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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean housing association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Sep 1992
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 1992
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A Comparative Study on the Ritual Space in the Korean Traditional Dwelling House - Focused on the Ritual Space of Shamanism and Confucianism -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 1~11
Dwelling house is not only simple shelter but the space involves symbolic feature of myth, religion and ritual. Through this study, compared the Shamanistic ritual space with that of Confucianism in the traditional dwelling houses in korea. The results are as follows: 1) Generally, the symbolism of 'Enthusiasm of Universe' and 'Central Idea' are similar, but 'the object of worship', 'the content of ritual' and 'background' are different. The Shamanistic ritual space is 'Sacred space'. and that of Confucialism is 'respect Space'. 2) As the character of space, Shamanistic ritual space is 'articulated space' and have tendency to seperate from the world. On the other hand, Confucion ritual space is integrated space and have tendency to extend by the feature and scale of the ritual. 3) Examing the supervisor of ritual, woman(housewife) is the center of shamanistic ritual space and man(house holder) is the center of Confucion ritual space.
An Experimental Study on the Spatial Effects of Colours - with relevance to colours of ceilings , walls and floors in living rooms -
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 13~19
The purpose of this study is to grasp spatial effects of colours in interior design. The visual feeling in the 1/10 living room scale models that are different in the colour combination of ceilings, walls and floors is judged using a semantic scale of the fifteen adjectives. The major findings are as follows; 1) As a result of factor analysis, three dimensions, "evaluation", "activity" and "warmness" are extracted. Dimension 1, "evaluation", is most greatly affected by the chroma and hue of the room colour, dimension 2, "activity", by the hue and value, by the difference in hue and value of ceilings, walls and floors, dimensions 3, "warmness", by mainly the hue of the rooms. 2) Concerning the spatial effects of colour, the subjects felt higher vlaue with relevance to the hue of GY, Y, low chroma and high value. The room colours other than walls is felt more comfortable in similar colour, especially hue and value.re comfortable in similar colour, especially hue and value.
A Study on the Collage Form Expressed in the Housing Architecture
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 21~31
There are various which organize architectural forms. The concept of Collage is one of the ways to understand various situation in the Contemporary Architecture and the needed to be underrtood to solve problems in architecture, painting, sculpture etc. Formal characteristic of collage aesthetics proposed by the Cubism appeared to a creative element for a new form in the trends of architecture. Results of this study are as follows. In the Housing Architecture, The Collage is trasposed to the subjective form thanthe general form, and is used as a method to solve problems such as a perception in interior and exterior spaces and urban contexts.
Development of a conceptual framework of Residential Mobility through multi-disciplinary Approach
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 33~41
The purpose of this study was (1) to analyze concept and types of residential mobility (2) to compare of the residential mobility in the fields of different disciplives, and (3) to develop a conceptual framework of residential mobility on the ecosystem approach comparisons of residential mobility concepts in many discipines. The major findings were each disciple played an important role to develop the concept of residential mobility with some limitations. A conceptual frame-work was developed on the basis of these findings.
Parents' Privacy Attitudes towards Children's Rooms of the Urban Housing
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 43~50
In the course of modernization coupled with urbanization, children's rooms of Korean urban housing has emerged as a symbol of evolution of people's dwelling standards. At the same time. family member's privacy-oriented needs in the home environment have shown its usefulness in the quality of life to some extent. The authors made an analysis of the parents' privacy behavior in relation to the children's rooms, through 1)parents' access rule, and 2)their intervention including goods as a measure. The results are as following: 1)Between knocking behavior a]eng wi th call ins by names of their children (or clearing throat) and non-knocking behavior. there proved to be difference in the parents' attitudes towards access to the children's rooms. The difference is made mainly by the children's age, sex and the exclusiveness of children's rooms. 2)The degree of intervention within children's roms by peopel and goods is observde to be different significantly according to children's age, but not significantly to children's sex and exclusiveness of children's rooms.
A Study on the Factors Affecting Variations of Kitchen Spaces in Mountain-areas.
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 51~61
The aims of this study are to imvestigate the changes seen in rural kitchens and the factors affecting the modernization of agrarian kitchen space in mountain areas, and to compare them with those in the plains. The major findings are as follows. 1) The kitchen space in mountain areas remained in the state of a combined style(depicting both western and traditional styles), while the kitchen space in the plains after the 1980s showed a tendency toward the western style. Generally speaking, the physical state of kitchens in mountain farmhouses, therefore, was at a low level in comparison with that of the plains. 2) The kitchen improvement projects of Sae-Ma-Eul Movement fostered a trend toward the western and combined style kitchens in the plains, but it did exert a little influence only on a part of the four mountain areas, and it resu]led in a combination of both styles. 3) Among the socio-demographic characteristics under consideratien. only the level of education achieved by the wi fe was found to be a determinant factor of the kitchen type in the mountain areas. but the level of education achieved by the husband and the family life cycle were two determinant factors in the plains. Under the category of family life style. the factors affecting the kitchen type in the mountain areas were cooking-heating fuel and the position of the refrigerator, while the main factors in p]ains were the place and the method of eating. cooking-heating fuel, the position of refrigerator, and numbers of family-memorials.
Attitude of Residants to the Management of Apartment House
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 63~74
This study to providing scientific information that can help the management staff in apartment house. For the purpose of this study, questionaire depends on the consultation of concerned reference and by direct interview with chief of management-office. It composed to question in order to residant's satisfaction and demand of management Question are were administered to 279 APT. residants living in Seoul, Pusan and Ulsan. Data were analized by the SPSS+PC. The statistics used were frequency, mean, X2, principal component analysis. The major findings obtained from this stuby are as follows: First, the work of the domestic apartment house was classified into two types: 1) administration management 2) maintenance managementSecond, in the case of maintenance management, residants' satisfaction is higher to higher residants' demand.
A Study on the Problems of the Occupants for the Aspects of the Improper Construction of Housing ( II ) - The Relations between the Actual Conditions
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 75~88
The purpose of this study is to analyze the relations between the conditions of the flaws and the types of damage according to the characteristics of housing, and then to provide with some basic data for the construction of houses of good quality. The effective analytic data for this research are 558 of all 700 questionnaires gathered through distribution collection and personal interviews conducted from June 22, 1992 Through to July 6, towards the first occupants in apartment houses, tenement houses, multidetached houses, multifamily houses and detached houses that last 10 years after construction, located in Seoul and Kyungki-Do. Our major findings are as under:1) Our data reveal that the ratio of flaw occurrence by general type breaks down into noise 53.7%, crack 39.3%, dew condensation 36.9%, windows and doors 36.6%, structure and frame 35.3%, built-in materials 33.3%, the inferiority of equipments/facilities 29.0%, ill drainage 22.0%, and the leakage of water 19.3% average number of flaw occurrence, multi detached house is the highest as 13.7, apartment house 10.5, tenement house 10.5, detached house 10.51 and multifamily house 8.7.3) As regards the degree of flaw occurrence, the flaw of noise is as serious in the degree of occurence as it is high in the ratio of occurrence. Particularly, the following contrastive phenomena are found: multidetached house is normal (2.0) in the degree of occurrence but it is high in the ratio of occurrence: while multifamily house is 2.9 in the degree of occurrence but it is low in the ratio of occurrence.4) In view of the relations between the types of flaws and those of damage, the flaw type which significantly influences on the injury of spirit and health is built-in materials; the flaw types that have considerable effect on the damage of house and home life are the inferiority of equipments/facilities, due condensation, and inferior windows and doors; and the flaw types that have a bad influence over the reliance on the constructors are the inferiority of equipments/facilities, due condensation and built-in materials.
A Study of Housing Environment Problems through the Daily newspapers ( II ) -Centering around a excretion and fixing process of lavatory-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 3, issue 2, 1992, Pages 89~99
We discussed the change of housing environmental problems from the early 1900s to the present in Study(I). This study(II) which secendly research of study(I) analyzed the fixing precess of a lavatory centering around a excretion which was a serious housing environmental problem in 1920 to 1940. The documentary research method was used for this study. Articles of content analysis(N=185) were published in 1920 to 1990 which were The Deng-A daily news article about a excretion and a lavatory. The main content of this study was examined the change, such as the number of whole article, the column number of article by time series. and the content of article by subject. 1. The number of whole article by time series was collected mainly in1920s-1930s. In 1940s-1960s, one-two column of article was appeared generally and three-four, five column of article was appeared in 1970-1980. 2. Contents of article was divided into two classes, excretion and lavatory. Contents of excretion was 1) a use of fertilizer 2) the method of transportation 3) a cost of gathering 4) a place of disposal 5) the problem of cleaning. Contents of lavatory was 1) a public lavatory 2) a flush toilet 3) a sanitary conditions 3. 1) A use of fertilizer was concentrated in 1920s-1930s, and problems of it was solved more or less by change of management method. Transportation of excretion developed such as \ulcornerGue\ulcorner->a coach of tank style->underground transportation->a dung car of absorption style. Disposal place of excretion was a cause of dissatisfaction in 1920s and it is serious problem Today. A duty of excretion gathering was transfered to a private worker in 1978. The accunulation problem of excretion was continued until 1940s-1950s. The management law of waste matters was proclaimed in 1986. 2) A public lavatory was planned in 1924 for the first time, and it is insufficient in these days, A settlement of public lavatory in building which has upward of 20pyung became obligation in 1973. The problem of water contamination which by poor septic tank was happened in 1970s-1980s.