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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Reusing Vacant Public Buildings for Social Integration - Focusing on the Conversion of Dong-Offices and Primary Schools into 'Housing-Mixed Public Facilities' -
Choi, Jae-Pil ; Choi, Young-Jun ; Moon, Guen-Jong ; Byun, Na-Hyang ; Choi, Sung-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.001
Due to the growing interest in eco-friendly and sustainable design in the architectural and urban planning field, we are witnessing numerous projects in which old buildings are being reused. However, with the exception of domestic apartments, there hasn't been a systematic approach or policy regarding the reuse of specific building types. On the other hand, we were able to point out two public building types, dong-offices and primary schools, that are expected to be underused, with future needs for conversion. Because the two building types are public buildings, we believe that their conversion must address the needs of the society. In this study, we have chosen 'social integration' as the ultimate goal of reusing public buildings. Upon the conceptual model of 'Housing-Mixed Public Facility', which was produced in a previous study, we have added other core programs that could be adopted into the model. Then, we applied the improved model onto the two building types by producing conversion plans and introducing key planning techniques. During this process, we have found some regulations that would not allow the realization of some models. Therefore, we have suggested amendments to the related regulations.
Residents' Using Behaviors of Living Facilities According to the Developmental Concepts of Complexes - The Case of the 3 Complexes in Cheongju Area -
Lee, Sang-Un ; Park, Kyoung-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.013
This study has the purpose to reveal the differences of residents' using behaviors of living facilities at 3 complexes. The physical characteristics of the complexes have been investigated by a literature study and field survey. In addition, questionnaires were answered by residents on living facilities using behavior on community environment. The tools of analysis are frequency, percentage, and cross tabulation using SPSS WIN 12.0 program. Followings are the results of the study. 1) The developmental concept of 3 complexes maintained its initial identity. (1) The residence-oriented complex, having wider residential space, had better downtown access and more convenient facilities for daily life. (2) The residence-government mixed complex, constructed with an eco-friendly concept, had wider green and public service space and good downtown access but on the other hand, had less convenience facilities because of a short period from construction. (3) The residence-industry mixed complex, located in sub-urbanity and conceding more land for industries, had poor access to downtown but had more convenient facilities for workers' use. 2) The most frequently visited convenience facilities were shopping facilities, large or small, and banks, and activities were commonly done in the complex or adjacent area. This means it is recommended that the developer of the new complex locate convenience facilities in multi-core concentration types or street types rather than one-core concentration types.
A Study on the Elevation and Facade Design Factors of European Multistory-Housing
Kim, Jun-Lae ; Jun, Nam-Il ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 23~33
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.023
In the late twentieth century, the multistory housing has become the most preferred housing type. Moreover, in multistory housing design, not only interior design but also exterior design, uniqueness and characteristic have been added as significant factors in design to break simplicity and uniformity. The purpose of this study is to understand the tendency of the elevation design in Europe and to suggest the idea for elevation design for domestic. Also, each elements of elevation were analyzed through classification and schematization which categorized by its own characteristic. Design elements can be classified into three categories. They are corresponding with inner spaces, emphasizing visual expression of exterior material and texture, and presenting aesthetic factors of building shape. Those are named as the Spatial Externalization, the Visual Expression, and the Expression of Building Shape. In this frame nineteen elevations of sixteen different cases were analysed. As a result of case studies, it is clear that elevation designs were not standardized and each cases has its own characteristics. Also it showed how the each design elements can be coordinated as a total design and how they expressed identities of each housing. This study could contribute to motivate diversifying the design of multistory housing.
Analysis on Plan types of Hanok in Hanok Conservation Village and Happy Village, Jeollanam-do
Lee, Chang-Jae ; Choi, Il ; Kim, Jeong-Gyu ; Yoo, Chang-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.035
This study examines and analyzes plan of Hanok which has been newly built at rural areas in Jeollanam-do province and is to present the direction in setting architectural plan of Hanok at rural areas. For the purpose of this study, analyzed the types of Hanok based on the topological characteristics of main house and main spaces including room, living room and kitchen. Five types of 105 Hanoks, type-I, type-II, type-III, type-IV and type-V were drawn on the based of the shape of main house and topological characteristics of main rooms including room, living room and kitchen. Type-I had spatial composition of main rooms in a row and showed similar shape of main house with traditional private houses in Honam region, type-II showed placement of living room in center and main rooms beside it, type-III showed change of type-II and placed kitchen and annex behind living room and similar plan composition with type-III and secured the area of living room and rooms by enlarging the number of rooms, and type-V had the shape of main house with twisted form and placed living room in the center and each room at side or twisted part to ensure openness of living room.
A Study on the Utility Conditions and Satisfaction of Leisure Welfare Facilities of the Elderly in Rural Areas - Focused on the aged in Uiseong district -
Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Kim, Yong-Bum ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.043
Although the government financial aid is insufficient and the lack of programs and facilities prevent it from developing and activation in the rural local society, welfare centers for the aged are formed an ever-greater part of the leisure and welfare facility for the aged in rural areas. As a result, the objectives of this study are to investigate and identify the actual conditions of use by the aged and the degree of satisfaction for welfare centers for the aged in Uiseong district. The results of this study are as follows. In the survey sample characteristics based on a total of 303 survey, the percentage of women (55.2%) was much higher than men (44.8%), average age is 73.3 years old. According to the results of the analysis, most important motivation is for health and making friends, and major useful facilities and programs are related to physical activities, sing a song and rehabilitation. From the results of the overall satisfaction, positive promotions and sufficient aid are required for the aged in the rural local society. Further any programs developed internally are required to promote and activate the leisure activity programs for the aged.
The Research Trends of Elderly Housing - Focused on Journal Papers since 1990 -
Ryu, Hyun-Joo ; Yang, Se-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 51~61
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.051
The purpose of this study is to suggest the basic data on the direction of housing research trends by dividing both research methods and research contents through precedent studies related to elderly housing. We drew four major conclusions through this research. First, in general, the research activities for elderly housing has been conducted actively since 2000 to begin in earnest after 1990. This result shows that it is related with the reform of welfare laws for the elderly in 1993, with the change of government policies and the increase of social interest in elderly people's lives. Second, early studies had been started to focus on elderly home residents if we look into research results according to research methods. In 1993, The Elderly Welfare Act was reformed by the government and then researches for elderly welfare facilities were also increased by a permission of government to run private elderly welfare facilities for making profit. This movement caused to expand research targets from general elderly people to their families, facility staffs and experts. Third, in case of research contents past studies were mostly conducted on the space planning and its actual situation. However, current studies are made under diverse viewpoint with the increase of elderly housing and elderly welfare facilities according to reforms of laws and changes of resident's perception. Fourth, because of rapid transition to an aging society the studies of elderly housing were influenced by the changes of policies and social consciousness.
Evaluating the Performance of Housing Service Centers by NGOs in Housing Welfare Delivery System - An Implication of Collaboration with Lower Level Local Governments -
Nam, Won-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 63~72
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.063
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of Housing Service Centers in terms of a new attempt made by NGOs and to then determine the implication of collaboration with lower level local governments in a housing welfare delivery system. The evaluation of the performance of the Housing Service Centers focused on three aspects: the performance outcomes for three years, comparative advantages to lower level local governments, and the vulnerability as an NGO. As a result of evaluating the outcome of Housing Service Centers and comparative advantages of Housing Service Centers to the local government, it is expected that a more effective housing welfare delivery system is able to be constructed when Housing Service Centers and lower level local governments collaborate. However, fiscal vulnerability of Housing Service Centers as NGO's will restrict the sustainability of the collaboration of both organizations. Therefore, as a conclusion, this study proposed that the governments should make use of Housing Service Centers as a public policy agency and projects should be based on a contract.
A Study on the Change in the Performing Subject of Life Behavior in Future House Looked through Life Scenarios
Lee, Young-Sun ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ; Ahn, Chang-Houn ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 73~81
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.073
With rapid development of various information and communication technologies, to forecast future became important for coping with new environment. Experts in each field of study are forecasting future society, and considerable life scenarios are derived in the process. Life scenarios help people to approach and understand future circumstances easily. Therefore, to study future housing with life scenarios as materials will be helpful to establish the direction to the development of current housing. The purpose of this research is to examine what characterizes the housing functions and life behaviors of future house and what is changing from the housing functions and life behaviors of past and present. Content analysis was used as research method. The subject was 10 future forecasting books which reflects daily life in the house, and 1 episode relating residential space as 1 analysis unit, the total of 213 episodes were analyzed as materials. As a result, most of the life behaviors in the house are expected to be performed by robots instead of humans in the future. On the other hand, partial life behaviors are already being performed mostly by computer system, and another partial life behaviors show that the role-performance of them are not being totally by robots but partially with human.
The Study on Housing Characteristics Preferred by Babyboomer After Retirement - Focusing on Apartment's Residents of Gangnam Region in Seoul -
Kim, Hye-Yeun ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ; Yoon, Hye-Gyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.083
The advent of an aging society has raised the necessity for housing development to meet the growing demands of baby boomers expected to act as the main consumers in the future housing market. This study aims to identify the characteristics of apartment houses favored by baby boomers in their post-retirement plans. Based on a literature review and survey, the study is targeted at a certain baby boom generation residing in mid- sized and large-sized apartments with a floor space of more than 30 pyeong in Gangnam, Seoul. The study reveals that baby boomers favor an active post-retirement life where they can enjoy proper leisure without considerable change in daily routines, and for that reason they choose an apartment house well equipped with neighboring, convenient facilities for their post-retirement. Their housing size shows a downward tendency in response to changes in economic conditions and number of family members living together. Health-related factors such as a comfortable natural environment and greenery also play a key role in their residence selection. Their regional preference is divided into the downtown and suburbs, and thus it will be necessary to satisfy the needs of these two consumer groups in the future housing market. This study lays the foundation for offering basic materials for the development and marketing of apartment houses.
The Characteristics of Behavior for Ventilation and Maintenance for Ventilation Equipments by Multi-family Housing Residents to Actualize Healthy Housing
Lee, Youn-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 93~101
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.093
The purpose of the study is to investigate the behaviors for ventilation to control indoor air quality and characteristics of the maintenance for ventilation equipments by multi-family housing residents. This study was conducted by the survey in the area of Seoul and Kyungki-do. The results of the study are as follows: the majority of respondents conduct ventilation once a day, below 20 minutes with opening some windows of the inside of the house. The time for ventilation is generally between 9-11 am. and 5-7 pm. Most of the wives are responsible for ventilation activities. In addition, so far building materials and furniture are not seriously considered as the source of indoor air pollution by the respondents. Their satisfaction for indoor air before and after ventilation is perceived as just the level of average. As the mechanical ventilation equipments such as a hood and an exhaust fan, half of the respondents are using them frequently. However, the ventilation equipments are not maintained well. Specially maintenance and checks for exhaust fans are hardly conducted. In conclusion, the frequency of ventilation is very limited and residents show passive attitudes about ventilation and maintenance of ventilation equipments. Therefore, for the actualization of healthy housing, educational programs and guidelines on the way of ventilation targeting the residents should be set up and a certain organization has to check periodically the performance of the ventilation equipments of each house in the multi-family housing complex.
A Study on the Trend of New Town Planning of Malaysia
Ju, Seo-Ryeung ; Choi, Yun-Kyung ; Lee, Li-Na ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 103~113
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.103
The post-war period has witnessed the emergence of new towns in a number of countries in Southeast Asia. The new town development in Malaysia started with Petaling Jaya (PJ) as a satellite town in 1953 to accommodate the rapid growing population of Kuala Lumpur (KL). Shah Alam (SA), Subang Jaya (SJ) are all located in the Klang Valley and act as an important social and economic development hub in the nation. New towns have been designed in accordance with the British town planning principles, which were based on the model of a modern ideal city. They constituted a new regional character because they were developed taking into consideration factors such as local technologies as well as site and, climatic conditions. The initial goal of the new town construction and planning, which focused basically on resettling squatters, was later changed to focus on the improvement of the quality of living. This phenomenon was related to the emergence of the middle class, which had grown rapidly ever since. With the public agencies, the private sectors have played an important role in providing viable and sustainable human units of settlement that address the new design issues of new town planning. The goal of this study is to identify the identity of the recent new town planning principles of Malaysia, how they were developed over time and how they were regionalized and transformed in a cultural and regional context. For the analysis, we chose 3 new towns which are located in Klang Valley and which are representative recent projects of two major housing development companies in Malaysia. To identify the planning principles, we analyzed these projects in the viewpoint of the urban space, street system, and housing blocks and units.
A Study on the Causes Incurring Abstractness as Placeness problem Innate in Modernity through the Review of Mediance Theory
Park, Yong-Seo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 115~124
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.115
The trend of abstract expressions has become one of the fundamental causes of the problems relating to a sense of place in modern architecture. This trend began in earnest after the era of modernism, caused by the effect of modern dualism. Before analyzing the problems of the modern trend of abstract expressions and sense of place, a fundamental review of the establishment of human environments is necessary. In this context, this study deals with the principles of the establishment of an environment based on the logic of projection between human beings and milieu, through the concept of mediance by Augustin Berque, and based on this, causes of adverse effects on the establishment of environments in modernism were verified. In addition, the last section covers the conceptual supplements required in order for the concept of mediance to become practical, overcoming its limitation of being simply theoretical. Through this analysis on the concept of mediance, it is realized that a genuine sense of place can be achieved only when architecture moves beyond the individual dimension as a simply physical object, and instead plays a role as a socially sustainable community, embracing the people and unique objects therein.
A Study on the Local Residents' Needs for Mixed-use School Facilities
Hwang, Sung-Hye ; Park, Soo-Been ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 125~135
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.125
As the educational environment is qualitatively improved by revision of the school curriculum, local residents become increasingly interested in sharing the educational environment through the mixed-use of school facilities. The purpose of this study was to obtain a better understanding of the use and need for school facilities. This study involved a literature review and a survey of local residents who have used school facilities. The results are as follows: (1) sports and learning facilities were the most used of five different types of school facilities, (2) school facilities were mainly used in the evenings (18:00~22:00 hrs), but the respondents differed in terms of time of use according to gender, age and work hours, (3) the result showed high needs for all types of facility and needs for sports facilities among them were the highest, and (4) preferred time of use was varied according to the type of facility and the residents' characteristics. In conclusion, this study explored various directions for the mixed-use of school facilities by analyzing local residents' current use and their needs for further use of these facilities, taking into account the different characteristics of the users.
A Study on the Locational Characteristics and Road System of Existing Old Settlements in Cheongju City
Kwon, Mi-Sun ; Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 21, issue 5, 2010, Pages 137~144
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2010.21.5.137
The purpose of this study is to clarify locational characteristics and the road systems of existing 22 old settlements in Cheongju downtown of Korea. These old settlements are classified largely into two types by geographical feature; Hill type located in ridge and Valley type in the valley from the ridge. The Hill type is further categorized into San-rock located on ridge and Gogae located on hillside, and the Valley type into closed large and small valley, that is, Daegok and Sogok by the shape and size of the valley. The road systems are classified into outer road, approaching road, inner road, and side road. In San-rock type villages, Inner road is changed side roads by new arterial road, and new ones become inner road. The outer road are almost cut off, but side roads maintain. In the case of the Gogae type, main road becomes inner road, maintain old hierarchical road, and in other cases, villages are formed around side roads derived from main road, and outer road and inner road are cut off. Among the Valley type, Daegok type maintains old hierarchical road, while for Sogok type, outer roads are cut off, and new roads are outer road.