min and
(average 71.2) dB (A), exceeded the indoor noise recommended value of ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers). But noise levels of the restaurant were
(average 66.9) dB(A)Leq5min and
(average 64.9) dB(A). 2) The users's responses on major noise type in the cafeteria were 'noise by handling equipment and tableware', 'noise by moving chairs', and 'talcing noise', but 'taking noise' and 'background music' in the restaurant. 3) It was found that indoor noise level of the cafeteria was caused by sound reflection of finishing materials, noise diffusion by open type kitchen, and dragging noise of movable furniture.
A Study on Residential Patterns and Living Characteristics of the Existing Single-Family Residential Areas in Gyeongju
Lee, Jong-Such ; Son, Cheol-Soo ; Lee, Youn-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 93~102
The purpose of this study is to explore the changes in space structure in urban residential areas, based on the historical and cultural background of Gyeongju area. In order to clarify its residential and cultural properties, the residential patterns and living characteristics identifying its historical context were analysed. This study was carried out with the data of the Hwango-dong area that has maintained its original form since the creation as a urban residential area during the 1960s and 1970s, the data of the Dongbang village area that was developed as one of residential area projects during the 1970s, and the data of the Seonggeon-dong area that was developed as a residential area during the 1970s and 1980s. The analyses on previous studies and statistical data, referring to building administration registers, field survey and photographing of house types, and exploration of living characteristics by house types were used to perform this study. Four hundred and five sample houses were used in this study, having forty one sample houses which were used for living survey and actual plane measurement. The result of this study can be used as basic information for designing the house to meet Gyeongju citizens' desire for living environments, and to maintain the cultural and historical contexts.
A Study on Intention to live in Cohousing According to Housing Value
Cho, Jeong-Hyun ; Hong, Seo-Jung ; Kwak, Yu-Mi ; Kwak, In-Sook ; Choi, Jung-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 103~111
This is a basic study to investigate possibility to application of cohousing model into Korea. Purpose of this study is to grasp respondents' housing value, and its influence on intention to live in cohousing. Research method used for this study was a social survey. Respondents were 214 married people residing in Seoul and its outskirts by accidential sampling. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS 12.0 program using frequency, mean, average, factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, multiple regression and legit analysis. Result of this study was as follows. Housing values were classified into three categories named as individualism oriented housing value, tradition oriented housing value, and economy oriented housing value. Housing values were different by respondents groups. For example, individualism oriented housing value showed difference according to age and housing area. Tradition oriented housing value showed difference according to sex, occupation, and period of residence, while economy oriented housing value showed difference according to housing type, and home ownership. In detail, men than women, single-income family than double-income family, and detached house resident than flat resident had higher tradition oriented housing value. The younger than the elder, and Seoul resident than outskirts resident had higher economy oriented housing value. Also home owner than tenant, and the higher tradition oriented group had stronger intention to live in cohousing than others.
Design Directions of the Housing Cultural Center Based on Experiential Marketing Elements
Kim, Jung-Yoon ; Lee, Hyun-Soo ; Lee, Ju-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 113~120
The purpose of this study is an analysis about space of housing cultural center with the marketing based on experience. By changing housing market, housing cultural center is a place to give an information, added value, image of housing. Consumers who experience a housing cultural center have an effect on purchase an apartment. The image of enterprise is important to select commodities to consumers. Today, company's brand image and concept include womanish, worthy and, sensual those. Under these views, housing cultural center should have continuous culture spaces that provide various experiential chance for consumers. The methods of this study are an analysis of brand image, analysis and application of experiential elements for housing cultural center. The results of this study have five parts. First, in Sense part, there are presented the sense of sight, smell and touch include material's color, finishing material, sound and etc. Second, in Feel part, consumers feel friendly and comfortable to brand through synesthesia. And they have a liberal mind about brand. Third, in Think part, consumers can experience a brand's image as a subject of event or space. Forth, in Act part, consumer is acted to scale of a space and aim of exhibition. Finally, in Relation part, consumers can have relation each other who visit Housing cultural center. And they can joint for interchange of information, culture enjoyment. In conclusion, this study has a great value of graft marketing view on the planning of Housing cultural center.
A Study on Physical Environment of Child Care Centers for Children with Disability
Kim, Min-Kyoung ; Ju, Seo-Ryeung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 121~131
Eater Seal, the child care experts, observes that children with disability significantly benefit from receiving appropriated care along side their peers. Typically developing children serve as role models from which children with disabilities team age-appropriated communications and social behavior. Therefore the children with disability can actively participate in well-designed child care settings. But unfortunately in Seoul, Korea, only 2% of children with disability are taken care of in child care centers. And even the disabled children at the child care centers are mostly mentally or emotionally disabled because the building, programs and services of the centers are restrictive to the children with severe physical disabilities. This study reviewed Korean domestic physical environment of child care centers for children with disabilities. 15 centers located in Seoul were surveyed. Our survey revealed that the accessibility to buildings is poor. There are many places with difference in height of floors. Also, there are no elevators in all buildings surveyed. Accessibility to toilet is noted as significant problem, especially wet floors in toilets. In a nursing room, a space for psychological rest and special education is needed for children with mental disability. Technical specifications on how to make buildings and facilities accessible for the children with disability should be developed. The goal of this study is to provide basic information to develop domestic design guidelines to ensure that the child care centers are safe, convenient, and usable for everyone possible.
A Study on Setting the Grade of Vertical Evacuation Rank to Introduce an USN-based Evacuation System into Super High-rise Apartment Housing's
Hong, Won-Hwa ; Jeon, Gyu-Yeob ; Choi, Jun-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 133~141
The purpose of this study is to secure an evacuation time and to ensure safety by using an Ubiquitous Sensor Network computing when a fire breaks out at a super high-rise apartment housing. A super high-rise apartment housing that is a type of building to solve the problem of separation of the urban function and the phenomenon of hollowing out downtown has been on the increase, high-rise apartment housings occupying 52.7% of whole housings in 2005. However, if a fire breaks out, there would be serious damage since it accommodates many people and facilities as existence of vertical gigantism in the city. The architectural law in force has no clause on it which is universally applicable to general building, it is difficult to be applicable to a densely super high-rise apartment housing and there would be in danger of a resident's evacuation in the fire. Therefore, as a previous study to introduce an USN-based fire-warning facility and evacuation equipment, this study shows the improvement way after analyzing factors that are barriers to evacuaee's behavior of a super high-rise apartment housing and also shows establishment of the grade of vertical evacuation rank by SimuleX, one of the best computer simulation program.
A Research on the Service Environment Evaluation Elements for Development of the Silver Town
Ha, Jeung-Soon ; Kwak, Jae-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 18, issue 5, 2007, Pages 143~150
The purpose of this research is to example the general trend of the service environment evaluation of the silver town and classify based on the service environment evaluation to suggest a effective method and alternatives fur development companies. The survey population of this study focused on 40s and 50s' middle aged both genders living in the Seoul and national capital region, we used random sampling method. The analytical methods used in this study were frequency, mean, standard deviation, factor analysis, Chi-Squae analysis, ANOVA, cluster Analysis, post-hoc estimation (Duncan test), To verify the reliability of each measure, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. As a result of classifying the environment evaluation elements, it was classified into 5 groups for the differentiating strategy on each group. The groups are: life support service type, medical and health support service type, cultural support service type, indifference type, and food support service type.