Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Coping Styles about Residential Environmental Stress among Apartment Housing Dwellers - Focus on the Gwangju City -
Noh, Se-Hee ; Kim, Mi-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1~10
Rapid social change affects residential environments and this in turn creates new stimuli to which people have to adapt. These stimuli have been seen to increase stress levels. Therefore, dwellers in these environments try to reduce stress through various methods. The purpose of this paper is to: 1) identify the general trends of coping styles about residential environmental stress, 2) analyze the differences in socio-demographic characteristics and how the physical characteristics of buildings affect stress, find out how personal backgrounds affect stress levels and the ability to get rid of environmental-related stress. The subjects in this study consisted of people living in multi-family housing in Gwangju. The city is divided into 5 districts and used quota sampling. 324 housewives were surveyed from the households by self-administered questionnaires. The survey was conducted in December, 2006, after the questionnaire was revised based on the results of preliminary survey. After all the questionnaires were collected, the data was coded and analyzed using the SPSS 12.0 program. This study confirmed that the manner in which those in multi-family housing coped with stress. Especially, we need a policy which seriously considers residents who are of low social-economic standing. As well as being exposed to residential environmental stress, they also have no means to deal with it. The age of a building had a strong impact on coping styles about residential environmental stress. We have to make special studies about the adaptive reuse of buildings for the reduction of residential environmental stress and to greatly improve coping styles. In conclusion, it emphasized the importance of education, information, and economic aid. Reasonable housing management would surely lead to a rise in residential satisfaction and the promotion of residential welfare.
The Case Study on the Exterior Colors Used in the Apartment Complex
Cho, Jae-Kyoung ; Rhee, Ji-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 11~18
The apartments of South Korea has developed enormously from 1960's to the present. Nevertheless, People have not paid much attention to the exterior colors used in the apartments. For this reason, this study tries to understand the differences of the colors between each brands and areas based on the newly-built apartments in Jeonju and Gunsan, and this focuses on the colors used in the main buildings, public facilities, playgrounds, and the main entrances. According to the research, although six-cases all showed that YR was higher than any other color patterns, but there were differences from both the brands and the areas. Both the colors and the materials, as distinguished by the brands, were more diverse in the apartments by the small or medium businesses than in those by the big businesses. Moreover, when the identical brands were observed in Jeonju and Gunsan, the differences between the areas was more recognizable than the differences between the brands. Both the colors and the materials, as distinguished by the areas, had more varieties in Gunsan than in Jeonju. It was because Gunsan had many diversities in natural, historical or social backgrounds, as compared to Jeonju. Unlike other studies, this study researched public facilities as well as the main buildings so that it was possible to perceive the harmony of the colors in the apartment complex; however, the cases used in this study were limited numerically.
A Research on the Spatial Change of the Main Room and Kitchen of traditional Utbangkkeokeum House in Cheongju City
Kim, Hee-Ri ; Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 19~29
The purpose of this study is to clarify the spatial changes that have taken place in the main rooms (Anbang) and kitchens of traditional Utbangkkeokeum houses in Cheongju city, located on the central inland of Korea. These houses consist of a main house (Momchae) and a single-wing house (Nalgaechae), creating an ㄱ-shaped plan. The kitchen is in the front of the Nalgaechae, and the Anbang is at the rear. For the Momchae, the main hall (Daechung) is next to the Anbang, which is at the end of the Nalgaechae, and the room (Gunnunbang) is situated across from the Daechung. This study is based on the assumption that these houses have been conserved and altered from their original forms. As a result of alterations, many changes have occurred to the main room and kitchen spaces. The traditional main room is connected with two rooms (Utbang and Araebang), new standup kitchens are introduced, and floor heating systems are installed. The Anbang has maintained its sedentary lifestyle and the space for major daily activities such as sleeping and TV viewing. Also, TV viewing is a distinctive feature for residential purposes and the bedding is located in such a position that it is easy to observe any exterior movement for the elderly living alone. The layout of the standup kitchen has been altered to maintain the previous circulation, position and function of the entrance. Also, the kitchen and dining room were used together, and the size of these rooms has been partially increased from the original module in different ways for each case. The above findings suggest that Utbangkkeokeum houses of Cheongju city have been spatially changed while maintaining the previous lifestyle.
A Study on the Remodeling Plan of Old-Aged Apartment in Kwang-ju
Lee, Hyang-Mi ; Jeong, Ga-Young ; Lee, Cheong-Woong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 31~38
The purpose of this study is to investigate remodelling that meets the characteristics, intention and needs of antiquated apartment in Gwangju. For this study, firstly, we observed the current status and residents of old-aged apartments and attempted interview. Secondly, we used ethnographical interview of participating and observation methods based on cultural anthropology. The needed for this study was obtained by the questionnaires with 273 answer sheet. The data analyzing method was the statistic program SPSS. This study targeted more than 10-year-old seven apartment complexes which had above 10 stories. In respect of other needs of remodelling, it was very difficult to obtain uniform remodeling on which the whole residents agreed. As old-aged apartment could not be remodelled uniformly, remodeling types should be specified according to different complexes, buildings and units. Joint plans should be prepared for buildings or common space according to different steps of aging before joint remodelling and houses should be individually or jointly remodelled after joint plan is prepared. Current apartment remodelling is designed to increase economic values, but remodelling is more necessary for the residents with low-income. So, financial burden should be minimized and gradually remodelling apartment for improvement of residential environment is to be preferred.
An Analysis on the Characteristics of Energy and Water Consumption in Urban Rental Apartment
Seo, Youn-Kyu ; Kim, Ju-Young ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 39~46
It has been a serious problem to consume the energy of apartment while increasing to use of heating & cooling System because of residence environmental upgrades. Great attention has been shown to the problem of the rental apartment, so there are few reports of energy consumption about the rental apartment in korea. To solve the lack of housing, our country has supplied an enormous volume of apartments, and these days it occupies 75% of our buildings. As apartments occupy most of our housings, the rate of energy usage from them are also high. On this, setting apartment energy reduction as a target, by researching the actual conditions of energy consumption and drawing a basis data, we can apply this as a way of saving energy, rationalization of the scale of energy supply facilities and a standard when planning facilities. To grasp the present condition of energy usage of the urban rental apartment, this research analysed the use of electricity, gas and water monthly and annually of a rental apartment that is located in Daegu. The results showed that in 2003 the electricity usage was 1,198MWh but 1,315MWh in 2007, which means 9% of electricity usage increases every year. The average of water usage was
per year and typical energy consumption unit was
of area and
. By showing the usage of energy and water of the urban rental apartment, understanding the tendency and preparing an typical energy consumption unit standard through this research, apartments should use energy more efficiently.
A Study on the Assessment and Performance Indicator Criteria for Repair Convenience of Apartment Building (I) - Private sector -
Lim, Seok-Ho ; Ji, Jang-Hun ; Kim, Soo-Am ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 47~56
Housing Performance Rating Indication System was started in 2006. The aim of Housing Performance Rating Indication is to provide the guideline of housing performance. Repair Convenience is similar to Remodeling. Remodeling has been paid more attention as an alternative for reconstruction. Especially, now the actual house supply is facing almost 100%, it is time to keep and maintenance management of apartment buildings, and ultimately it will expand the Long life housing. Especially consumers has to have a right to select apartment buildings by comparing performance of house. For construction companies, they need a performance code that standardized by government, so they can provide a Certain performing house. This study examines data which has been obtained from the recent application of Housing Performance Rating Indication System and Repair Convenience category is main concern. Findings from the study will provide vital information in improving current Housing Performance Rating Indication System.
A Study on the Assessment and Performance Indicator criteria for Repair Convenience of Apartment Building (II) - Public sector -
Lim, Seok-Ho ; Ji, Jang-Hun ; Kim, Soo-Am ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 57~65
In Korea, Housing Performance Rating Indication System was first adopted in 2006. Main purpose of the System is on developing criteria which can systematically measure the level of housing performance. Among the five categories of Housing Performance Rating Indication System, Repair Convenience is closely related to Remodeling which has been widely recognized as an alternative to the building reconstruction. Especially, as the actual housing supply level in Korea is reaching almost 100%, it is crucial to expand Long-life Housing through the effective maintenance and management. In addition, consumers should have an access to the performance ratings of apartment buildings on which they can rely on in choosing their own housings. And for construction companies, a performance code enacted by government will provide them with a standard that they can utilize in determining performance level of buildings that they build. This study examines data which has been obtained from the recent application of Housing Performance Rating Indication System and Repair Convenience category is main concern. Findings from the study will provide vital information in improving current Housing Performance Rating Indication System.
Elderly Preference of Interior Design in Residential Space
Lee, Chun-Yeop ; Oh, Chan-Ohk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 67~76
As the needs of housing for the elderly has increased, many researches have been carried out and some housing projects for the elderly including nursing home began to be provided. Most researches have focused on the development of housing type or space layout and only several ones on interior design. The interior design in house influences physically or psychologically on the elderly who lives in. Also, the subject of them which examined the needs or preference for housing for the elderly were the middle-aged, not the aged. The purpose of the study was to examine the preferred characteristics of interior design in residential space by the elderly. The structured interview with 120 old persons who lived in Busan was carried out using by a questionnaire and 3D images. The elderly answered about the preferred interior style, color, lighting and interior finishes of each room in house, such as living room, master bedroom, kitchen, and bathroom. On the basis of the findings, the characteristics of interior design of each room in house which the elderly preferred were presented. In general, they preferred the mixed interior style with tradition and modem. Also, the reddish and purple interior color, flower or plant patterned wall finishes, and wood floor were preferred in living room and master bedroom by the elderly. The white interior color and one colored wall finishes without any pattern were preferred in kitchen and bathroom.
A Study on Physical Environment of the Child Care Centers for the Children with Disability in Japan - Focus on Nursing Space and Sanitary Space -
Ju, Seo-Ryeung ; Lee, Ji-Ye ; Kim, Min-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 77~88
The nursing space and sanitary space are main living spaces for children in the child care center. The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics in terms of planning by mainly focusing on the nursing space and sanitary space of the disabled child care center in Japan. Since Japan has cultural backgrounds similar to those of Korea while providing systematic child care centers according to the symptom and grade of disability, it is anticipated that this case study on the disabled child care center in Japan will help establish standards related to disabled child care centers in Korea. To conduct the study in a more efficient way, the case study was divided into the space planning of nursing spaces and sanitary spaces and the installation of sanitary tools and handrails in the disabled child care center. The findings of investigating into actual conditions were analyzed by comparing them with Japanese laws and literary and documentary records relevant to this study. Through this study, it is expected that Korean child care centers, having constantly expanded their quantitative growth, will also improve the qualitative level of their atmospheres so that they may provide more proper conditions even for disabled children to get better used to child care centers in Korea.
Deterioration Characteristics through Evaluating the Level of Deterioration of High-rise and High-density Apartments
Cho, Sung-Heui ; Lee, Tae-Kyung ; Oh, Deog-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 89~99
The purpose of this research is to determine the deterioration characteristics of high-rise and high-density apartment complexes in 1st period new towns in order to regenerate apartments as sustainable residential environments in Korea. For this purpose, the level of deterioration was evaluated by using 'evaluating indicators of the level of deterioration of high-rise and high-density apartments'. The deterioration characteristics were determined inclusively and concretely based on evaluation results. In addition, the deterioration level according to residents' awareness of the deterioration of their apartment was evaluated. This study was conducted by methods of field data collection, staff interview, field measurement, and resident survey according to the measurement of the evaluating indicators. And the re-organized questionnaire based on the evaluating indicators was utilized for a survey of resident's awareness. The results are as follows: In the physical dimensions of apartments, the deterioration characteristics included deteriorated equipment and a decline in structural performance due to the aging of the apartment, a shortage of parking spaces, and the low flexibility of the bearing wall structure, etc. In terms of the social dimensions, the apartments showed an increase in the number of elderly households, a shortage of community facilities, and a lack of the opportunity for community participation etc. In terms of the economic dimensions, the apartments showed limitations in maintenance & repair and a lack of environmentally friendly features.
Perception of Managers on Residents Participation in Public Rental Housing Management
Kim, Young-Joo ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 101~109
Resident participation or tenant empowerment is becoming an important concept of planning, provision of welfare services, and management of housing. It can be motivated by three variables: shared goals, shared values, and sense of community among residents. Theoretically, the more each of these three variables, the more likely people will be to participate. The purpose of this study was to identify the perception of management staff on residents' participation in public rental housing. For this, 198 management staff of public rental housing under Korea Housing Management were surveyed using questionnaire distributed by email during February 18 to 27, 2009. Only 33.3% of the public rental housing complexes surveyed constituted Residents Representative Committee. Most of the respondents showed negative perception of resident organizations and their roles as an meaningful way to communicate with them on the management system. Several ways to enhance the resident participation and to reduce housing and living cost burden of residents in public rental housing were suggested as follows: development and distribution of education and service program inspiring the residents' empowerment, enacting a provision of Tenants Representative obligation in Rental Housing Act, and so on.
A Comparative Study on the Block Housing of Korea and Japan by Post Occupancy Evaluation
Park, Joong-Hyun ; Kang, Boo-Seong ; Kim, Jin-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 111~118
In modern Asia major cities had same problem with lack of affordable housing for families. So they had to concentrate to the mass supply of housing and made some physical counter effects like high density of cities, limitation of parking space. Also people who lived in those cities could suffer from broken traditional community culture. To rebuild traditional community and increase land usage, Block housing is suggested as a new kind of multi-family housing for old town redevelopment. Now some governments are trying to make urban code to give some initiative for new block housing development in old city blocks. They expect this new housing type can help to solve serious problems like lack of parking area, green space and context of block. Also they hope that block housing development can help to increase safety of town and reduce cost of development. The purpose of this study is to review the establishment and development process of Block Housing and to confirm the aspect which has been changed with urban organization together. Also this study tried to find out the intentional characteristics of similarities and differences with comparison of Korea and Japan. And as a result we could find critical physical viewpoint, and provide considerations for future study and plan. Several cases of block housing in Korea and Japan were reviewed for comparative study and Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) survey was examined to find satisfaction factors and problems which were expected to improved.
A Comparative Study on the Residential Satisfaction and Environment-Friendly Awareness depending on the Environment-Friendly Level on the Outdoor Space of the Apartment Complex - In Case of Apartment Complex in Gwangju Metropolitan City -
Park, Won-Kyu ; Im, Sun-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 119~126
This study focused on the analysis of residential satisfaction and environment awareness depending on the environment-friendly level on the outdoor space of the housing complexes. The purpose of this study is to present basic materials of the environment-friendly outdoor space planning of housing complexes. The major findings of the study are as follows. First, the results of the comparative analysis of the satisfaction of the outdoor space of apartment complexes show that the complexes with the most application of environment-friendly elements had higher residential satisfaction. But there was no meaningful statistical difference between the complexes with the higher level of application of the environment-friendly elements and the complexes with medium level of application. Secondly, according to a comparative analysis, the overall residential satisfaction of the apartment complexes was the same as the residential satisfaction of the outdoor space. Thirdly, the results of the correlative analysis of residential satisfaction and environmental awareness showed that the satisfaction of the apartment complexes decreases as the awareness of the environment-friendly apartment complex increases. The results of this study can be used as basic materials for environment-friendly outdoor space planning of apartment complexes.
Importance Analysis and Establishment of Community-Based Residential Environment Improvement Items
Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Koo, Ja-Hoon ; Won, Jai-Mu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 127~134
This study initially analyzes the meaning of Community-Based Residential Environment Improvement. A residential environment improvement factor was determined through an analysis of the function, components, Planning techniques of the community, the evaluation criteria of the residential environment, and through relative literature documenting plans for the adjustment of urban and housing environments. In terms of the methodological approach, decisions were made based on the results of an expert focus-group-interview, a goodness-of-fit test, and by using the analytic network decision-making method from which the correlation among items can be considered. Results of this analysis show that the, order of importance of factors for a community-based residential environment is as follows: interactional character, cognitive character, and locational character. Furthermore, the most important aspect for each of these factors are the neighbor-hood relationship in terms of the interactional character, common consciousness for the cognitive character and place for locational character. The results of this study can be used by linking them with questionnaire items for basic resident research when a residential environment improvement project or a plan for the adjustment of urban and housing environments is planned.
The Actual State of TVOC and the Responses of Sick House Syndrome in Newly Built University Dormitory
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Oh, Ye-Seul ; Jang, Yoon-Jeong ; Kim, Jung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 135~143
The purposes of this study were to determine the actual state of the indoor air quality by measuring TVOC Concentration and surveying residents' responses in a newly built university dormitory and to analyze the influencing factors of IAQ. Field measurements on the concentrations of TVOC and HCHO were carried out three times at 4 week intervals in 3 rooms of a dormitory. A questionnaire survey was conducted on residents which inquired into the resident's lifestyle, their consciousness of IAQ, and the responses to SHS. According to the results, TVOC concentrations were 0.14~18.5 ppm and HCHO concentrations were 0.23~6.89 ppm during the 3 months following the completion of construction, showing a serious state in which standard levels are exceeded, though these levels seemed to decrease over time. The factors influencing the differences in the levels of TVOC and HCHO were the ventilation volume including infiltration, the heating temperature, relative humidity, or the use of living matter that include chemical ingredients. However, the residents rarely felt the symptoms of SHS and were not conscious of the importance of ventilation.
A Study on the Current Situation of Using Community Facilities and Its Proper Size in Apartment
Sohn, Sei-Kwan ; Kim, Won-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 145~155
The purpose of this study is to examine the awareness of apartment residents on their using tendency of community facilities established in apartment complex in order to verify a role that such facilities play in making contributions to lives of apartment dwellers and to analyze their using tendency of the facilities and subsequent problems. The study produced the important findings as follows. First, the level of exchange among residents and their satisfaction were raised high in the apartment complex that offered substantial community facilities. Second, in regard to physical aspect, community activities among dwellers were brisk in the apartment complex where community facilities were organically connected. Third, fitness center, shower room and golf course were excessive in terms of space provided while the space alloted for G.X room, a place used exclusively for class, was insufficient. Fourth, the analysis of using tendency and preference level showed that fitness center, shower room and G.X room were the required facilities. The rooms for using PCs and watching DVDs and the singing room were found to be unnecessary because such facilities were low in the effectiveness when the operating cost was considered.
A Study on the Characteristics of Environmental Design in the Architecture of G
nther Behnisch - focus on Munich Olympic Park -
Choi, Man-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 20, issue 6, 2009, Pages 157~165
The aim of this study on the Munich Olympic Park is to understand the characteristics and design techniques of the environmental design of G
nther Behnisch's architecture. This particular work is chosen because it represents a turning point in his architectural life in terms of his approach to environmental design. The goal of this paper is to research Behnisch's design techniques in order to realiz a way to apply nature-friendly design in contemporary-architecture. In Behnisch's architectural works, the organic design philosophies of Hugo H
ring and Hans Scharoun are clealy echoed. The site and natural surroundings are always important in his architecture. In terms of his environmentally-friendly approach, Behnisch's architecture can be defined as one which espresses a harmony between architecture and the naturale-surroundings. In terms of the structural aspect, Behnisch's architectural forms are not imposing, but rather waiting to be discovered naturally. In terms of spatial characteristics, Behnisch's spaces are based on organic characteristics and have a strong relationship between the outside and inside. In particular, the artificial architectural landscape in the Munich Olympic Park through cable-construction connects perfectly with nature.