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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
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An Analysis on the Tooth Passing Frequency using End-milling Force
Kim, Jong-Do ; Yoon, Moon-Chul ; Cho, Hyun-Deog ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 1~7
The mode analysis of end-milling was introduced using recursive parametric modeling. Also, a numerical mode analysis of FRF in end-milling at different conditions was performed systematically. In this regard, a REIVM(recursive extended instrumental variable method) modeling algorithm was adopted and natural modes of real and imaginary part were discussed. This recursive approach can be used for the on-line system identification and monitoring of an end-milling for this purpose. For acquiring a cutting force, an experimental practice was performed. And these end-milling forces were used for the calculation of FRF(Frequency response function) and its mode analysis. Also, the FRF was analysed for the prediction of end-milling system. As a results, this algorithm was successful in each condition for the detection of natural modes of end-milling. After numerical analysis of the FRF, the tooth passing frequency was discriminated in their FRF, power spectrum and mode calculation.
Coupled Bending and Torsional Vibrations Analysis of Cracked L-shaped Beam
Son, In-Soo ; Kim, Chang-Ho ; Cho, Jeong-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 8~15
In this paper, the influence of a crack on the natural frequency of cracked cantilever L-shaped beam with coupled bending and torsional vibrations by analytically and experimentally is analyzed. The L-shaped beam with a crack is modeled by Hamilton's principle with consideration of bending and torsional energy. The two coupled governing differential equations are reduced to one sixth-order ordinary differential equation in terms of the flexural displacement. The crack is assumed to be in the first, second and third mode of fracture and to be always opened during the vibrations. The theoretical results are validated by a comparison with experimental measurements. The maximal difference between the theoretical results and experimental measurements of the natural frequency is less than 7.5% in the second vibration mode.
Dynamic Analysis of Impact Force Alleviation of Industrial Folding-type Automatic Door on Guide Rail
Yun, Seong-Ho ; Park, Jong-Cheon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 16~21
This paper described an analysis of dynamic mechanism for the industrial two-step folding automatic door using commercial software packages. Two modeling types of operating on the guide rail, the sliding one and the rolling, were adopted to investigate effects of impact force when the door ascends the guide rail. The magnitude of impact force was found very peaklike large over an initial duration of the door's moving up. The amount of damping coefficient for alleviating this shock was controlled to such a moderate degree that the operating conditions can be obtained for the purpose of design. Moreover the behavior of both dynamic stress and deformation were observed for acquirement of structural reliabilities of the combined guide rail and rolling mechanism. This research will be a very useful tool in the near future for the dynamic analysis of the multi-step folding automatic door.
Study on the Vibration Analysis of Damper Clutch Spring
Cho, Jae-Ung ; Han, Moon-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 22~30
This study analyzes harmonic vibration with natural frequency according to the configuration of damper clutch. In the case of double spring, equivalent stress at same direction of the revolution at inner and outer coil spring is over 30% as compared with at its opposite direction. Natural frequency or harmonic response with maximum deformation in case of the less coil pitch is below 3Hz as compared with in case of the more coil pitch. As the coil pitch of damper spring as the case 2 or 4 becomes smaller, its mass and deformation can be large. In these cases, spring constant and natural frequency become smaller. In the case 5 or 6 of double spring at natural vibration or harmonic response, the frequency becomes over 300Hz. As the result of this study is applied by the design of damper spring, the damage at its connected part is prevented and the durability can be predicted.
Sloshing Analysis of a Simple Tank using Fluid-structure Interface Method
Kang, Sung-Jong ; Seo, Hong-Jae ; Kim, Byung-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 31~37
Fuel tank sloshing noise of vehicle is caused by flow impact on the tank wall during sudden braking, and the sloshing vibration of tank wall is a coupled phenomenon of the fuel inside tank and tank wall structure. Therefore, Fluid-Structure Interface(FSI) analysis technology should be adopted to predict accurately the sloshing vibration. In this study, FSI approach was employed to analyze sloshing phenomenon for a simple tank model with velocity change of the actual vehicle test. First, the simulated results for rigid tank model were compared with those for deformable tank model. Next, influence of baffle location and shape of baffle holes on the acceleration magnitude and the maximum stress of tank wall was investigated. In addition, sloshing analysis for tank with another baffle type was carried out.
The Effect of Addendum Modification Coefficient on Gear Strength to Planetary Gear Reducer
Kwak, Ki-Suk ; Han, Dong-Seop ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 38~43
Industrial reducer is in general use to Deck Crane. High-precision and high-efficient reducer is minimized the power-loss and energy-loss of a machine. So it contribute the price reduction and life extension. Reducer is usually using the Planetary gear reducer. Planetary gear reducer is composed the sun gear, planet gear, internal gear and casing. Industrial reducer's wear and breakage have a short-life. To solve this problem, it is using the profile-shifted-gear or tooth modification. This study was carried out the effect of addendum modification coefficient on tooth fillet bending strength to planetary reducer. Tooth fillet bending stress is calculate. And all parameter were expressed the function of addendum modification coefficient. And then stress concentration factor of tooth fillet curve was express the function of addendum modification coefficient using comparison between theory and finite element analysis.
Compensation of Relation Formula between Luffing Wire Tension and Overturning Moment in a Crawler Crane Considering the Deflection of Boom
Jang, Hyo-Pil ; Han, Dong-Seop ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 44~49
The crawler crane, which consists of a lattice boom, a driving system, and movable vehicle, is widely used in a construction site. It needs to be installed an overload limiter to prevent the overturning accident and the fracture of structure. This research is undertaken to provide the relation formula for designing the overload limiter as follows: First the relation formulas between the wire-rope tension and the hoisting load or the overturning ratio according to the luffing angle and length of a lattice boom are established. Secondly the derived formulas are corrected by using the compensated angle considering the deflection of boom through the finite element analysis. The stiffness analysis is carried out for 30-kinds of models as a combination of 6-kinds of luffing angle and 5-kinds of length of boom. Finally the shape design of a stick type load cell, which is the device to measure the wire-rope tension, is performed. 5-kinds of notch radius and 5-kinds of center hole radius are adopted as the design parameter for the strength analysis of the load cell.
Development of the Injection Molded Ball Seat for Automobile Suspension
Ye, Sang-Don ; Min, Byeong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 50~56
Injection molding process is one of the popular manufacturing methods to produce plastic parts with high efficiency and low cost. Ball seat for automobile suspension is made by an injection molding process as a part to support pivot function of ball joint consisted of ball stud and housing. It is necessary for a ball seat to have a dimensional stability in the three dimensional inner area to be contacted with ball stud. In this paper, the dimensional stability of inner surface is indirectly analyzed by checking the difference of inner diameter around the circumferential direction and the thickness variation at the top part of ball seat. Measurement was performed by using the coordinate measuring machine and the fixture to hold ball seat. Optimization of injection molding processes such as injection time, cooling time and temperatures of cylinder barrel was derived to reduce the difference of inner diameter and the thickness variation at the top part of ball seat based on the Taguchi method.
FEM Analysis of Turning Multi-layer Metal
Kim, Key-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 57~63
The aim of this study is to analyze turning process using commercial FEM simulation code. Various simulation models of orthogonal cutting process for 3 layers of metallic material have been simulated and analyzed. The workpiece material used for the orthogonal plane-strain metal cutting simulation consists of three layers, which are Allow Tool Steel, Aluminum and Stainless Steel. The finite element model is composed of a deformable workpiece and a rigid tool. The tool penetrates through the workpiece at a constant speed and constant feed rate. As an analytical result, detailed cutting temperature, strain, pressure, residual stress for both a tool and each layer of workpiece were obtained during the turning process. It has been closely observed that the chip flow curve deforms continuously.
Optimization for Friction Welding of AZ31 Mg Alloy by Design of Experiments
Kang, Dae-Min ; Kwak, Jae-Seob ; Choi, Jong-Whan ; Park, Kyeong-Do ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 64~69
Magnesium alloy has been known as lightweight material in automobile and electronic industry with aluminum alloy, titanium alloy and plastic material. Friction welding is useful to join different kinds of metals and nonferrous metals they are difficult to be joined by such as gas welding, resistance welding and electronic beam welding. In this study, friction welding was performed to investigate optimization process of Mg alloy with a 20mm diameter solid bar. For that, the orthogonal array
was used that contained four factors and each factor had three levels. Control factors were heating pressure, heating time, upsetting pressure and upsetting time. Also tensile tests were carried out to measure mechanical properties for welded conditions. The levels of heating pressure and upsetting pressure used were 15, 25, 35MPa, and 30, 50, 70MPa, respectively. In addition those of heating time and upsetting time were 0.5, 1, 1.5 sec and 3, 4, 5 sec., respectively, rotating speed of 2000rpm. From the experimental results, optimization condition was estimated as follows; heating pressure=35MPa, upsetting pressure=70MPa, heating time=1.5sec, upsetting time=3sec.
A Study on Optimization of Tooth Micro-geometry for a Helical Gear Pair
Zhang, Qi ; Kang, Jae-Hwa ; Lyu, Sung-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 70~75
Nowadays, modern gearboxes are characterized by high torque load demands, low running noise and compact design. Also durability of gearbox is specially a major issue for the industry. For the gearbox which used in wind turbine, gear transmission error(T.E.) is the excitation that leads the tonal noise known as gear whine, and radiated gear whine is also the dominant source of noise in the whole gearbox. In this paper, tooth modification for the high speed stage is used to compensate for the deformation of the teeth due to load and to ensure a proper meshing to achieve an optimized tooth contact pattern. The gearbox is firstly modeled in Romax software, and then the various combination analysis of the tooth modification is presented by using Windows LDP software, and the prediction of transmission error under the loaded torque for the helical gear pair is investigated, the transmission error, contact stress, root stress and load distribution are also calculated and compared before and after tooth modification under one torque condition. The simulation result shows that the transmission error and stress under the loads can be minimized by the appropriate tooth modification.
Prediction of State of Cutting Surfaces of Polymers by Analysis of Indentation Load-depth Curve
Jeon, Eun-Chae ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Je, Tae-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 76~81
UV imprinting process can manufacture high-functional optical components with low cost. If hard polymers can be used as transparent molds at this process, the cost will be much lower. However, there are limited researches to predict the machinability and the burr of hard polymers. Therefore, a new method to predict them by analyzing load-depth curves which can be obtained by the instrumented indentation test was developed in this study. The load-depth curve contains elastic deformation and plastic deformation simultaneously. The ratio of the plastic deformation over the sum of the two deformation is proportional to the ductility of materials which is one of the parameters of the machinability and the burr. The instrumented indentation tests were performed on the transparent molds of the hard polymers and the values of ratio were calculated. The machinability and the burr of three kinds of hard polymers were predicted by the ratio, and the prediction was in agreement with the experimental results from the machined surfaces of the three kinds of hard polymers.
A Study on the Optimal Cutting Condition in Boring using MQL System
Han, Dong-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 82~87
Lubrication has an important role to reduce frictional forces and temperature between cutting chips and the face of a tool. However, it has harmful effects to workers' health and working environment. The purpose of this thesis is to find cutting conditions through the quality analysis in boring for SM45C steel using MQL(Minimum Quantity Lubrication). Machining process is super drill, tip drill, end mill and boring in order. Experimental factors of boring and the quantity of mist air are properly selected. With the analysis of experimental data, this thesis shows that boring with MQL improves the surface roughness when spindle speed is 934rpm or feeding speed is 74mm/min.
Structural Analysis on Durability of Pedal
Cho, Jae-Ung ; Han, Moon-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 88~95
In this study, the deformation, stress, vibration, fatigue life and the probability of damage are analyzed at the pedal applied by the force of 300N. The maximum stress at the lower of pedal is shown as 20.801MPa. And the maximum displacement is 0.85mm at the maximum response frequency as 3800Hz. Among the cases of nonuniform fatigue loads, 'SAE bracket history' with the severest change of load becomes most unstable but 'Sample history' becomes most stable. In case of 'Sample history' with the average stress of 0 to
MPa and the amplitude stress of 0 to
MPa, the possibility of maximum damage becomes 0.6%. This stress state can be shown with 5 times more than the damage possibility of 'SAE bracket history' or 'SAE transmission'. The structural result of this study can be effectively improved with the design of pedal by investigating durability against its damage.
Evaluation for Thin Films Characteristics of Nitride Titanium-Chromium using Arc Ion Plating
Fujita, Kazuhisa ; Yang, Young-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 96~101
The thin films of TiN have been used extensively as wear-resistant materials, for instance, such as tools of high-speed cutting, metal mold forming etc. In these days, because the thin films capable of being used more severe conditions are needed, the technologies of arc ion plating are tried to improve its characteristics. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of thin films of (Ti,Cr)N compared with those of TiN. The method of arc ion plating, which is known as showing good tight-adherence and productivity, was used. After manufacturing thin films of (
)N (x=0~1) with change of Cr in (Ti,Cr) target, atomic concentration, structure, size of crystallite, residual stress and surface roughness of thin films on substrate were investigated. As the results, it was confirmed that Cr atomic concentrations of thin films were proportionally changed with Cr atomic concentrations of target, and thin films of (
)N (x=0~1) showed NaCl type and CrN existed as solid solution to TiN.
Motion Control of the Precise Stage using Piezoelectric Actuator
Kim, In-Soo ; Kim, Yeung-Shik ; Hwang, Yun-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 102~108
LQG/LTR control scheme is applied to the two axes stage using piezoelectric actuator for tracking reference input and suppressing hysteresis effect in this paper. The plant is combined with an integrator to improve the tracking ability. LQG/LTR controller is designed by making desirable target filter loop remove all poles except for an integrator included in new design plant model and loop transfer recovery. Decoupler in the shape of FIR filter is added to remove the coupling effect between the two axes motion and so feedback control loop is designed independently for the each axis motion.
Development of CAM Automation Module(E-ICAM) for 5-axis Machining of Impeller (A Study on Configuration of Module)
Jung, Hyoun-Chul ; Hwang, Jong-Dae ; Jung, Yoon-Gyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 109~114
An impeller is difficult to machine because of severe collision due to the complex shape, overlapping and twisted shape that form impeller blades. So, most CAM software companies have developed CAM module for manufacturing impeller in addition to their CAM software. But it is not still easy for inexperienced users to machine impellers. The purpose of this paper is the development of automatic CAM module for manufacturing impeller(E-ICAM) which is based on visual basic language and it is used CATIA graphical environment in order to be easily machining impellers. Automatic CAM module for manufacturing of impellers generates tool path, and proposes recommended cutting condition according to the material of stock and tool. In addition, it has also included a post processor for 5-axis control machining. Therefore the user can easily machine impellers using this automation module.
A Study on Numerical Analysis for Flow Characteristics in Ribbed Tube
Jeon, Jeong-Do ; Jeon, Eon-Chan ; Jeung, Hui-Gyun ; Lee, Chi-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 115~120
A ribbed tube consumes more power to transport the fluid by comparing with flat one. After the tangential velocity component occurs, its contact area with the ribbed tube becomes large and it enables the effective energy transportation. The flow characteristics vary according to the geometry of tube rib. This study aims to investigate the flow characteristics of fluids working at Reynolds numbers of 20,000, 40,000, 60,000 and 80,000 with the air at
in the ribbed test tube high 1mm and wide 8.48mm. As the flow characteristics are included with the states of fully developed hydrodynamical region, axial velocity vector distribution and non-dimensional velocity distribution, they are shown with the physical validity.
Development of Tube End-forming Process using Roll Die
Kim, Yeong-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers, volume 10, issue 4, 2011, Pages 121~126
An accumulator placed on the refrigerant cycle pipe lines is a part to relax fluctuations of pressure within the pipe lines and stabilize refrigerants flowed into pipe. The accumulator has been mainly manufactured by the process of tube spinning using CNC(Computer Numerical Control) lathe. However, this process has the defects which are low productivity per hour and high cost. For that reason, tube end-forming using roll die is actively being developed, recently. The purpose of this study is to develope the tube end-forming process using roll die in order to manufacture the accumulator for the refrigeration pipe lines. First, the process design of tube end-forming was performed based on specification of product, and then was verified with FE analysis. Also, the effects of friction coefficient and revolution speed of roll die on forming load were investigated. The analytical results were applied in the final process design of tube end-forming. Finally, tube end-forming test was carried out to verify the validity of the FE analysis and the process design.