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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Dwelling Needs of Residents Interested in Urban Cohousing
Park, Hye-Sun ; Ha, Mi-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.001
The purpose of this study is to gain an in-depth understand of the dwelling needs of residents who are interested in Cohousing. To do this, we interviewed 18 urban residents who wanted a community life; investigated consciousness of neighbor relationships; and analyzed their consciousness of Cohousing residences, preference types, and spatial needs. At first the research has revealed that the neighbor relationships of the participants were not very close and that there was a difference in awareness levels between a `good neighbor` and `strange neighbor` with regard to neighbors, though all of the participants required a vitalization of these relationships. Second, Cohousing residence types could be divided into the `life preferred type` and `space preferred type`, depending on the differences of pursued dwelling interests. These could be further segmented into the `leisure life preferred type` and `daily life preferred type`, `public space preferred type` and `individual space preferred type`. Thirdly, preferences for Cohousing types varied depending on differences in priority with regard to important concepts of the social-physical environment (e.g., community property, effectiveness, naturalness, economic feasibility, and individuality). Finally, we found that the greatest needs were for public gardens and exercise space as aspects of the common spaces. Agreements pertaining to special use were considered as most important during the design process of the common spaces.
Studies about Housing Problems Perceived by Residents in Traditional Houses in Suzhou, China
Cui, Erfei ; Choi, Byungsook ; Jiang, Lili ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.011
This study is to explore the housing problems and environment conditions perceived by residents in traditional houses in Suzhou, China. The empirical data is based on a questionnaire survey, which were from 100 residents in traditional area in Gusu area of Suzhou. In order to understand the traditional houses, on-the-spot investigation and literature review methods are adapted in this study. The main findings are as follows. Firstly, most of residents are middle-aged or older people, and their income is not high. Secondly, there are almost no cases of organizing independent workroom and storage room in their housing. Moreover, the main problems are mildew, theft, rats and cockroaches, etc. Finally, the satisfaction with the internal housing environment was appeared reasonable, but the external environment is unsatisfactory. Therefore, the external environment should be more considered in the Chinese traditional housing policy.
Street Environment Improvement Plan Resulting from the Functional Transition of Residential Area - Focused on the land reallocation project in the 1970`s of the Metropolitan City of Daegu -
Kim, Han-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.019
This study aims to derive street design alternative which can be applied to residential area as the functions of land use have been changed. The main findings are as follows; First, the study area in this research is on the process of the functional transition from full residential use to residential-commercial mixed use with cafes and restaurants. Second, dead-end streets in residential areas needs to be widened in order to meet the increasing needs of pedestrians and cars. One of the suggested strategies is to remove fences on the dead-end streets. Third, based on the main findings, this research can suggest following policies. Citizen participation is necessary in building land use plans and space design in old residential areas. Citizens can participate in architectural and landscape contracts, district-unit plan with the help of experts such as urban planners and architects.
Perception on Social Mix of Managers and Residents in the Mixed Housing Complexes for Sale and Rental Apartment
Lee, Soomin ; Kim, Youngjoo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 27~37
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.027
The purpose of this study was to identify the perception on social mix of managers and residents in the mixed housing complexes for sale and rental apartment. For the research purpose, concept and background of social mix, relevant policies, preceding research trend of social mix were organized through the literature analysis. In addition, observation study was executed to examine physical aspects of three selected sites as research subjects. Also, current state and awareness for social mix were conducted by using in-depth interview with 6 managers and 30 residents in selected areas with semi-structured questionnaires from June 3 to 7, 2013. The results of the study are as following: In the aspect of management, managers said that the biggest issue of mix-housing complex was dualization of management subject such as delegate of residents and tenants. Therefore, legislation which is suitable for unique features of mix-housing complex is required. To decrease disharmony between condominium and rental apartment, controlling the distribution ratio between condominium and rental apartment can be a good way. Accommodating middle class in mixed-housing complex is considered to reduce the social gap. Socially, multilateral and continuous effort through government, industry and academic area is required to inspire positive awareness on social mix among residents in mixed housing complex.
The Influences of Apartment Complex Characteristics on Housing Price by Hierarchical Linear Model
Hong, Keong-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 39~47
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.039
The background of this study is to examine the structure of housing price of which characteristics are not equal but hierarchical in the apartment complexes. So, the purpose of this study is to analyze the influences of apartment complex characteristics on the housing price within the same regional boundary by HLM. The data used as dependent variables were the market prices of 938 units from 29 apartment complexes by stratified sampling. The 2nd level independent variables is the Housing complex characteristics which are composed of the housing complex & locational variables and the 1st level independent variables are the unit characteristics. The results are as follows. First, the first model shows that the 2nd level variables explains 68% of the housing prices. Second, the influential variables of the 1st level unit variable are `dwelling exclusive area`, `floor of dwelling` and `direction of dwelling`. Third, the influential variables of the housing complex variables in the 2nd level are `lot area`, `the building-to-land ratio`, `the number of unit`, `the number of parking lots per unit`, `Green space area` and `open space area per unit`. The last, the influential variables of the housing locational variables in the 2nd level are `distance to subway and park` and the number of school and park within a radius of 1km.
A Study on the Physical Characteristics of the Selection of Location in Yangdong Village
Kim, Nan-A ; Jang, Suk-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 49~56
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.049
In this study, there is a purpose of using the GIS DB built in DEM, by analyzing the physical characteristics of the building site Yangdong village, to determine the spatial structure of the village. In order to understand the targeted spatial structure of Yangdong Village, the building site was analyzed separately by type and position. Through analysis it is clear the selection of building site relates to the slope and aspect that aquires the most solar radiation in Yangdong Village. This study shows that the amount of solar radiation in the terrain is unfavorable in parts of the village because slope and elevation affect the selection of the building site. That is, this village is confirmed to be influenced by solar radiation, according to slope and elevation, based on how the Yangdong Village is configured. And, while overcoming the adverse conditions to make the most, the village is formed according to the natural environmental conditions.
A Comparative Study on the Architectural Characteristics of Gunjajeong and Gyejeong
Jang, Sun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.057
With regard to the pavilion buildings of Imcheonggak Gunjajeong and Donglakdang Gyejeong that are located within residential areas, this study focused on the construction background, the building owner`s circumstances and the location environment of these buildings, and attempted to derive the architectural characteristics presented by these two pavilion buildings and, through this, to grasp the architect`s intention of plan. The results of this study are as follows. With regard to Gunjajeong, it could be confirmed that, first, it is located in a propitious site and took the composition that follows the family ritual standards for the family rituals of the scholar-gentry class and opens to visitor access, and second, the floor height of the site and interior space was designed so that Munpilbong on the south and the Sarangchae on the west, and the Sadang on the east can be connected visually, and third, the authority and dignity of the head family were built through the symmetric 丁-shaped plane figure, the wide partition module, the form-centered building, and the hierarchical composition of the roof. On the other hand, with regard to Gyejeong, it could be confirmed that, first, it is located along the stream of Jagye valley that has no mountains in the front and in the back and took the composition that put the name symbolizing Taoist thoughts on the surrounding natural environment and was closed to visitor access but opens to nature, and second, with Jagye and Jagye surroundings as the main landscape, it built the concept of intended landscape that symbolizes the Taoist thoughts by giving names not only simply to the visible objects but also to surrounding rocks, and third, the asymmetric ㄱ-shaped plane composed a yard-centered space rather than emphasizing the shape, and connected the part of the plane with Jagye so as to be embodied as a personal inner self-perfecting place that closely communicates only with nature away from the mundane world.
A Study on the Analysis of Project Implementations at Public Design - Improving Project for Public Design in Daegu, Dongseong Street -
Lee, Jong-Kuk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.067
Dongseong-ro public design was reformed for a short time to be short of connection and riffle effect of another project and to have limitation on long term and integrated development, so that systematic plan from beginning of the project was needed to produce synergy effects. The purpose of the study was to investigate reformation of Dongseong-ro public design and to check on existing development project again and to take actions against future projects in advance and to reexamine and make long term plan from point of view of development of downtown. This study investigated reformation of Dongseong-ro public design of Junggucheong office of Daegu that was done from May 2007 to December 2010. The study consisted of purpose of the project, scope, time, the committee of promotion, questionnaire survey, residents` participation and follow up to suggest reformation based on questionnaire survey. This study had limitation of investigation into internal materials of `Dongseong-ro public design reformation`s master planning service` of Junggucheong office of Daegu. Further studies were needed to investigate empirically.
Analysis of the Social Relationship of Apartment Community Residents` Participation - Focused on Residents in Seoul City -
Kim, Hae-Sook ; Jeong, Bok-Hwan ; Lee, Jae-Seoung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 75~84
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.075
The purpose of this study was to identify a direction for increase of resident participation by analyzing the social relations of resident participation. In the research method, the method of statistical analysis was added to the legal institutional method. As a result, the following findings were obtained: First, it is very important that the resident representative meeting at the center of the participation of the resident organization should take the role in and responsibility for the promotion of participation. Second, it is necessary to have smooth communication with voluntary groups such as women`s association or club forming the coordinating group. Third, Among other things, it is judged that residents should have an active will to participate and practice in order to promote their participation in the apartment community. The above results imply that participation should be promoted by enabling residents to perform four functions of resident participation. Accordingly, the promotion of participation based on the function of participation is very necessary and important.
Impact on Settlement Consciousness from Regeneration of Park and Green Space at Deteriorated Residential Area in Busan
Kim, Myo-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 85~92
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.085
The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact on settlement consciousness from the physical change and community development accomplished by the regeneration of a park and green space in a deteriorated residential area. The case study was a park that altered the landscape of a ruined hill in Busan. Two field investigations were performed to determine the condition of before and after the making of the park. A survey was also conducted, the frequency and means were calculated, and multiple regression analysis was performed. The results show, first, the physical regeneration increased the vitality of the place and assisted in the improvement of the community, particularly in satisfaction and attachment to residence, and in the settlement consciousness. Second, the identity of the resident was improved by the regeneration, and they approved of the transformation of an abandoned space into a usable place. Third, the settlement consciousness was significantly reinforced by making the physical environment into valuable space and improving the image of the residential area.
A Case Study on the Physical Environment Characteristics in Interior Space of Community Child Center - Focused on the Cases in Gwang-ju -
Kim, Mi-Young ; Moon, Jeong-Min ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.093
Community child center is the facility of the highest number of children in child welfare facilities. But plan for the physical environment is not considered importantly because of insufficient finance. However impact of the physical environment in growing children is very closely related in terms of the emotional as well as a functional perspective. Therefore, it is necessary to understand current physical environment and to seek to find alternative methods that can be resolved space matters. As a basic study for this, in the present study we compare and integrate the design principles of child care facility guidelines. And we set up a framework of analysis to derive the design principles that are required in the target area. It is possible to analyze the environmental characteristics of community child center located in Gwang-ju from this framework, to obtain the flowing results. First, draw items are formation of inner direction, provide of environmental supportability, flexibility of use, healthy space. It can be understood that the emotional aspects and physical aspects should be considered comprehensively. Second, as a result of the case analysis, planning elements consideration of the functional aspects appeared high fulfillment rate generally. Planning elements of low fill rate ascertain result from the process take advantage of the narrow space and it was possible to ascertain the study for flexible utilization of space is not. As a result, in order to improve the problems of the target space, increasing the functionality is necessary and also requires consideration of sensitivity of the user`s face.
Study on the Space in Works of Mies Van der Rohe in Terms of Text - Focused on Tugendhat, Hubbe House and Barcelona Pavilion -
Yook, Ok-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 101~109
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.101
It was early in the
century when the space was begun to say through the mutual circumstances of form and contents. Adrian Forty explained that the characteristics of space can be divided into three steps by the period: a space of enclosure, a space as continuum and a space as an extension of the body. And there is common condition that all three spaces are accompanied by the form. In the new thinking of architectural form in terms of text in modern society, architecture becomes to more complex to understanding. Saying that there is nothing outside text (Il n`y a rien en dehors du text.) in the world, Jacques Derrida insisted the world to be texted and not to be special centrality, where can be existed by difference and delay its meaning. Text is the structural meaning (sign), not a metaphorical one (symbol). Without the symbol, the architecture can be recognized as text with signing to the form. For that, there is a question how can be explained the space in terms of text extracting the meaning and the symbol. Absolutely not intended by Mies van der Rohe, but in his works of houses and pavilion, its characteristics and traces of text can be seen. If it is possible to analyse his works in the textual view, space of Mies will be found in the same direction of text. And it will be an important opportunity to re-evaluate the space of Mies works standing in the heart of Modern Architecture.
The Characteristic of Decoration in Indonesian Traditional House - Focused Javanese Hous -
Kim, Do-Yeon ; Ju, Seo Ryeung ; Oh, Hye-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 111~121
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.111
The purpose of the study is to understand the unique characteristics of decoration style in traditional Javanese houses. Reviewing literature and visiting site were applied as the research method. Javanese House can be divided into three parts; roof, wall and floor. First, the roof of the traditional Javanese House is the most unique and important decorative element. The roofs are covered with roof-tiles and have clay carving ornaments on top. Usually there are no ceilings, just exposed to the oblique shape roof, which are made of wood to enable air ventilation. Joglo roof is the outstanding and representative roof type of Javanese houses. There is artistic and constructive roof structure named as tumpang sari in Joglo roof. The decoration on tumpang sari is the most colorful and symbolic ornaments. Secondly, the most unique element in the wall is the gebyok. Gebyok is made of wood and full of carved ornament, which has an artistic appearance, and also important function. The top part of doors are designed as perforated woodcarving, which give both aesthetic and ventilation purposes. Last, the stratified floor is begin with ground yard, then veranda that made from hardened clay, and main room constituted with a wood scaffold to provide air circulation and remove the humidity of the ground. The decorations of the column stand (umpak) are unique, where usually lotus flower is carved into black stone or lime stone. The outside of the buildings in Java Houses is not decorated by colors or symbols, whereas colors are only used in temples, pavilion or in royal housings. Instead they have carvings and decorations on important structural elements such as columns and beams inside. The ornaments and colors of decorations symbolize their god, ancestors and piece.
A Study on the Development of Senior Shared House for the Elderly Living Alone
Yeom, Hye-Shil ; Kwon, Oh-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 123~132
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.123
Proportion of senior population living alone in South Korea has exceeded over 20.2% in 2012, and it is anticipated that the proportion would increase every year. Poverty rate of seniors living alone in Korea is also anticipated to increase the highest rate (76.6%) among OECD countries. In particular, seniors lacking family support are having greater difficulty and isolated due to high housing costs and housing instability. Therefore, they need a new housing alternatives for considering their economical difficulty and lacking family and social support. This study attempted to examine possibility to develop a new housing alternatives for Korean seniors, especially living urban area. For this purpose, this study identified the attitudes and preference for a new house alternatives(Senior Shared House) by Korean seniors living alone. The key findings of this study were as follows: 1) Eighty-five percent of seniors participated in this study responded the senior shared house was needed. 2) It should be developed by utilizing or renovating and renting out existing housing in city areas. 3) Pre-residence checklist can be developed to connect and match prospect residents. 4) Professional workforce (e.g. housing welfare professional) is absolutely necessary to perform the role of coordinator understanding the various characteristics of the seniors, and their living requirements. Recommendations and directions for future development of senior shared house were suggested.
The Changes of Adjacent Residential Area after the Restoration of Covered Urban Streams
Kim, Jun-Yeong ; Yang, Woo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 25, issue 6, 2014, Pages 133~146
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2014.25.6.133
This study aims to analyze the changes of adjacent residential area after the restoration of covered urban streams in seoul. The changes of adjacent residential area after restoration were analyzed by changes of land using, urban structure, individual lot of land and architecture to investigate relationship of the urban stream and residential change. The result as follows: the first one is the change of land use and urban structure in adjacent residential area. This change of infrastructure through stream restoration has transformed land use and urban structure in adjacent residential area. Secondly, there is the changes of the individual lot of land. It seemed that new development by combined lots would be concentrated in stream-side blocks. But, the changes of lots such as combining or dividing lots tend to be concentrated in stream-side, main road and main streets. In stream-side, commercial function of land use has changed to residential one which has restored streams landscape by transformation of lots use without changes of ownership-lots. Finally, there is the change of architecture. It turned out new building in adjacent residential area is similar to general development. However, new building in streamside is related to direction of stream. In addition, remodeling and expansion tend to change in commercial buildings on stream-side bridges of corner lots intensively. As a result, it is related to expectation of architectural activation and improvement of sidewalk environment by stream restoration.