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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Study on the 「UR Housing Stock Renewal Design Competition」 for Hanahata No. 27 Housing by the UR Renaissance Agency in Japan
Yoo, Soon-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.001
The purpose of this study is to perform an analysis on the design methods of the "UR Housing Stock Renewal Design Competition" for Hanahata No.27 Housing by the UR Renaissance Agency in Japan. The analysis is done by looking at the aspects of lifestyle, demographics, environment, and community changes. The results are as follows: 1) Since demographic changes are caused by low fertility, aging populations need the support of locally-based social welfare facilities of which the architectural aspect can be examined. 2) Changes in lifestyle, such as diversity of family composition, flexibility of work, and improvement of leisurely activities require residents to have public spaces and facilities 3) Since environmental changes caused by deteriorated housing need the conversion of awareness about housing estates as a social asset. 4) To revitalize the community, houses, public facilities, and communal outdoor spaces must be connected. The results of this study are expected to serve as clues to the future direction of sustainable conversion in Korea.
A Study on Characteristics of Building, Outdoor Playground & Equipment in Child Care Center
Byun, Hea-Ryung ; Choi, Mock-Wha ; So, Kab-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 9~18
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.009
Recently, interest and social expectation for children`s environment are on the rise. The needs for construction of safe and pleasant child care environment has bees agreed with. Especially, as the number of children who are wanted to go center jumped with additional support the government for child care business, centers have also seen a boost. But as number of child care centers increases rapidly in short period, the quality of centers is more inferior to before. and the space and facility level of many centers don`t reach in legal minimum standard. In addition to, when child care centers are reviewed, it tend to be judged by one standard without considering connection with sense of values about child care or philosophy, child`s traits, surrounding environment etc. Therefore, it is important to construct environment that can consider children`s physical development and behavioral characteristic as well as basic element such thing as protection and support activity for current child care centers. This study presupposes that physical environment of child care centers makes important effect on teacher`s motion and child`s development, then it is to investigate it`s characteristics in physically space, facilities, outdoor playground. And It is to identify space and accommodations, outdoors facilities which can support activity smoothly inside and outside. As a result, it is try to offer appliable basic information about the child-friendly environment of child care centers.
A Study on the Rehabilitation of Deteriorated Residential Blocks by the PNRU and PNRQAD in France
Yoo, Hae-Yeon ; Cho, Hun-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 19~32
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.019
There is a growing tendency within old towns to analyze spatial characteristics to initiate various sustainable development programs and systems to make high-quality small-medium local cities. Professional research institutions in Korea are looking for new guidance into making housing regeneration policies and for trying to merge different functions. But there is a lack of research on support indicators and legal systems for residents. The purpose of this study will analyze the support systems and indicators of France for declined residential blocks in urban. Because the government of France have developed the policy for declined housing blocks. And they are establishing support systems to improve the quality of the residential environment and the resettlement of existing residents. First, this research study the condition of declined housing blocks in Paris. Secondly, support systems and policies of PNRU and PNRQAD are investigated and analyzed. Finally, cases by PNRU and PNRQAD are analyzed to derive the strength of this system. As a result, the following implications are derived. 1) the strengthening of social support, 2) the establishment of specialized national institutions and indicators, 3) increasing citizen participation, 4) Sustainable research program for neighborhood regeneration.
A Study on the Reflection House of Hiroshi Hara
Min, Gun-Hee ; Yoon, Chel-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 33~40
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.033
Hiroshi Hara is one of the most famous architect in the history of contemporary Japanese architecture. During the 1970`s beginning with the Awazu Residence (1972), he designed a series of symmetrical houses, the so called `Reflection House`. All the houses in this period were based on the method of `reflection` and `inversion`, which means a radical reversal of the accepted notion that houses are parts of cities. A concept of "A house within a house" is expanded to "A city within a house". The important spatial characteristics of `Reflection House` are main internal core and valley-like spaces forming internal urban streets by bringing natural elements and the components of streetscape such as plaza, open space, context of street facades and so on. This procedure is called as embedding `city` into `house`, Hara mentioned. This paper investigates the outline of the `Reflection House` and analyses the completed works of housing that were based on the theory. Then in the final part of the paper, the implications of `Reflection House` and its influence on his later works of following period will be discussed.
A Survey on the Aged Consumers` Needs for an Elderly Friendly and Sensitive Bathtub Alternative
Choi, Byungsook ; Kwon, Tae-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 41~49
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.041
This study finds out the aged consumers` needs on the developing elderly friendly and sensitive bathtub. This bathtub focuses on enhancement of multi-senses and enhancement of health, safety & convenience during bath. The enhancing multi-senses would have four functions; therapy with color and aroma, the massage with micro water bubbles, the visual and auditory with TV & cinema, and the auditory with music and radio. Also, enhancing others of bathtub would have seven functions; emergency bell, blood-pressure check system for health condition, water temperature indicator, keeping water warm, reading a book in that, and controlling of house entrance door and a getting the phone during bath. The aged consumers` needs find throughout a questionnaire survey, and 497 data was analyzed. The main results are as follow. They consider a full bath behavior as a healthcare. They have an intention to purchase or use the elderly and friendly bathtub, and they prefer using it in common facilities to using it at home. They highly need health related function of bathtub, which are massage (64.4%), blood-pressure check system (55.1%) and aroma therapy (45.7%). The emergency bell (67.0%), keeping water warm (62.2%), and water temperature indicator (49.7%), related to safety & information function of bathtub, are needed. Also, they think tolerance for error and low physical effort in bathtub design alternative, opening door and inside sitting support, to be important.
A Study on the Actual Conditions about Use of Ritual Space of Beommul-dong in Daegu-city
Kang, Hye-Kyung ; An, Ok-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 51~59
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.051
The ritual for community is a group ritual performed by the regional community of a village for the safety of the residents and abundant harvests. However, many ritual places have been destroyed by the anti-superstition movement, New Community Movement (Saemaul Movement), industrialization and urbanization since the 1960s. Under the circumstances, this study researched the status of use of the ritual place in Beommul-dong in Daegu where the ritual was revived in 2004 after having been suspended since the end of the 1980s due to urbanization. The revival of the ritual for community in Beommul-dong in Daegu, which had been maintained by the village people alone, is the prime example of the vitalization of local community as the recreation of local community, since the ritual has been transformed into a kind of festival involved with and financed by the local government. The study on analyzing the usage pattern of the ritual place may provide useful sources to come up with the modernized functions of the ritual place as a community place, where the heads of the ward office and cultural center, lawmakers and most of the residents perform the ritual, share foods and tread on the God of the Earth across the village at 11:30 in the morning on every January 16 of the lunar calendar.
The Study on the Spatial Characteristics of the Newly-built Hanok in Seoul by Planar Configuration according to Area
Chung, Joon-Soo ; Yang, Seung-Jung ; Kim, Soo-Am ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.061
According to the relation of the attribution of residents, we analyzed the spatial characteristics of newly-built Hanok in Bukchon focused on a spatial area-ratio, the number of rooms, L/D/K configuration. The results are as follows: 1) Have increased the number of residents, the family members are also increased. In this study, the major formed case is 3 residents and two-generation family. 2) In the most cases, R area-ratio is the highest, next to L/D/K integrated area-ratio. While the examples that the L/D/K integrated area-ratio is lower than R area-ratio, or is also higher than R area-ratio are appeared. These examples can present that it has a tendency to secure the necessary room depending on the attribution of residents. 3) L/D/K is classified into four types of connection. And the characteristics depending on the number of rooms are as follows. L+DK is the most common type, next to LDK>LD+K>L+D+K. And L+DK is widely distributed in each sized area. And particularly, it is appeared mostly in 3R.
A Case Study on the Acclimatization`s Housing for Environmental Load Reduction
Cho, Sung-Woo ; Oh, Se-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 69~79
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.069
The concept of sustainable development to preserve natural environment through economy in resources and energy is gradually distinguished since environmental problems as a series of air pollution and global warming take place now. Building occupies more than 1/3 of energy consumption in the whole world. Energy consumption of buildings caused a quick increase in the amount of energy use by air conditioning, which has a lot of effects on exhaustion of fossil energy as well as an increase in environmental load. Therefore, this research intends to suggest characteristics and direction for the designing of acclimatization`s housing through the case study on acclimatization`s housing. Acclimatization`s housing is designed to reduce building load from the designing stage unlike green home or low-energy apartment. Also, factors which are commonly applied to acclimatization`s housing are applied complexly by design strategic factors of Heating, Cooling and Lighting. The applied design factors make effects mutually and complexly. In addition, design strategy showed different priority by designing direction.
The Necessity and Feasibility for the Mixed-use Development of Bus Depots in Urban Residential Area
Kim, Tae-Kyung ; Yang, Woo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 81~92
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.081
Recently, the interest in the mixed-use development of various urban planning facilities has been increased, but the interest in the Mixed-use development of bus depots that is closely related to our daily life is insufficient circumstance so far. Accordingly, this study aims to realize the necessity for the mixed-use development of bus depots as methods to improve the living environment and use efficiently the land, and to suggest reasonable development directions by analyzing their physical character after classifying bus depots according to their position in the residential area. As the results of study, bus depots have different properties according to their position in residential area and have the problem of space shortage. Also, many things such as location of entrances, the finish method of edge of bus depot`s area are affected by the surrounding environment. So development plan to consider the each condition is required.
The Planning Concepts and Design Principles of Dok-Rak-Dang Block
Jang, Sun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 93~101
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.093
This research purposes to understand architectural aim which the owners of buildings in the Doa-Rak-Dang block pursue through the history of family and construction. Moreover its other purpose is to find the design concepts which were selected to achieve the aim and the design elements which were applied to realize the design concepts. To accomplish the objects, it got rid of a stationary viewpoint but it approached with a dynamic viewpoint which can read the changes in the steps during various periods. Through the 100-year history of construction, the architectural aim of the Doa-Rak-Dang block is to establish the tradition of the Ok-San-Pa family to get over the social limitations of the family of a child by a concubine which began from Lee, Eun-Juk`s mistress. The design concepts which were used by the owners of the Dok-Rak-Dang block to achieve the purpose are the extension of public territory and the enrichment of territoriality which have social-political, economical and symbolic means. The geometric applications such as axises and regulating lines were the design elements which were chosen to fulfill the concepts. If the establishment of the architectural aim and design concepts, the process of selecting and constructing proper design elements, and the geometric application in the process are the design principles of the Doa-Rak-Dang block, the principles can be summarized as the geometric applications of axises and regulating lines interacting as the standard of the extension of public area.
Importance-Performance Analysis of Elderly Residents on the Planned Elements of the Participatory Residential Environment Improving Projects - Focused on the Project of Yonnam-dong -
Kim, Ah-Leum ; Koo, Ja-Hoon ; Lee, Joo-Lim ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 103~110
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.103
The purpose of this study is to estimate the perception of elderly residents on the residential environment improving projects and suggest the political implications. The survey include questionnaires about the importance and the satisfaction level on the project maintenance factors. The results were statistically analyzed by Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA). As the result of the study, firstly, it shows that `the possible overkill area` on the IPA action grid includes none of factors except `landscape` which is very similar to mean of performance score. the result of analysis means that the project is very efficient. Secondly, the policy is necessary to improve `pedestrian passage`, `public open space` and `transportation environment`. Considering elderly residents especially `pedestrian passage` and `public open space` are in need of improvement immediately. In detail `traffic facility`, building `urban park` and `pedestrian passage`, `paving of pedestrian passage`, `children`s playground` are in need of improvement as well. The results of analysis on elderly and non-elderly residents of Yonnam project may be important foundation for future strategies for improvement.
The Legal Flexibilization Method to Vitalizing Housing-Facility Correlated Developments
Youm, Chirlho ; Yeo, Haejin ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 111~121
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.111
Recently housing demands are going to be diversified, and many suggestions are driven for the housing consumer`s right of choice and expectation for welfare services. These require the policy change from the clear division between houses and facilities toward more market-oriented concept capable of mixed-use development of houses with facilities. The research explores the possibilities to provide various types of mixed-use developments of houses and facilities in the level of architectural design and political implication. Major case studies focus on the elderly welfare housing with serviced residence with the comparison of similar cases in Japan. The policy implications are, first, expanding the production of elderly housing with more elderly care services, second, challenging time-sharing residence composed of serviced residence and small dwelling units, third, activating the production of small scale housing development with small public facilities. The simulation shows the merits and demerits of this concepts and the efficacy of the policy implications.
A Research about the Centrality and Outer Form of Suburban Houses Since 1900 - focused on Villa Rotonda and Villa Emo in Italy -
Lee, Jin Hi ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 123~132
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.123
This study covers centrality of villas after Renaissance and architectural forms corresponding to the nature in the aspect of Karl Popper and Gilles Deleuze. In addition, the researcher tries to understand the changes in architectural forms according to the changes in places. To do that, Pascal and Hans Meyer`s theory was introduced as a major theory. The researcher tries to set up the standard by analyzing the architectural form related with the nature and the form of center in the housing through Villa Rotonda and Villa Emo. And with key analysis of the centrality and architectural form corresponding to the nature and the four houses that are historically and morphologically important. It is found that due to the development in modern technology and materials, a variety of architectural approach is developed and they are implemented as various architectural forms. However, due to various theories of modern architectural approach, it is found that the morphological differences of suburban housing exists by forming a universal relationship constructed by four architects. The researcher expects to be understood and realized in real life construction.
A Study on the Form of Window and Door of the Medieval Times House - Focused on the House of Unified Silla and Goryo Period -
Lee, Jeong-Mee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 133~140
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.133
This study is to clarify the form of window and door of medieval times house which are no longer in existence, by comparative analysis between literature materials and architectural remains of united Silla and Goryo period. Particularly the window and door form change process of was analyzed, in connection with the change of term which are recorded in literature material. The form and the composition of window and door are the elements which determine the elevation design of architecture and concerned with interior environment. Therefore this study is significant in the sense that it could be used as base data for the study on the reconstruction and interior space of medieval times house. There were ho (戶) and moon (門) as door, and chang (窓) for lighting and ventilation as window. Among these, the window can be divided into fixed and openable. There were two kind of fixed window. One is called chang (窓), and it was covered by silk or paper for lighting. The other is called ham (檻), it was the form of vertical bar window and lighting and ventilation was available. And there were two kind of openable window. One is called ho (戶), which had wooden plate window leaves. And the other is called changho (窓戶), lighting was available in the condition of closing.
A Study on Cluster Housing Model and Characteristics of Modern Hanok
Shon, Seung-Kwang ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 141~150
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.141
Hanok is Korea`s traditional housing, which is build detached unit. Most of the People who live in the environment of residential high-rise apartments likes new residential environment, and pursue eco-friendly homes, health homes, especially traditional Hanok was reassure potential. In urban context, resident think more compact land use in Hanok also, because Hanok is dissatified in compact land use, and it should be build as more economic aspect. The purpose of this study is to propose a typology which traditional Hanok also can be build higher land use and traditional values as a modern housing type; First of all, clustered Hanok is formed by traditional houses and interior spaces in modern house., and its types are configured by lifestyle of modern and image element of traditional Hanok. This kinds of clustering Hanok can be seen from historical city, but the trends is a minority of the housing type and form. Now, the modern clustering Hanok, even though handful of cases, appears as sustainable housing type, its possibilities as a new housing should be more detailed researches. A elements of Modern cluster Hanok discused in layout, plan, envelopment of house, structure, roofs, and the coordination of the element can be so much diverse.
A Study on the Causes of Failure of the `Failed` Modern Housing Projects
Sohn, Sei-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 151~161
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.151
This research is an effort to clarify the causes associated with the `failure` of public housing projects built in the 20th century. Two of the most brutal symbol of failure were selected: the Pruitt-Igoe built in St. Louis, U.S.A. and the Bijlmermeer in the south of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Many critics have attributed the problems of the selected housing projects to architectural failure, and proposed a series of new approaches to architectural design. The claim that many housing projects `failed` because they were based on an agenda for social reform, derived from the ideas of the CIAM, presupposes that architects were in the position of authority over providing housing for the poor. This research tries to overturn the belief of architectural community which has placed the responsibility for the failure of public housing on designers. The sense of isolation and powerlessness felt by the residents, and the social problems attendant on those feelings, may be reinforced by design but is not caused by Modern Architecture. It should be stressed that the political-economic and social context is more significant than the architectural design for the failure of public housing projects such as the Pruitt-Igoe and the Bijlmermeer.
Housing Defects and Housing Satisfaction for Supporting to the Aged - Emphasis on the Jeonbuk Aged Households -
Lee, Joung Hae ; Kwak, In-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 163~176
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.163
This paper investigates housing defects and housing satisfaction of the aged according to the personal characteristics and their housing environment. Personal interview was made on the 280 senior persons living in Jeonbuk area. Research results are following. Low levels were found in education, self privately-owned property, monthly income. Most of them live in a detached house that is outdated and obsolete. The facility defects of housing were the most serious level in case of the female senior citizen who lives alone. Their house aging was old but had the high deviation among households. Main influencing factors on facility defects of housing were perceived economic status and ownership of house, the next was age of the aged. Main influencing factors on the housing satisfaction were perceived economic status. Housing satisfaction was higher, the better economic level of the aged was, male than female, the less the age was, in case of hot-water usage in bathroom, owner of houses, no difference in floor level, larger storage space of kitchen was. According to the empirical results, we propose the supporting policy of hosing safety for the aged in order to reduce the risk and social cost. Especially the rate of population aging, the aged household, and the detached houses are higher in Jeonbuk rural areas than the other area. Housing facility defects of the elder who lives alone and house aging of theirs are serious level. Local government should have supporting system that considers local difference and characteristics of the aged housing.
A Study on the Evaluation and Improvement of the Local Community for Family-friendly Residential Environment
Shin, Hwa-Kyoung ; Jo, In-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 177~187
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.177
The purpose of this study was the evaluation about the evaluation of the local community as family-friendly residential environment. We executed the survey to find 1) the evaluation of local community as family-friendly residential environment, 2) the usage and satisfaction of the local community facilities and programs, 3) the improvement of local community as family-friendly residential environment. The method was a residents survey. Data were collected from 160 married men and women with children lived in Seoul and Gyenggi-Do. The findings of this study are as following; It was more satisfactory residential environment with family-friendly elements than residential environment without family-friendly elements in residential environment satisfaction. The children care facilities was used higher. Local community facilities and program for family-friendly residential environment was not satisfied. Local community facilities and program for family-friendly residential environment was needed higher. The representatives as leading role was local community and residents in family-friendly residential environment.
Housing Improvement Elements Depended on the Analysis of Urban Residents` Perceived Korean Housing Quality Related to Mental Health
Choi, Byungsook ; Park, Jung-A ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 189~197
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.189
The purpose of the study was to analyze the improvement elements depended on housing quality measurement tool related to mental health. The data for the analysis was collected through questionnaire survey method from November 1, 2012 to January 17, 2013, and the sample consisted of 720 respondents living in single detached houses, multi-families detached houses, apartments, and town houses in 4 cities, Seoul, Busan, Daejeon, and Kwangju. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results of improvement elements are as follows: 1) Pedestrian-threaten street from cars in physical safety 2) A secluded or dark spot and fear of walking at night in social security, 3) Indoor noise, outdoor noise, and evidence of abandoned trash heap/bottle in neighborhood in health & sanitation, 4) Illegal parking and heating control system in facility convenience, 5) Extra kitchen, number of bathrooms, and community spaces in space convenience, 6) Openness and spaciousness of indoor room, and satisfaction of house and neighborhood in comfort, 7) Management common/sharing space in maintenance, 8) Energy saving facility and environment friendly materials use in sustainability, 9) Burden on housing cost, asset value on house, and school district in economic value, 10) Reflection of residents style, surrounding building`s number of layers, and neighborhood appearance of preference in housing environment image.
Extraction of Design Rule from Han-Style Bathroom Design Using Rough Set Theory
Park, Jin-A ; Kim, Soo-Am ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 24, issue 6, 2013, Pages 199~208
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2013.24.6.199
Developing a modern Han-style design and providing support for the commercialization development model in recent years has been propelled by the Han-style Support Strategies of the central government in conjunction with Han-style revitalization related projects that reflect the efforts of local governments. Han-style revitalization, the rekindling and revaluing of human behavior and interest in local governments following the social and cultural changes of the past decades, has emerged as an increasingly traditional area of concern in Han-style design. The purpose of the study was to provide a method which clarifies the design rules of the Han-style bathroom based on an evaluation of sensibilities and a rough set theory, and to give the components meaning and to systematize the method. Essentially, the Han-style bathroom design evaluation is a complex multi-criteria decision making process that seeks to improve the effectiveness and objectively of the Han-style bathroom design. Han-style bathroom design can be displayed in a graphical representation in response to input from the evaluation concerning sensibilities. Because the graphical representation is composed of 3D data, it is possible to display the Han-style bathroom design form in any desired perspective and also to perform shading and other operations. With the proposed method, it is possible to obtain a combination of several contributory components which can be referred to as Reducts, Covering Index and Column Score. Han-Style/Non Han-Style Bathroom Designs were identified by the combination of several components.