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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Plan for the Recycled Use of Temporary Housing applied 3R Concept
Kim, Eun-Young ; Wang, Woo-Chul ; Lim, Seok-Ho ; Hwang, Eun-Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.001
In South Korea, a certain number of temporary housings are pre-produced and stored in a warehouse, which are later relocated and installed in the areas damaged by disasters. Through the supply of temporary housings upon the occurrence of a disaster, disaster victims are able to rapidly go back to their everyday lives, and the social confusion formed after the occurrence of a disaster is reduced. Although temporary housings can be used for various purposes, they are currently being used only for helping disaster victims and are thus facing the difficulty of continuing technology development due to their low marketability. To increase the use of temporary housings, this study was conducted to formulate a plan for the recycled use of temporary housings in non-disaster situations. This study intended to open wide the possibility of operating temporary housings regardless of the type, period, and scale of the disaster, and to propose a plan for the reuse of temporary housings in non-disaster situations.
A Comparison of the Differences in Amenities at the Housing Complex between Regular Multi-family Housing and Urbanistic Housing for Improving Residential Quality of the Urbanistic Housing
Lee, Eunjoo ; Lee, Sang Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 9~18
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.009
This research was aimed at finding clues of improving residential quality of the Urbanistic Housing which was introduced for the small household of 1-2 residents. It was the communal amenities in multi-family housing complexes that this research concentrated on. Therefore 20 Urbanistic Housing complexes and 11 regular multi-family housing complexes were chosen as the subjects, and all of them were constructed in same period of date and composed of similar number of household units. Compared varieties and design programs of the communal amenities in Urbanistic Housing complexes to those in regular multi-family housing complexes, there were noticeable differences that far less various communal amenities and bland layouts in Urbanistic Housing complexes than in regular multi-family housing complexes. To become a quality residence, it is necessary that Urbanistic Housing are also required to provide certain level of communal amenities, not as much as regular housing for regular household but much more than Quasi-housing, the minimum residence. And it should be ensured by the legal system to make it more practical.
U. S. Fair Housing Amendments Act (FHAA) and Home Accessibility - Comparison of before and after the FHAA -
Kwon, Hyun Joo ; Hwang, Eunju ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.019
This study examined whether the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 (FHAA) in the US provides more home accessibility features and reduces the home accessibility problems of senior residents with physical disability. The 2011 American Housing Survey data with a sample of 2,326 senior residents age 55 and over with physical disability and living in multifamily housing built between 1970 and 2011 were analyzed. We compared senior residents living in multifamily before (1970-1990) and after (1991-2011) the FHAA. The results show that senior residents living in multifamily housing before the FHAA were at a greater disadvantage because they were more likely to live in older buildings located in urban areas, yet paid lower rent and received government subsidies. This study confirmed that the FHAA enabled residents of multifamily housing to have more home accessibility features. However, there was no significant difference in perceived home accessibility problems between the two groups, indicating that senior residents in multifamily housing have experienced home accessibility problems both before and after the FHAA. This study has important implications for housing policy makers to consider home accessibility features for multifamily housing buildings before the FHAA, and to revisit if the FHAA sufficiently compensates physical disability of senior resident living in multifamily housing after the FHAA.
Housing Satisfaction of 55+ Single-Person Householders in U.S. Urban Communities
Lee, Sung-Jin ; Ahn, Mira ; Kwon, Hyun Joo ; Kim, Suk-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 27~35
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.027
This study aims to analyze the housing satisfaction of 55 years and older (55+) single-person householders in U.S. urban communities with the 2011 American Housing Survey Data. Single-person householders younger than 55 years of age (55-) were used as a reference group. Housing Adjustment Theory was used to develop a research framework to depict the relationships of housing satisfaction (dependent variable) with demographic and housing variables (independent variables). The regression analysis revealed that age, health status, government income, race, gender, age of house, housing quality, neighborhood, structure type, and tenure status had a significant effect on housing satisfaction levels of both those aged 55- and 55+. However, for the cohort of 55+, education, census region, housing affordability, and structure size also affected their housing satisfaction. Neighborhood satisfaction had the strongest effect on housing satisfaction of both groups. These variables were discussed in terms of resources and constraints contributing to their housing satisfaction. This study highlights the present and future housing trends and challenges of U.S. single householders in U.S. urban communities.
Seniors Perception on Age-Friendly Aspects in Jeju Island, South Korea - Urban vs Rural -
Hwang, Eunju ; Lee, Seo-yeon ; Koh, Seung-Hahn ; Brossoie, Nancy ; Beamish, Julia ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 37~44
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.037
The purpose of this study was to compare urban and rural seniors` perceptions on the eight aspects of the World Health Organization Age-Friendly Cities (AFC) initiative on Jeju Island, South Korea. Face-to-face interviews using structured questionnaires were administered to 497 persons aged 65+ living on Jeju Island. Findings suggested that urban and rural held significantly different perceptions on five aspects of AFC (outdoor space and buildings, housing, civic participation and employment, community support and health services, and respect and social inclusion). Predictors of overall AFC score for all participants included age and living in a single-family home. Among urban dwellers, monthly household income and length of residence predicted AFC score while among rural seniors, predictors of AFC included educational attainment. To make communities more age-friendly, perspectives of older residents should be sought, shared, and reflected in policy and different strategies and priorities should be developed specific to urban and rural areas.
A Development of the Construction Manual for the Prefabricated Temporary Housing in Subway Stations
Kim, Eun Young ; Jang, Soon Gak ; Hwang, Eun Kyoung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.045
Following natural disasters, there is a need to develop temporary housing through the rapid installation of mass-produced prefabricated housing. This study has developed a model construction manual for prefabricated temporary housing installable in underground spaces. First, the temporary housing prototype was drawn based on opinion poll results from earlier studies.
was calculated as the basic unit of the temporary housing living space for one person. Units included panel type, box type and mixed-type, for a variety of field conditions and scales. In order to enable space expansion and movement desirable to the user, the prototype was combination of panel and box types. The drawn prototype was utilized as the basic design template for producing prototypes and for the manual. Second, the possibility of utilizing subway stations as temporary housing was verified through the production of the prototype, and the construction process was summarized in the manual. The manual was developed in the form of a checklist to provide a guideline for users to build with prefab materials.
Elderly Group Homes in Korea - How They are Operated and What Needs to Be Done to Promote Them? -
Jee, Eun-Young ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.053
This study is aimed at identifying and evaluating the current operating model of elderly group homes in Korea, which were introduced with the amendment to the Welfare of the Aged Act in 2008, based on a survey of 25 managers of such homes. There are several key themes identified in the evaluation of their operation in terms of human resources, service, space and finance. The number of employees at the homes complied with the applicable law, with the majority having more employees than the minimum legal requirement for the care of residents. A wide variety of service programs were offered for residents. Typically located within detached houses purchased on the first floor, the homes varied in size from 73 square meters to 560 square meters, with each having a distinctly residence-like atmosphere. The greatest challenge such homes face was a shortage of financial resources. Many struggled to operate because they have no other source of revenue than payments from residents. Consequently, to help promote elderly group homes, there needs to be state-level support for the view that providing assistance for self-sufficient elders can save social costs in the long run by delaying their transition to a physical state requiring constant nursing.
A Study of Institutional Improvement and Its Effects about Practical Use of Community Space in Public Rental Housing Complex
Park, Jung-Eun ; Lee, Hyo-Won ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 61~70
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.061
According to "The regulations regarding the residential construction standards", residents` common spaces are restricted by the standards on building facilities. In a typical apartment complex, residents` communal facilities are represented by a children`s playground, a elderly social station, and a management office. However, these residents` communal facilities do not reflect residents` composition characteristics. Multidisciplinary research and experimentation to enable the community of housing complex are being actively conducted. In these situation, we observed institutional improvement about installing standard of community space, and analysed the tendency. The purpose of this study is to propose practical institutions to review the institutional improvement. We conducted a case study where was renovated the community space according to the new standard. As a results, the installing standard of the community space has changed in the direction to increase the autonomy of resident. These results raise the practical performance of the community space, and it has the effect of increasing the satisfaction of the residential environment. The results of this study suggest an alternative to the institutional aspects and planning aspects for community activation in housing complex.
External Environment Analysis of Target Countries for Overseas Expansion of Long-life Housing
Chung, Joonsoo ; Lee, Bora ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 71~78
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.071
Currently, the Korean construction industry is shifting its interest to the overseas construction market because of a stagnating domestic market. In the meantime, the international housing construction market is expanding with respect to new city development projects that are supported by population growth and urban migration. Despite the Korean construction industry`s expertise in new city development, technology, and systems for apartment supply, the share of Korean players in the international housing construction market is continuously decreasing. As a measure to overcome this situation, the authors of this study considered the paper "The Development of a Cost Effective, Long-life Housing Model and Construction of Testbed," which is currently in progress as a part of national project. Through literature review and interviews with experts, the authors determined that there are "column+minimum interior (infill)" apartments that are similar to the long-life housing in some areas of China, Southeast Asia, and Russia. Candidate countries expected to be feasible for the entry of long-life housing were selected by determining the top countries that have already entered the long-life housing market and analyzing those selections through additional specific techniques. The external environments of the selected countries were also analyzed. Please refer to the full paper for details.
Low-income Households` Experiences and Perception of Home Energy Cost Burdens in Cheongju, South Korea
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 79~87
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.079
This study explored low-income households` experiences and perception of home energy cost burdens and determinants of the perceived home energy cost burdens. Between March and July 2014, a questionnaire survey was administered in Cheongju, South Korea. Among the 434 useable responses collected, responses from 218 households with monthly income less than 2,500,000 Korean Won (KRW) were compared with those of 216 households with higher incomes. The main findings are as follows. In the past three years, more than 10 percent of low-income households had had their electricity cut off; 5.7 percent had had their city gas cut off. To pay for their home energy expenses, nearly 70 percent of the low-income households had had to limit their heating, cooling or spending for other necessities; 38.3 percent had to borrow money. Low-income households reported more problems paying for home energy than higher-income households did. Households with more negative evaluation of rainwater leak, no one staying at home all day, monthly income less than 1,500,000 KRW and householders in their 40s and 50s tended to perceive a heavier home energy cost burden. Finally, the most popular support programs were fuel assistance and discounts on energy bills.
Housing Archetype Characterization for Developing the Energy-Efficient Retrofit Strategy in the Great Lakes Region
Kim, Suk-Kyung ; Mrozowski, Tim ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 89~96
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.089
This project was conducted as part of the Building America program that proposed the overall mission to achieve 30-50% reduction in existing building energy use. The purposes of this project were to analyze architectural styles and features named as archetypes of existing homes within the Great Lakes regions that include Michigan and identify the dominant type that would offer significant potential for energy-efficient retrofit. Housing archetypes were analyzed according to vintage, style, and construction characteristics in two target cities within the region. The findings from an intensive case study targeting the City of Ann Arbor established a fundamental framework for characterizing local housing archetypes and determined the dominant housing archetype that needed energy-efficient retrofit. An extended case study then conducted in Grand Rapids additionally refined this framework for the future application. This paper explained the process and data collection method to develop the framework that can be utilized by other researchers to determine the target housing types for energy-retrofit research.
A Study on the Floating House for New Resilient Living
Moon, Changho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 97~104
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.097
This paper aims to discuss the concept of resilience in floating housing, to investigate the resilient features of floating houses & to review the possibility of floating housing as a new form of resilient living, and to suggest some reference ideas for the planning and design of floating housing projects. Resilient features of the floating house can be summarized as the buoyant characteristics for natural disasters, the easy employment & potential use of renewable and nearly self-sufficient energy systems in locations subject to limited energy sources, the movability, mobility, long life, water recycle system, prefabrication and modular construction with the potential for reduced environmental impact. Additional benefits include the potential for a peaceful and comfortable atmosphere due to direct connections with nature, good relationship with neighbors, a solid social spirit of unity, and sense of security. Considering the resilient features of floating house at a time of serious climate change requires a new paradigm, and floating/amphibious/floatable housing has great possibility as a new form of resilient living.
A Comparative Study on the Laws regulating Multi-family Housing Amenities for Single or 2 resident Household in Korea, Japan and UK
Lee, Eunjoo ; Lee, Sang Ho ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 105~112
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.105
This research was aimed at finding clues of improving residential quality of the Urbanistic Housing which was introduced for the small household of 1-2 residents. It was the laws on communal amenity in multi-family housing that this research concentrated on. Looking into the multi-family housing standards for small household of Korea, Japan and UK, Japanese One-room housing Ordinance of Tokyo-do laid stress on avoiding conflict among residents and getting people mixed together. And UK`s concentrated on every individual rooms inside HMO and suggested certain level of qualified life through the careful standards. On the other hand, Korea`s just suggested minimum housing with unit households and nearly no amenity except for parking lots. There should be more than a physical space with some area which satisfies basic physiological needs in a residence. To become a quality residence filled with relationship, it is necessary that Urbanistic Housing are also required to provide communal amenities, not as much as regular housing for regular household but much more than Quasi-housing, the minimum residence. And it should be ensured by the legal system to make it more effective.
Integration System of Several Housing Improvement Programs for Low-Income with Housing Benefit Reorganization
Moon, Hyogon ; Paik, Hae Sun ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 113~121
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.113
Several housing improvement programs for low-income have done by Ministry of Health & Welfare, Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Ministry of Security and Public Administration, Ministry of Environment, and Ministry of Land, infrastructure and Transport up to now. Each program practiced separately based on each agency`s function and territory, but there are also negative opinion on beneficiary duplication, beneficiary omission, and the inefficient execution of the government budget. This study analyzes the housing improvement programs of each agency on the aspects of coordination, and suggests the integration system with coordination and delivery system. We selected 3 indexes such as similarity, integration effect and availability for integration system and analyzed the effects of integrated programs into one based on cost, repair effect and management. We proposed that the similar housing improvement programs of each agency should be coordinated for integration. But it is not easy to integrate similar programs into one program, therefore similar programs which support the house owner are needed to integrate into housing benefit except same beneficiary who owned own house.
A Study on the Change of the Apartment Unit Plan in National Housing - Focused on Institutional and Social Changes -
Choi, Kwon-Jong ; Jihn, Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 123~131
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.123
The purpose of this study is to suggest an optimum guide line of the unit plan design in national housing (less than
of exclusive floor area in a dwelling unit). The unit plan of apartment have been improved diversely for the residents, and the family members per household have been decreased for decades comparing with the past. In contrast, the living space per household has been increased steadily, it is because of the improvement of the living standard. The unit plan have been improved from 2-bay corridor access type and 2~3 and 4-bay staircase type. In december 2005, the balcony was permitted to be used as exclusive living area without the increase of the original living area by law. So the apartment residents have been able to use more spacious area exclusively in a dwelling unit. On the other hand, the legalization on permitting balcony area into a exclusive area resulted in a distorted wide and enlarged plan only for the business profit improvement lately. The living environment has been changed differently unlike at the time of the legislation of the national housing. The family member per household has been decreased and the related law and the institution has also been changed. Moreover It has passed 40 years since the legislation of national housing (
). So, The size of national housing should be reviewed according to the current trend in terms of the decrease of household and the utilization of balcony area.
Analysis of Residential Environment Satisfaction and Residential Preference in Daegu Downtown
Song, Heung-Soo ; Im, Jun-Hong ; Kim, Han-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 133~141
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.133
As an empirical study on Daegu Downtown showing decentralization phenomenon, the purpose of this study is, based on the residential satisfaction research targeting the Downtown residents, to analyze the residential environment satisfaction and residential preference. Considering the parameters of measurement, we used the Ordered Logit Model and Logistic Regression. The results are as follows: First, the comprehensive residential environment satisfaction is relatively lower than that in 2008 and the residential preference in Downtown is similar to that of the past. Second, among the 7 factors that constitute the Downtown residential environment, the house, the landscape, and the security have a relatively large influence on the comprehensive residential environment satisfaction. Third, the residential environment factors which affect those who are hoping continuous Downtown residence are the safety, the house and the complex.
The Usage Characteristics and the Spatial and Social Psychology Role of Open Spaces in Urban Neighborhoods of Gyeongsan
Kim, Myo-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 143~152
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.143
The purpose of this study was to analyze the usage characteristics and the role of spatial and social psychology of open spaces in urban neighborhoods. The survey for this study was conducted on 318 residents in Gyungsan. For analysis, the frequencies and means were calculated, the chi-square test, t-test, and analysis of variance were performed. Survey results revealed that, first, not only the preferred open space type but also the usage characteristics by gender were different. The tendency for males was to visit open spaces to exercise and to stay for longer than one hour. However, the females visited open spaces to care for their children and meet friends or neighbors. They also visited more often than males but stayed for a shorter time. Second, females tended to consider the open space as a place for rest and leisure. Females valued the social psychology aspects of the open space function. Third, regarding the spacial role of open space in urban neighborhoods, study participants believed that the waterside parks improve the quality of life, but were concerned for the safety of children. Considering the social psychology role of open spaces, study participants regarded the waterside parks as improving emotional health. Particularly, they believed the waterside parks played a greater role in daily life as a place for meeting, resting, and leisure than other open space types such as playground, children`s parks, and sport parks.
A Research on the Idea of Public and Private Spaces and the Spatial Composition of Le Corbusier`s Multi-Family Housing Projects
Park, Eun-Jeong ; Sohn, Sei-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 26, issue 5, 2015, Pages 153~161
DOI : 10.6107/JKHA.2015.26.5.153
The purpose of this study is to understand Le Corbusier`s idea of public and private spaces, and the hierarchical spatial structure in his multi-family housings. It investigates the origin of Le Corbusier`s ideology about the public and private spaces in his multi-family housing projects. Precedents those influenced his ideas are two: first, Fourier`s ideal community model
; second, Monastery of Ema near Florence. In both cases, private and public spaces and intermediate spaces were in clear hierarchy and also in harmony. Le Corbusier focused on the interplay of individual and collective life. This study analyzed the spatial composition of Le Corbusier`s three multi-family housing models. They are Immeubles-Villas of Ville contemporaine pour 3 millions d`habitants (1922), Immeubles-Villas at Pavillion of l`Esprit Nouveau (1925), Unite d`habitation at Marseille (1945). The three projects are different according to size and periodical characteristics. However, they followed his basic principle for spatial composition about multy-family housing. His `method of harmony for public and private space` is as follows: first, the securing of clear personal space; second, the importance of the intermediate space; Third, the essential understanding of communal space. Through this study, it was reaffirmed that the `multi-family housing is a space where individuals and the whole co-exist`.