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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Regulatory Factors in Shaping New Towns of Malaysia
Lee, Lina ; Ju, Seo Ryeung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.001
The post-war period has witnessed the emergence of new towns in a number of countries in Southeast Asia. New town development started in Malaysia with Petaling Jaya as a satellite town in 1953 to accommodate the rapid growing population of Kuala Lumpur. New towns have been designed in accordance with the British town planning principles, based on the modern ideal city. Nonetheless, they have constituted a regional character as they have incorporated local factors such as local technologies as well as site and climatic conditions. In the shaping of the new towns in modern cities, regulatory aspects have played important roles. The regulations decide the basic framework for planning of new town, block plan and unit plan. The ultimate goal of this study is to understand the identity of the new town planning of Malaysia. As a first step, we reviewed the local regulations, standards, and design guidelines which are applicable to the new town planning from the national land use to local plans. As a result, we categorized the guidelines into four areas: urban space, site plan, street system, block plan and unit plan. We expect this study to provide the framework of the Malaysia`s new town planning from the perspective of the local regulations.
A Study on the Characteristic of Architectural Planning Elements of Child Care Support Apartment in Japan - Focused on the Cases Located in Yokohama City -
Choi, Hee-Won ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.011
The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents and assessment items in the certification criteria for Child Care Support Apartment program in Japan that is implemented mainly by local authorities with a view to provide information that could be used as reference in enhancement of the residential environment. For this purpose, the architectural planning elements for individual residence units and the public spaces of the Child Care Support Apartment Certification programs in effect in Yokohama city were identified and analyzed. In spite of the recent trends in Korea, in which the residential services are more diversified and segmented in consideration of the needs of the residents and the increased interest in child care in general, the literatures that addressed the direct relationship between childbirth and residences are scarce, and it is anticipated that the result of this study would be of contribution to provide a hint in direction for improvement of residential environment with child support programs.
A Study on the Use Status of Senior Centers for those Functional Vitalization - Focusing on the Senior Centers in Gyeongsangbuk-do Rural Areas -
Jeon, Dong-Jin ; Lee, Sang-Hong ; Kim, Young-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 19~29
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.019
The study is aimed to suggest user-oriented improvement strategies for spatial plan of senior centers that provide the elderly with leisure and welfare functions for in rural areas. Five counties with the highest ratio of the elderly of 65 or over were selected from Gyeongsangbuk-do rural areas. The study classified the senior centers into 5 types depending on their floor plan, conducted individual interviews on the representatives and users of the centers using open-end questions through one-day observation on the spot, and performed actual measurement of the floor and analysis of current use. Based on above research, the result was drawn by physical characteristics, the current use, and requirements. The study is intended to serve as preliminary data for future plan of senior centers in rural areas.
Evaluating the Relationship between Place Attachment, Residential Evaluations and Satisfaction in a Medium-sized Romanian City
Dumitru, Adina ; Garcia Mira, Ricardo ; Maricutoiu, Laurentiu ; Ilin, Corina ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 31~38
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.031
The present research aimed at researching the relationships among place attachment, residential evaluations and satisfaction in a medium-sized post-communist Romanian city. Studies on post-communist cities are scarce and this research tried to fill that gap. This research is part of a government project that intended to significantly reform three medium-sized cities in the Western part of Romania and transform the urban space. Since the three of them are relatively small-sized and close spatially, the project intends to undertake massive reforms of the communications and services of the three cities. In this article, we report findings on the city of Hunedoara. A representative random sample was selected, and a total of 384 people were interviewed, with an overall reliability of the sample of 95%. The instruments used to gather the data were the Neighbourhood Perceived Environmental Quality Scale and a composite measure of place attachment was also included. The structure of each scale was checked using exploratory factor analysis. We tested alternative causal models using structural equations modelling. Our model showed a good fit to the data and explains satisfaction in the city adequately. Results show that satisfaction is directly predicted by the general evaluation of the city and by residential privacy. Residential noise and place attachment influence satisfaction indirectly. The results are discussed and some policy recommendations are formulated.
A Basic Study on the Application of Modular Construction - Focused on the Analysis of Case Study -
Kim, Jae-Young ; Lee, Jong-Kuk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.039
This research was for the investigation and analysis of the illustration of modular construction application which is different use by each school facility since modular construction related examples are rare in domestic situation, and it has a limitation because of its being basic research material for generating the basic form of modular construction. The research results are as followings. First, in case of school facility from illustration investigation results, module measurement of class modulation is as similar as
, but in resident facility the planning of more flexible plane shape can be possible since modules of 6 cases are free and various, and facade form of various types can be appeared by combination of module unit. Second, as a result of the generated characteristics in compared analysis of representative examples, school facilities were highly indicated for movability and duration reduction areas, and the flexibility, economic efficiency, and environment-friendliness was indicated low relatively. Third, the basic planning types of modular construction can be largely divided into layered type, horizontal (straightway) type, and compound type. The layered type has a short traffic line and facility system and is appropriate for the low-rise form unless separate construction method is used since it is susceptible to load. The horizontal type is advantageous for securing an opening since it has wide extent in light but has a long traffic line and facility system. Finally, the compound type can be possible for planning of various forms but needs the combination of various unit modules and traffic line and facility plan for it can be difficult.
A Study on the Preference of the Small House according to Social Relationship
Shin, Hwa-Kyoung ; Jo, In-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 47~57
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.047
The purpose of the study was to find out the preference of small house as the social relations of university students. The data for the analysis were collected through questionnaire survey method from September 24 to October 12, 2012, and the sample consisted of 283 students of the university in Seoul. The social relationship has been surveyed using modified life-style indicators. The community spaces and equipment in the small house has been divided into 21 community spaces and 3 equipments. The characteristics of small house preference were consisted of the residential comments, residence time, resident partner, house size, considered factors of the residence and small house ownership. The finding of this study were as following: 1) The social relationship of respondents were typed as the type of relationship oriented (oriented family, oriented friends and neighbors) and type of non-relationship oriented. The social relationship of respondents were the type of relationship oriented. 2) The respondents are willing to live in small houses, to live with 1-2 people and after work. When living in small house, they consider public transport accessibility and ease of use amenities. But neighbor relationship is not considered. 3) They are preferred security office, administrative office, home storage, parks and green space.
A Study on Extraction of Useful Information from Big dataset of Multi-attributes - Focus on Single Household in Seoul -
Choi, Jung-Min ; Kim, Kun-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 59~72
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.059
This study proposes a data-mining analysis method for examining variable multi-attribute big-data, which is considered to be more applicable in social science using a Correspondence Analysis of variables obtained by AIC model selection. The proposed method was applied on the Seoul Survey from 2005 to 2010 in order to extract interesting rules or patterns on characteristics of single household. The results found as follows. Firstly, this paper illustrated that the proposed method is efficiently able to apply on a big dataset of huge categorical multi attributes variables. Secondly, as a result of Seoul Survey analysis, it has been found that the more dissatisfied with residential environment the higher tendency of residential mobility in single household. Thirdly, it turned out that there are three types of single households based on the characteristics of their demographic characteristics, and it was different from recognition of home and partner of counselling by the three types of single households. Fourthly, this paper extracted eight significant variables with a spatial aggregated dataset which are highly correlated to the ratio of occupancy of single household in 25 Seoul Municipals, and to conclude, it investigated the relation between spatial distribution of single households and their demographic statistics based on the six divided groups obtained by Cluster Analysis.
A Study on Home Improvement Policy for the Vulnerable Families - Focused on Jeonnam Area -
Lee, Jae-Hong ; Cheon, Deuk-Youm ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 73~82
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.073
This study is to grasp the vulnerable families selected by the laws and qualification criteria on housing reformation and repair project of the Ministry of Land, Transportation and Maritime Affairs, the procedures of housing improvement projects, and the roles of superintendents, focusing on rural living and housing environment improvement. After the regional characters, housing style and structure of the recipients (the selected vulnerable families), and construction companies were closely examined by items and year, the results and problems of housing reformation and repair were diagnosed, compared and analyzed. On the basis of the results, the overall guidelines and directions of housing environment improvement for vulnerable families were suggested. Hopefully, these suggestions will be helpful for the kind of project in the future.
The Characteristics of Spatial Configuration of Activity Areas in Classrooms According to the Types of Daily Routine in Child-Care Centers in South Korea
Park, Jung-A ; Choi, Mock Wha ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 83~91
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.083
The purpose of this study is to clarify the characteristics between the type of daily routine and spatial configuration of activity areas in classroom and provide alternatives for space planning of activity areas in classroom of child-care centers. This study used the content analysis on daily activity plan and floor plans through field survey. Analysis on floor plans was conducted for 35 classrooms in 9 child-care centers which allowed field survey. The results of this study were as follows; There was no significant difference for classroom size according to the type of daily routine in 3 to 5-year-old classrooms. The average size of classrooms was
for care oriented type,
for indoor activity oriented type and
for group activity oriented type. There was no significant difference in composition of activity areas in classrooms according to the type of daily routine. In case of 0 to 2-year-old classrooms, they were composed of 6 activity areas including gross-motor, role play, block building, language, creative expression, exploration/manipulation. Activity area of the most low frequency was gross-motor area. In case of 3 to 5-year-old classrooms, most classrooms were composed of all the 7 activity areas including art, tone and rhythmic, block building, role play, language, math and science. Most accessible and central areas in 0 to 2-year-old classrooms were gross-motor and role play. Also, most separate areas were exploration/manipulation and block building. Most accessible and central areas in 3 to 5-year-old classroom were art and math. Also, most separate areas were tone and rhythmic and science.
Residential Mobility and Housing Preference of Daegu Metropolitan City
Im, Jun-Hong ; Kim, Han-Soo ; Song, Heung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.093
The purpose of this study, analyzing the primary factors for residential mobility and housing preference of Daegu citizens, is to provide a basic data for future housing policies. The results are as follows: First, 32.1% of Daegu citizens have intention of residential mobility. Especially the residents in central (50.0%), southern (59.0%) and western Daegu showed more intention than those in other districts. Second, we used the GLMM (Generalized Linear Mixed Models) to analyze the main factors for residential mobility. The results are as follows; 1) the residents who have lower housing satisfaction with the type of housing, parking, and educational environment, 2) those who are male and younger, 3) those who live in rented house have more intention of housing mobility. Third, based on the analysis on the preference change of the type of housing, the preference of the apartments is getting higher, while that of the detached houses is getting lower (past: 40.1%
future: 66.7%). 28.8% of the respondents (444) expressed intention to live in the public rental houses, in case they are provided in the areas they are moving to. Fourth, when we analyzed the size of the houses they actually lived in and that of the houses they prefer to live in case of moving, we found that in general they tend to move in smaller housing than in the past. The results of the analysis showed that in order to minimize the possible moving away from the current residential areas due to the dissatisfaction with the housing environment, in the first place the improvement in the quality of the houses, parking and education environment is needed.
Types and Characteristics in Design of Public Buildings in Korean Traditional Styles - Based on the Examples in Gwangju Metrorolitan City and South Jeolla Province, Korea -
Cho, Sung-Ho ; Kim, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 101~110
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.101
This study is to suggest design types and to identify design characteristics of traditional style public buildings. Since the types of such buildings became very diverse recently, proper classification criteria is essential for future design and evaluation. The demand for such buildings is continuously increasing, but the types of design is very varied; thus it seems important to identify the present design conditions, and to be able to suggest desirable directions for better designs. The research analyzes 31 examples of public buildings in Gwangju Metropolitan City and South Jeolla Province, where there are large number of traditional style public buildings than anywhere else in Korea, and tried to analyzed site plan, elevation, space, details and organizes Design types. This study can help to roughly identify the problems of existing design as well as to suggest improvements in the future design.
A Comparative Study of Housing Consciousness and Space Usage between Korean and Chinese College Students
Ju, Seo Ryeung ; Kim, Do Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 111~123
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.111
Housing can be defined as the vessel containing human life and each country has considerably different form and culture of it. This study aims to understand the society`s common cultural values of house selection, decision making, an various housing issues. Consequently, applying a multidisciplinary approach, this project seeks to explore the correlations between people and housing, and between society and housing, to better understand the thought and culture of the housing residents. In order for doing it, adopting cultural value of housing as a tool, a comparative cultural study of housing values in East Asia starting from Korea and China will be conducted. Through such a comparative cultural study, it will be ultimately possible to grasp the locality and uniqueness of specific cultures with more clarity. A survey using questionnaire was conducted on 126 Korean Students and 145 Chinese students who are studying at K University in Seoul on a random sampling basis. The results of survey are as follow. Both Korean and Chinese college students gave higher values on neighborhood environment, convenience of transportation, privacy and safety, and to be given a higher value. On the other hand, they gave lower values on the symbolism of social status. Korean university college students gave higher considerations in the list of
than Chinese. Chinese college students gave higher consideration in the list of
than Koreans. Even though this study has some limitations in generalizing the findings, we can understand the identity of Koreans and Chinese through the comparative study.
Participation in Common Activities and Satisfaction with Common Space - In a Tentative Framework of Housing Adjustment for Swedish Cohousing Residents -
Choi, Jungshin ; Cho, Jaesoon ; Suh, Kueesook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 4, 2014, Pages 125~133
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.4.125
The purpose of this study was to find the role of participation in common activities and satisfaction with common space in a tentative housing adjustment framework for Swedish cohousing residents, applying the housing adjustment behavior model of Morris and Winter (1978, 1996). The data used for this research were a subset of data Choi and Paulsson (2011) surveyed from 12 Swedish cohousing units. Number of 216 cases whose age was 40 and over were selected and analyzed with Pearson correlations and hierarchical linear regressions by SPSS. The regression analyses included four main concepts as endogenous variables, which were participation in common activities, satisfaction with common space, overall life satisfaction, and intention to move out. The results showed that participation in common activities raised satisfaction with common space and overall life satisfaction but reduced intention to move out. Meanwhile, satisfaction with common space diminished intention to move out but did not impact overall life satisfaction. When overall life satisfaction was added to the final regression model, the direct impacts of security reasons, participation in common activities, and satisfaction with common space on intention to move out disappeared. It may be concluded that participation in common activities and satisfaction with common space acted as intervening variables in the tentative cohousing adjustment framework. Even though this study leaves further research on specifying the framework, it may be noteworthy as a first attempt that explains the flow of main concepts. This study may broaden the possibility of empirical studies to develop an analytical path model of housing adjustment for cohousing residents.