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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on Simulation of Daylight for Reducing Glare of the Lecture Room's Front Side in University
Jeong, Ji-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.001
The University students learn their major or a general education in lecture rooms. In these days, lecturer use frequently various multimedia in lecture room. Appropriate control lighting environment in lecture room should be essential and related in efficient studying. Daylighting on front-side of lecture room will cause glare and students are hard to read contents on white-board at their seat. Therefore, in order to preventing glare we simulated daylighting of lecture room with using computer software in this study. Results from simulation and analysis as follows: The first, if students' left-side is east-oriented in lecture room, best daylighting condition about glare in lecture room. The second, architectural designers can use simulation data of daylighting or simulate data in designing university buildings with lecture rooms. Finally, if reducing size of windows (narrow and deep daylight: more closing vertically, from up to down daylighting: more closing horizontally) we will be able to reduce energy from lecture room.
A Study on the Characteristics of Single Housing Block - Focused on Daejeon Metropolitan City -
Kang, In-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 9~18
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.009
This paper aims to investigate the design characteristics of a single housing block which is increasing in urban areas. For the analysis, all cases of single block housing in Daejeon metropolitan city were gathered into a database. Main concerns were on the location and the physical characteristics. The results of this study were as follows; 1) single block housing has been increasing both in the new developed areas and the existing urban areas 2) their location has shifted from residential districts to semi-residential and commercial districts. For this reason, the size and density has been increasing 3) the slab block with the hall type and the exterior corridor type were general in residential districts, diverse ones, however, including the point tower type were increasing with unusual circulation types such as central corridor, central core, double corridor, and mixed type in semi-residential and commercial districts 4) there were 5 types of access systems, and especially the street access and the piloti access were increasing, which were related with the high density.
The Practical Application of Modular Construction for Residential Facilities
Kim, Ji-Hyeon ; Park, Il-Min ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.019
The purpose of this research is to provide basic data for the promotion strategy to activate modular construction system as residential facilities, through a study on the architectural planning, institutions and policies and research on connection details, for the use as residential facilities of the modular construction that is not actively supplied for the general residential facilities. As a result, I suggest sample model plan of domestic and foreign case analysis and characteristic of modular construction and practical application of modular construction for Residential Facilities. Owing to many advantages including short construction period structural stability and economic benefits, modular construction is expected to play a role as residential alternative of socially controversial affordable housing and weekend homes, and potential housing shortage after reunification; and to contribute to the development of design automation and industrialized constructions. Though Korea is still lacking development of the system that meets the domestic context, if supported by ongoing researches on the development of construction methods, materials and details, the settlement of appropriate modular residential facilities to suit the national situation will serve a possible alternative solution for many housing and environmental problems.
A Study on the Establishment of an Evaluation System for Integrative Comfort Performance of Hanok Residence
Han, Seung-Hoon ; Cheon, Deuk-Youm ; Lee, Mi-Hyang ; Im, Ok-Kyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 27~35
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.027
The purpose of this study is to develop an evaluation system for integrative comfort values of Hanok residence. For this study, a mock-up located in Yongin, Gyeonggi province built by an ongoing governmental research project has been chosen. Then, SSN (Smart Sensor Network) has been utilized for monitoring quantitative factors in the environment and detailed face-to-face surveys have been performed for analyzing qualitative comfort indexes from residents in the experimental settings. Then, this study employs a combined evaluation system using AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) established for estimating overall DIC (Degree of Integrative Comfort) of the Hanok residence. As a result, the evaluation system could verify the total comfort indexes of Hanok residence and suggest converged methodologies for establishing value assessment system for traditional residential facilities. The method of DIC suggested in this paper would be examined with current residents in a built mock-up to see its applicability as a comprehensive evaluation model, and it is expected that collected year-round comfort data from the facility would provide more practical information towards future strategies for the Hanok residence.
A Study on Energy Use Behavior according to Energy Use Awareness of Apartment Residents
Jung, Su-Jin ; Han, Jeong-Won ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 37~44
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.037
As household energy consumption has increased, serious environmental problems, such as resource depletion and global warming, are becoming global issues. It is essential to conduct the energy use of residents living in apartments in order to come up with alternative solutions for energy savings. Therefore, this study examined the energy use awareness of apartment residents and their energy use behavior by various types of awareness. To understand their energy use behavior according to the awareness of the subjects, the energy awareness dimension was created with five factors and they were subject to a cluster analysis; then, the subjects were categorized into three groups. Finally, the difference of energy use behavior was examined by groups of energy awareness. G1 represents the group that is indifferent to energy savings and believes that convenience is an important factor. Also, with respect to energy use behavior, this group tends to pursue convenience. G2 is the group that is conscious of energy use costs thereby enduring some inconvenience, and shows savings behavior in daily life and household affairs. Although, G3 is very aware of the significance for the necessity of energy saving, their energy saving behavior is relatively negative. Regarding these different characteristics of each resident group in their energy saving awareness and behaviors, diverse methods and promotion in energy education are required. Furthermore, an effective energy policy should be established based on the understanding of energy consumption.
Simulation of Changes in Nearby Thermal Environment According to Green Roof in Low-Rise Residential Area of Daegu
Kim, Dae-Wuk ; Jung, Eung-Ho ; Cha, Jae-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 45~53
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.045
It is important to secure green spaces to solve the urban heat island phenomenon, which is among problems resulted by high-density developments in metropolitan areas. However, it is hard to secure such green spaces in established urban areas so Green Rooftop development approaches have recently been highlighted and introduced as a solution to the situation. The present study conducts a simulation on residential areas in urbanized regions to quantitatively evaluate the effects of green rooftop developments through a comparison of changes in the air temperatures before and after relevant development projects. According to the evaluation results, when the green roof top development is conducted in the available areas, the temperature is reduced by 0.14 degree. The extension of green project to the entire building showed the reduction of the temperature by 0.29 degree. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the green rooftop development is a practically solution for reducing the air temperature of urbanized areas.
A Study on Comparing and Analyzing in Standard Management Rules of Rental Housing by the Management Works
Kwon, Myoung-Hee ; Kim, Sun-Joong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 55~64
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.055
The purpose of the study was to make an improvement of residential management regulations so that the inhabitants of rental housing can manage their housing in efficient and transparent manners by comparing and analyzing in standard management rules of rental housing. The research method were as follows: 1) The analysis framework utilized result of preceding research composed 6 types of management works and 36 items of subcategories by researcher 2) The standard management rules of rental housing used analysis utilized to draw up after a revision of Rental Housing Act in 2000 and to operate in management of rental housing now. 3) The analysis method used content analysis. The management rules of rental housing utilized a total of 5 rules such as management rules of SH corporation (2011), LH corporation (2000), peoples' solidarity for participatory democracy (2000), Citizens' Alliance (2000) and Gyeonggi-do (2001). The research result were as follows: 1) Overall, the management rules of rental housing included faithfully works of operation management and administration management 2) The type of operation management regulated centrally items related resident committee. and The type of administration management regulated centrally items related accounting management. 3) The management rules of SH corporation and LH corporation regulated centrally operation management, maintenance management and etiquette for the basic living as compared with the other rules.
A Study on the Composite Attribute of Elementary School and Elderly Welfare Facilities
Jung, Young-Soo ; Lee, Jong-Kuk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 65~72
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.065
The old couple household is also growing up with the growth of the aged so this is problem that needs to consider the home welfare service aspect. Otherwise, by the decrease of the number of the child and facilities' space availability, the government searching for proper usage of that kind of space in terms of financial and administration. So this study have combining of elementary school and home care for the aged facility especially for the increase of home care for the aged service facilities and improvement of using elementary school's space. That will increase the elderly cares and have need the homewelfare-service in the future, we select study elderly welfare facilities. We use analysis that analyze the trend of an elderly and social changes and conclude for the complexation of elderly welfare facilities, compound form of an elementary school, traffic line, space organization and interaction space organization.
Determinants of Residential Satisfaction and Attachment According to the Urban Multi-family Dwelling Types
Hong, Keong-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 73~83
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.073
The aim of this paper is to examine the determinants of residential satisfaction and attachment according to the urban multi-family dwelling types. On the basis of the surveys, the factor analysis and regression are employed as the empirical analysis on residential satisfaction and attachment in Daegu metropolitan city. The major findings are as follows; First, as for post-occupancy evaluation of residential environment of building and outside, the residents of complex type of multi-family housing satisfied with most of items more than studio type except the location, amenity facilities around building and utilities fee. Second, about the Residential Satisfaction and Attachment by types, the residents of complex type of multi-family housing satisfied with most of items more than studio type too. Third, the determinants in residential Satisfaction of complex types are 'welfare and amenity facilities factor', 'maintenance factor' and 'location factor'. On the other hand, the determinants in residents of studio type are 'inexpensive rent fee factor', 'welfare and amenity facilities factor' and 'maintenance factor'. Going forward, this research will help us better understand residential satisfaction from the point of residents and find new ways to improve resident satisfaction and attachment.
Baby Boomers' Lifestyles and Preferred Characteristics of Postretirement Homes - With a Focus on Korean-American Immigrants -
Kim, Mi-Hee ; Kim, Suk-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 85~94
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.085
This research investigates and characterizes lifestyles and housing preferences of Korean-American Baby Boomers in the USA, and proposes future housing design and planning directions to meet their needs. A questionnaire survey was conducted from June to September 2012 examining lifestyles and preferred characteristics of postretirement homes. We targeted Korean-Americans born from 1955 to 1963 in either Korea or the USA who currently reside in New York, Washington DC, Chicago, Dallas, Detroit, Lansing, Grand Rapids, and San Francisco. To analyze the 247 responses, we employed factor analysis, cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA, and crosstabs. Respondents preferred three-bedroom, singlefamily housing types with a size of 26-35 pyong, favoring city outskirts or suburbs over urban areas. Four groups having different lifestyle types were identified: innovators, believers, fashion experiencers, and makers. Housing preference differed depending on lifestyle types. The 'innovator' group desired homes 56 pyong or larger, while the other groups preferred 26-36 pyong. The four lifestyle groups did not show statistically significant differences in most of preferred housing features, community facilities, or indoor environmental characteristics. Each group still showed slightly different preferences in some housing planning characteristics, which future planners can refer to when providing postretirement homes for them.
Process of Forming Housing Notion for Later Life based on Life-time Housing Experiences of the Elderly
Kwon, Oh-Jung ; Lee, Yong-Min ; Ha, Hae-Hwa ; Kim, Jin-Young ; Yeom, Hye-Shil ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 95~108
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.095
The purpose of this study is to explore the formation process of housing notion for later life of the elderly which is based on one's lifetime housing experiences. Qualitative data was collected through in-depth interviews with 6 highincome, highly educated aged women, who could select their housing and move voluntarily in old age and explain their housing experiences logically. The findings of this study showed that housing notion for later life was formed through a complex process of individual personality, lifestyle, housing experiences, housing values, housing market and period background as well as socio-demographic characteristics. This qualitative study has a significance as a holistic approach to reveal the lifelong experience of elderly individuals which had not been to deal in the quantitative research of housing for the elderly in the meantime.
Assessment Indexes for Activation of Urban Public Space
Kim, Do-Gyoung ; Moon, Jeong-Min ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 109~119
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.109
Today's urban spaces require diverse functions according to segmented social changes. Urban public space needs to be a field of mutual exchange, respect of diversity, and communication. According to these needs, an identity which reaches the public should be developed and realized. Therefore, this study is to present indexes for evaluating public space as a means to improve urban identity along with developing an awareness of possible problems. For this purpose, this study found out and analysed factors of evaluation indexes for the most fundamental public spaces which form cities in order to develop directions for deciding on indexes for public space and activation of that public space. An empirical analysis was conducted with the use of a questionnaire with evaluation indexes, reliability, and validity of properties of the space to be analysed and the evaluation items were tested. Based on the results, the study compared and analysed the differences between groups with independent variables (evaluation indexes) and general characteristics through a t-test. As a result, it was discovered that easy and safe accessibility in the use of urban parks as public space was statistically significant. Such results show that accessibility is the most significant factor in the use of parks.
A Study on the Design Characteristics of External Appearances of Hundertwasser's Housing Projects
Kim, Dae-Nyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 121~133
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.121
The purpose of this study is to analyze the design characteristics of external appearances of Hundertwasser's housing projects through both literature review and field study, and to understand how Hundertwasser's architecture philosophy was embodied in the design of external appearances so such projects. The subjects of the analysis are: Hundertwasser House; In the Meadow Bad Soden; The Forest Spiral Darmstadt; and The Green Citadel Magdeburg. The conclusion of the study is as follows. The fundamental architecture philosophy of Hunderwasser is the close linkage between mankind and nature. He has proven, through his four housing projects mentioned above, that it is possible to build houses without destroying and in harmony with nature. Hundertwasser had identified vitality, irregularity and diversity as being the source of beauty of nature. Using the human creativity, he had embodied such elements into his housing projects, thus suggesting an ideal housing environment whereby humanity is respected. Hundertwasser made use of organic curved line and spiral shapes that exist in nature when designing his housing projects. His creativity was articulated through vitality, diversity, and irregularity in colour schemes and a wide range of form. Indeed, he was an architect pursuing the underlying nature of both human and nature. The current living environment in Korea can be characterized as being standardized and desolate, which is a result of housing projects being focused too much on functionalism. Through its analysis of Hundertwasser's housing projects, one of the objectives of this study is to contribute to a new design paradigm being called for today, including for housing projects to be more ecological and environmental-friendly. By motivating architects and appealing to their clients, this study hopes to motivate those involved in various housing projects to think progressively. Such an attitude change could assist in transforming and thus enhancing the overall living environment in Korea.
Characteristics of Planning Process of Residents' Participation in Community Village Construction by the Rural Village Development Policy - Focused on the Jagun Maul of Namwon-city in Jeonbuk-do -
Park, Kyoung-Ok ; Lee, Sang-Un ; Ryu, Hyun-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 3, 2013, Pages 135~147
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.3.135
The purpose of this study is to make a proposal for the planning of the back-to-farming community village. For this study of a community village designed by residents, the information on the residents' participation and the role of a coordinator in the whole planning process of the community village were investigated, based on the rural village development policy. The community village studied here is located at Sannae-myeon, Namwon-city in Jeonbuk-do. Interviews were answered by 17 households and a process coordinator. The results are as follows. 1) The process coordinator participated in the project on the design of village, permission documentation, and construction from the beginning. The coordinator and residents met every month, and discussed the respective housing and the village environment regulation. 2) Every house has its own plan, but the architectural coordinator's counseling and coordination in the planning process resulted in higher participation. Function of common spaces were determined by residents' participation. Finally, common spaces consist of 2 buildings that one would have as much as open spaces to accommodate as many as residents' activities and the other have business facilities. 3) The political assistance is needed to activate construction of resident-participation typed community villages; development of the conflict coordination program and coordinator education program for operation & planning.