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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Ensuring the Evacuation Path Based on Inundation & Refuge Approach Vulnerability Analysis in Residential Buildings - Focused on Daegu Bukgu Inundation Case District -
Lee, Ji-Soo ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Kim, Gwang-Seob ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.001
Recently, there have been frequent occurrence of the damage to lives and properties due to the torrential rain caused by climate change. In consideration of the current situations in which the underlying data related to flooding are lacking, this study conducted to build up the basic data on the flooded areas and suggested methods to secure the evacuation routes that can be accessible to evacuation facilities in the residential buildings. Methods of the study are as follows. First, We calculated the flood risk grades of residential buildings based on elevations, considering the flooding characteristics of the flooded areas in Buk-gu, Daegu. Second, We constructed baseline data on the evacuation routes through site investigation and reviewed of drawing using Arc GIS to identify vulnerability to access to the evacuation facilities, targeting the residential buildings. Third, We carried out the proximity analysis through a near analysis of analysis functions in ARC GIS. Forth, We deduced 115 residential buildings in which access to evacuation facilities is considered to be difficult based on the analysis results. Finally, We proposed extension of a blind alley as a means for achieving connectivity to evacuation facilities. And to evaluate the alternatives presented, we reconstructed route data. As a result, about 53% improvement was identified through the proximity analysis.
Characteristics of Housing Renovation for the Disabled and the Effects of Housing Renovation on Their Housing Satisfaction
Lee, So-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 9~18
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.009
For the quality of life and independent living of the disabled, government has provided financial supports for housing renovation and improvement projects for the disabled. However, there is a limited budget which should be properly distributed for a number of disabled families. Therefore, it is important to decide which parts should be improved for housing renovation for the disabled. Financial and administrative supports for the renovation should improve housing conditions in terms of accessibility (barrier free) and should bring the better comfort for the disabled. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of the housing renovation projects, to investigate whether the renovation influence occupants' satisfaction, and to examine which factor such as renovation cost and renovation elements would influence the degree of satisfaction for residents with disabilities. Participants of this study are limited to the recipients of financial supports for housing renovation and refurbishment from City of Seoul and Ministry of Health and Welfare. A total of 153 cases were analyzed using post occupancy survey and the project cost data for the participants' housing were collected. Overall, more cost were used for modification for housing condition than for removal of architectural barriers. Housing type and physical condition of the housing affects cost for renovation more significantly. Overall the improvement cost is positively related to resident's satisfaction using regression analysis. In addition, it is important to meet the residents specific needs for repair, refurbishment, and renovation of housing.
An Analysis of the Cognitive Characteristics of Child Residential Environment Using Cognitive Map
Park, Jeong-Hee ; Kim, Mi-Hui ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 19~29
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.019
It is very necessary to know about child recognition of residential environment to plan and design an environment proper for children's growth and development. The research method using Cognitive Map, which may be defined as "an overall mental image of representation of the space and layout of a setting" can be a good tool for studying child recognition of residential environment. This study analyzed the child recognition of the size of home range, the number of residential environment elements, the types of Cognitive Map and the levels of Cognitive Map to understand the contents of child recognition about their residential environment. Subjects were 206 children in age6, 8 and 10 in Gwanju and Jeonnam area. As the result of the study, we found that 70% of child recognized 100~500 M as the size of home range, and that the number of the elements of residential environment was 7, average. And we also found that sequential map was more popular than spatial map in child's Cognitive Map type and that almost 60% of child respondents drew the Cognitive Map of level 1 complexity type. As the result of this study, we could know that the research method using Cognitive Map was very useful for understanding the child recognition of residential environment.
The Improvement of Housing Affordability by Transportation Savings in the Suburbs of Seoul Metropolitan
Choi, Jung-Woo ; Baek, Sung-Joon ; Lee, Jong-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 31~39
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.031
This study has analyzed the effect of the housing affordability improvement of the residents in the metropolitan areas, applying Transit Supportive Home Loan (TSHL) which extends the loan amount according to the transportation cost saving based on Location Efficiency Mortgage (LEM) System in the USA. The previous studies focused on introducing LEM system to Korea, whereas this study has analyzed TSHL effect for the first time, taking into account the situation in Korea. For analysis, The Transportation Savings (TS) is calculated and Housing Affordability Index (HAI) is drawn by applying increased TS and DTI (Debt to Income), so the improvements of housing purchasing ability is examined by HAI's improvement. As a result, transit commute 1 (having own car) and transit commute 2 (without having own cars) respectively produce the TS of monthly average 36 thousand won and 110 thousand won in comparison with car using commute. Each additional loan (TSHL) amounts to 16.57 million won and 54.07 million won. As the distance is farther and the house price cheaper, the improvement of HAI is more outstanding. City hall area showed the highest improvements of HAI by 9.3% (transit commute 1) and 21.9% (transit commute 2) increase, in comparison with car using commute.
A New Estimation Model of MSW Generation Based on Household Composition-types and Floor Area in Apartment House
Kim, Hyo-Kyung ; Hong, Won-Hwa ; Kim, Young-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 41~49
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.041
As improving our standard of living, demographic change or industrial development, MSW that is closely linked to human behavior has been occurred much change. Notably, we usually have incinerated the combustible waste. In the process, they also emit a large amount of greenhouse gas that has directly affected the global warming and environmental pollution. Therefore, we need to make control system to manage future production and reduce generation of MSW. Thus this study analyzed the generation of MSW according to household members and floor area in apartment housing occupies the highest share. Then, we used both a correlation analysis and a regression analysis to make new estimation model of MSW generation. Based on this study, the results were used to suggest a method to efficiently handle MSW in the case of planning urban environment. Also, build a database to set up the integrated management system of MSW in the future.
A Study on u-Residential Space Service of Ubiquitous Vertical Farm
Lee, Heang-Woo ; Kim, Yong-Seong ; Lee, Jae-Il ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 51~60
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.051
Large-scale urban developments with increasing population and expansion of industrial facilities have destroyed the ecosystem. Consequently, the importance of vertical farm as a form of urban agriculture is increasing. However, such problems of vertical farms as economy and lack of awareness of residents are being raised. Firstly, this study derived types of vertical farm that are applicable to residential spaces through an examination of vertical farm buildings, and then inferred assessment items for a questionnaire survey for the development of u-services. Secondly, based on the issues deduced from the survey, u-services needed in vertical farm buildings were derived to use them as the basic data when we plan for a ubiquitous vertical farm building in residential space in the future. As result, the following uservices of ubiquitous vertical farm were proposed: u-notification service about the condition of crops from the aspect of growth management based on ubiquitous technology, remote/automatic control u-services, harvest information u-service for harvest management, recipe information u-service, and indoor air quality monitoring u-service, indoor environment adjusting u-service, and farm environment control u-service. Considering that many new buildings in Korea are residential buildings and many high-rise buildings are being planned, studies on vertical farm buildings must be continued.
A Study on Application Methods of the Transfer of Development Rights - Focused on Residential Areas of Gwangju -
Jeong, Woo-Gon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 61~73
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.061
This study applied the value of floor-area-ratio standard calculation method to case areas and analyzed them to overcome the limits of previous studies in calculation methods for area standards and land price (value) standard development rights. The results are presented as follows: First, criteria to select sending areas and receiving areas are needed. Second, calculation methods based on the value of floor-area-ratio standard can be widely used as standardized criteria in various areas. Third, for the connection of sending areas with receiving areas, the connections of 1:1, n:1, 1:n, and n:n are available and the location of possible dealing areas should be considered. Also, the choice of connecting unions that meet the purpose of TDR presented by local governments is available. Fourth, for Gwangju, as receiving areas downtown provide higher profits than previous renewal projects, the application of TDR is available. Application methods to overcome problems are presented as follows: First, criteria to select sending and receiving areas should be prepared and implemented in an order of priority. Second, in calculating development rights, methods based on the value of floor-area-ratio standard should be used. Third, the standards and principles of sending and receiving areas should be designated and possible dealing areas should not be limited.
An Effect of Housing Environment on Depression and Self-esteem in Analyzing the 4th Wave of Korea Welfare Panel Study Data in 2009
Choi, Byung-Sook ; Park, Jeong-A ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 75~86
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.075
The primary purpose of this study is to prove the relationship between housing environment and mental health with depression and self-esteem in the republic of Korea. The raw data of 10,608 respondents, was gathered from the 4th wave of Korea Welfare Panel Study (KoWePS) in 2009. Some variables related to housing environment and mental health were selected in KoWePS' data. Data was analyzed by SPSS 19.0 and AMOS 17.0. The major results are as follow: 1) Householder economic variables significantly relate to housing environment and resident mental health. 2) Housing environment variables are significantly related to resident mental health, and these variables explain 4.3% of depression and 6.7% of self-esteem. 3) Throughout path analysis of economic, housing environment, and mental health variables, housing environment variable is a parameter. In conclusion, these results show that better quality of housing environment would contribute to the residents' better mental health.
A Study on the Linkage Strategy for Urban Regeneration Considering Local Characteristics
Kim, Cheol-Su ; Jung, Byung-Doo ; Kang, Seung-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.087
The primary purposes of this study are to suggest a medium-sized regeneration project which includes the excluded small sites near existing regeneration site, to identify urban improvement type which fits local conditions, and to suggest proper regeneration strategies for the improvement type. Main findings of this study are follows. First, the size of the living environment improvement project in urban area should be larger than 3ha and government's incentives are required for parcel merges to make the medium-size project site. Second, independent type of urban regeneration project should consider local characteristics while center-spread type of urban regeneration project should build a center by providing neighborhood facilities and proper housings. Third, urban regeneration project should be able to utilize local assets, such as cultural heritages, natural landscapes, transportation facilities. Fourth, standards for public support should be prepared to improve local competitiveness. Last, further studies are required for urban regeneration system improvement.
A Study of Visual-psychological Effect of Wood on the Human - For the Virtual Small Room -
Nam, Young-Sook ; Kim, Eun-Il ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 95~102
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.095
We studied in order to find out suitable amounts of board by visual effects to establish indoor boards and human psychological effects by several board designs. Thirty students of C university were tested in constant temperature/humidity room and interviewed after tests. The experimental visual images were projected from 54' TV. As a result, the board length that showed high preference and satisfaction was the 90cm both horizontal and vertical direction. We found that vertical board gave an impression of a linear and narrow shape and the horizontal board gave wide space and cool feeling from psychological analytical study. The factors affecting satisfaction in horizontal direction were refreshing, intimacy, beauty, area, splendor and those in vertical direction were a sense of security, beauty, texture, intimacy, continuity, extensity, natural feeling. We got 5 factors from the result of factor analysis in order to get psychological factor axis. Those were pleasantness, artificiality, openness, dynamics, refinement. By multiple regression analysis, the factor pleasantness had the highest impact on visual satisfaction on scenary. The study on psychological factor difference by analysis of variance showed that psychologically feeling amount about pleasantness, artificiality, dynamics, refinement, and openness had statistically meaningful difference despite of board direction. We found that the 90cm had a tendency as a changing point leading image change by the investigative analysis of board direction based on factor points.
Empirical Analyses of Physical Exclusiveness of Multi-family Housing Estates in Seoul and Its Socioeconomic Effects
Kim, Ji-Eun ; Choi, Mack-Joong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 23, issue 5, 2012, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2012.23.5.103
This study empirically investigates the degree of physical exclusiveness of multi-family housing estates and its socioeconomic effects. By combining various physical elements devised to blockade and control the entrance to the estate as well as housing units, it constructs the index to quantify the degree of physical exclusiveness for the multi-family housing estates of more than 300 households in Seoul. The statistics reveal that the degree of physical exclusiveness has increased over time and therefore, as a representative example, two-thirds of the estates are now equipped with barricade at the entrance, which often symbolizes 'gated community'. The estimation result of hedonic price model show that physical exclusiveness has a significant positive effect on housing price. The household survey data for the case study estates also demonstrate that the residents in the estate of higher degree of physical exclusiveness put a higher housing value on socioeconomic 'prestige' as well as 'community', beyond physical 'security', and have closer neighborhood relationship with the residents inside the estate. However, there is no significant difference in neighborhood relationship with the outside residents depending upon the degree of physical exclusiveness.