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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Residents` Recognition of Social-Mix Apartment
Lee, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Soo-Jin ; Lee, Yuen-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.001
In Korea, apartment complexes are built according to the social strata for which they are intended to house, thus the buildings tend to separate society both physically and even visually. Because of the sense of social exclusion this has caused the government has conceived a plan to develop a "social-mix" apartment complex master plan. Perhaps the foremost example of this type of plan is the Seoul Eunpyeong New Town. This study examines how resident`s perception of the social mix plan has evolved, and also attempts to better understand the effectiveness of the government`s attempt at social integration. The result shows that the perception of social-mix housing has improved after residents moved into the Eunpyeong New Town and that people responded positively to the concept of actually mixing residents socially. From the result, we can see that the visually unexposed environmental elements of rental housing and socials exclusion which was felt in the past has been reduced to a certain extent. However, residents living in solid-lot apartments have a negative reaction to social mixing especially when they are in the same building. Therefore, to achieve better social integration in a socially-mixed apartment complex, we need now to change the perception toward socially mixed housing among the residents living in solid-lot apartment buildings.
A Study on the Architectural Characteristics and its Influences of Okcheon Jaesa in Yeonghae, Kyungbuk Province
Ryu, Kee-Weon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.015
This study aims to examine the transitional process and its effect of Okcheon Jaesa in Yeonghae, Kyoungbook province. Through various bibliographies and Jaesil building in Yeonghae area, the results of this study are as follows: 1) Okcheon Jaesa was established in early 17th century at latest, since then it had been relocated several times. And it was estimated that it was relocated finally to its current location in 1725. 2) Hwasooroo was constructed in 1753, but it was destroyed by a fire in 1811. It is estimated that it was restored next year and remained so far. 3) The closed feeling of space of courtyard in Okcheon Jaesa is estimated as a result of replacing existing lecture hall into the lecture hall with elevated pavilion. 4) Andong-Kweon family affected on building of jaesil each other among their families through mutual exchange and competition. It is estimated to be the influence of Jipheeam of Mooan-Park family that Okcheon Jaesa was changed to Jaesil with elevated pavilion. Since then, Jaesil with elevated pavilion is estimated to have had effect on building Jaesil with low-columned elevated pavilion in Yeonghae area.
A Study on the Commercialization Characteristics of 2nd Class Residential District in Inner-city Railway Station Area
Yoon, Yong-Suk ; Yang, Woo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 25~36
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.025
The purpose of this study is to find out the commercialization characteristics of 2nd class residential district in innercity railway station area as basic research to protect urban residential area against the pressure of commercialization. Through the research that are based on literature, field survey and urban planning map, it analysed the commercialization characteristic of selected three sites under similar urban condition; to be a nearby subway station and to be a famous commercial street in site, etc. The consequences of this study are summarized as follows; First it finds the commercialized lots in all blocks that adjoin blocks of upper class zoning. Second it is in inverse proportion between the commercialization of lots and the distance from subway station to residential block. Third, the corner lot of a block and the access road directly connected collector road are very important factors to spread commercialization to residential area. Finally, it finds the difference of the commercialization degree of 2nd class residential zone according to arrange main commercial street and the 2nd class residential block; vertical arrangement and horizontal arrangement.
A Study on Residential Regeneration and Transformation Characteristics of Xintiandi Shikumen Linong House in Shanghai
Chang, You-Kyoung ; Yoo, Jae-Woo ; Park, Chang-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.037
Cities developed by prosperity of industrial activities are inflated due to the rapid influx of the urban population. In the process, their structure was reorganized with overall urban redevelopment methods. As the a results from the propulsion of overall redevelopment plan, the city environment exposed uniform urban landscapes, absence of sense of place for permanent abodes and other urban problems. At the beginning of the 21st century, people with introspections on the problems focused their attention on making their places attractive using their place`s unique identity so that people could feel like to stay there for a long time. They tried to regenerate buildings and cities while still maintaining spatial and historical context of their living environment. This study looks into the regeneration of Shikumen Linong House as a fine example of such a redevelopment in order to provide with a practical resource for urban redevelopment plans in Korea. The study in the first content examines the formation processes of the city of Shanghai as the gateway of the modern China. In the second, it looks into the formation processes and characteristics of Shikumen Linong House in the Xintiandi complex between 1920 and 1930`s. In the end, it analyses spatial and formational characteristics and the applied dwelling regeneration method for the of Shikumen Linong House in the Xintiandi complex.
The Improvement of Related Legal Systems of Community Facilities for Community Activation
Shin, Hwa-Kyoung ; Jo, In-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 47~57
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.047
The purpose of this study was to suggest improvements to the related regulations of community facilities for community activation by analyzing the current situations and problems of the related regulations of community facilities in apartment housing complexes. To provide the improvement, we took contents analysis about community facilities for activation of the community. We interviewed a national civil servant, a local civil servant and an employee at Daiwa house in Japan, and conducted a field survey of community facilities in Japan during July 20-23, 2010. The main findings of this study were as following; there were problems that the related regulations of community facilities didn`t reflect the characteristics of residents and community. Therefore, it was necessary to improve the related regulations to reflect the characteristics of residents and community. So the current standards were revised by local government ordinance. Community centers were not installed in each housing complex, but were installed to share with several housing complexes. Regional community centers are needed for activation of regional communities as with the Baycore Civil center.
An Analysis of the Difference in Awareness on `Divisional Planning Guidline of District Units Plans for Creation of Multi-Family Housing` among the Expert Groups
Kim, Jin-Woo ; Oh, Se-Gyu ; Ryu, Yong-Guk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.059
This study aims to understand differences in what specialists groups think important to establish district units plans. The result of the study is as follows. There were differences in thinking by specialists on standards and procedure of establishment, characteristics of the plans. For the standards of establishment, there was a remarkable difference in thinking on the importance. In the search for the importance on the establishment procedure, the groups of architects, construction firms, researchers and professors & instructors thought listening to opinions of residents important and public officials considered review by the City Planning Council important. In the survey on characteristics of district units plans, the most respondents answered `plans leaded by private sectors focusing on residents` and `plans to practice for actualization of urban plans`. Public officials and researchers answered that district units plans should be practical plans for actualization of urban plans with strong characteristics of work. The groups of architects, construction firms and professors/instructors mostly thought that private sector leaded plans focusing on residents as characteristics of district units plans. It was understood that construction firms think that the parts related to conditions for construction across overall standards of establishment, procedure of establishment are important. The specialists who think that the plans should be private sector leaded plans focusing on residents on which the residents` opinions are reflected were the groups of architects and professors/instructors.
Housing Cost Burden of Single- or Two-person Households in Their 20s and 30s in the United States
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.069
The purpose of this study was to explore housing cost burden of young single- or two-person households in the United States who have recently moved for job-related reasons. Total 580 households were selected from 2009 American Housing Survey public-use microdata for data analysis. The findings are as follows: (1) Targeted single-person households were characterized as younger households with higher educational attainment, lower household income, and greater proportion of renters, multifamily housing residents and households with housing cost burden than other households; (2) two-person households showed a higher income level and lower housing cost burden; (3) characteristics that showed significant influences on housing cost burden were household size, householder`s age, gender, race and educational attainment, household income level and tenure type; and (4) a linear combination of household size, household income, whether or not a low-income household, residency in metropolitan area, and home structural type were found to be most efficient to predict a single- or two-person household`s housing cost burden regardless of the household size.
A Study on the Problems and Improvements of Housing Management - Focused on the Worker`s Opinions of Management -
Lee, Young-Ae ; Kim, Jung-In ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 79~87
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.079
The purpose of this study was to offer improvements, by deriving practical problems and suggesting ways to improve more realistic solutions in the multi-family housing management industry. This study is conducted in two ways. First, it was performed by reviewing related previous studies and clarifying major issues in the multi-family housing management. Second, it was performed by a questionnaire survey method, focused on the worker`s opinions for that matters. The respondents work in an apartment in Seoul and the metropolitan area. A questionnaire distributed via e-mail, and then were collected. And questionnaire did not respond were excluded from the analysis. Finding were as follows -; first, it was possible to clarify four types regarding major issues in the multi-family housing management such as `management system`, `housing management market conditions`, `management consciousness of resident`, `management performances`. Second, it was found that the competition was fierce in the same kind. And it was quite a high turnover rate of workers because of poor working conditions. Third, the most hard part was that the employee welfare was not good at work.
The Problems and Improvement Methods of Apartment Management Company Selection System
Chun, Hyeon-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.089
As the construction of multi-family housings, especially apartments, has been increased since 1970s, the multi-family housing becomes one of the main housing types in Korea. With the increase of multi-family housings, managing them becomes an important issue. Since 2010, the government has made a lowest price award system by a competitive bid compulsory to promote the development of housing management systems. Although competitive bids were implemented, the maintenance company was finally selected by the price without any other consideration. Consequently, the quality of management service was not enhanced. The purpose of this study is to suggest the improvement scheme of multi-family housing management system. In this study, the bidding data of "K-apt", the bidding method and the successful tendered price are analyzed. The results of analyzing bidding materials, the proportion of applying a lowest price system was 67.7%. Also many diverse ways to select the best management company were used, but most of these ways were violate the law and guidelines of Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs. It meant that the lowest price award system was not implemented by strict standards and didn`t correspond with the needs of residents of apartment. This condition made the housing maintenance quality low and deteriorated the management industry development. To enhance this condition, a new standard to select the management company, which are included contents of quality of managing quality, management expenses and companies` soundness, is necessary.
Operating Mode of Thermally Activated Building System (TABS) for Residential Buildings According to their Cooling Load Profile
Park, Sang-Hoon ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Yoo, Mi-Hye ; Lee, Yu-Ji ; Chung, Woong-June ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 99~106
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.099
Compared to Packaged Terminal Air Conditioning Systems, Radiant Cooling Systems have the advantage of energy saving and thermal comfort. Thermally Activated Building System (TABS) is one of the radiant heating and cooling systems. The main difference between TABS and other radiant systems lies in the usage of the time-lag effect of storing heat energy in the concrete. Current energy usage in summer time is concentrated within a specific time by using Packaged Terminal Air-Conditioner (PTAC). Due to the time-lag effect of TABS, energy usage can be distributed to other time zones. To maximize this effect, it is important to determine the appropriate operating mode, which for TABS is dependent upon the cooling load generated by the occupancy schedule. In this study, occupancy schedules are determined for various residential types. The operating modes of TABS for these residential types are estimated by using a dynamic computational simulation method. The results indicate that the operating modes of TABS can be determined by residential type and occupancy schedule. The load handled ratio by TABS is set up differently according to the cooling load profile obtained from residential type and occupancy schedule. By using TABS, energy consumption could be reduced by 20% compared to PTAC.
Evaluation on Cooling Performance of Thermally Activated Building System by Insulation and Shading Conditions in Apartments
Yoo, Mi-Hye ; Yeo, Myoung-Souk ; Lee, Yu-Ji ; Chung, Woong-June ; Park, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Kwang-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 107~114
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.107
Thermally Activated Building System(TABS) is a radiant heating and cooling system which uses structures as thermal storage by embedding pipes in a concrete slab. Using TABS as the cooling system in residential buildings can reduce energy consumption and peak loads. But the ratio of cooling loads handled by TABS is low in the residential buildings which are significantly influenced by outside condition because condensation and over-cooling may occur. However, recent interest on energy-saving buildings is increasing and new residential buildings are expected to be less influenced by outside with high-insulation and shading. In such residential buildings, the heating and cooling loads and the range of load changes reduce. So the ratio of loads handled by TABS can increase. Therefore, this research investigates the cooling performance and energy performance of TABS in the residential buildings with less influence from outside using the simulation.
The Types and Characteristics of Space Construction in Temporary Small-sized Housing for Single-person Household
Kim, Mi-Kyoung ; Song, Ae-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 115~124
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.115
The purpose of this study was to analyze the types and characteristics of space construction in temporary small-sized housing for single-person household through the understanding and interpretation of the modern flexible lifestyle. A document research method and case studies were used to analyze and classified the spatial characteristics of temporary dwelling spaces since 2000. Findings of the study were as follows: In order to conform the concept of temporary dwelling for small-sized housing units of single-person households, the types and characteristics of space construction were divided into three aspects: (1) `Transporting` by wheel, rotation and vehicles, (2) `Transforming` by adapting, assembling disassembling, and folding unfolding, (3) `Wearing Carrying` by inflatable and tented type. In conclusion, this study found two types of space construction in temporary small-sized housing. The first was `formal aspect` which was focused on the simplicity of shape, ease of deformation and lightweight of materials. And the second was `functional aspect` which was focused on the complex space composition, the rapidity of installation and dismantling, ease of movement and transportation. This study shows that the combination of two types of the temporality will be more ideal in temporary small-sized housing planning rather than relying on just one type.
Influences on Housing Satisfaction of Multifamily Housing Renter Households in the U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 2, 2012, Pages 125~133
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.2.125
The purpose of this study was to explore characteristics and housing satisfaction of multifamily renter households in metropolitan areas using 2009 American Housing Survey public-use microdata. A total of 8,139 multifamily renter household residing in metropolitan statistical areas were selected for data analysis. The findings are as follows: (1) In comparison with other types of households in the metropolitan areas, multifamily renter households tended to show a smaller household size, younger householders, a greater proportion of households with householders who have never married, or have been widowed, divorced or separated; (2) housing cost related variables such as monthly rent or rent per square footage were found not to have significant influence on housing satisfaction of multifamily renter households in metropolitan areas; (3) factors influencing housing satisfaction of multifamily renter households with householder`s age 34 years or younger were neighborhood satisfaction, householder`s race, structure age and per-person unit size; and (4) neighborhood satisfaction was found to have the strongest influence on housing satisfaction of multifamily renter households in metropolitan areas.