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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Environmental Agriculture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Oct 1991
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
Selecting the target year
Pollution of Pb in paddy field soil and rice plants at roadside areas;I. Pollution of Pb in paddy field soil and its chemical forms
Lee, Seog-June ; Kim, Jang-Eok ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~10
The object of this stduy was to investigate the pollution of Pb in paddy field soil with different distance from roadside and to find out the relationship between the ratio of chemical fractions of total Pb and soil characteristics. Lead from automobiles is exhausted as particulates composed primarily of halide compounds (PbBrCl,
). The samples of soil were collected directly from the paddy fields with different distance from the roadside of highway and expressway which are located in Kyungpook province. A sequential extraction procedure was used to fractionate Pb in paddy field soil into the disignated forms of water soluable, exchangeable, organically bounded, carbonate, sulfide, and residual Pb. Results obtained are summerized as follows. 1. The content of Pb in paddy field soil was the highest in Chungdo, 30.0 ppm, the lowest in Koryung, 14.8 ppm, and the total average content was 21.9 ppm. The effect of traffic volume was not clear, but a slight difference according to the order of opened year of roads was showed. 2. The effect of distance from roadside was not clear. The content of Pb in paddy field soil with different distance from roadside was 22.2 ppm within l0m, 22.1 ppm in 10∼30m, 22.2 ppm in 30∼50m. and 21.3 ppm beyond 50m. 3. The distribution of Pb fractions in soil showed a wide difference depending on soil properties. The average content of exchangeable. organically bounded, carbonate, sulfide, and residual Pb was 8.6%, 33.6%, 29.8%, 21.5%, and 6.7%, of total Pb in the soil, respectively. 4. The content of organically bounded Pb in soil showed highly positive correlation with organic matter and CEC, while the content of exchangeable Pb was highly negative correlation. 5. With higher soil organic matter and CEC, organically bounded Pb fraction tend to be higher but exchangeable Pb fraction tend to be lower. Other forms of Pb showed no difference with soil organic matter contend and CEC. The distribution of Pb fraction related to CEC showed similiar tendency with that of organic matter content.
Developement of Heavy Metal Adsorbent Utilising Natural Zeolite
Kim, S.S. ; Park, M. ; Hur, N.H. ; Choi, J. ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 11~19
This study was carried out to develop the low-priced adsorbent by synthesizing the zeolite of high CEC with the natural zeolite and examining the ability of this zeolite to adsorb heavy metals. The dominant clay minerals were clinoptilolite and mordenite in natural zeolite, while phillipsite in the synthesized zeolite. Adsorption reaction of Cu and Zn on clays were reached to equilibrium after 1 hr. The amount of adsorption was increased as the concentrations of heavy metals or the initial pH of suspension was increased. The synthesized zeolite adsorbed heavy metals about twice as much as the natural zeolite. The adsorption of heavy metals on the synthesized zeolite was less affected by the initial pH of suspension than that on natural zeolite. At cumulative adsorption, the synthesized zeolite adsorbed much more heavy metals at early three treatments than the natural zeolite did. The amount of desorption by chloride salts was increased as the concentration of chloride salts was increased. The ability of salt to desorb was in the order of NaCl>
. It is estimated that the ability of the synthesized zeolite to remove heavy metals was better than that of the natural zeolite.
Influence of application of nitrogen and phosphorus on the uptake of
by raddish and chinese cabbage
Kim, Jae-Sung ; Lee, Young-Il ; Lee, Sang-Jae ; Lim, Soo-Kil ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 21~25
The influence of phosphorus and nitrogen application on the uptake of radioactive strontium by Chinese cabbage and raddish was studied in pot experiments. The dry matter yield of Chinese cabbage and raddish increased with the application of phosphorus and nitrogen. High yield of raddish was obtained by the additions of nitrate while Chinese cabbage was obtained by the ammonium. The content of potassium in the vegetables was enhanced by the application of phosphorus. and the calcium content increased with the application of nitrogen. The content of
was higher in the raddish than in the Chinese cabbage while the
activity in the dry matter of vegetables decreased considerably with the application of phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizer. This indicates that the suppression of uptake was more effective with the application of nitrate than with ammonium.
Utilization of Natural Zeolite for
Kim, Sang-Su ; Hur, Nam-Ho ; Choi, Jyung ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 27~31
This study was conducted to examine the adsorption capacity of
by natural zeolite for the purpose of investigating the possibility for
eliminator of Korean natural zeolite. The dominant clay minerals of zeolite were clinoptilolite and mordenite. The reaction of
adsorption by zeolite reached equilibrium after 4hrs. The amount of
adsoption by zeolite was not significantly affected by the particle size of zeolite. The order of
adsorption by zeolite according to exchangeable cations was Na-> Ca> K-saturated zeolite. The amount of
adsorption by zeolite was increased with increasing pH of solution and the ratio of zeolite to the volume of solution. The isothermal curvel of
adsorption by zeolite was conformed to Langmuir equation.
Contamination of the Mushim-Cheon and its Countermeasure;II. The Status of the Seasonal and Hourly Contamination of the Water(1989
1990)-Temperature, pH, DO, BOD, COD, SS, Turbidity, and BOD Load
Lee, Jae-Koo ; Kim, Hak-Nam ; Kyung, Kee-Sung ; Kwak, Hee-In ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 33~49
In order to disclose the contamination of the Mushim-Cheon by pollutants and to establish the countermeasures, the water samples collected in November of 1989(lst sample), February(2nd), May(3rd) and August of 1990(4th) were analyzed to obtain the following results : 1. The water temperatures of the seasonal samples ranged from 8.6 to 16.2, 8.3 to 25.2, 18 to 26, and 24 to 32
, in the 1st, 2nd , 3rd, and 4th samples, respectively. 2. The pHs of all the samples ranged from 6.5 to 8.5. 3. In the 3rd sample, especially, DO was observed to fall down to 0.8 ppm at the downstream of St 13, which is not allowed even for agricultural use. 4. The BOD and COD values in sewers were much higher than those in the main stream, and especially the values of St 14-A reached 107-608 and 176-635 ppm, respectively, which far exceeded the limit of 40 ppm, the allowed value for the discharges from the disposal facilities. The SS value of St 14A ranged from 142 to 1, 900 ppm, which far exceeded the limit of 70 ppm, the allowed value for the discharges from the disposal facilities. 5. It turned out that the water quality of the Mushim-Cheon flowing through Cheong Ju was more worsened at sewers than the main stream, and at the downstream than the upstream of the surveyed area. Accordingly, the sewage disposal plant and the expansion of the disposal facilities are urgently needed.
Studies on the Purification of Sewage Water by Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)
Kim, Bok-Young ; Lee, Sang-Kyu ; Kwean, Chang-Seag ; So, Kyu-Ho ; Yun, Eun-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 51~57
Field experiments were carried out to evaluate the utility of water hyacinth(Eichhornia crassipes Solm-Laub) for purifyng sewage water in paddy fields of
(75 Pyung). A field was lined with PVC film at a depth of 30cm and sewage water for 40 days. The results obtained with the use of water hyacinth in the sewage water are summarized as follows : 1. The Sodium linear dodecyl benzene sulfonate content of sewage water on the inlet was 6.33 ppm, themiddle point was 3.50 ppm and the outlet was 1.37 ppm. 2. With the use of water hyacinth in the sewage and the distilled water, the L.A.S. content were decreased from 7.3 and 4.0 to 0, respectively. 3. Sterillization with 70% ethyl alcohol at the roots of the water hyacinth was reduced the degradation effect of L.A.S. 4. The COD and
content of the sewage decreased from 107 and 32.7 ppm to 32.6 and 16.2 ppm, respectively and the P, Na and Cl content also were reduced.
Survey on the Rain Components in Kyungbuk Province
Suh, Myung-Soon ; Kim, Yeung-Seok ; Kim, Bok-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 59~66
This study was carried out to investigate the chemical characteristics of the rain water in rural, urban and industrial areas which are located in Kyongbuk province, namely. Songju, Kumi, Kimchon, Yongdok and Teagu. The experiments were sampled the rain by amount of rain water from July to August in 1989, and analyzed the pH. EC,
contents in the rain water. The results are summarized as follows : 1. The acid rain showed at the begining rain water of all surveyed sites, but there were difference by sites, and particulary severe in Kumi. 2. The content of
in rain water was high in urban and industrial area, such as Teagu, Kumi and Kimchon. 3. According to the increasing rain water amount, the pH in rain water was high, and the contents of other components were low. This phenomenon remarkably presented at higher concentration of components and earlier rain water. 4. The electric conductivity was high significantly positive correlation with contents of
in rain water, and pH was high significantly negative correlation with contents of
in rain water, respectively.
Numerical Simulations of Water Quality in ManKyong River
Shim, Jae-Hwan ; Choi, Moon-Sul ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 67~75
The QUAL-II E Model was applied to predict the water quality of the Mankyong drainage System, and lead to following conclusion. 1. The difference between computed and measured BOD at the M-3 (Bakgugeong) station was within 10%, indicating that the application of the QUAL-IIE Model for the prediction of water quality was satisfactory thus far. 2. The application of the model states that the discharge of concentrated pollutants at the M-1 station on the Jeonju stream, located 41Km upstream from the estuary, causes the worst problems. The sluice which extends residence time and enlarges watery surface improves water quality by a Self-purification process at the M-3 station, 28km upstream from the estuary. 3. The accuracy of the model diminished when this model was applied on the estuary downstream of the sluice. Hence, the application of the model on the estuary needs to be used with caution. 4. Among the conputed water quality parameters, BOD is the worst problem. At the M-3 station, BOD is computed to be 26.6 mg/1 in 1996, 30.7 mg/1 in 2,001, 33.0 mg/l in 2006, and 37.5 mg/1 in 2011. When preventive measures against water pollution are not properly exercised, severe problems in irrigation and water resources are expected. This study will be of used in the selection of irrigation water intake points, the criteria of effluent treatment, the management of water resources, and the establishment of water quality managemont policy.
Effect of Dietary Cadmium Levels on Cadmium Accumulation in Feeding Mice
Kim, Seong-Jo ; Baek, Seung-Hwa ; Kook, Joong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 77~83
An animal experiment was performed to investigate the effects of dietary cadmium on growth rates and cadmium accumulations in internal organic tissues and blood by feeding mice with dietary
additives and/or brown rice with high cadmium content as during a 12-week feeding period. The results were as follows : Mice weights decreased with increasing levels of dietary cadmium at the end of a 9-week feeding period. The weights of mice organs in the cadmium-free feeding group were higher than in the cadmium-added groups, and the weights of mice organs did not show any significant differences among feeding groups with different levels of dietary cadmium. The concentrations of cadmium in kidney and liver were much higher than in other internal organs and blood, and the next higher concentration was in the heart. The cadmium accumulation in all internal organs and blood increased with increasing dietary cadmium levels, respectively. The ratios of cadmium accumulation in organ tissues and total blood of cadmium-added groups increased with decreasing dietary cadmium levels.