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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Intention to Move, Reasons for Considering Moving, and Future Housing Preferences of Senior Residents Living in Multifamily Housing in the United States
Kwon, Hyun Joo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.001
This study identifies intention to move, reasons for moving and housing preferences of US residents 55 and older living in non-subsidized and market-rate multifamily housing in the United States. Data were collected using an on-line survey; mixed methods were used for data analysis (N=431). Results show that more than half of the respondents intend to move. Senior residents who were younger than average age of the respondents, not married, renters, had no elevator, and reported lower residential satisfaction with their housing unit, multifamily housing community and local area were more likely to intend to move. Seven reasons for considering moving were found: finance, health, lifecycle stage, housing unit, multifamily housing community, other. When asked about their future housing, more than 80% desired independent living rather than assisted living facilities or nursing homes, 40% wanted to live in multifamily housing, and 51% hoped to own their housing rather than renting. The findings offer meaningful information to the multifamily housing industry in the United States and in countries where the population is aging and where multifamily housing is the predominant housing type.
A Study on the Market Segmentation of Accessible Housing for the Elderly Using Conjoint Analysis
Lee, So-Young ; Kim, Ji-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 11~21
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.011
Due to the mass production of housing in Korea, homogeneous current housing may fail to represent residents' preferences, especially for the elderly. The purpose of this study is to identify the preferred properties of consumers for accessible housing and to examine whether cluster analysis can identify groups of residents with similar accessible housing preferences. Using a conjoint method, prospective users can jointly consider all accessible attributes, with cost attributes suggested by this study. Four categories (accessibility, safety, convenience, cost), 7 attributes (clear width, level difference, installation of grab bars, installation of elevators: only for single house type, non slippery floor materials, safety alarms, service control devices, cost) and 2 levels for each attribute were chosen. A total of 374 questionnaires were collected through a questionnaire survey method. This study employed ratings-based Conjoint analysis and the respondents ranked each card, which consisted of a set of accessible housing attributes. The data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0. The findings of this study have identified 3-4 clusters for each housing sub market. Each cluster has a different combination of socio-demographic characteristics and residential characteristics, and showed the relative importance or preference values for each accessible attribute of the segmentation. For the single housing, one group of people strongly preferred installation of elevator. The results suggested that better customization of housing could be more appealing to the different clusters of residents, providing accessible housing with cost limitations.
Analysis on Characteristics and Related Factors of Indoor Air Quality in Newly Built Wooden Houses
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Lee, Jae-Kyung ; Cha, Ye-Rang ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 23~32
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.023
The purpose of this research is to analyze characteristics and related factors of IAQ (Indoor Air Quality) in newly built wooden houses by measuring pre and post occupancy. The subjects were five wooden houses which were built with similar materials and completed from July to December 2013. Measuring factors were TVOC, HCHO, PM10,
, CO, indoor temperature, and relative humidity. As the result of pre occupancy measuring, the houses that revealed the lowest TVOC concentration or HCHO concentration were satisfied with "the standard for newly built apartment houses". Therefore, IAQ by the wooden structures is considered to be in good condition. However, in cases of partial value exceeded the standard, the reason is analyzed to be the materials of molding, wrapping doors, built-in closet, or kitchen furniture, etc. rather than structure materials. Most PM10 concentration level showed slightly below "the standard for occupied multi-use facilities". Remaining of construction dust was considered to be the reason. As the result of post occupancy measuring, every value except of one subject's TVOC concentration was lower than pre occupancy, explaining the importance of natural ventilation.
The Characteristics and Implications of Rental Housing 'Manhattan Plaza' for Socially Vulnerable People in New York
Lee, Yeunsook ; Ko, Jiyeong ; Park, Jaehyun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 33~44
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.033
The fast and competitive urbanization has accelerated unbalanced land utilization and housing, thereby producing large number of decaying areas and socially disadvantaged population, while generally promoted citizen's quality of life. Since rental housing policy, therefore, has emerged as a major important issue to solve these ever increasing problems, new concepts in leading examples need to be explored to stimulate creative ideas for future housing improvement. The purpose of this research is to extract successful factors of a leading rental housing 'Manhattan Plaza' in New York city, expecting useful implications for housing improvement in Korea. Field visit and in-depth interview for data collection and qualitative approach for analysis were carried out. As results, its successful sustainability and fame were found to be attributable to following concepts, such as, socially integrative mix of diverse residents, residents' participation in management, privacy respect administration, considerate planning and design features of physical environment. The latter, especially, were prominent in peripheral spaces, indoor and outdoor community spaces, and private spaces. Based on the results, suggestions were made for future Korean rental housing development.
A Study on Universal Design Guidelines for the Korean Apartment Housing Units - Focused on Modelhouses in Busan -
Shin, Eun-Gyeong ; Park, Soobeen ; Kim, Hye-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 45~53
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.045
The concept of universal design has become an essential requirement for environmental design, due to the growing population of the aged, and the increasing needs of people with disabilities. This study aims to propose a universal design guideline for apartment housing units that can be adapted to both a general household and a household with elderly or disabled individuals. This design process encompasses literary reviews, and includes the measurements of the dimensions and facilities of currently available apartment housing. The three domestic universal guidelines were reviewed, and a universal design checklist for apartment housing units was developed. Afterward, the individual elements and inclusive factors of universal design, for apartment housing units, were collected and examined according to the each functional space within the home. The results and conclusions are as follows: 1) The factors of universal design are diversified by the division of the functional spaces within the home, such as the private space, the work space and the entertaining space. 2) Due to the lack of space and storage, wheelchairs cannot be used in most currently available apartment types; this problem can be resolved by applying flexibility and optional adaptation. The solutions for the above are additional design factors that will enable more convenient usage and elaborate design.
Visualization of the Comparison between Airborne Dust Concentration Data of Indoor Rooms on a Building Model
Lee, Sangik ; Lee, Jin-Kook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.055
The international concern on the inhalable fine dust is continuing to increase. In addition to the toxic properties of the fine dust itself, it can be more dangerous than other environmental factors since the dust pollution is hard to be detected by human sense. Although the information on outdoor air condition can be acquired easily, the indoor dust concentration is another problem because the indoor air condition is influenced by the architectural environment and human activity. It means occupants may be exposed to indoor dust pollution over a long period without being aware. Therefore the indoor dust concentration should be measured separately and visualized as an intuitive information. By visualizing, the indoor dust concentration in each space can be recognized practically in compare with the degree of pollution in adjacent spaces. Besides the visualization outcome can be used as base data for related research such as an analysis of the relation between indoor dust concentration and architectural environment. Meanwhile, with the development of network and micro sensing devices, it became possible to collect wide range of indoor environment data. In this regards, this paper suggests a system for visualization of indoor dust concentration and demonstrates it on an actual space.
Analysis on the Types and Characters of Alley in Seochon District in Seoul
Suh, Kuee-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 63~73
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.063
'Alley' is the community space as the fundamental living space for local residents and also it's the space which characterize the local community. Research is needed to rediscover the value of alleys which are disappearing due to urban planning. This research focuses on Seochon (current Saejong village) alleys and classify the types of alleys where residential density is seen. Further, this research aims the analysis of dwellings which use the alleys and the characteristics of the layout of alleys. Followings are the research results; 1) Major classifications are 'through alleys' and 'dead end alleys' and there is higher ratio for dead end alleys. 2) Majority of Seochon alleys have the width of more than 1.5 m and less than 3.6 m. 3) There are four types of alleys and straight alleys are most common. 4) Various type of alleys can be found where the width is wider. 5) In case of dead end alleys, there is a tendency of both sides layout rather than one side layout of dwellings. 6) Clusters of hanok can be found at Chebu-dong, Tongin-dong, Nuha-dong and Tongui-dong whereas modern dwellings and villas are more common in Nusang-dong and Ogin-dong. This research analyzes the current status of Seochon alleys and rediscover the value of alleys. This research also provides and presents the basic data materials for continuous sustainable method to keep alleys which characterize the local area.
A Basic Study on the Variability of Indoor Spaces for Local Children's Centers - Focused on the Analysis of Design Guideline -
Kim, Mi-Young ; Moon, Jeong-Min ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 75~82
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.075
Although the government has revised the child welfare act, institutionalized the establishment of local children's centers, and given financial support for them, there are a number of problems with respect to their operation. Specifically, one of main problems is their limited space. Diverse problems that go with the arrangement of limited space and usability have occurred, however there are only a few strategies to use limited space flexibly. This study assumed variability as one of the methods to solve spatial problems. As a basic research for the assumption, Analyzing the variable method and characteristics of domestic and foreign child-care facility guidelines was performed trying to take advantage of as a basic data in order to seek a variable scheme of local children centers' indoor space. For this purpose, study analysed the methods and characteristics of variability centering on aspects related to variability which are environmental design elements required by local children's centers as suggested in previous studies. The results are as follows. First, the variability of space should be planned according to activity and time, and consider the methods of division, storage, and other facilities necessary. Second, methods of variability in space can be classified into creating areas and structures that are variable. Third, as a result of analysing the environmental design elements required by local children's centers, this study discovered the following characteristics: multi-purpose usability through a combination of variable devices, transition through a variable space medium and setting up areas and expansion of indoor variability assuming usability through internal and external connections.
A Study on Ernst May's Cognition of the Working Class and the Rationalization in the Housing of the New Frankfurt Initiative
Kim, Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 83~94
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.083
Ernst May and the New Frankfurt Initiative are well known for the urban planning and the Housings in Frankfurt a. M. Their works tend to be underestimated because of some factors such as modest attitude toward modernism design vocabulary, short period that their programs lasts, and modification/recession of project in actual construction. So, This study aims to build up the relations related to Housing, such as situation of post World War I in German Society and Frankfurt, May's cognition on the working class, and realization of rationalization as a major tools of the modernity. Ernst May considered the working class with bipolar standpoint. Ernst May and His team considered working class and those families not only as object of relief but also as potential 'modern citizens' to be disciplined; he sympathize poor conditions of working class while discriminating them by their labor charge. Acceptance of Socially Disadvantaged group in construction were also proceeded in means of recession of cost. Even Ernst May and his team did not achieved the goals that they thought they could, their Siedlung and house designs articulated the sense of modernity, which presented in rationalization with highly practical manner. Those are realized in 3 directions; respectful considerations for existing traditional factors, application of extendable logics of physical/social hygiene, and reflection of issues with standardization and mass production.
Improvement of Outdoor Spaces for the Children's Safety in Public Rental Housing
Min, Young Hee ; Ha, Mi-Kyoung ; Byun, Gi-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 95~104
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.095
Public rental housing in Korea has been initially provided for residential stability of low-income household focusing on solving quantitative insufficiency since 1980s. In the process of early stage of designing and planning public rental housing, qualitative aspects of considering children were not primary concern. This study aims to analyze the priority of environmental improvement of outdoor spaces for children's safety in public rental housing. First, literature review was performed in the reference of local residential safety guidelines, Universal Design, and CPTED guidelines. In each guidelines, common safety planning factors for children were extracted within different types of outdoor spaces. Second, based on literature analysis, residents evaluated importance and satisfaction level by different safety types, outdoor space type, and environmental planning factors. In results, residents evaluated high importance and showed low satisfaction for crime and traffic safety. Through IPA, facilities and parking space was evaluated where improvement is needed for the first priority, and planning factors were mostly concerned with surveillance and safety management system. Result shows general concern of public rental housing residents, about weak facility management and security system, and about socially isolated environment which heightened the fear of crime safety. Overall, poor maintenance of the complex environment and decrepit facilities are constantly raising risk of safety accidents especially for children. Considering residents' concern, environmental improvement should be considered in perspective of not only physical repair, but also facility management and security system.
Residents' Community Characteristics of a Rural Area with Active Community - Case Study of Hongdong, Chungcheongnam-do -
Jung, JiIn ; Park, KyoungOk ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 105~118
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.105
The purpose of this study was to give a suggestion for vitalizing rural area's community, with respect to the components of community; 'locality' and 'communality'. The survey was conducted at Hondong, Hodongseong-gun, Chungcheongnam-do, which was a representative area for active rural area community. For the survey, we interviewed an activist on the village in November
, 2014, and let 81 residents fill the questionnaires during March
, 2015. Major findings were as follows. 1) As for the 'locality' factor, the motives of residents' immigration were influenced by the availability of facilities for agriculture education, living, and convenience in the area. Most of residents recognized that the area comprises their own community facility area and expanded area with concentrated facilities of 'li', minimal adminstration unit. It means that their usage pattern of community facilities influences their conceptions of the village. 2) As for the 'communality' factor, original residents and immigrant back-to-farm residents showed different pattern in communicating with neighbors and community facility usages. Residents communicated with neighbors by meeting up or using the concentrated facilities in Gatgol, and visited the Balmak library frequently. Residents' sense of belonging was high with mean 4.16 point of 5.0 in Likert scale.
An Analysis of University-Based Retirement Communities' Architectural and Managerial Features - With a Focus on Two Cases in the United States -
Kim, Mi-Hee ; Kim, Suk-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 4, 2015, Pages 119~127
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.4.119
Many researchers addressed a strong need for providing diverse senior housing options to accommodate different demands from the growing senior population in Korea. One option can be the university-based retirement community (UBRC) which is linked to the adjacent universities and offers various physical, educational, and recreational programs for residents. The primary purpose of this study was to identify major features of the UBRC in terms of development, management, level of college participation, and types of care services for senior residents and to suggest future implementation directions in Korea. Two cases from the United States were selected and investigated to accomplish this goal. Main features of the UBRC were identified as follows: The university linked to each subject community was strongly involved in the development process. Their original residents were mainly recruited from university retirees. The strong university involvement became diminished as the retirement communities got settled down. This study analyzed these architectural, managerial, and development features and suggested future implication directions of university-based retirement communities in Korea.