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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Development of Guidelines for Indoor Environment in Apartment Remodeling Projects
Choi, Yoon-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~10
The final aim of this study was to propose guidelines for the indoor environment of apartment remodeling projects. The first task of this study was to understand the major elements and the actual condition of the remodeling for apartment unit by carrying out in-depth interviews on residents and specialists. The open-access interviews were conducted with interior designers who have a wide experience of apartment remodeling and residents who live in recently remodeled apartment units. The second task was to evaluate the actual condition of the indoor environment and to analyze the main factors that affect the indoor environment in remodeled apartment units. Field measurements were carried out in twenty apartment units occupied after remodeling, recording indoor environment elements (indoor temperature, globe temperature, relative humidity,
, CO, PM10, TVOC, HCHO, illumination, and equivalent noise level). Moreover, resident interviews and researcher observations were carried out to determine the contents of the remodeled unit and to investigate the architectural and living factors(like ventilation characteristics, etc.) related to the indoor environment. The results are as follows. The remodeling elements generally included the changing of lighting fixtures and finishing materials in all the spaces, the integration of the balcony into the children's room, the installation of furniture in the kitchen and the entrance, the changing storage furnitures and equipments in the bathroom. The average levels of each unit of relative humidity,
, TVOC, HCHO, equivalent noise level, and illumination were proved to be on the whole in inadequate condition. The factors that affect these indoor elements were classified as remodeling factors (remodeling amounts, extent balcony integration, and lighting fixture exchange), ventilation characteristics, and living factors. According to these results, this research proposed the guidelines for the indoor environment in apartment remodeling projects.
A Study on the Planning of Improved-Hanok - Focused on Jeon-Nam Province -
Kang, Man-Ho ; Lee, Woo-Won ; Jeong, Hun ; Joo, Seok-Joong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 11~18
The purpose of this study is to propose a method of developing an improved Hanok. To achieve this, an investigation was carried out on the factors of the main floor plan in the improved Hanok development and an interview was conducted with residents who live in the improved Hanok development. The conclusions obtained through this study are as follows: First, The shape of 一 was marked at the highest in the Korean traditional plan types such as 一, ㄱ and 田. It is considered that this reduces the cost of construction by simplifying the structure of the roof. Second, the size was consisted of
Kan, the Korean traditional module that determines the number of columns and expresses the position of the inner wall. However, the Kan measure ments for the bathroom and multi-purpose room differed. Third, 57.6% of the 2 bedroom units were investigated. However, 60% of the residents preferred 3 bedroom units. Fourth, the results of the relationship between the living room and the kitchen showed that the residents preferred L+DK type to LDK type by 54.2% and 45.8% respectively. Fifth, the residents preferred a bathroom constructed next to the bedroom because they considered that the improved Hanok development would be used as an Inn during holiday periods. Moreover, they desired a plan where the bathroom could be directly entered from the outside. Sixth, the design for the improved Hanok development should have a suitable multipurpose-room because 72.5% of the residents have extended their house to accommodate such a room. Seventh, 61% of the improved Hanok units had an entrance space, which does not exist in Korean traditional houses. For this reason, the Korean traditional floor (: the Maru) was avoided due to its inconvenience.
A Research on the Differentiation of Roof Styles about High-rise Apartment Complexes - Focused on High-rise Apartment Complexes in Daegu City -
Park, Chan-Don ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 19~26
The purpose of this study is to classify roof styles about high-rise apartment complexes in these days. Specially, it is focused on those in Daegu city. It has analyzed for 75 apartment complexes in Daegu city. Those complexes are all over 300 houses each and were built from 2004 to 2007. Generally, roof styles about high-rise apartment complexes are classed as a flat roof style and a slope-sided roof style. Types of the flat roof style were divided a flat roof style and a eyebrows roof style. And, types of the slope-sided roof style were divided a single slope-sided roof style, a gable roof style, and a hipped roof style. The curved roof style didn't show up at these cases. According to this study, the slope-sided roof style including the gable roof style was revealed the most common roof style about high-rise apartment complexes in Daegu city from 2004 to 2007. Among 76 cases of roof styles, the number of the gable roof style is 52, and the number of flat roof style is 18. Each roof style was changed for more decorative shape. Specially, in case of the flat roof style, 17 cases for 18 cases are built as a decorative flat roof style. and, 15 for 52 gable roof style cases are built as a decorative style, too. According this case study, we are able to know that the sort of roof style was advanced variously and decoratively, and the shape of roof style was combined more than 2 decorative factors. The roof style of high-rise apartment complex in future will be more various and decorative than this time and will be develop compositively.
Study of a Residential Desire Survey for Planning Criteria of an Old Aged Residence - Focused on the Old Aged in Gyeonggi Province -
Eun, Min-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 27~36
A person's residence is the primary environment which affects physical and emotional-gratification. Residential environments are very important to a person's quality of life. Because the age of society has rapidly increased, we must take a profound interest in the welfare and residences of the aged. While the government has begun to prepare for an aging society, the residential environments of the aged has not been fully considered. Because the welfare of the aged begins in the house, the term 'residence for the aged' is not limited to the physical space. Because residences for the old aged are included in various social policies such as family relations, social security, health care, safety etc, relevant policies for these residences must be prepared as rapidly as possible. This study-focused on both the importance of residences for the aged and the residential desires of the aged, and aims to propose planning criteria for the residences of the aged.
A Study on the Spatial Characteristics for Adolescents-friendly in the Apartments Design - Focused on the Design Competition of Suwon A District -
Kim, Nam-Hyo ; Bang, Seon-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 37~45
For the young period, privacy is a crucial factor in establishing one's own identities, values and relationships. The capacity of residential environment to protect individual's privacy takes considerable part in influencing psychological and physiological development of adolescents. This study analyzed adolescents residential values and the elements of spatial plans for the passage and outdoor in Apartment Design Competition of Suwon A district in 2008. One hundred and ten middle and high school students living in Metropolitan area were selected and questionnaire was conducted during February 7 to February 15 in 2009. The data was analyzed by SPSS 11.0 program using one-way ANOVA and crosstab. The study results were summarized as follows; First, the adolescents valued 'safety' the most, regardless of their age and gender and the safety of adolescents commuting should be considered. Second, protecting their own private territories was next important element among other elements. Privacy can be protected by using movable walls, changing the doorway, dividing parents' and adolescents independent territory. Third, in terms of convenience, choosing location of children's room and walking way should be considered. Forth, from the survey, demand for indoors leisure activity was highly valued and required for aesthetic point of view. Considering the sculptures and facilities must satisfy the aesthetics and practicality. Fifth, in terms of social needs, 61.6% of people answered positively to the community facilities for social relationship. Residential environment affects enormous part of adolescents emotional and academic development. Therefore, designing residential areas for adolescents friendly should reflect the demands for safety, territory, convenience, aesthetic and social life.
A Study on the Establishment of Minimum Housing Standards for the Socially Underprivileged
Kim, Do-Yeon ; Yoon, Chae-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 47~58
Providing an adequate housing to the socially underprivileged with a weak economic base is the most difficult task of housing policies. Korea established minimum housing standards and has used them for housing policies. However, the level of Korean minimum housing standards is far lower than that of foreign minimum housing standards. Thus, this study made a comparative analysis of Korean minimum housing standards with foreign housing standards in various aspects in order to guarantee housing quality of the socially underprivileged in Korea. In particular, the floor area and ratio of small lease homes are minutely examined to present the actual housing standard of the socially underprivileged. The level of Korean minimum housing standards suggested in this paper is very close to that of Japanese minimum housing standard, which is 37.95
for a 3 member family and just above Chombard de Lauw's pathological limit (36.03
). As this research is specifically focused on the establishment of minimum floor area standards for the socially underprivileged, further research should be made in consideration of more specific requirements of various groups for the socially underprivileged.
A Study on the Standardization of Construction Material by the Use of Three-tier Classification System of Korean Industrial Standard
Lim, Seok-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 59~67
Since 1990s, we have achieved a certain level of success in standardization of design, construction, and material on housing and public buildings with the national-level promotion. A practical connecting device that can synthesize all the serial processes is required to maximize the effect of construction material standardization. However, desired outcome of the standardization is not achieved yet because these serial standards and notification practices are decided by each part of the process and some are congested. In this study, we aim to improve a general organizational system of Korean Industrial Standard (KS) which is the most fundamental tool for the standardization of construction materials moving from a conventional idea that the standard is only for the material and components producers to a concept that can also be shared by the designers and construction workers. To achieve this, we propose an improvement plan for the Korean Industrial Standard in the perspective of three-tier classification system.
A Study on the Proper Size of Rainwater Stored Tank in Submerged Districts Using SWMM Program
Jang, Seung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 69~76
The Storm Water Management Model(SWMM) by EPA is a dynamic rainwater-runoff simulation model used for single event or long-term simulation of runoff quantity and quality from primarily urban areas. The SWMM simulation program is operated by the site area, the weather date, conduit plan etc. on reference region. The purpose of this study was to analyze flood area, the duration of flooded and surcharged on the reference region. Without rainwater stored tank, the area of flooded and surcharged on reference area is similar to the area of reference region. But, With rainwater stored tank, the area of flooded and surcharged on reference area is much reduced compared to without rainwater stored tank. According to SWMM simulation results, the rainwater stored tank is located closer to site is more effective for reduction of duration of flooded and surcharged and flow rate.
Economic Benefits of An Application of Construction Debris Units in Housing Environment Amelioration Area
Hwang, Hyun-Seung ; Son, Byeung-Hun ; Park, Sang-Min ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 77~84
The construction debris has been enormously increased since 90's because of a reconstruction and developing a new building site. Under the construction law, construction debris must legally recycle or reclaim at cost, but almost people have depended on reclamation of the illegal process to treat construction debris. Therefore, the environmental disruption and contamination have been begun the hot issue of society and in controversy with residents. With the consequence that indicates a substitute about an application of construction debris units is the most important thing for studying construction debris of quantity when the construction units are demolished. Nowadays, the area under the housing environment amelioration policies is getting rapidly old, then it is beyond anticipating reconstruction. Before construction units are demolished, generally three of four engineers investigate or predict the quantity of construction debris for two months. But this study is using the units of construction debris instead of the investigation and gets more precise data than investigation or prediction. In conclusion, the purpose of this study offers that units of construction debris can alternate the investigating of construction debris and curtail the expenses of labors and finances. Finally, those effects are going to make economical benefits covering the whole of the process of constructions.
A Study on the Layout Type of an Apartment Complex Considering Wind Environment - Focused on the Sinchun Area of Daegu Metropolitan City -
Son, Kyung-Su ; Jung, Eung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 85~95
One of the most important elements in creating the pleasant residential environment is the wind. For the pleasant residential environment, it is important that the air pollutants are not stagnant but appropriately and swiftly diffused and removed by winds. Especially, the river becomes a main route of wind in the urban core. So, it is necessary to secure the space to circulate the sufficient cool air to this area. But, recently many high-rise apartment complexes have been built along the rivers that have the fine view and pleasant environment. As a result, the cool and fresh air coming from mountains hardly diffuses into the urban core but just flows along the river. Considering the facts above, this study selected types of building layout and kind of land cover as complex or architectural design factors that have an influence on wind environment. Based on the factors, it analyzed change in wind environment according to apartment complex development aiming at the Sinchun area which is Daegu Metropolitan City's main wind corridor. Therefore, when apartment complex development is planned in the future, it can offer basic data for establishing plans for more pleasant complexes. As a result of the analysis, it was shown that the layout type of housing and the building height plan in consideration of wind corridor around the river were pretty effective in increasing the wind speed and circulating the air in the apartment complex. Therefore, if wind corridor is considered when apartment complex development is planed in the future, this study can offer useful information contributing to improve comfort in residential environment in the level of complex building as well as city planning.
The Study on Change of Lighting Color for Behavior of Residents in Living Room Space of Apartment
Jeong, Ji-Seok ; Seo, Ji-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 97~104
Today, apartment is the most common residence type and various behavior occurs in living room space of apartments. Active usage of living room in modem life increases user's desire of wanting a better environment and leads to find various methods such as remodeling. At the point when considering moving or remodeling, this study focuses on the change of lighting color as it is one of the methods for initial stage with moderate price. As living room is easily influenced by lighting, providing active environment to support inhabitant's behavior through the use of various lighting sources will cut down unnecessary remodeling costs and may be the most simple method to actualize lighting environment for inhabitant's behavior. To give change with the least effort, change in artificial lighting environment was attempted with combinations of lighting color and switching on lights according to illuminating location. This study suggested the capability of changing lighting environment of previous living room area by exchanging lighting sources in lighting equipment in order to satisfy the required behaviors of inhabitant.
The Variation of Top Floor Indoor Thermal Environment with Roof Storage Using Model Experiment
Park, Bong-Gil ; Lee, Kyung-Hee ; Jang, Seung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 105~112
The purpose of this study is to investigate a top floor, indoor, thermal environment by comparison between the indoor air temperature and the rooftop surface temperature, and between the indoor air temperature and the outdoor air temperature using an experimental model. The model experiment was conducted with 4 cases,: no-rainfall, 1 em-height, 10 em-height and 20em-height of rainfall on the rooftop. According to the results of the height of stored rainfall, the average air temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor air with 1, 10 and 20 em-height of rainfall on the rooftop was
, respectively. The upper 10 em-height of rainfall on the rooftop acted to decrease the indoor air temperature on the top floor.
A Study on Preference Colors considering Personality Types in Housing Space - A Study on Color Plan considering Characteristic of Residents -
Kim, Soon-Mi ; An, Ok-Hee ; Seo, Ji-Eun ; Choi, Jae-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 113~121
The purpose of this study is to determine color preferences in housing spaces according to different types of personalities and color preference according to classifying dwellers various characteristics by MBTI to obtain basic information for the color plan that satisfies their desires. The results of this study are as follows. Firstly, in terms of the color distribution of living spaces, for the ceiling and general walls, results showed that N (white) systems and YR of bright tones were mostly distributed. For the color of the floor, results showed that the calm tone of YR was mostly distributed. Secondly, for the favored colors of finishing materials in each space, the greatest distribution of preference color was found to be the N (white) group (series) in the case of ceilings, For general walls, the bright tone of the N (white) group was the most common in living rooms, and the bright tone of RP was used mostly in couples' rooms and girls' rooms. The bright tone of B and PB were found mostly in boys' bedrooms. In the case of the floor color, results showed the largest distribution was the calm tone of YR. For point walls, the preference was for various kinds of bright and brilliant colors. Thirdly, we could determine that extroverts (E) strongly disliked black and grey, while introverts (I) strongly disliked red as well as black and grey. Those who favored colors of closing materials were the sensible types (S) where colors were concentrated in common color groups. On the other hand, intuition types (N) preferred color groups of various kinds, not only the typically preferred colors.
A Study of the Variable Infill System for Skeleton/Infill Housing in Japan
Yi, Yong-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 3, 2009, Pages 123~131
Skeleton/Infill Housing in Japan was developed in 1979 in order to provide a solution to the modem problem of the need to flexibly respond to diversified demands for housing, and to establish a social basis of housing as public housing complexes are realized. In this system, the "skeleton" like building structure, which has a social nature, is separated from "infill" such as interior furnishings, which have more individuality, The public body was the unified supplier of the skeleton, and the private sector satisfied each household's needs in tenus of infill using a demander participation approach, Today however, Skeleton/Infill Housing is required to solve an entirely new housing problem, necessitating a dramatic change of infill. For this reason, this study aims to clear the infill within the system and propose a more flexible system which can provide appropriate information to improve the infill.