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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Comparison Study of the Green Building Certification Systems for Multifamily Housing between South Korea and Hong Kong
Kim, Sung-Hwa ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ; Kim, Min-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.001
In line with the recent public concern on the environmental issues in building industry, there has been a rise in demand for a healthy, sustainable housing environment in South Korea. In order to achieve a healthy environment in residential buildings, considerable efforts have been made in a wide range of sectors. Among others, the development of the certification schemes to promote environment-friendly planning and building construction is remarkable. In urban South Korea, recently built houses tend to be significantly high-rise, high-density buildings. Global warming has brought about drastic climate change and continued to increase the average annual temperature year by year. These changes should be well reflected on the government's implementation of the building environmental assessment system. For guidance, therefore, this study looks to the case of Hong Kong which is well known for high-density housing development and subtropical climate conditions. It compares the features of the green building certification schemes for newly developed multifamily housing in two regions, namely HK-BEAM in Hong Kong and G-SEED in South Korea. Based on the findings, it argues that the G-SEED implementor should have expanded roles in providing training programs and follow-up services in collaboration with the certification authorities. It is also argued that G-SEED professionals should be involved in the early stages of design processes, and training programs and licence systems to produce green building professionals should be developed. Finally, it points out that the assessment indicators should be more detailed and diversified.
The Relationship of Spatial Characteristics and Social Functions of Elderly Center in Apartment Complex
Yang, Sehwa ; Ryu, Hyunjoo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.011
The purpose of this research is to analyze the relationships between spatial characteristics and social functions of elderly center in apartment complex. The data for the analysis were collected from July 3 to 13, 2012 in Ulsan by interviewing 177 elderly persons from 56 elderly centers in apartment complex, and were analyzed with descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and multiple regression analysis. The eleven questions for social functions of elderly center were developed by the researchers based on the related literatures and were categorized into four factors including kinship, social interaction, leisure activity, and community belonging. The social functions of elderly center were found to be evaluated moderately appropriate except for the community belonging. The results of the multiple regression analysis of total social functions of elderly center provide strong support for the model. Five variables (one-person household, health condition, location of the center, floor plan of the center, and user organization) are shown to be significantly related to total social functions of the elderly center.
A Field Study of Supportive Housing 'The Christopher' in New York, USA
Lee, Yeunsook ; Park, Jae-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 19~30
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.019
As the number of homeless is increasing, there have been worries for social burden and social insecurity, along with crisis in human dignity. The purpose of this research is to identify characteristics of a Supportive Housing (SH) project which is considered best practice in dealing with homeless problem. A field visit walk through observation and in-depth interview was utilized as the main research method. As results, overall management, spatial and service characteristics were delineated, and its meaning and uniqueness were discussed, as well as, comparison with Korean conditions. In conclusion, the characteristics of the Supportive Housing were more realistically revealed through a current field case to inspire to explore housing for Korea. Besides current concerns were linked and implication to Korean adaptation was suggested. This study is unique in that SH of USA is firstly introduced in such details.
A Field Study of 「Toronto Birth Centre」 in the Perspective of a Public Service Strategy Coping with Low Birth-rate
Lee, Yeunsook ; Park, Jiyoung ; Kim, Hyunjung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 31~41
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.031
Korea has shown the lowest birth rate among OECD countries for over 10 years. This caused various social tensions and problems including negative impacts on national economy. To deal with these problems and to cope with future risk, diverse strategies must be actively explored. The purpose of this research is to delineate the characteristics of Toronto Birth Centre in Canada which was established currently to support families. Field visit study was the major methodology which includes interview with a staff and walk-through guided observation accompanied by visual recording. As a result, the specific functions and the logic of utilizing the center along with its spatial characteristics were delineated. The result has significant implication in developing coping strategies to release the social tension. The birth center can be an efficient strategy to include as a public strategy to Korean Society who has suffered from long lasting lowest birth rate.
A Case Study on the Planning Characteristic and It's Application of Container Architecture in Europe
Kim, Mi-Kyoung ; Mun, Young-A ; Han, Su-Ji ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 43~51
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.043
The purpose of this study was to analyze the planning characteristics and it's application of container architecture as case study. Field survey was used to analyze the spatial planning characteristics in terms of development outline, appearance, exterior, floor plan and interior of eight famous cases in Berlin, Hamburg, Hannover, Amsterdam and Paris of Europe. The results of this study were as follows; Firstly, good examples of container architectures such as student housing, social service center, temporary medical facility and cruise terminal in Europe suggested the potential of domestic applicability in various purposes and development. Secondly, various types of freight container, building container and module frame system should be developed with their reprocessing environment. Thirdly, it is necessary for us to develop ISO type(20~40ft) container and standard plan with interior and storage design reflecting demands of residents. Finally, the use of container module will be an environmental-friendly alternative for its modularity and reusability, so it should be used as it is without severe deformation. The development of environmental friendly energy sources such as hydro and solar power is necessary for domestic container architecture as well. The container design should include the use of high quality of exterior finishing materials and the plan of aesthetical color planning to make the building a local landmark.
Analysis of Place Attachment and Trust in Residential Community - Developing Strategies for the Revitalization of Intimacy Zone -
Lee, Jong Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.053
Community is crucial for human beings not only because they are born with communal self but also because social cooperation is more efficient than competition in many cases. Human beings are defined as Homo communicus living in residential community which is important for the fulfillment of their primary needs. Residential community is an 'intimacy zone' where personal and emotional interactions are made. This study aims at examining the health of residential community in Korea by exploring the level of place attachment and neighborhood trust. Previous studies indicate that place attachment and trust are influenced by three dimensions such as residents' characteristics, house types and regional environment. This study conducted a nationwide questionnaire survey and it shows that place attachment moulds neighborhood trust. The results of path analysis demonstrates that place attachment and trust appear high in detached house areas. Age of residents also gives positive influence on the level of place attachment and neighbourhood trust. This result gives significant policy implications for the development of residential community in Korea. Residential community as an intimacy zone has been eroded and desperately needs to be revitalized. For this, more concern should be given to the issue of desirable size of residential community and the types of houses. Detached house area must be supported by governmental policies.
A Study on Expanding Participation in and Raising Awareness of the Green Parking Project for Improvement of Parking Conditions in Urban Residential Areas
Kim, Myo-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 61~70
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.061
The purpose of this study was to provide information on how to expend participation in and raise awareness of the Green Parking Project. A survey was conducted for this study among two groups. One group consisted of 38 residents of the Green Parking Zone in Nam-gu, Ulsan, and the other group consised 129 residents with no experience with the Green Parking Project. For analysis, the frequency and means were calculated, and t-test, analysis of variance, and chi-square test were performed. The results showed, first, that general residents tended to think that parking on the street in front of one's house is a divine right, while residents living the Green Parking Zone thought that the street is a public space. Second, general residents regarded fences as means of security to protect their private property, while people living in the Green Parking Zone tended to think of their yards as semi-private spaces and allowed access to neighbors. Third, general residents had concerns about maintenance and administration fees, noise and dust, security of houses, and privacy. However, residents of the Green Parking Zone evaluated those conditions positively. Fourth, people who were well-informed about the Green Parking Project had low anxiety about security and invasion of privacy, results from the project. Therefore, effective public relations are very important for expanding participation and raising awareness.
Housing Costs of Beginning-stage Career Young Renters in Seoul Metropolitan Area
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 71~79
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.071
This study was aimed to explore housing costs and housing cost burdens of early-career young renter households in Seoul Metropolitan area. Between March 10 and April 24, 2014, an online questionnaire survey was conducted to young professionals in Seoul Metropolitan area living apart from their parents. Among the responses collected, this study analyzed 476 useable responses from renter households. Major findings were as follows: (1) Jeon-se renters' deposit was average 2.24 times their annual income; deposit of monthly renters with deposit was average 6.7 times their monthly income and their monthly rent was 18.6 percent of their monthly income; and monthly rent of monthly renters without deposit was about 23 percent of their monthly income; (2) thirty percent of the respondents were found to have housing cost burden paying 25 percent or more of their income for rental costs; and (3) about 55 percent received parental supports to pay current housing costs. The study findings implies that it is critical to extend provision of affordable housing units with small or no deposit for beginning-stage professionals.
Comparisons of Young Renter Households' Housing Situation by Locations Reflected in the 2012 Korea Housing Survey
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 81~90
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.081
The purpose of this study was to investigate housing characteristics of young renter households by locations using licensed microdata of the 2012 Korea Housing Survey. There were 1,020,216 renter households (weighted count) headed by persons between 20 and 34 years of age, and their housing characteristics were compared statistically across their residential locations (Capital Region, metropolitan cities, other areas). Major findings are as follows: (1) Capital Region young renters had the worst housing quality to have the greatest proportion of households living in units failed to meet national minimum housing standards, and/or in basement or semi-basement units; (2) Capital Region young renters had the greatest proportion of households that had housing cost burdens; and (3) 37.3% of young renter households in metropolitan areas and 33.5% in Capital Region were found to receive family support in order to afford current rental costs.
Case Analysis on Problems of the Elderly Using Kitchens by Ergonomic Work Evaluation Methods
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Cho, Jae-Kyung ; Ahn, Joung-Sun ; Lee, Jin-Kwang ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 91~98
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.091
The purposes of this study are to analyze the problems of the elderly using kitchens by ergonomic work evaluation methods, and to make suggestions for planning and remodeling of the kitchens for the elderly. The work evaluation methods which used in this study were direct-observing methods, which contained the process of 2 or 3 times each visiting to four different houses where elderly people live. For direct-observing methods, analyzing with movement observations and observation methods with photos and videos were used. Characteristics of subject elderly people and problems of their kitchens were analyzed by static measurements, interviews, pictures, and videos. The data, which are recorded movements of the preparing meal of the elderly were analyzed by playing it back repeatedly. As results, physical characteristics of the elderly was the most important consideration; a participant with the arthritical knee was limping at the kitchen entrance due to the difference of the floor level, and a user with a bent back was working on the floor or place an elbow on the worktable to support her body. Those results made a conclusion about the common problems of the kitchens, and suggested the check list which has to be considered when designing the elderly using kitchen.
A Basic Study on Urban Regeneration in Gwangju-City Using GIS
Lee, Min-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 99~107
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.099
The purpose of this study is to present an appropriate approach to urban regeneration by analyzing Gwangju Metropolitan City. For the study, residential area of Asia Culture Complex was analyzed based on GIS. The areas concerned were categorized and looked into by their Situation based on the analysis of urban infrastructure state. However, as the architectural space within a city are limited, and accurate assessment of them is needed. The residential areas have the following characteristics. They become an aging and dilapidating residential and socially underprivileged-concentrated area. It is necessary to set up a direction for a future-oriented planning for the development of these areas. Along with a decreasing population, it is important to improve the urban architecture environment for the elderly in an aging society. The economic growth of a city if necessary for the future. Therefore, the criteria for the assessment is required. And the subsequent setting-up and planning of a future direction for a city is badly needed. After that, an accurate assessment of a city called for. City space allows for various interpretations. As the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer, a wealth is concentrated on one district or an area.
Generational Divides of Household Wealth and Propensity to Invest in Housing Asset - Baby-boomers and Eco-boomers in the Seoul Metropolitan Area -
Lee, Hyunjeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 109~118
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.109
The purpose of this research is to examine generational distinctions of housing investment and household wealth for two different age cohorts - 'baby-boomers' and 'eco-boomers'. In so doing, national survey data of two different periods were analyzed and the primary results are summarized as follows; aggregate assets of both generations have risen, and the rising household debt for baby-boomers was related to loans for living expenses while eco-boomer's debt was ascribed to home-buying loans. In the midst of economic slowdown, the age cohorts had conservative asset allocation in preference for risk-averting investment like savings. The main purpose of saving and investment was distinctive across the groups? retirement for baby-boomers and home purchase for eco-boomers. Both groups prioritized reduction of household liabilities and also were cautious on investing in real estate. Still home-buying was considered to be an important driver for asset accumulation. While baby-boomers were unwilling to dispose any form of owned real estate, eco-boomers found it challenging to take on a long-term investment like home-buying, especially in economic uncertainties. Rather the young generation would diversify asset allocation with better-returning investment commodities like stocks, bonds and derivatives.
The Exploratory Study for Development and Planning of Korean Style University-based Continuing Care Retirement Communities - With Focused on Case Study in Midwest area of USA -
Kim, Mi Hee ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 119~128
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.119
This study aimed to develop Korean types of the university-based continuing care retirement community. CCRCs (Continuing care retirement communities), where senior residents are guaranteed to get continuous cares without moving out even under their deteriorating health condition, has been identified as the appropriate residences that can accommodate aging-in-place needs. Aging-in-place may be ideal for the increasing senior population and older households. Recently in the United States, as many retirees looked for intellectually and physically active environments that also offer intergenerational programs, university-based retirement communities (UBRCs) became popular and their number reached 60 campuses nationwide. This numbers is expected to grow significantly over the next two decades. We conducted case studies that targeted two representative UBRCs and identified four categories of main features. They were general characteristics, architectural features, services or programs, and management system. This study result highlighted key features of the UBRCs that can be the foundation for the future UBRCs development in Korea.
Analysis of Roles and Responsibilities of Housing Welfare Professionals in Fields
Choi, Byungsook ; Kwon, Oh Jung ; Yang, Sehwa ; Eun, Nan Soon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 129~137
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.129
The study aimed to analyze roles and responsibilities of housing welfare professionals in fields in order to provide directions of the Housing Welfare Professional Certificate program operated by the Korean Housing Association. In October 2013, a series of interviews were performed to five housing welfare professionals in local governments, public enterprises and private organizations in order to explore field cases. Additionally, administrative works related to housing welfare were explored based on information from local government websites. It was found that roles and responsibilities of housing welfare professionals included a wide range of works such as provisions and management of public rental housing, housing counseling, investment and analysis of residential environment, exploring resources, education, and improvement of poor-condition housing and urban environment. In order for more efficient and effective provisions of housing welfare services, it was suggested to improve housing welfare service delivery systems and to make clear definition of job ranges, and knowledges and experiences required to be housing welfare professionals.
A Study of a Shared Housing and Planning Criteria - Focusing on the Domestic Implications and Institutional Analysis of Foreign Shared Housings -
Kim, Do Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 1, 2015, Pages 139~150
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.1.139
The number of 1 or 2 households is rapidly increasing due to the participants of women in the working society, the increment of unmarried men, and the change in family structure. The current housing market and the housing administration focuses more on the bigger number of households so that single person households are being neglected. As more individuals move to the capital, living in the city for a single person household has become very difficult. Sharing has become an important aspect among the society and shared housings have hit the minds of single person households as a new way of living. Comprehensive properties, boarding houses, housings for studying (Go-Si-Won), and officetels match the ideas of shared housings. The absent of clear standards on private rooms and shared facilities is making the living very challenging. This study aim to understand foreign (England, Australia, and Japan) institutional characteristics for shared housings to build foundations in order to bring in shared housings into Korea. The residential concept can not be applied to shared housings in Korea directly since the idea of living is different for each nation and its cultural distinctions. However, a clear classification and standards on shared housings depending on the size of the house and number of residents are needed alongside with an index of principles and residential criteria.