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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Deduction of the Design Objectives and Strategies of Communal Spaces in Apartment Complexes for `Social Interaction and Communication`
Rim, Yun-Soo ; Choi, Jae-Pil ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.001
`Sustainable Development` has become one of the most important concepts of the 21st century, and efforts are being made to actively apply this conception in various fields of social studies. Sustainability can be discussed in terms of economy, environment and society. In the case of social sustainability, a key motivation is the weakened bond within communities that is an unfortunate characteristic of modern society. The core of social sustainability is therefore in promoting `social interaction and communication` through constructing communities and physical environments that support them. This study is based on the understanding that areal enlargement of physical environment doesn`t guarantee the vitality of created community spaces. The purpose of this study is to deduce the design objectives and strategies of communal spaces in apartment complexes for social interaction and communication. Social interaction and communication can be divided into two aspects: between a complex and the local society, and within the complex itself. Nine design objectives are deduced from sixteen research reports published by public research institutions after 2000 and several design strategies are found through architectural analyses of influential examples based on 5 fundamental values of communal space planning.
A Study on the Emotional Factors in an Apartment External Space Impact on the Residential Consumption Behavior
Jung, Eun-Hye ; Jeong, Jun-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.015
The purpose of the research is analyzing how the emotional factors of the external apartment design can be influenced by the consumers` emotional reaction, and analyzing how the emotional reaction of the consumers will affect the expenditure of the apartment in the upcoming future. For this purpose, first, external surrounding factors of the apartment are extracted and then classified into three major design categories (instinctive, behavioral, and reflective design), and each factor is evaluated by the emotional evaluation. The scope of the research is restricted to the apartments in Daegu city which are built by Top 3 construction companies from the analysis of construction-working rank (May, 2010). The residential-expenditure data are extracted from D-univ. students, in accordance with the satisfaction of the external surroundings and emotional-reaction against the emotional-design factors of the apartment. This research is done by the statistic analysis program SPSS17.0. This shows that difference of emotional design by the apartment external space requisites will be significance as fundamental data for development of application and planning and apartment external space of emotional design by the apartment external space in the future.
A Study on the Analysis of Temperature Reduction Effect by the Types of the Green Roof
Lee, Chun-Woo ; Kim, Soo-Bong ; Moon, Hye-Shick ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 25~33
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.025
Recently, concerns about conserving proper size of urban green spaces and accessibility are increasing, regarding it as a solution to diverse urban environmental problems including pollution, ecosystem deterioration, urban climate change. Artificial ground greening such as green roofs is regarded as the only alternative that can conserve green spaces which are impossible to be secured on the ground. However, green roofs are not popularized yet and levels are very low in provincial cities despite of related technology development and support systems of related agencies. Based on the background, this study tries to present a theoretical basis of methods for green roofs, conducting green roof simulations Finally, it aims to offer base data which help establish policy direction for activation of green roof technology. As a result of a simulation for verifying temperature reduction effect, it was possible to affirm effect of a plot that green roofs applied. Especially, it was revealed that a green roof method using ground covers such as mixed planting was the most effective way to reduce temperature. Based on precise analysis of the users, actual study for activation of green roofs should be developed in the future, by presenting a standard model for experiments and obtaining information about examples of green roofs on private houses.
A Basic Research for Development of Emergency Housing Model in Islands
Lee, Dong-Un ; Park, Tae-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 35~45
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.035
When disasters happen specially in islands, we have a lot of problems of `managing many workers and heavy equipments because of bad weather`, `being hard to offer, transport and install container-houses as temporary housing`, `being hard to store and use again after disassembling`, too. More serious problems come from bad conditions that more and more people leave the islands and only old people live there, moreover, islands get easy to be isolated by inclement weather. So the purpose of this research is to develop and design emergency housing for sufferers which is light, efficient to be stored, easy to transport and build in disasters by resolving such problems, after rethinking the concept of temporary housing. Also, this research intends to suggest the concept of `emergency housing`. The process of this research includes selection of architectural materials, experiments, constructional simulation, design and building test.
Research on the Process of Residents-Participated Workshop to Present Schemes for the Environmental Improvement of Susojugong Rental Apartment
Suh, Kuee-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 47~57
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.047
The purpose of this research consists in the process analysis and studying of the Residents-Participated Workshop which aims to improve the environment of common areas at the rental apartments, and also to present the spacial designs for the improved environment. The objects of this research are Susojugong Rental Apartments and total 3 Residents-Participated Workshops were held. The contents of the research are as follows; 1) Background and purposes of resident environmental improvement and associated group of people were examined. 2) Execution of Residents-Participated Workshop programs and the analysis of the process to present the plans of environmental improvement. The results of the research are; 1) representing variety of opinions and the increased sense of participation. 2) possibility of presenting designs initiated by residents through participatory design workshop. 3) improvement of relationships between managerial authorities, specialists and residents. 4) the place of interchange among residents. 5) necessity of assisting workshop tool, Resident-Participated Workshop programs and schedules. Environmentally improved designs which were presented at the workshop have been actually demonstrated at the Rental Apartments of this research. Follow up research on the process of construction, maintenance management of the construction after completion and the full contents should be studied further.
A Study on Historical Characteristics and Modern Trend of Torajan Traditional Housing in Indonesia
Park, Soon-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 59~71
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.059
The purpose of this study is to investigate the basic historical characteristics and its modern trend of Torajan traditional housing architecture in Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The Toraja culture belongs to the cosmological culture with Cosmos centric characteristics. A traditional house, being called `tongkonan` in Toraja region, is more than just a structure, representing the symbol of family identity and tradition. The Torajan architecture is a combination of the myth and cosmos, also regional conditions. With a short description of the general conditions and spiritual values of the Toraja, this paper explains the space-composition, the stylistic characteristics, the ornamental elements, construction, and its modern trend, etc. In general, it is raised on stilts several metres high, with a dramatically boat-shaped roof. Village layout varies according to size. The houses are arranged in a row, side by side, with their front gables facing north. Each house stands opposite its own rice-barn. The houses with their oblong ground-plans, built on piles set on stones. The interior is divided into three or four rooms, having few window. The houses are embellished with carving and paintings, and the facades display engraved and painted geometric and figural designs. The most frequent motif is the buffalo head, ranging from the realistic to the highly stylized. The Torajan traditional housing have experienced radical changes during the Modern period. In spite of the popularity of new modern house-styles, the traditional architectural style is often now constructed as an icon of Toraja identity. This paper will be helpful for understanding regional diversity of the traditional housing in Southeast Asia.
A Study on the Curriculum Development of Spatial Convergence Studies
Park, Nam-Hee ; Choi, Jae-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 73~82
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.073
The purpose of this study was to develop the curriculum of spatial convergence studies for the major field of housing and interior design. Documentary research and content analysis methods were used in this study. Data drawn from internet homepage of each universities which were 20 colleges the major field of housing and interior design and 160 colleges of architectural design, and public institutions the MLTM and the KRIHS. The major results of this study were as follows. 1) Government has been supported the specialized graduate school of spatial information and the university which they have spatial information curriculum during 5 years. 2) The department of spatial information has been educated the theory and practice about spatial issues in order to train the spatial specialist helpful to the new growing industry. 3) There were little changed curriculum which has related to the department of housing and interior design. The half of their curriculum were housing project and interior design. The spatial convergence studies educational program should be grow up step by step. The first is basic level to learn the basic theory of spatial studies for example the spatial introduction or the housing and the second is low level to learn the depth theory of spatial studies for example the design I or the housing development. The third is middle level to apply the depth theory of spatial studies for examples the design II, III or housing policy and institutions. And the last is high level to practice the depth theory of spatial studies for example housing construction or internship.
A Study on the Perception of a Kleingarten House
Park, Sun-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 83~91
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.083
The aim of this study was to determine the basic perception of Kleingarten house planning of Jeonbuk area. The survey method was used for data collection. The major finding were as follows: 1) Almost all respondents have a very positive attitude the participant of Kleingarten. Many respondents wanted the cheapest price for the Kleingarten rental fee and for the travel time between their home and Kleingarten to be under an hour. 2) Two different size of 45 and 66
were preferable for the house floor plans. The most preferable floor plan type chosen by the respondents was a house design with a terrace and the elderly householders especially preferred a house floor plan with an LDK design. 54.3 per cent respondents liked the log house and 93.3 per cent respondents liked the eco-friendly building materials such as wood, earth (Korean natural earth: whangto), and adobe bricks etc. 3) There were more needs for useful facilities such as a pergola, a grassy lawn, small ponds, a playground for the childrens, patio table settings, etc.
A Study on Evaluation of Thermal Environment Following the Alleviation of the Limit on Number of Floors of Apartment Complexes
Ryu, Ji-Won ; Jung, Eung-Ho ; Akira, Hoyano ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.093
The objective of this study is to provide basic objective data which can be utilized as an adjustment criterion for the alleviation of the limit on the number of floors of buildings by quantitatively evaluates the effect of the alleviation of the limit on the number of floors of buildings in apartment complexes on thermal environment of apartment complexes using data obtained from apartments in a class 2 general residential area. In this study, we carried out a thermal environment analysis utilizing the simulation of a virtual object area. The result is summarized as follows: The result of analyzing the entire surface temperature showed an equal decrease of surface temperature due to shadow in all scenarios and high floors showed a tendency of low surface temperature during daytime as the rate of shadow the high floors increase. This influences not only the surface temperature but also HIP and is judged to greatly contribute to the alleviation of the heat island effect. Also, the reason why HIP at high floors shows high values before sunrise and after sunset is thought to be because the concrete wall of the building maintains a high temperature during nighttime by absorbing and storing sunlight during daytime instead of reflecting it since it has low reflectance.
A Study on the Application of Low-Rise and High-Density Multiple Dwelling Housing Model in Urban Individual Residential Area - Focused on Ui-dong Public Detached Housing Area -
Jun, Byung-Kweon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 101~111
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.101
This study was conducted to investigate the indiscriminate development occuring as a result of high-density land use per lot in residential areas of Seoul, which mainly consist of detached houses. The primary goals of this study were: (1) to suggest a block unit development method as an alternative architectural method of the current uniform development, in which high-rise and high-density apartments are usually built; and (2) to check the feasibility of the suggested method. Based on the analyses of the existing block composition types of residential areas, the prerequisite planning indices for applying a collective housing model were investigated. Subsequent to applying a collective housing type within each unit block, the collective housing model was analyzed. The results of the analyses showed that indiscriminate development was rampant in detached urban houses areas, and more than 70% of the buildings constructed before the 1980s needed re-development. The feasibility of the models was investigated depending on the models of low-rise and high-density collective housing, which utilize various block arrangements such as the court type, linear type, villa type, and composite type. The results of this study showed that the newly applied low-rise and highdensity multiple dwelling housing model in urban individual residential area significantly contributed to creating a good living environment in terms of both physical and psychological aspects.
Development of ANN- and ANFIS-based Control Logics for Heating and Cooling Systems in Residential Buildings and Their Performance Tests
Moon, Jin-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 113~122
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.113
This study aimed to develop AI- (Artificial Intelligence) based thermal control logics and test their performance for identifying the optimal thermal control method in buildings. For this objective, a conventional Two-Position On/Off logic and two AI-based variable logics, which applied ANN (Artificial Neural Network) and ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System), have developed. Performance of each logic was tested in a typical two-story residential building in U.S.A. using the computer simulation incorporating MATLAB and IBPT (International Building Physics Toolbox). In the analysis of the test results, AI-based control logic presented the advanced thermal comfort with stability compared to the conventional logic while they did not show significant energy saving effects. In conclusion, the predictive and adaptive AI-based control logics have a potential to maintain interior air temperature more comfortably, and the findings in this study could be a solid foundation for identifying the optimal thermal control method in buildings.
A Study on Sowhajang`s Present Condition and Plan Transformation Characteristics
Jung, Mi-Jung ; Yoo, Jae-Woo ; Chang, You-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 123~134
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.123
`Sohawjang` is the first apartment house built in Busan the modern period, 1944. `Sohawjang` needs to be apprised its value as an very important object of study with architectural and dwelling historic meaning because multi-family houses built in Japanese Rule Era that now exist in Korea are very rare. Thus, this study attempted to leave records to archive by conducting face to face interviews and surveying on `Sohawjang` which is seriously in danger of extinction and its original form damage as the first step. Especially, around Korea`s Liberation, this study tried to extract transformation characteristics of residential space and cultural differences appeared on differences of occupants having different nationality. Through these results, this study attempted to examine the era of apartment house and transformation characteristics and values of modern dwelling historic dimension according to changes of users appeared in Busan modern period. Through this study, it offers basic data about introduction and transition processes of an apartment house in Korea. It has an meaning of suggestion reference data for original form preservations or regenerations.
A Study on the Preference of Facade Element for Hanok Multi-Family Housing in Old Naju City Areas
Kim, Byoung-Jin ; Shon, Seung-Kwang ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 22, issue 3, 2011, Pages 135~144
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2011.22.3.135
This study has extracted elements and related factors in the modernization of Hanok, using an evaluation method, and has also considered the possibilities of modern images using AHP analysis. As a result, first, the elements that form the urban landscape of historical and cultural environment have to be created by extracting elements from the subject standard for construction of the elements selected. As for the aspect of blending history, culture and environment, scenic and important architectural aspects were delineated. Second, based on selected components of the basic type of features and construction, roof types, vertical and horizontal elements were simulated after setting the criteria. Third, according to its historical cultural circumstances the man-made landscape and the traditional measure of the model, specific values of the elements for the formation of structures were evaluated by priority. A region characterized by old city houses constructed of objective elements can possibly be combined. In addition, a Hanok multi-family house fitted for modern life and a variety of models to develop and validate the possibility and utilization of this study can be expected.