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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The Characteristics and Needs of Computer Furniture for the Adolescent
Pak, Hee-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 1~10
According to the Korean National Statistics Office(KNSO), more than 90% of Korean adolescents aged from 15 to 19 use a computer for more than 10 hours per week. The KNSO also reveals that this age group mostly uses a computer in their own room, followed by a commercial place. It is also found that the house for the adolescent is not simply a physical environment, but is rather a center of their personal lives where their personal and social developments are formed. Therefore, the physical environment where computers are used is very important. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics and needs of computer furniture for the adolescent. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaires and 414 adolescents participated. The results of this study are as follows: (1) Most of the respondents(42%) used the internet for less than one hour per day and it was used for community visits and operations, game, and chat rooms. (2) The desks where computers were used were specially designed and made of wood. Chairs were typically height adjustable with armrests and there was no task lighting for computer use. (3) The preferences of computer furniture were chairs with a high back, casters and armrests. The overall satisfaction of individual computer rooms was low. However, it is important for an adolescent to be provided with a user friendly environment for sound growth and development. Further study is therefore needed regarding environmental variables through empirical study.
Housing Values and Satisfaction among University Students in Gwangju and the Chonnam Area
Kim, Mi-Hee ; Noh, Se-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 11~20
The purpose of this study is to gather baseline data on perceived housing values and satisfaction rates among consumers with the aim of using this information for future planning. Self-administered questionnaires were provided to 1000 university students from Gwangju and the Chonnam area from 2007 October 8th to 30th. The collected data was used to conduct comparative and descriptive statistical analysis: factor analysis, cluster analysis, t-test,
and one-way ANOVA. The main findings are as follows: Firstly, in relation to perceived house values, students identified three factors as important: pursuit of convenience, disposition toward individuality-orientation and consciousness of others. The respondents regarded convenience as very important, especially in regard to one's safety, health and location of amenities. Secondly, cluster analysis based on perceived house value revealed passive and energetic types. Students in the energetic type exhibited a tendency to prefer convenience, independence, and consciousness of others. Finally in terms of housing satisfaction, the respondents identified four factors as important: house quality, neighborhood environment, local socio-psychological environment, and location. Housing satisfaction was higher among students who lived in large or new houses, shared the same house with their family, and had a room all to themselves. Accoding to these findings, university students important value safety, health and environmental-friendliness in a house and they find location important. Therefore, future houses should reflect these wants.
A Study on the Evaluation of Preferences for Spatial Composition by Urban Design Guidelines of Detached Housing Areas Using CG Simulation
Lee, Jin-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 21~29
The purpose of this study is to evaluate preferences for spatial composition by urban design guidelines of detached housing areas using CG simulation, with the aim of contributing to the improvement and management of residential townscapes. The list of urban design guidelines for detached housing areas was derived from an analysis of urban design guidelines and landscape regulations from the U.S.A, Japan, and Korea. These guidelines comprise building guidelines, landscape guidelines, street guidelines, and sign guidelines. Through the preferences revealed by CG simulation, an optimum presentation method for the urban design guidelines was determined. Based on the results of preferences, an appropriate management system and regulation standards were proposed. In conclusion, the efforts carried out on the study and legislation of a management system and regulation standards for the urban design guideline will accomplish the amenity of residential environments.
Analysis on User Expectation and Satisfaction Toward Public Community Centers and the State of Use as Public Service Facilities
Lee, So-Young ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 31~39
The physical environment is one of several service characteristics that are important contributors to service quality. As far as public service buildings, public community facilities serve as arenas for education, social interaction, leisure, and health activities for community districts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the physical state of public community facilities and use of public community facilities in Seoul and Suwon and to identify expectations of users toward the physical environment and service aspects. Site visits to four public community facilities were conducted and surveys were distributed for this study, with one hundred ninety two questionnaires analyzed. Results suggest that in order to provide more equal benefits and service to the public, cities should provide several smaller instead of one large complex community facility. Additionally, facility users indicated large gaps between their expectations and the current state of facilities due to lack of storage, noise and difficulty of use. In general, physical characteristics should be improved rather than employee's attitudes and service behaviors, resulting in greater service quality.
Architectural Acoustic Performance Renovation of the Large Gymnasium using Acoustic Simulation
Yun, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Jae-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 41~48
In this study, an analysis is carried out on the acoustic design for an indoor gymnasium scheduled to be built at Buan County, Chonbuk Province. By way of background, the study examines the case of a large-scale indoor gymnasium that has been constructed in the local area of Hangan-myeon. There are many examples whereby this gymnasium could be used not only as a sporting facility for the residents, but also as a multipurpose space for public performances such as leisure activities, lectures, assembling activities, theatre and concerts etc. In order to maximize the functional utilization of such an indoor gymnasium, it is important to simultaneously verify the acoustic capabilities of the space in terms of Definition of both Voice and Music. However, as a large-scaled athletic facility, the building was designed with a high ceiling-height to accommodate its functional characteristics. The space forms a Sound Focus whereby the sound is concentrated at a specific part, and because the vibration of sound is too loud due to its broad volume, acoustic defects arise such as a significant number of Echoes. Using this gymnasium as a precedent, this study proposes an acoustic design based on the drawings of the indoor gymnasium that is scheduled to be built at B County, Chonbuk Province. The gymnasium is equipped with an optimized acoustic condition passing through the Acoustic Simulation Phase. From the results of an Acoustic Simulation, we can design an indoor gymnasium that is equipped with a considerably satisfying and improved acoustic performance compared with the building before it was reformed. It is also considered that the use of such materials can fundamentally reduce construction costs and can improve acoustic performance, at the planning and design stages for similar sporting facilities in the future.
A Study on the Evaluation of Acoustic Performance for Music Room in Middle School Using Auralization
Soul, Soo-Hwan ; Kang, Gyu-Sun ; Kim, Jae-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 49~57
The case study for this research is a middle school music room located in Iksan City, Korea. Although the room is used for teaching music, indiscreet sound-absorbing materials were applied within the space. Accordingly, a number of difficulties have been experienced when using the room. During a music lesson, the sound-volume is inadequate for music appreciation, while the music performance has an arid sound due to an insufficient echo. In order to control the obstructive factors resulting from a short Reverberation Time, the acoustic factor is optimized in this study by using an Acoustic Simulation, following an arrangement of Acoustic Design. A Psycho-acoustics Experiment was conducted using the Auralizational Technique, whereby the Virtual Acoustic Field can be experienced at the design stage.
A Study on Contentment of Residential Environment in Daegu CBD
Kim, Han-Su ; Song, Heung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 59~69
Based upon the research and analysis on the downtown residents' satisfaction with their current housing areas and preference for future housing areas, this study clarifies the following. First, the breakdown on various factors influencing the housing environment indicates that downtown residents are the most satisfied with the easy access to the public transportation, and cultural and commercial facilities. Second, they are not content with the amenity aspects such as the air, noise, and the surrounding views, and the economic aspects such as the prices of the houses and the prospects for future investment. The low satisfaction suggests that the amenity aspects and economic aspects should be considered for future downtown housing development. Third, more than half of the residents in downtown areas still prefer to dwell in downtown areas. In the future downtown development, the close analysis on the characteristics of downtown dwelling, and the researches on the right direction of downtown housing development for the whole citizens of Daegu should be done in advance. Last, the majority of people wishing to reside in downtown want medium- or large-scale apartment complexes. In the future downtown housing development, it should be focused on the downtown residence with complex functions rather than on the small-scale maintenance projects.
Efficient Usage Plan of Village Community Center for the Welfare of the Elderly in Rural Areas - Evaluation of the Alternatives of Village Community Center by Elderly Residents -
Oh, Chan-Ohk ; Choi, Byung-Sook ; Park, Sun-Hee ; Kim, Ju-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 71~78
The study was intended to suggest the design alternatives and guidelines of village community center as a common living space for the elderly in rural area. First, two design alternatives were derived from the previous research which examined the conditions and old persons' needs of village community center. Then, the design guidelines were proposed on the basis of the previous research and the elderly's evaluation for those two alternatives. The subjects were 85 old residents who were more than 60 years old and lived in rural area in Gyungnam. The interview was carried out using a questionnaire, models, and isometrics of two alternatives. The subjects evaluated positively both of two alternatives. The design guidelines of village community center were derived as follows: Both of two alternatives can be used as a model of village community center. The dining and living space in the center should be opened and large. Both of indoor and outdoor toilet should be arranged in village community center. Also, each toilet for man and woman should be separated.
Effects of Snoezelen Room on Agitated Behavior of People with Dementia
Lee, Sook-Young ; Alan, Dilani ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 79~87
Snoezelen, multi-sensory stimulation, provides stimulation through the visual, aural, tactile, olfactory, gustatory and proprioceptive senses. Its aim is to be a relaxing, feeling of safety, novelty and stimulation with no expectations for performance. Agitated behavior of people with dementia causes significant problems and distress for cares. The objective of this research study was to test the effects of Snoezelen room on physical and verbal agitated behaviors of people with dementia. Four patients participated five sessions in Snoezelen room of 'F' dementia care facility in Sweden. Assessment instrument was basically used Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory-Short Form to be rated by caregivers on a 5-point frequency scale. Pre-trial and post-trial assessments were carried out during
Sept. 2007. Result shows that Snoezelen room has some short-term positive effect on agitated behavior even though there was a considerable variation individuals responded. This result adds to the increasing evidence that Snoezelen could be a therapeutic environment for the elderly with dementia. Further research study, with larger number of participation, and a control group is required to establish more scientific evidence of Snoezelen effects on health outcome.
A Study on the Life Cycle Energy and
in the Apartment Housings
Lee, Kang-Hee ; Chae, Chang-U ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 89~96
The environment has played a key role to improve the living condition and develop the industry. In building industries, we should consider the environment and mitigate the environmental affect. For mitigating the its affect, various areas of building technology have been developed and applied into filed work. In addition, the process in applying into field requires to conduct the assessment of the environmental affect and improve its applied technology. A lot of assessment methods are proposed in evaluate the building condition such as post-occupancy evaluation, life cycle management and life cycle assessment. Among these assessment methods, life cycle assessment is effectively utilized the environmental affect in building life cycle. Therefore, this paper aimed at analyzing the energy consumption and
emission in building life cycle, using the life cycle assessment and application of the example in apartment housing. This study shows that the maintenance and the production of building materials stage shares most of the amount of energy consumption and
emission and therefore plays an important role to planning the building in terms of the life cycle. Second, the other stages brings about a very small amount. It is important to decide the building shape and contents to mitigate the environmental affect in terms of material, volume, the pattern of the energy use and others.
Analysis on Living Factor and Actual State of Indoor Thermal Environment in Apartment Units during Winter
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Jeong, Youn-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 97~105
The purposes of this study were to determine the actual state of the indoor thermal environment in apartment units and to analyze the relationship between the living factors and indoor thermal elements. The field surveys consisted of measurements of physical elements and observations of living factors. In addition, the residents of 20 apartment units were interviewed to survey their subjective response. Field surveys were carried out from January to March 2007. Measuring elements were air temperature, globe temperature, and relative humidity. The results showed that the average of indoor temperature for the houses was
, while 4 houses exceeded the comfort zone. The average of globe temperature for the houses was
, while 6 houses exceeded the comfort zone. The mean relative humidity was
, which is a relatively dry condition. The residents' average clothing value was
clo(average 0.68 clo). The average thermal sensation vote on each room was
, which is 'neutral' to 'slightly warm'. Living factors had significant effect on indoor temperature in regression analysis were ventilation time(outdoor air exchange), opening time of door through balcony, and gas cooker use time.
A Study on the Planning Characteristics of Sustainable Housing Area
Kim, Myo-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 107~119
The purpose of this study was to provide basic information about the study of model development of sustainable housing area. So, this study identified the concept of sustainable development and condition after investigation Habitat Agenda II, and the 10 items of agenda were used to constitute the case study framework. This study found the development characteristics through the case study of 6 sustainable housing areas in the world(US, UK and Australia), and searched the missing point in the sustainable development concept. The major findings are summarized as follows: First, the attempt of environmental sustainability was restrictive such as minimal environment pollution and waste, water resource protection and conservation of nature ecosystem. Second, in social-culture sustainability, the effort of right to housing, solution of urban squatter and housing welfare eliminated. Third, in economic sustainability, the attempt of prevent natural disaster, technological and industrial disaster excluded.
A Study on the Legal Regulations and Design Guidelines on the Child Care Centers for the Children with Disability in Japan
Lee, Ji-Ye ; Ju, Seo-Ryeung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 4, 2008, Pages 121~134
A study on child care centers has been developed with a focus on normal children. Also the child care centers which take care of children with disability are rare. In Seoul, Korea, only 2% of children with disability are taken care of in child care centers. And even the disabled children at the child care centers are mostly mentally or emotionally disabled because the building, programs and services of the centers are restrictive to the children with severe physical disabilities. In Korea, it is not yet an obligation for child care centers to adopt Disability Accessibility Guidelines to make facilities accessible by the disabled. Also, Korea does not have specific design guidelines or legal standards. This study aims to review the legal standards and design guidelines which are applicable to child care centers for children with disability through a reference review. Japanese legal standards and references were collected and analyzed. As a result, we categorized the guidelines according to contents such as locations, areas, space organizations, nursing spaces, sanitary spaces, and doors and corridors. The goal of this study is to provide the basic information to develop domestic design guidelines to ensure that the child care centers are welcoming and usable for everyone possible.