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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Residential Environmental Stress of Multi-Family Housing Dwellers - Focus on the Gwangju City -
Noh, Se-Hee ; Kim, Mi-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 1~10
When environmental elements such as heat, light, air, and sound conditions were suited for the human life, it makes for the welfare and comfortableness of dwellers. This study about residential environmental stress based on environmental psychology very importance because dwellers' background characteristics have an impact on their residential environmental stress levels and it was related to dwellers' satisfaction and well-being. Research about stress connected with residential environment is very important. One's residential environment has direct effects not only on the physical environment but also on family values and expectations, actions, attitude etc. The purpose of this paper is to: 1) identify the general trends of residential environmental stress 2) analyze the differences in socio-demographic characteristics and how the physical characteristics of buildings affect stress. The samples in this study consisted of dwellers living in multi-family housing in Gwang-ju, South Korea. The city was divided into 5 districts and used quota sampling. 324 housewives were sampled from the households by self-administered questionnaires. The survey was conducted in December of the year 2006 after the questionnaire was revised based on the results of preliminary survey.
Content Analysis of the Planning Characteristics of Apartment Houses in Daejeon City
Park, Jung-A ; Kang, In-Ho ; Choi, Byung-Sook ; Jung, Mi-Hyeon ; Jang, Hye-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 11~20
The purpose of this study was to find out tendencies in the planning characteristics focused on the community, single building, shared spaces and interior concept of apartment houses in Daejeon City, and to analyze these characteristics according to apartment unit floor plan based upon the arrangement of room, the type of main entrance, the type of LDK, anbang, kitchen, bathroom and the 3rd space. This study used the content analysis method and analysis was made on drawings and descriptions showing planning characteristics of apartment houses. Above all, 34 cases of apartment houses and 159 unit plans were analyzed. The results of this study were as follows: 1) The most important characteristics of the direction of housing development was the "well-being" concept including greenzone and natural environment. The most mentioned community spaces were children's playgrounds and parks. The emphasized interior concepts were noble, well-being and natural concepts. 2) The most prominent front arrangement type was the 3-bay unit plan, front space arrangement was focused on rooms and, livingroom. The most prominent front space arrangement types were R/L/R, R/L/R/R and there is a new tendency towards KD/L/R/R. 3) The most prominent LDK floor plans were of the LDK type. The type of "Anbang" arrangement consisted mainly of room-bathroom-dressing room. The type of public bathroom arrangement consisted mainly of bathtub-toilet-washbasin and the "Anbang" bathroom arrangement was shower-booth-toilet-washbasin.
Actual conditions on the Living Environment of Small-scale Group-homes for the Elderly
Kim, Hyun-Jin ; An, Ok-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 21~29
To investigate the actual conditions on the living environment of group-homes for the elderly and their living environment, 4 group-homes were surveyed. As the results, conditions of location for the group-home of the elderly looked positive, on the other hand, safety for criminal prevention, accessability and convenient facilities were not on level satisfied. The average area of each space in the group-home indicated that the bed room was
, the living room
, the kitchen
, and the bath room had an integrated type of bath room and toilet
. The physical environments of each space in the group-home were investigated, In bed room, door, windows and illumination were relatively good but safety was extremely inferior. Living room mostly looked good except the doorsill which needs refurbishment. In kitchen, cooking table, windows, illumination, ventilator were somewhat satisfactory but gas-warning device should have been installed. In addition, in bath room and toilet, location, door, window, illumination and finished material were satisfactory. But the stepped difference between the bath room and other space, safety-bar, emergency bell and floor heating system were seriously deteriorated and must be improved for the safety of the elderly. Conclusively, living environment of group-home for the elderly is mainly satisfactory but it was necessary to take a consideration for their safety.
Study on the change in the Satisfaction Degree on the Residential Environment and the change in the Selection Tendency of the Residential Property - Targeting Seoul Residences -
Kim, Joon-Hwan ; Choi, Young-Moon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 31~38
Recently, Seoul residential real estate market showed a big change, especially in 2007. The residential property price in Seoul had been mainly affected by 5 provideces: Kangnam-gu, Seocho-gu, Songpa-gu, Gangdong-gu and Yangchun-gu, but these providences started to show the decrease in price while the other providences ironically showed the opposite direction. Therefore, this project was derived from this phenomenon recognition and the necessity as the new market trend requires. The pre-research was carried out with the point of social-population academic view, but this project provides the analysis on the new market trend by simplifying the complex valuation indexes, originated from the pre-research. In result, the aspects of the change could be categorized into time-manner classification and territorial-manner classification, in cope with the change in the satisfaction degree on the residential environment and the selection tendency of the residential property. Based on the the moving-preferred area criteria, the territorial classification was categorized into 3 areas: 5 providences, which showed the initial decrease in real estate price (area 1), the other Kangnam area (area 2), and Kangbuk area (area 3). The result illustrated the reasonable change in the satisfaction degree on the residential environment and the selection tendency of the residential property. This project was able to reach the following conclusion : Firstly, the housing development planning should be devised by the residential environment, including the view and the natural environment, not by the area. Secondly, the housing development planning in the other Kangnam area (area 2) and Kangbuk area (area 3) should embrace the business function, not the housing development only. Last, the housing development planning in Kangbuk area (area 3) should be able to enhance education and culture function and be connected by various transportation system. This project analyzes the change in the satisfaction degree on the residential environment and the selection tendency of the residential property. Thereafter, this project has the purpose of providing the aid in understanding of the basis of housing development information.
Attitudes of the Middle and Old Age about Types of Silver Town
Cho, Sung-Heui ; Kang, Hye-Gyoung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 39~48
The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude of the middle and old age about the elderly housing and the planning elements according to the types of silver town. For this study, a pre-interview and a survey method were used for data collection. A questionnaire survey of 372 women over 45 years old was carried out. Among the data, 321 cases were analyzed by SPSS for Windows V12.0. The major findings were as follows: 1) Regarding the elderly housing, While the couple cohabitation type preferred the existing housing and the general housing, the single habitation type preferred the apartment and silver town. Some people wanted silver town occupancy due to the decrease of children support burden, the other did not want it due to economical burden and the absence of homelike affection. When they move into silver town, they wanted to take money, clothes, and photo album. 2) In silver town development, while the couple cohabitation type preferred the apartment, independent house, the single type preferred the apartment, housing complex and group-home. The unit housing sizes of them were around 82.6 and 49.6 square meters respectively. In the space composition of unit housing, while the couple cohabitation type preferred bath room, kitchen, living room and two of bed room, the single type preferred one of bed room and bath room at least. On the other hand, this study found out that it was possible to plan the space for eating and washing as the common space. 3) According to single or couple, and ages, there were significant differences in preferred spatial planning elements, which needs to be reflected in the silver town development. These results can provide improvement guidelines for the development of the silver town with the differentiation of design factors for the silver town planners.
A Study on the Architectural Plan of the Pension by Modern People's Desire for Rural Life
Kim, Moon-Yeol ; Park, Joon-Woong ; Yeo, Joon-Ki ; Choi, Moo-Hyuck ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 49~58
This study focused on the architectural plan of the pension to meet modem people's desire for rural life, and the result of the study is as follows: First, the architectural plan for the characteristic of the location must apply the various architectural types considering the suburbs, tour and culture town, and community for the location improvement. Second, the architectural plan for the characteristic of the plot requires the encircled space and courtyard between buildings, the private gardens for the rooms, and the consideration of the surrounding environment. Above all, the plan for the subsidiary facilities is the most important. Third, the architectural plan for the characteristic of the plan requires the close connection with the outside, the wide opened view from the guest room, and the individual entrances for the guest rooms. Fourth, the architectural plan for the characteristic of the decorative design must consider the mass separation plan, the application of the facade design factors and eco-friendly environment materials, the night illumination plan, and the space program for the scenic view.
A Study for Developing Housing Alternatives for the Elderly Focused on Group Home and Shared Housing for Aging in Place - Focused on the Elderly Lived in Detached Housing, Busan -
Oh, Chan-Ohk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 59~70
The purpose of the study was to suggest the housing alternatives for the elderly from the viewpoint of aging in place. The study was intended to present the alternatives on the basis of the concept of group home and shared housing. In order to achieve it, first, the concept and characteristics of group home and shared housing were examined. Then, the living conditions of the elderly and the home sharing related needs of them were examined. The subjects were 201 older persons whose age was more than 65 years and lived in detached houses. Results were as follows; 1) It was identified that group home and shared housing were acceptable to the subject aged. 2) The modified group home which consisted of less than 10 individual detached houses and common area was presented as an alternative for the elderly. The individual ones were existing ones which the elderly lived in. The common area included of common kitchen, dining room, bathroom, and living room for about 10 old persons. The common area can be provided by building a new one and remodeling the existing building for other purpose or community center for the elderly. The detached houses which had spare bedrooms can be shared by another old persons. This alternative would be economic and useful to the elderly.
A Study on the Possibility of Model Development from Traditional Han-ok to Urban Clustering Housing Model in Korean Context
Shon, Seung-Kwang ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 71~81
A traditional Korean housing is a typical type which is contained life style, spatial organization and scape element of people who lived in Korea. In the hanok, people want to be live not only in human environment and traditional culture, but also modem urban housing as a high density. This article deals as follows: First, Hanok as urban housing would be composed in a housing lot, linear type layout, devide building, and cluster type. Second, Housing unit and configuration of Multi family housing can be used single story, second story, second story + single story, multi story and Hanok roofing. Thirds, structure of the building are traditional wooden, combined one of steel and wood or concrete and wood, and the building system in exterior and interior can be seperated into another system. Forth, Image of multi story Hanok A last, consistency of Hanok is not a repeat of an origin but application and creative aptitude of the origin, and multi family housing application of Hanok can be a trial creative.
A Study on the Spatial Transformation through the Process of Spatial Changes of Dining-Kitchen for Japanese Houses in Korea
Lee, So-Jin ; Kim, Young-Bum ; Park, Yong-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 83~94
When Korea opened its ports and underwent Japanese colonization, many Japanese style houses were built in Korea. Following Korea's independence from Japan, Koreans began to reside in these houses. The objective of this study is to examine the current state of Japanese style residence areas and Japanese style houses in Korea, and to determine the change in the characteristics of dining kitchens that have taken place since Koreans have lived in them. In the process, while assimilation occurred, there was also a conflict between the residential lifestyles of the two cultures, developing into a state where two housing cultures co-existed. The dining kitchens showed the most sensitive adjustments to social changes, facilitating a number of important changes in the process of modernizing houses. In this regard, the intention is to determine how the dining kitchens responded to other areas within the house as they were being transformed. Research for this study is based on previous studies that were carried out in 1991 on Japanese style houses, in order to clearly define the process of change chronologically rather than from a single examination. In consequently, From the process of changes where from a conventional kitchen to DK anger, 1) The public space - wooden floor, living room, etc - had been formed in house spaces. 2) In the lifestyle, privacy secured. It was separated each functional spaces that greeting space for guests and family's space in the lifestyle. 3) The cause of variation could be summarized that differences of living style, a change of life and fuel.
A Study on the Changing Trends of Community Spaces in Apartment Complexes in the National Capital from 1960s to 2007
Lee, Nam-Sik ; Suh, Kuee-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 95~104
The purpose of this study is systematically to examine the changes that have taken place to the community spaces of apartment complexes in the national capital region of Korea. The methodology used in this study entails analyzing existing research and case studies carried out on this subject matter. Prior to these case studies, an existing study had been made of the chronological changes in policy, related laws and regulations in Korea since the 1960s. This case study presents the component ratio and systematized present situation of community spaces in twenty-two apartment complexes. An analysis of the researching process has revealed the following important factors related to the changes that have occurred in community spaces in apartment complexes. (1) Apartment complexes were originally developed in the 1960s to ease the housing shortage. Because the priority was to solve the housing shortage, community spaces were not widely considered or developed. (2) The standard of community spaces was established as mandatory by law in the 1970s, resulting in the emergence of various facilities that provided community spaces. (3) In the 1980s, various design competitions for apartment complexes were conducted as an attempt to improve residential environments. This process resulted in the development of new characteristic of subsidiary facilities. (4) During the period when housing problems were being addressed in the 1990s, the Community Service Center was added to the welfare facilities for residents. (5) Recently, during the 2000s, an improvement in residential environments has evolved due to the expansion of housing supply and economic growth. The quality of community spaces has therefore improved from the 1960s onward. This study revealed that policy and related laws regarding community space in Korea have been developing in a suitable direction and that the addition of various facilities to community spaces has improved the quality of living environments.
A Study on Changes and Preferences of Roof Styles of High-storied Apartments - Centering of High-storied Apartments in GwangJu -
Oh, Kum-Yeol ; Kim, In-Ho ; Kim, Yun-Hag ; Lee, Bong-Soo ; Cho, Yong-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 3, 2008, Pages 105~115
This study examines and analyzes a variety of apartment roof style for 147 apartment complexes built in the Gwangju metropolitan city in order to determine the style that is most preferred. The results of this study are as follows. Most of apartment houses built in the Gwangju metropolitan city are 11 to 15 stories followed by apartments that have less than 5 stories, with fewer apartments that have 16 to 20 stories. According to roof styles, the eyebrow roof A type is the most common, followed by the plane roof A type, the sloped roof B type and the sloped roof C type, while 2/3 of all roof types have either an eyebrow roof A type or a plane roof A type. Using images of these roof types to determine those that are preferred, the decorative roof C type is most preferred, followed by the sloped roof B and C types. According to recognition of adjective pairs, decorative roof C type showed a higher recognition for the categories of unique, decorative, three dimensional and novel, the sloped roof B type showed a higher recognition for the categories of three dimensional, decorative and structured while the sloped roof C type showed a higher recognition in the decorative, novel, varied and three dimensional categories. In the correlations between image preference and recognition scale of roof styles of apartment houses, decorative roof C type showed a significant correlation between adjective pairs with the calm image, the sloped roof B type with the intimate image, while the sloped roof C type showed a correlation between static and ordered with the easy image. Therefore, for the design of future apartment roofs, decorative roof C type requires more consideration of visual aspects that are related to a sense of unity, while further morphological factors needs to be adopted with sloped roof B and C types.