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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study of Supply Patterns and Residential Characteristics of Urban-type Housing in Seoul
Lee, Jae-Su ; Seong, Su-Youn ; Lee, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.001
This study investigates supply patterns and residential characteristics of the Urban-type Housing in Seoul. There have been 3,336 buildings and 71,790 housing units approved until the end of 2012. One-room apartments and small units less than 30
of residential area amount to 81% and 82% of total units, respectively. Major findings are as follows. First, single- and two-person households less than 30 years of age are mostly lived in the housing. Respondents are mainly professional and white-collar (43%) and service and sales workers (27%). Most of them are mid-income classes (67%), which is twice more than that of single- and two-person households in Seoul. They pay 672 thousand won in rent more than average rent of mid-income class. The rent to income ratios are 29.9% for single households and 24.5% for two-person households, which are higher than that of mid-income bracket. Third, their satisfaction level is relatively high in internal environment and access to public service facilities, but not in external environment and community service facilities. They are satisfied with security and daylight, walking and safety, access to public transport and parking space, but not with noise and vibration, natural environment, access to park and cultural and sports facilities, and most community service facilities. It is necessary to reexamine the articles of deregulation and prepare design standards while considering different housing and locational types.
A Study of Modular Architecture`s Design to Dwelling Environment in Antarctica
Lee, Won-Hak ; Song, Young-Hak ; Lim, Seok-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.011
This study looked at designing, building and operating temporary camp, the first structures that South Korea built in the Antarctica. While there may be differences in accordance with the topography, ground surfaces in the Antarctica are covered broken stones, glaciers and snow. Hence, such topographical characteristics should be taken into account when conducting any construction work. To ensure successful assembly construction in the Antarctica using modules, prior trial assembly work should be done in Korea to identify any possible trouble in the actual construction process. Assuming that the workers will have to spend at least one winter in the temporary camp, the work will be more severely affected by adverse weather conditions and snow drift, resulting in the need to clear snow. This can be by designing roofs with curved surfaces. Also, quantitative effects will need to be verified through simulation and actual measurement. It will also be necessary to assess the camp`s thermal environment and examine its air-conditioning methods. To identify the temporary camp`s thermal system, the temperatures and humidities were measured, and the heating system was designed not to offer automatic control or desired value selection functions.
A Study on Interior Flooring Materials for Safe Elderly Nursing Home Environment
Chung, Miryum ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.019
The number of elderly who wants to access to Nursing Homes (NH) will increase due to the rapid aging society and domestic changes. Those who move into NH expect 24/7 care service in safe environment. Providing space free from danger, especially from fall, for the frail elderly is essential. The purpose of this study is to categorize performance needs of flooring materials in the aspect of safety, and analyze materials so that adequate ones for each space in NH can be suggested. Performance needs are as follows; slip resistance (dry/wet), fire resistance, resilience, water resistance, soil retardant, anti-bacterial, gloss, sound absorbtion. maintenance, durability, ease replacement, color and pattern variety, visual and tactual texture, tactile warmth, IAQ, sustainable material (before use), impact to nature (after use). They are categorized under function, economy, sensibility and sustainability. It was found that there are better materials than common ones that has been used repeatedly in NHs, such as vinyl sheets and VCT. In overall, Cork flooring and nylon carpet met all four categories, followed by wool carpet, rubber and linoleum. For bedroom, wood flooring, Cork, rubber, wool carpet, nylon carpets were suggested. In bathroom with shower, rubber, vinyl sheet and porcelain tiles were safe materials. As living/dining room and corridor floors, wool carpet, nylon carpet, cork flooring would be excellent as they are resilient and durable. The result of this paper can be used by both NH managers and material companies, resulting better quality of life of the elderly by providing safe environment.
Changes in Apartment Unit Plan Caused by the Revision of Regulations for Area Calculating Criteria and Balcony Use - Focused on Changes of Size of Rooms in 60 m
and 85 m
Sized Unit -
Park, In-Seok ; Park, No-Hak ; Chun, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 27~36
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.027
The revision of regulations for apartment unit design, which are concerning the area calculating criteria (revised in 1998) and use of balcony (revised in 2005), considerably have increased livable space of apartment unit. This paper aims to verify its effect to apartment unit plan in the aspect of number of rooms and size of each room. For this purpose, 60 and 85
sized apartment unit plans in Seoul Gangnam district have been analysed by construction period, and a conclusion is drawn out as following; (1) The revison of regulations in 1998 and 2005 increased livable space of 60 and 85
sized apartment about 16.4~20.6
area. (2) Bedrooms, living room, dining room and kitchen have no change in size in nominal sense, actually, they increase their size after the fact by converting balcony to livable space. (3) Bathroom, dress room and entrance space have been considerably increased in size, which is possible for available area added in place of wall footprint according to 1998 revision.
The Architectural Languages of Ricardo Legorreta in the Gallery of Casa del Agua as Dwelling of Water
Kim, Hyoung-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 37~44
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.037
The Gallery of Casa del Agua in Jeju Island was demolished by Jeju local government on March 6 in the last year. In the meanwhile, a lot of people including the architectural field had denied the demolition. Regardless of sustained efforts in order that the building could be preserved as a work, Jeju government ended up with demolishing the gallery. The Gallery of Casa del Agua was a temporary building constructed as a model house of Casa del Agua. As the remaining period of the temporary building had passed, it was on the verge of demolition by Jeju government. Casa del Agua is `dwelling of water` in Korean, and the building was the last posthumous work of Mexican architect Ricardo Legorreta. Knowing from the expression of `dwelling of water`, this house is a dwelling work of him. Through this work, his architecture languages that he had pursued contained in dwelling could be looked into. This study examined the background and course of demolition of the Gallery of Casa del Agua, `dwelling of water` and arranged problems in the course of demolition. Then, the fact that the Gallery of Casa del Agua as an architecture work of Ricardo Legorreta included his architecture languageswas analyzed. For this, his universalarchitecture languages were examined and how the architecture languages were applied to the Gallery of Casa del Agua was analyzed. As a result, it could be known that languages of composition and languages of emotion consistently shown in his works were represented in the Gallery of Casa del Agua.
Social Cohesion of Public Rental Housing Residents in Seoul - Community Activities and Cultural Influences -
Seo, Bokyong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 45~54
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.045
In line with the previous study on the level of social cohesiveness of public rental housing communities in Seoul, this study investigated the community activities as a result of community cohesiveness and identified the cultural influences on the cohesiveness of the same case study areas. In general, there was relatively more active and voluntary participation of the residents in the community activities in the housing estates with higher social cohesiveness. The four communities were active in reporting community problems to the housing managers, greatly relying on the housing managers to solve the problems. In addition, mutual aid and community self-help were facilitated mainly through the activities of women`s associations. However, small membership of community organisations and occasional disputes between the community organisations and estate managers, and among the community organisations themselves, seemed to have hampered the positive effects of the social cohesiveness in the case study areas. In terms of the cultural attributes, coexistence of collectivism and individualism, consideration of neighbourliness as an ideal social norm, incorporation of the neighbourhood environment into the housing estate environment and extensive use of outdoor public spaces were found.
Terminology and Meanings of One-room Dwelling in Korean Dictionaries and Dictionaries of Architecture Terms
Lee, Mi-Suk ; Suh, Kuee-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.055
The terms of the one-room dwelling began to attract attention according to increasing of 1-2 person households in the 1990s. The purpose of this study is to analyze the meaning of the terms about one-room dwelling written in the Korean dictionaries and the dictionaries of architecture terms. For this purpose, the first study was divided into three periods. The second study investigated publishing of the Korean dictionaries and the dictionaries of architecture terms and analyzed meaning of the one-room dwelling written in the Korean dictionaries and the dictionaries of architecture terms. The result are summarized as follows. 1) `Bang` and `Sil`, the smallest residence unit, have sense of the living space. 2) The terms written in dictionaries were five terms. It is Dankanbang, Dankan house, Ilsil house, One-room house, Ilsil dwelling. 3) Dankanbang and Dankan house meant a detached house and only a single room. 4) Ilsil house, One-room and Ilsil dwelling meant a multi-unit dwelling. Dwelling type combined unit space in a single room. 5) One-room and Ilsil dwelling focused on convenience and multipurpose. The result of this study is expected to provide useful information for small sized housing study.
Experiencing the Urban Space - A Cognitive Mapping Approach -
Ricardo, Garcia Mira ; Adina, Dumitru ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 63~70
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.063
The dependence on cars for urban mobility and the exponential increase in traffic and urban infrastructure to sustain traffic have lead to an encapsulated way of life, where the connection with the natural environment is much more reduced and programmed. In a previous study, a process based on estimating distances showed that children who move around their city by automobile do not appreciate their environment as a spatial continuum, but rather as a series of independent spaces that are reached by automobile or bus, thereby evidencing a different way of conceptualizing urban space in the light of different cognitive structures (Goluboff, Garc
a-Mira, and Garc
n, 2002). The present study is concerned with the process of understanding and knowledge of urban space, and contrasting the cognitive structure of different groups. The implications that this study may have for urban planning are discussed.
A Study on Analyzing Eco-efficiency of Carbon Labeled Building Materials - Focused on Floor Finishes -
Choi, Ji-Hye ; Lee, Yoon-Sun ; Kim, Jae-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 71~78
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.071
In recent years, Korean government has focused on improving the environmental impact of products in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to achieve their energy goals. The government has been conducting the following polices such as green procurement inducement and certification system. After carbon labeling was conducted in 2009, among a total of 1,065 items, 97 building materials have been given a certification: finishing materials items have the highest weight (56%). The increase in the certification numbers shows that there has been considerable technical efforts in the building material industry. At the awareness of carbon label and purchase of low carbon product, however, customers are aware of carbon labeling but the purchasing rate of carbon product is low. In this paper, we suggest that low carbon activities must also be considered in order to create client value by adding the concept of ecological efficiency. The objective of this study to measurer the eco-efficiency of carbon labeled building materials on the basis of environmental aspects of the product with the perspective of economy for purchasing the excellent products.
Characteristics of Literature Related to Environmental Friendliness for a Village-focused Green Index
Byun, Kyeong-Hwa ; Yoo, Chang-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 79~87
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.079
The purpose of this study is to research the characteristics of literature related to environmentally friendly for a village-focused green index. In order to make an assessment, keywords relating to green architecture were selected: environmental friendliness, ecology, sustainable, Noksaek (Green in Korean), green, and environmentally friendly. In addition, three keywords defining the scope of space were also selected: building, village, and city. Quantitative changes and contents of articles containing the keywords were analyzed. The result is as follows. First, `sustainable` and `ecology` were the terms most frequently used as parts of subjects and titles, respectively. Second, the studies relating to green architecture focused on villages mostly examine the actual conditions of the villages; criteria for environmental friendliness, analyses and evaluation of the environmentally friendly features of the village; and ways to establish a green, ecological, and sustainable village. Finally, when it came to establishing a village-focused green index, the environment, resources, and energy are shown to be very important elements. In addition, the term `ecology` in a green index is shown to be significant for the management of the natural environment.
The Environmental Privacy on the Perspective of Integration and Segregation of Spatial Areas in Facilities for the Elderly
Lee, Min-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.089
The purpose of this study was to analyze the environmental privacy on the perspective of integration and segregation of spatial areas in facilities for the elderly, through investigating required environmental privacy at each hierarchical space, the contextual situation and counterplan for the privacy. For the study, a content analysis for 35 foreign academic journal articles published from 1990 to August of 2013 was conducted. The results of the study were as follows: First, four hierarchical spaces had somewhat integrated characteristics as being required various types of privacy beyond the original features of each space. Especially semi-public and public spaces were needed the privacy similar to in private or semi-private areas. Second, the contextual situation for the privacy was mainly from undesirable access and psychological pressure of other residents, staff and etc. to the residents` personal space, stuff, and behaviors. The other was from no space (no sitting) or no equipments for privacy. Third, the counterplan for privacy was categorized as improvements of physical environments and making defensible space or keeping physical distance of the elderly. It is suggested that welfare of the aged act in Korea about the room capacity for the elderly facilities needs to be reconsidered for the privacy in their individual rooms and the privacy in semi-public and public area must be considered to make the behavior scope of the elderly extended.
A Study on the Support System of the Elderly in Japan for the Realization of Aging in Place
Yoon, Hye-Yeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 99~107
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.099
This study attempts to provide implications for developing more efficient and effective community-based support system with AIP perspective for the elderly in Korea. The main purpose of this study is to analyze Japan`s community-based integrated care system that respond to the concept of aging in place (AIP) and its cases. In Japan, they have offered Community-Based Service since 2005, and the advanced system which include integrated support categories and consolidated community/local resources will started in 2015 by The revision of Long-term Care Insurance policy, 2012. The result of policy analysis and case studies are as follows: 1) The suggestion for ideal support system model promoted a relationship of multiple agents include private sectors even resident and senior and specified responsibility sharing, 2) the system proposed Not only health and medical care support, living care and residence are also addressed as a comprehensive support. and 3) the amount of available community resource is different by each local government, but the effort to get the understanding of community residents and to connect with a potential community resource is also essential aspect to set effective community-based support system.
A Typological Approach to the Community Management and Activation Plans for Apartment Complexes
Kang, Soon-Joo ; Lee, Bo-Bae ; Kim, Jin-Young ; Lee, Jong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 109~120
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.109
This study is focused first on considering the factors which invigorate the community in an apartment complexes from the precedent study and on identifying the specific factors, necessary to run vigorously the community in an apartment complexes. After that, the study is devoted to develop the management scenarios suitable for each type, through identifying, on the basis of the factors, the operation type of the 15 apartment complexes, in which the Seoul city community experts exist. The study result could be the basis to find out an effective method to run and manage community facilities and programs according to the features of an apartment. On the study, the 1:1 in-depth interviews were conducted on the community experts, who supported the community management in the five autonomous districts in Seoul. The study found followings. 1) The community factors needed to be readjusted in respect of operation and management. to estimate how active the community in an apartment complexes was. After identifying the community operation factors, the factors in human resources, material resources, and financial resources, were figured out. 2) The five groups were drawn from the 15 apartment complexes. The grouping was based on the relation between the main operators in each factor which invigorates the community operation. As the result, the relationship between the main operators was vertical. In addition, the more operators. 3) Six types were drawn after grouping the operation status of the 15 apartment complexes on the factors which affected to the community invigoration: human resources, material resources, and financial resources. Consequently, the managing scenarios to invigorate the community in each type were suggested.
Practitioners` Awareness on Application of Environment-friendly Interior Finish Materials in Apartment Houses
Lee, Ji-Soon ; Yoon, Chung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 2, 2014, Pages 121~130
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.2.121
This paper provides a social knowledge for pragmatic application guidelines of the interior finish materials within apartment houses, based on both the awareness of practitioners and as it applies to the realities. For this purpose, a series of the questionnaires survey on the awareness of interior finish materials in recently-constructed and remodeled apartment houses was performed, which has extended its probe into the awareness of architectural practitioners. The questionnaires asked practitioners how much they desire sustainable finish materials and the difference in various parties were analyzed and compared, formulating the pragmatic solution in the determination of interior finishes. Comparative analysis of the awareness of construction specialists, interior designer, architectural environmental researchers on environment-friendly finish materials showed that all parties were right to recognize the significance of sustainability in interior finishes. Practitioners believed that occupants must bear the additional expense for the environment-friendly finish products. Also, the results tell that the amount used of environment-friendly products increases as expertise on sustainability in interior finishes rises.