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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Windows and Doors of the Main Room by Space Organization of the Traditional Residental Architecture - Focus on the Upper Middle Class in Jeonlanamdo -
Cho, Sung-Woo ; Lee, Jae-Hong ; Moon, Chul-Seong ; Cheon, Deuk-Youm ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.001
Korean traditional house has inherented construction characteristics that contain human requirements with the adaptation to nature's order. As for traditional buildings, there are a lot of facilities like palaces, Buddhist temples, Confucianism architectures, government facilities, etc. Among them, housing construction is not only closely connected to our lives, but also plays an important role to connect our lives from the past to present. The master room in a traditional korean house is responsible for playing a center role of the residential life which implies the traditional values responsible for multi-functions and it is also the sphere of the living space. Therefore, this thesis considers the residential environmental adjustment method and the behaviors centered around the main buildings of Jeonnam Province. And also investigates the main reason for windows and doors formation. From this, we would like to further evaluate the master room life, and the inner space constructions following the spacial and organizational analysis of windows and doors. We would like to analyze the space organization methods, environmental adjustment methods and the usages of traditional buildings. Using the modern interpretation as basis, we would like to use the foundation materials to reflect single family housing plans.
Housing Adjustment Behaviors of Korean Elderly Immigrants Living in Affordable Housing
Jorn, Myounghee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 13~23
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.013
This study explores the daily life patterns and housing adjustment behaviors of low-income Korean elderly immigrants residing in affordable housing in the Chicago metropolitan area. Utilizing an intercultural perspective, the study focuses on identifying the immigrants' their cultural attributes of daily living and coping responses to residential misfits. These housing adjustment behaviors are classified into five modes consisting of residential mobility, structural adaptation, residential alteration, normative adaptation, and behavioral adaptation. Two-hour in-depth interviews with open-ended questions were conducted with 138 participants from 15 affordable housing complexes. Collected information includes demographic data, immigration experiences and cultural identity, daily life patterns, as well as housing evaluation and housing adjustment behaviors. The study results indicate that many research participants maintained their cultural attributes of daily living accumulated from past experiences (i.e. mostly based upon Korean cultural contexts), but also made adjustments as they complied with their aging body and new living conditions. This also reflects that immigrants' cultural needs are not limited to the use of language and ethnic goods, but are also embedded deeply in their daily life patterns to influence one's uses of the dwellings in a broader sense. All five modes of housing adjustment behaviors were observed with research participants within their residential settings. More importantly, normative and behavioral adaptations along with residential alterations occurred more simultaneously rather than sequentially when the respondents perceived discrepancy between oneself (i.e. including one's attributes, needs, and preferences) and his/her dwelling.
LEED for Homes Rating System and Resident Satisfaction with LEED-Certified Homes - Focusing on the US Cases -
Kim, Suk-Kyung ; Lee, Eunsil ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.025
The major purposes of this study were to analyze main features of US Green Building Council's LEED for Homes rating system and examine residents' satisfaction on their LEED-certified homes and neighborhoods. The first part of this article shows the structure and features of the LEED for Homes rating system and the process to obtain credits of this rating system. The investigation to assess residents' satisfaction targeted LEED certified home residents in Midwest in the United State. The satisfaction was assessed in relation to socio-demographic and housing characteristics. To collect data, a quantitative survey was administered to the residents of LEED-certified homes in Midwest in the US. A total of 605 surveys was sent out and 235 were collected, yielding a 38.8% response rate. Findings revealed that LEED-certified home residents were highly satisfied with their homes and neighborhood although neighborhood satisfaction was lower than housing satisfaction. Residents' income and education were the significant socio-demographic factors that show significant relationships with housing satisfaction. Residents' home ownership, length of residence, housing types were significant housing characteristics on their satisfaction while the levels of LEED certifications (i.e., certified, silver, gold, and platinum) were not significantly related to housing satisfaction. The findings of this study suggest the importance of developing effective strategies for those who are less educated, lower income classes, renters, or multi-attached housing residents for more successful development of LEED-certified homes in the future.
Study of Countermeasures of Population Decrease in Marginal Village in Japan
Joung, Kyung-Hee ; Lee, Jae Hoon ; Kim, Byung-Ryang ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 35~43
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.035
Korea is the most rapidly aging country in the OECD countries, becoming 'an aging society' in 2010, when over 12% of the population had reached the age 65 and beyond. Along with the population aging, problems of the elderly have become a social issue. Also, the elderly population in most farming villages is increasing due to the cityward concentration of younger generation and the rapid urbanization centered around the capital area. Yet no definite success in revitalization of these villages has been reported despite the acknowledgement of the problems arising from such phenomena. Therefore, by examining "marginal villages" (communities whose joint social activities are difficult to maintain as over 50% of the population is 65 years or older) in Japan, which at this point has entered "the ultra-aged society" before Korea, this study intends to compare and analyze the countermeasure plans for the population decrease in these villages. The case study has been done with the focus on the literary references published in Japan such as papers, various reports, statistics, newspapers, and journals.
A Study on the Method of Spatial Composition by the Operation on the Cladding in the Housing Design of Adolf Loos and Hiroshi Hara
Min, Gun-Hee ; Yoon, Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.045
Adolf Loos and Hiroshi Hara are very well known for their distinctive method of spatial composition. Adolf Loos showed white silent outer facades from his strong aversion to the ornament, whereas dynamic and rich inner space by the principle called 'Raumplan' in his housing design. Hiroshi Hara, one of the most influential architects in modern Japanese architectural history, designed a series of controversial houses with radical design by his 'Yukotai Theory' and the thought of 'Reflection House'. Even they have no common in regional background or the period of their works, both similarly have shown their own focus on cladding surface as an important design language. From this point of view, this paper investigates the design method of those two architects focused on the similar points and also the differences of their approaches to cladding in housing design. In conclusion, in case of Adolf Loos, the cladding is a tool to create completely safe and pure inner space by separating from the outside. On the other hand, the cladding of Hiroshi Hara has the meaning of social ideology that individuals must follow the principles of a dominant structure, which is the reason why the cladding should be removed. However there exists something in common also. They radically denied the outer circumstances and had a firm belief that the requests from the inside living space were the more influential factors.
Life-cycle Cost Analysis of Using Rainwater Harvesting Systems in Hong Kong Residential Buildings
Gao, Xing ; Kim, Youngchul ; Lee, Hyun Woo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 53~62
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.053
This paper investigates whether the use of Rainwater Harvesting Systems (RWHSs) to provide water for washing machines in Hong Kong residential buildings would be financially attractive. In such systems, rainwater is accumulated and reused for doing laundry, garden irrigation, flushing toilets, and even drinking. Thus, the analysis of RWHSs' financial feasibility is essential for construction projects. RainCycle is used to validate financial feasibility, considering particular circumstances and data relevant to the Hong Kong context. A range of different scenarios by adjusting three factors are evaluated: catchment area, water demand, and discount rate. It is suggested that
would be a suitable catchment area in a typical Hong Kong residential building and it is demonstrated how water demand and discount rate influence the financial performance of RWHSs. In particular, the financial performance of RWHSs is sensitive to discount rates. The results suggest that the RWH system would be worthwhile for buildings with a lower number of floors, but would barely achieve financial validation in Hong Kong's super high-rise residential buildings.
A Study on the Demand Characteristics and Influence Factors Affecting Shared House in Korea
Oh, Jung ; Choi, Jung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 63~72
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.063
This study examined the special features and domestic status of the shared-house from the increasing number of single-person households, and also studied demand characteristics of the shared-house targeting young single-person household. Moreover, it found affecting factors of residential inclination on the shared-house with the binary logic model. Some of field research and interviews for the survey were conducted, and the analyzed result from this study as follows: Firstly, the domestic shared-house, introduced between the end of 2012 and early 2013, has been rapidly increased and has some features such as decreasing in housing expenses and increasing in social interaction. Secondly, the demand for shared-house by residential experience of single-person household differs according to the demographic characteristics. Thirdly, the factors that affect residential inclination of shared-house are character types, community life experience, awareness, and need for shared house.
The Relationship between Physical Environment and Mental Health of the Urban and Rural Adolescents
Lee, Sunmin ; Choi, Byungsook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 73~83
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.073
The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between the physical environment and mental health of the adolescents in urban and rural areas. This study was performed using the questionnaire survey method. The research subjects were high school students in Seoul and Jeollabuk-do rural areas. The questionnaire inquired about the housing, neighborhood, and school environments, and these contents were depended on previous studies. The survey was conducted from August 27 to September 6, 2013, and 446 data were collected. They were analyzed with the SPSS 12.0 program. The main results are as follows. 1) The urban adolescents evaluated physical environment to be better than rural adolescents. Specifically, the urban adolescents evaluated 'facility/accommodation', 'security/health', 'amenity' of the housing environment, 'disorder', 'comfortability', 'nature awareness' of the neighborhood environment, and 'noise', 'overcrowding', and 'security' of the school environment to be higher. 2) The urban adolescents' self-esteem was significantly higher than rural ones. 3) The physical environment factors, which had effects on adolescents' mental health, are different depending on the areas, and so adolescents' physical environment would be designed by the local environment conditions.
Analysis for the Effect of Housing Types on Crime - Focused on the 25 Autonomous Districts in Seoul Metropolis -
Park, Seunghoon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 85~92
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.085
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between housing types and crime and to suggest the appropriate strategies and interventions of housing policies for crime prevention. For spatial analysis of crime data, spatial autocorrelation is tested by Moran's I Test. A Ordinary Least Squares-based regression model is employed because crime data used in this study fails to show spatial autocorrelation. Results show that housing type variables except non-residential housing type are not associated with crime. Among land-use characteristics, the percentage of commercial areas is likely to better explain crime occurrence rather than housing types. It is surprising that residents' satisfaction to housing environment has a positive direction in its relationship with crime even though it cannot have a statistical significance. However, fear of crime shows a negative direction with crime although it fails to have a statistical significance. The findings of this study can contribute to understand the association between housing types and crime when setting housing policies for crime prevention.
Healing Design for Adolescent Patients and the Meaning of Home - American Adolescents' Preferences on Hospital Settings -
Kim, Eun Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 93~103
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.093
The objective of the present study is to investigate healing design attributes for adolescent patients and to identify the relationship among healing design attributes and the meaning of home. This study examined the environmental preferences of American adolescents for hospital rooms to investigate age-appropriate healing design attributes. The health-related quality of life (HRQOL) concept was adapted to this study as a theoretical framework. One hundred six American adolescents participated in the survey. Participant adolescents consisted of two groups by their health status: forty-seven adolescent patients who were waiting for their surgical operations in waiting rooms and fifty-nine healthy high school students while they were at school. Participants aged in range from 14-year to 18-year olds with a mean of 16-year olds. Data collection consisted of two different instruments: Emotional state survey with demographics and environmental preference survey. Environmental values that are important to adolescents were control of privacy, having outside view, and quiet places to go. However, staying in a single-bed room for hospitalization is ranked the lowest score for the participating adolescents. Adolescents who perceived higher stress level preferred to have quiet places to go, to control over privacy and to have outside view significantly. The study resulted that the most important design attribute for American Adolescents was "privacy control", which is the essence of the meaning of home. There are some significant discrepancies in environmental preferences of hospital rooms by different genders and different health status.
Sensibility Evaluation of Components of Middle and High-rise Apartment Facade in Aesthetic Old Town Districts of Kyoto - Extraction of Component Combinations Using Rough Set Theory -
Shon, Dong-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 105~114
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.105
Landscape zones have been designated as aesthetic old town districts across a wide range of Nakakyo-Ku and Shimokyo-Ku, city center of Kyoto, Japan. In these districts in which traditional structures and new buildings coexist, regulations of restriction on acts such as new building's heights, shapes, materials, and colors are carried out according to local governmental landscape ordinance based on Scenic Conservation Act. And yet, minimal fulfillment of the regulations according to different designer's subjective interpretation and principle of economy is rather creating abnormal shapes not harmonized with the traditional landscape. Thus, this study aims to extract combinations between form elements of middle and high rise apartment facade that affects 'harmony' and 'mismatch' in the districts by clarifying the social rules commonly implied based on intuitive judgments (sensibility evaluation) in which human experiential knowledge is involved. As research methods, the study first analyzes the form elements of the facade through a field survey, sets up a standard model through tasks of classification and segmentation and draws computer graphic images with 99 different patterns based on it. Based on these images, this study carries out sensibility evaluation and analyzes experimental data applying the rough set theory. As a result of the analysis, the combinations of form elements that affect harmony or mismatch act greatly when the colors and shapes of the pillars, positions and the patterns of the use of the first floor are combined.
Discourse Analysis on ICT and Home - From Electronic Cottage to Sharable Home -
Han, Sooyeon ; Kim, Mi Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 115~121
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.115
This paper draws the home into the stream of information and communications technology (ICT) development. Considering that homes and our home life are constantly affected by persistent change influenced by ICT, it is remarkable that ICT has been relatively neglected as an object of research in the field of housing studies. This study provides an overview of conceptual movements in ICT/home relationships and their design and social impact through a critical discourse analysis. The conceptual movements must be considered by professionals in the field of housing and built environment to stay attuned to changes in the 21st Century. Diverse debates took place in the discourse about ICT in relation to home. The stream of thought was started by futurists who saw the electronic cottage as a solution to the social problems caused by the separation of work and home life in industrial cities. ICT has now entered a new phase, with WiFi P2P networks and location-based social media that encourage sharable homes. Based on the analysis of the discourse on ICT and home, we drew from three issues related to the paradigm shifts in homes in the context of ICT development to provide future directions for housing studies: from space programming to time scheduling, from individual ownership to shared access, and from live+work dwelling to live+work+community.
A Study on the Demand and Supply of Housing due to Population and Changes in Household - On the Social Causes of the Changes in the Population Structure in the Center -
Jung, Young-Soo ; Lee, Jong-Kuk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 123~130
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.123
The decrease in the birth rate of the modern changes in population structure changed recovery households and household members. This change was seen in the furniture sector, 2010 population housing total survey data according to the types of households and household members indicate that future changes. Problems can predict the various issues raised, and to ensure that the supply of housing of the population structure and household type is not done properly and home sales take a look at home since 2000, was popular during the 2010 State. Therefore, this study is suggesting workarounds necessary adjustments due to changes in population structure, analyze news coverage of members of households with housing demand and housing as a base quantity change in the future of furniture and home situation changes, including housing demand and supply to purpose. Specify the range of Daegu-City research studies range, national statistical data and related literature, comparative analysis of time trends and derive a conclusion.
The Development of Resident-driven Operational Manual through the Evaluation of Community Programs in Apartment Complexes
Kang, Soon-Joo ; Kim, Jin-Young ; Lee, Bo-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 131~143
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.131
The purpose of this study is to develop an operation manual of resident-driven community program by evaluating community program operation to realize a sustainable apartment complex and vitalize a community. To achieve this purpose, 8 community experts, who are in charge of 42 complexes of 7 autonomous districts among 25 districts in Seoul were interviewed from September 2013 to December 2013. Main results of the study are as follows. 1) Operational problems and improvements are deduced from evaluating operation process of community programs. It is found that smooth cooperation of main operators including a community vitalization association, a resident representative meeting and a control office is the most important. 2) Operation guideline for representative programs are suggested based on analysis of operational characteristics of 3 types of community programs; communication, recycling and environment management, according to program operation elements; material element, programming element, human element and finance element. 3) An operation manual of resident-oriented community program is presented after considering evaluation of operation processes and analysis of 3 types of operational elements of community programs.
Analysis of Living Space of One Room Housing Through Plan of House
Kim, Han-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 145~153
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.145
This study analyzes the physical environments of studio-housing and suggests alternative solutions for the problems of studio-housing. Based on solving the problems of it through previous research review, the research methods are decided on-site survey and the housing floor plan analysis. The results of this study are follows. First, parking lots make passengers uncomfortable. Narrow spaces between buildings cause problems in terms of light, ventilation, and privacy. Moreover, the short of green space makes living conditions less amenable. Second, the narrow corridors of studio-housing buildings bring about bad effects on walking and privacy. The living conditions becomes worse due to the illegal remodeling. Third, even though a multi-family housing provision for low or middle-income families is a good housing policy, new design policies or interventions are needed to make residents' behavior comfortable.
Expectations on Post-college Housing and Parental Supports of Workforce Entry Preparers from Non-Capital Regions
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 155~164
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.155
The purpose of the study was to explore expectations of workforce entry preparers from non-capital regions on post-college housing and financial support from their parents. From July 26 to August 8, 2013, an on-line questionnaire survey was conducted to juniors and seniors in colleges nationwide and 692 useable responses were collected from college students who were from non-capital regions. Findings from this study are summarized as follows: (1) About 44% of the respondents expected to live apart from their parents and other relatives within two years from their college graduation and 48% of them expected to live in Seoul Metropolitan Area; (2) among those who expected to live apart from their parents and other relatives, 61% expected to be monthly renters; 75% expected to live in small-sized units such as studios; 85% expected parental support to afford post-college housing costs; (3) female respondents, younger respondents and/or respondents with a greater parent income showed more stronger expectation on parental support to afford housing costs; and (4) most respondents perceived influence of housing cost burden strong enough to affect their job choices.
A Study on Applications of Housing Interior Design Elements according to the Sensibility Type
Park, Ji-Min ; Park, En-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 3, 2014, Pages 165~179
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.3.165
The purpose of this study was to draw application elements of housing interior design according to user-oriented sensibility types. The sensibility evaluation experiments were conducted to target the general user 118 people using the sensibility evaluation tool for housing interior space. The results of the analysis were as: To produce the 'cozy' space, the colors and materials giving soft and natural feeling should be used. For the 'practical' space, type of ceiling and window that give the visually open feeling, the user-oriented furniture arrangement that allows using the space efficiently. For the 'cheerful' space, the simple and natural effects should be produced by using closed space that stable. For the 'traditional' space, the natural fishing material having rough texture should be used. For the 'unique' space, the space contained the dynamic feeling by the diagonal or vertical line and the graphic expression in the wall. For the 'congenial' emotional space, basic is the symmetric, stable and simple space. On the other hand, for the material, small size, natural texture or typical and soft materials should be used. For the 'sensuous' space, the dynamic and vertical sense of space should be expressed by the type of ceiling. The most important elements for the space of 'gorgeous' sensibility, is the color.