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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Proper Equipments and Optimal Dimension for a Fitness Facility in an Apartment Complex According to the Number of Users - Focused on the four Apartments located in Cheonan -
Park, Young-Sun ; Ryu, Soo-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1~8
A fitness facility in an apartment complex is not a simple sports facility. It has important roles in improving the residents' physical and mental health, and in forming a sense of community. This study analyzed the number of users in the fitness facility of the apartment complex, which is a significant criterion in determining the dimension. A comparative analysis between the past and the present function and dimension was performed in finding out the optimal solutions. In conclusion, the number of users in the fitness facility is influenced not by the number of households in the complex but by the facility's size and creating a desired environment. The users' favorite sports equipments were figured out to meet those needs. Moreover, comparing the facilities' size, user satisfaction, area per person, an optimal dimension for the facility, and rates of equipments were found out.
A Study on Demanders' Consciousness by Master Room Planning Types in Apartment House
Cho, Sung-Woo ; Lee, Su-Yong ; Moon, Cul-Seong ; Oh, Se-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 9~20
The residential environment is a place which reflects the gradual evolution of human consciousness because it is a cultural space the term, 'houses' is not relevant in this context as it literally means 'contains'. The long history of human living habits cannot be 'contained' within a space, but can be 'expressed' by a space and by the way the space is used. Furthermore, due to the way it is typically constructed, the basic characteristics of the house usually cannot be rapidly changed to accommodate new habits. However, recent changes that have taken place to the characteristics of the traditional master room suggest that traditional societal values associated with patriarchy have diminished. The current trend where priority is given to children's education also affects such a change. Existing researches related to the master room is confined to the behavioral use of the space and the composition of the physical space, while research on the master room its plane type has not been carried out. Therefore, in this study, apartment model houses are selected, and are classified according to the types of master room. An analysis is then carried out of the master room based on the occupants' requirements in terms of consciousness. Any planning modifications where required are then suggested. This research comprises the followings stages. First, an examination is carried out of existing research on the master room in order to understand its background and spatial components. A definitiones of related terms is also provided. Second, an analysis is carried out of the model houses exhibited at Suwan District, examining the typical standard that has been selected for the master room. Third, an analysis is conducted of the topics and questions to be selected for a questionnaire. Fourth, an analysis is carried out of the consciousness, satisfaction and requirements of the residents, as respondents in the questionnaire, related to the master room. and Research is then conducted of the architectural methods for planning the master room. Finally, future countermeasures for planning the master room are described based on the above analysis and research findings.
A Study on Areal & Dimensional Characteristics of 21C Apartment Typical Unit Plans in Seoul and its Metropolitan Vicinity
Yoon, Chae-Shin ; Jun, Nam-Il ; Kim, Do-Yeon ; Kim, Min-Kyoung ; Kim, Jun-Lae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 21~32
The purpose of this research is firstly to derive regular sizes of average dwellings in Korea and to examine minimum living standards in light of those regular dwellings in order to meet future housing requirements of low income households. Two plan types of unit floor area 60
have become prevalent and ubiquitous so as to reflect the basic requirements of ordinary living standards. Thus, dimensional characteristics of each space in those two plan types is thoroughly investigated in this research. The background of regular plans and their popularized process is first reviewed and the 120 cases of apartment units which were constructed between 2000 and 2007, are selected from those three regional groups and surveyed in detail. The area, depth, width and proportion of each space of unit plans are compared and analyzed in various aspects. As a result, proper space sizes and standards for low income households are reviewed and compared. The regional difference of space dimensions is not significant as expected but area and size characteristics of each space is very much regularized and obvious. And it is argued that those dimensional characteristics should convey the social and cultural values of Korean housing. The average dimensions of each spaces of surveyed apartment unit turns out to be much closer to guidable living standards rather than minimum living standards. Thus, it is very probable that the present guidable living standards could be upgraded to become the future minimum living standards soon.
A Study on Street Types and Application Patterns in High-Rise Apartment Housing - The Case Study of Prizewinners in the Design Competitions since the 1990s -
Kim, Hyung-Jin ; Kim, Young-Suk ; Park, Chan-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 33~44
The street system in multi-family housing is an important design element to control the circulation of vehicles and pedestrians, and to form the spatial organization of the projects. In particular, in the case of high-rise apartments, the street patterns have an influence on the safety, amenity, and convenience of facilities. Until now, however, the design of street patterns in most high-rise multi-family housing projects has diminished the quality of residential environments because priority of design consideration has primarily been given to planning road ways and parking areas. Nevertheless, the design competitions introduced for the first time in the 1980s have played a significant role in developing fresh ideas and concepts in housing design. Because street patterns have been respectably modified as a result of the generalizing of design competitions, it is important to review the ideas that have been proposed in competitions over the recent past. In this context, this study classified the types of street patterns and analyzed their design characteristics for the proposals of housing design competitions since the 1990s. As a result of this analysis, the road patterns are classified into 4 types: 1) serial type, 2) isolated type, 3) mixed type, and 4) not a road pattern due to the system of connection. In addition, these were further divided into 8 types: 1) loop, 2) ring, 3) penetration, 4) tree, 5) direct entry, 6) ring and penetration, 7) loop and penetration, 8) not a road pattern due to appearance and the collector.
The Life Changes of Older Adults according to Uses of Digital Home Services
Ha, Hae-Hwa ; Kwon, Oh-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 45~53
The purpose of this study was to find out older adults' current uses, satisfaction level and life changes by using digital home services. The study collected data from 140 persons who were 55 years and older living in a digital home. The results of the study showed that consideration level of digital home service installation was the major variable to affect the residents' life changes. In general, the residents who use more digital home services experienced higher positive life changes. Therefore, for older adults, various ideas to expand their understanding of digital home services should be developed to increase their positive life changes.
A Study on the Development of an Intelligent Modeler for Modernized Korean Traditional Buildings using BIM Systems
Cho, Yeon-Jun ; Jo, Gi-Ran ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 55~62
In the construction field, there has been a recent and unprecedented increase in the research and development of modernized Korean traditional buildings, This is because, in today's modern society, the basic needs for survival have already been met and more people are now recognizing the importance of the identity of our unique culture. It is therefore timeous to consider not just how to preserve and use Korean traditional buildings, but also how to develop them into more industrialized and modernized buildings in a practical way. Recently, the direction has been focused on the industrialization of modernized Korean traditional buildings, including their evolution, and development, as well as on the numerous cases where construction has been delayed. In order to industrialize modernized Korean traditional buildings, we need to standardize their form and actively introduce current IT (Information Technology). In order to achieve this, it is absolutely necessary to change from the CADD (Computer Aided Design and Drafting) system to the BIM (Building Information Modeling) system, which reflects the concept of Virtual Architecture. Therefore, the aim of this study is to discuss the possibilities of using BIM system for industrialization of modernized Korean traditional buildings, extend the foundation of the form library, and develop an intelligent modeler. It is also necessary to exemplify a case model for modernized Korean traditional buildings to which BIM is applied.
A Study of Preference Factors for Silvertown Services based on the Life Style - Focused on the Pre-Elderly in Cheongju -
Ko, Hye-Jin ; Hwang, Hee-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 63~71
The development of modern medicine and economic growth has caused the elderly population to increase rapidly in Korea and the country is becoming an aging society. As the population of elderly has increased the interest in silver towns has also increased. the elderly population is more affluent in the past and more willing to spend their money on themselves. This led to the need of supplying silver towns where they can have comfortable retirement. The research conducted for this study was to understand the silver town market by finding the preference of silver town service according to their life style. The target of this survey was the pre-elderly in the Cheongju area and several analysis techniques like factor analysis, crowding analysis, and conjoint analysis were used to understand the life style of the preelderly and preference factors of silver town services.
Empirical Analyses of the Relationships between the Factors of Residential Mobility and Preferable Residential District: The Case of Daegu
Hong, Keong-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 73~83
We explore what factors influence the residential choice and mobility of people, and try to figure out the preferable residential district in Deagu. Household, housing characteristics, and neighborhood environments are considered as explanatory variables to predict the residential choice and the preferable residential district, and logit regression is used for the analysis. We found age, ownership, income, property, and education level as household characteristics, building age as housing characteristics, and accessibility to park and open space, public library and shopping mall as neighborhood environments are significant in determining residential choice of people whereas housing size, accessibility to elementary school, local market, cultural facility and gymnasium are not significant. These results imply people choose the residential district according to household characteristics as they did, as well as choose according to housing characteristics and neighborhood environments which are newly issued factors.
Analysis of the Spatial Structure of Traditional Villages for Revitalization of the Community in Urban Villages
Moon, Ji-Won ; Kim, Joo-Hyun ; Ha, Jae-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 85~93
This study analyzes areas, traffic lines and characteristics of block of traditional villages in order to suggest how to build urban village in the way that can solve problems occurring in residential areas these days. The study showed the following results: 1) Traditional villages have definite boundary and entrance, and the community area for the villages is close to the entrance to encourage community activities of villagers. 2) With an access in the form of a blind alley branched from the main road, traditional villages form a small-sized clustering and encourage community activities in a natural way. 3) Formed of block with a pattern of net, blind alley or standing in a line on both sides, traditional villages help residents to form close relations between. These findings suggest that for building desirable urban villages, 1) they should have definite boundary, 2) size and location of community area should be determined in the way to activate community activities of residents, 3) roads inside the village should have branched form rather than standardized check pattern so that small-sized clustering could be formed along the branched inner roads, and 4) clustering in villages should be arranged in a line on both sides or in the form of a blind alley giving consideration to the length and width of roads. The roads should be also of a closed type so that residents could create strong bonds with their neighbors.
The Development of Social Inclusion.Exclusion Indicators - Focused on the Permanent Rental Apartment Dwellers -
Kim, Mi-Hee ; Lee, Min-A ; Noh, Se-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 95~104
This study was to develop the indicators for understanding social inclusion exclusion of the dwellers living in permanent rental apartment, and to present a important base about priority order of national housing policy for social inclusion. The ultimate purpose of this study was to provide basic information for the development of permanent rental apartment renewal techniques. The first phase of the study was to review of the social inclusion exclusion indicators mentioned in the literature. The indicators of EU (2001, 2006), KIHASA (2005), and Jehoel-Gijsbers & Brooman (2007), which were applied in many studies about social inclusion, or included various items about dwellers' subjective attitudes, were selected to construct the framework for the study. On the basis of 3 kinds of indicators at the above, the dimensions of social inclusion exclusion were categorized as material deprivation and access to social rights in an economicstructural exclusion view, and social participation and cultural normative accommodations in a socio-cultural exclusion view. And then, the domains of social inclusion exclusion were decided as follows: income, employment, education service, housing, health, family networks and social networks. The detail contents of indicators were adopted from the prior studies as many as possible, and the dwellers' subjective attitudes and housing domains were intensified with reference to UN housing rights and the study of "residents' satisfaction of housing facilities living in permanent rental housing". The developed indicators were modified through the advisory committee that consist of the specialists from the various fields of studies. The final indicators that were overlapped or not able to be measured were eliminated, and added, in a housing domain, the standards of convenient facilities, the management condition, safety, location, crime and etc. in the apartment complex, which were required to complement in the advisory committee.
Care-giver's Needs and Evaluation on the Actual Condition of the Playgrounds in Child Care Facilities
Choi, Mock-Wha ; Byun, Hea-Ryun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 105~114
The purpose of this study is to classify playground types according to the physical characteristics of playgrounds in child care facilities, to analyze the needs of care-givers and to evaluate the adequacy of playgrounds according to playground types. The specific areas discussed in this study were the evaluation of the adequacy in the physical characteristics of playgrounds for children's outdoor play activities by the care-givers, who assist in the outdoor play activities of children and manage safety in the playground, and a report on playground requirements of them. Data was collected from field survey carried out to investigate the physical characteristics of playgrounds of 21 child care facilities. This survey incorporated a structured-questionnaire for the purpose of evaluating the adequacy of the physical characteristics of playgrounds (location and size of the playground, play equipments, the composition of play areas, ground covers, and location of sidewalk in the playground) by the 181 care-givers from the facilities and investigating the needs of them. The major results showed the following. 1) In field survey, it was observed that while the location and the size of the playgrounds varied widely, ground cover, play equipments, and the composition of play area turned out to be identical, regardless of the location and the size of the playgrounds. 2) The playgrounds were classified into five types according to the number of children and the size of the playground. The five types include A-type as a large-scale facility/smallsize playground, B-type as a small-scale facility/large-size playground, C-type as a small-scale facility/small-size playground, D-type as a middle-scale facility/large-size playground, and E-type as a large-scale facility/large-size playground. 3) The adequacy of the physical characteristics of playground in the D-type was evaluated to be higher than that of the other types. The adequacy of the C-type playground was evaluated to be lower than that of the other types in terms of size and the composition of play areas within the playground. 4) The care-givers of the D-type and the E-type playground expressed a desire to install various play equipments, while the care-givers of the C-type playground did not wish to install play equipment. 5) Various outdoor play areas were needed in the D-type playground.
The Characteristics of Housing Preference and Spatial Usage of the Elderly to Plan the Floor Space of the Elderly Housing
Lee, Youn-Jae ; Lee, Hyun-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 115~125
The purpose of the study is to investigate the characteristics of the elderly housing preference and spatial usage to plan floor space of the elderly housing by the respondents of the ages 50 to 79. Based on the result of the study, it is suggested that the elderly housing should be located in regards to social environmental factors rather than natural environmental ones. There are differences in preference for the space planning of housing units such as the number of rooms and bathrooms, and floor space depending on income level, so the housing should be differently planned to accept the difference of preference. On the other hand, there is not notable difference in furniture preference for each space. In the characteristics of spatial usage according to behaviors, high-income respondents demonstrate the characteristics of spatial usage in accordance with a western lifestyle. Thus, behaviors such as sleeping, watching TV, resting, reading, conversation, and receiving guests, occur using such things as beds, sofas, and dinning tables. On the other hand low-income respondents show a mixed western and traditional lifestyle. Thus many behaviors are done on the floor of bedroom and livingroom in addition to using furniture such as a sofa and chairs. Therefore, the way of spatial usage has to be reflected in the floor space planning. At least floor space of the provided rooms should be planned to accommodate the behavior of the elderly even though all of the rooms preferred can not be provided.
A Study on the Actual Conditions of Children's Lifestyles and the Design Guidelines for Children-Friendly Residential Community Environments: Using Small Group Workshop Panel Method
Chong, Kyong-Suk ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 127~135
Due to the increasing social participation of women and the decrease in the size of the typical family, childre's environments have become increasingly more important. In fact, children are one of the main groups who use the community environments. However, children as a group have not been considered in the planning of residential neighborhood environments. A child's spiritual, psychological and physical health develops upon their interaction with the surrounding environment. Residential community should therefore be planned in a child-friendly way. The aim of this study is to introduce possible criteria for developing design guidelines for Children-friendly residential environments. The principal objective is to investigate the actual conditions of children's lifestyles in residential environments and the exploration of design guidelines for children. In this study, a small group workshop panel method was used. The subjects were 4 panel groups which was consisted of households with children. Each of the panel included 2 consecutive workshops. In this study, a list of valuable criteria for design guidelines was identified. In addition, the current residential community environment was found to be inadequate to accommodate for children's lifestyles and children had different housing needs according to their ages. In conclusion, the design guidelines should be developed to provide children with developmentally appropriate community environments.
A study on the social housing policy and architectural culture in Italy - Focused on the case of INA (Istituto Nazionale delle Assicurazioni) - Casa 1949-1963 -
Kim, Il-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 137~144
Public housing problem became a major issue in each European country during the period of the reconstruction. This study focuses on the one of the major institutional policies in the public housing sectors in Europe during the second postwar period, specifically the INA (Istituto Nazionale delle Assicurazioni)-Casa in Italy from 1949 to 1963. Thanks to the financial Aid provided by 'Marshall Plan' of United States government, Italy initiated INA-Casa housing program elaborated and realized by minister of Labour, Amintore Fanfani. He was strongly influenced by catholic socialism and Weberian corporatism, and also had previously written theoretical studies on the subject during the Interwar years. The outcome of this policy had been devaluated for its Keynesian aspect as well as vernacular predominance in the architectural forms. On the contrary, this study focuses on themes such as continuity of politics before and after the Liberation, status of the architects and their will to social engagement, notion of quarter as 'self-sufficient community' and 'residential unit'. These factors will allow to comprehend the complex nature of the reality where different categories were involved to resolve the common housing problem.
University Students' Housing Satisfaction of the University Dormitory - Focusing on the Gwangju & Chonnam Area -
Kim, Mi-Hee ; Oh, Ji-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 145~155
This study examined the actual use and users‘ satisfaction with the university dormitories in Gwangju and Chonnam and analyse the related variables that affect on them. Self-administered questionnaires were provided to 200 university students from Gwangju and the Chonnam area. The collected data was used to conduct comparative and descriptive statistical analysis: T-test Below are the study findings. Female students express more satisfaction with community affinity than male students in the satisfaction about socio-psychological environment. Students residing in the rooms for 2 persons express more satisfaction with the division of private space with common space, study appropriateness etc. than those residing in the rooms for 4 persons. Students residing in the cluster-type rooms express more satisfaction with the division of private space with common spaces study appropriateness and relationship with other students in other rooms etc. In relation to the room environment, female students express less dissatisfaction with the noise than male students. Students residing in the rooms for 2 persons express more satisfaction with the room size, interior temperature pleasantness, brightness etc. than those residing the in rooms for 4 persons. Students residing in the cluster-type rooms express more satisfaction with the bed size, the condition of interior finishing, interior temperature pleasantness, brightness and interior air pleasantness etc. than those residing in unit-rooms. In relation to common using environment, male students express more satisfaction with the library than female students. And students residing in the rooms for 4 persons and those residing in the cluster-type rooms express more satisfaction with lounge than those residing in the rooms for 2 persons and those residing in the unit-rooms. Organizing the university domitory planning according to the students' demands, based on this study, the change to general function of domitory in sleeping, studying, leisure activity and culture acitivity is needed. Interior environment technical factor of interior air pleasantness and noise should be improved.
A Study on the Exterior Color of Housing in Rural Area Comparing with Traditional Housing Color
Paik, Suk-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 19, issue 6, 2008, Pages 157~166
Until 1960, the major housing type of rural area in Korea was traditional wooden frame building, which was made of natural materials. In the course of modernization and New Village Movement, most of traditional houses have been renovated focusing on changing roof material of rice straw into slate, keeping existing main wooden structure. And then from around 1980, by economical development the new houses have been constructed. On these three phases of traditional type, remodeling type and new construction type, the natural materials of housing facade as wood, soil, stone and plant changed into artificial materials as cement, chemical material and paint. At the same time the exterior color of housing also have been changed and varied. The purpose of this thesis is to find out the changing aspect of exterior color by comparing remodeled and new constructed housing with of traditional housing. The exterior color of one hundred and fifty seven houses were surveyed and the three color attributes of each part of facade, as roof, wall and window, were analyzed and compared. In case of traditional houses, 98.3% of color are concentrated on the warm color of Y and YR on HUE scale, and 88% of their color are low Chroma. And Value of their color has been varied and spreaded from low to high Value scale. From traditional types to remodeled and new constructed houses, the concentration ratio of warm color on Hue scale reduced from 98.3% to 68.7% and ratio of low Chroma was also changed from 88% to 73.2% and the ratio of low Value color reduced from 51.9% to 29.7%. The exterior color of houses in rural area varied on Hue, and the more saturated colors were used and they became brighter compared with color of traditional houses. It is expected that the results of this study can be used for basic data of exterior color planning and improvement into harmonized color with natural environment.