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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean housing association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Housing Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Nov 1998
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Changes of Housing Conditions in Later Life -Regional Comparison of Urban vs Rural Elderly-
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 1~11
This study has been performed to analyze housing status in later life. In this study, 234 Koreans aged 60 or more were interviewed for their current housing status. The results are drawn as follows: 1. The household size does not highly fluctuate in later life; it ranges from three to five overall. But there is a trend difference over region; The household size continuously increases until 70's in urban area, but it shows increase & decrease changes over five-year intervals. 2. The number of bedrooms slightly ranges from 3- to 3.8 over urban and rural areas without noticeable trend for age intervals. 3. Use of indoor area has regional difference; It ranges from 28 to 40 pyoung in urban area, but it does more widely form 27.7 to 50 in rural area. 4. There is a most significant region effect on structure type for the elderly; For the urban elderly, proportion of those living in single detached dwelling consistently decreases as age increases. For the rural elderly on the other hand, the rate of those living in single detached dwelling sharply increases in their 70's and the rate reaches 85.7%. 5. For the ownership trend, more than 70% of the elderly are home owners at the age 60-64, but the rate continuously decreases in later life stage while the rate of those living in their children-owned home increases.
A Study On the Distributed Actual States of Urban Parks in Chun-Cheon City
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 13~20
After Industrial Revolution, the rapid economic development and changes in industrial structures caused the urban centralization phenomenon of population, and the consequential and swift urban development forced to require somewhat more of necessary residential lands. With deferring the ecological principles, due to the developed urban area, 'green land' within a city started to diminish; and due to serious pollution, the environemental quality declined, and the living environment became sagged down even more seriously. it was analyzed to be a considerable point as a type of model for newly developing cities that are being undergone by the developmental and expansive plan by the City of Chun-chon.
A Study on Elevation Design Elements Through Analysis of Foreign Apartments
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 21~31
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of elevation design of apartment buildings in other countries, in order to search the new directions of elevation design planning of domestic apartment, so it can plan the qualitative improvement of housing environments can be fulfilled. This study will proceed to examine the following phase. As a preliminary study it trys to classify the formal characteristics of foreign apartment, in order to grasp the seven general ideas and methods of the elevation design through analyzing various design samples of well designed housing buildings. And it searches the variatino methods of the elevation design, and it can suggest the diverse elevation design samples of housing buildings.
A Study on the Relationship between Dwelling Environment and Household Density in Multi-Family Housing Development
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 33~41
To accomodate increasing housing shortage in many cities, Korean Government has implemented various residental land development projects to provide more land for new housing construction. Most of the residential areas developed by these projects were used for multi-family housing units. Under this process, the size and location of the neighborhood service facilities in the development area were regulated by uniform standards. For this reason, the neighborhood service facilities were not able to be provided according to the household density but provided in minimum status required by these standards. Based on these considerations, this study aimed to evaluated residential land development project conducted by pubilc authority, one of the residential land development projects in Korea. Results of the case studies confirmed findings from literature review and proposed that existing regulations applied to these projects need to be amended not only to accomodata unique situation of each development area but also to enhance level of the dwelling environment. As ways to resolve these problems, this study suggests followings: (1) more flexible operation of the regulations, (2) inclusion of the socio-economic characteristics of the perspective resident in planning process, and (3) introduction of design techniques in the project. Finally, this study proposed future study directions in relation to this issue.
A Study of the Stall Keeper Utilization and Improvement in Life Area
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 43~50
This study identifies behavioral characteristics of stall keepers in Taegu area. Based on a survey data collected from stall keepers and store owners, the following results are derived. 1) The paddlers around residential areas bring about unsanitary living condition by neglecting cleaning after business and leaving their equipments for business continuation. 2) Residents do not show strong malice to stall keepers because they understand that most stall keepers do their business in order to keep their living. 3) Store owners know that the existence of stall keepers attracts more customers to their stores, thus show positive attitudes towards stall keepers. By sumarizing above results, we suggest that goverment authority should search some alternative policies rathfe than strict legal enforcements.
The Development of a Consulting Assisting System for Interior Design
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 51~56
With the improved quality of life standards interior design is recently gaining more concerns than ever before. This requires more well organized and standardized business and marketing in the field. Consequently, a few interior design firms concern about computerizing their marketing process to do this. This paper focuses on developing a computerized consulting system assisting interior design. For this a standardized consulting process is developed. The process includes the input of customer's information, surveying customer's preferences on interior design styles, estimation and budget adjustment, suggesting packages and interior items, and printing consulting results. The system developed is valuable in three different viewpoints: First, from the customer's view it can be a decision-making tool. Second, from the consultant's point of view it is a front-end marking tool. Third, it is an information collector from the viewpoint of an interior design firm.
An Analysis of the Bathroom Plans of Apartments Constructed of Seoul from 1971 to 1995
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 57~66
The purpose of this study is to provide a basic for a desirable bathroom plan of apartments. As a first step in this process, we analyzed the bathroom plans of the apartments(area: 10-69 pyung) constructed in 8 sections in Seoul from 1971 to 1995 where 65,801 households live. In this study, the numbers, location, size, and proportion of the bathroom and dressing room, and the direction of the bathroom door in apartments are examined. The major frindings are as follows; 1) We have found that the numbers of bathrooms to increase in more than 20s pyung apartment since 1990. 2) Except a master bathroom, the another one for the guest is located in enterance in more than 40s pyung apartment. 3) The door of the bathroom faces corridor in more than 40s pyung apartment. So, it is possible for them to lessen discomfortness when they coming in and out of the bathroom. 4) It was found that the size of bathroom were decreased in most cases. 5) They did not plan a dressing room in 10s pyung - 60s pyung and the size of dressing room was decreased in 60s pyung apartment.
An Experimental Study on the Characteristics of Attenuation and Propagation of Construction Equipment Noise in Piling Work by SIP Method.
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 67~78
Construction equipment noise has caused much annoyance for a number of dwellers in nearby construction field and it has become a very serious issue in our living environment. Therefore, in our country, a practical solution and a better method of reducing construction equipment noise are highly required in construction field. Practical solutions for the construction equipment noise, however, are very difficult to obtain, because of the lack of basic data and insufficient research works. Especially, in order to establish a successful sound isolation plan for piling work noise, which has high sound pressure level, the characteristics of the impact noise should be closely monitored and analyzed. This study attempts to survey the characteristics of attenuation and propagation of construction equipment noise in piling work by SIP(soilcement injected precast pile) method. In addition, this study intends to get the basic data to establish a standard about construction noise.
The Dwellers Opinions about their Preferred Element of Designs for Housing in order to Enhance the Level of Housing Environment
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 79~87
This study was designed to know the dwellers opinions about their preferred element of for housing in order to enhance the level of environment through better housing plan. The main tasks of investigation were to: (1) determine the preferred elements of design for housing. (2) determine the usage of outdoor space dwellers prefer, (3) ascertain what kinds of management program and public facilities dwellers need. The sample, of 450 dwellers, was selected from the apartments in Kimhae. In complete questionnaires were not used in the analysis of data, thus, the total research sample consisted of 400 dwellers. The questionnare was developed by the researcher for this study. Data were collected during June 1996. Respones from 400 dwellers were processed by SAS package program using frequency counts, percentages and x2 to analyze the data. The major findings were: (1) that size of house, number of bed room, number of bath room, housing type that they want were significantly different according to the characteristic of the dwellers, (2) they preferred in individual heating system to the centralized heating system of the compound, and the preferrence differed significantly in accordance with what system they are using now, (3) they wanted to have more green zone than enlarging childrens' play ground or parking lot, (4) about the management program and public facilities they wanted, there was no significant difference according to the characteristic of the dwellers.
The Types of Housing Life-Style and Preferences of the Internal and External Space of Multi-Family Housing
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 89~96
This study has been designed to explore how the types of housing life-style relate to the preferences of internal and external spaces among multi-family housing residents. Data were collected by questionnaire self-administered to 278 female residents living in multi-family housing over 20s pyong (66
) in the Kwangju area. General linear model/Duncan-test, and
-test were used in analyzing the data. In the preferences of internal space, there were significant differences in the needs of an indoor garden, exercise spaces, and a front balcony and in the concept of the living room and the dining-kitchen by types of housing life-style. In the preferences of external spaces, there were significant difference in the preferred type of housing, the preferred residential area, and in the need of an individual storage space and a walking path by types of housing life-style.
A Fundamental Study on the Change of Korean Dwelling Space Terms
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 97~103
The purpose of this study is to scrutinize the change of Korean dwelling space terms, and confirm the value of literature as data for a study on dwelling space terms. The terms, which describe the dwelling space, were selected in 63 Korean literature. The terms about rooms, working spaces, space for physiology and hygienic, and storage spaces, were analyzed. The terms about rooms were classified by a constituent unit of traditional housing, location, size, function, and so on. Among them, the number of terms about function had increased more and more. These terms were changed by housing size, housing form, structure of house and household, family size, and so on. It was confirmed that literatures have utility values for a study on change of dwelling space terms. In next study, it is required to analyze the meaning and usage of Korean dwelling space terms, and to compare terms in floorplans with terms in literature.
The Evaluating Factors on Comfort in a Classroom
Journal of the Korean housing association, volume 9, issue 2, 1998, Pages 105~109
The purpose of this study was to evaluate comfort in a classroom. The questionnaire was given to 120 university students in the classroom. On the basis of previous studies, the evaluating factors on comfort in a classroom were selected and they were lightness, glareness, air freshness, dust, odor, loudness, distracting sounds, humidity and temperature. The scale of them was used five voting scales. The results showed that the lightness was the most important one among the evaluating factors because a classroom is an environment to have to see many things.