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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Environmental Agriculture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Dec 1983
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Jun 1983
Selecting the target year
Persistence of 2,4-D and MCPP in Soil
Lee, Young-Deuk ; Lee, Hae-Keun ; Park, Young-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 59~64
A study was undertaken to investigate the persistence of 2,4-D and MCPP in two different Suweon soils under field conditions. MCPP was extracted from soil with aqueous calcium hydroxide solution and then derivatized to pentafluorobenzyl ester to enhance the electron capture sensitivity. Total recovery of MCPP from soil was 85.6% and the detection limit for 20g sample was 0.02 ppm. Ethyl ester of 2,4-D applied to soil was rapidly hydrolysed to 2,4-D with the half-life of less than 1 day. Half-life of total 2,4-D ethyl ester, including 2,4-D, incorporated into soils at a rate of 0.045 ㎏ a.i./10a was
days and that of under laboratory conditions was
days. Half-life of MCPP applied at a rate of 0.25㎏ a.i./10a under field conditions was
days and that of under laboratory conditions was
Degradation Patterns of BPMC and Carbofuran in Flooded Soils
Park, Chang-Kyu ; Je, Yeon-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 65~72
The effects of soil factors, pesticide application levels and environmental factors on the degradation of two carbamate insecticides, BPMC and carbofuran, in soil were studied under flooded and non-flooded conditions. The degradation patterns of BPMC or carbofuran were similar in flooded and non-flooded soils. It was also found that carbofuran was more persistent than BPMC in the test soil. Regards to organic contents of soils, high contents of organic matter reduced degradation of either BPMC or carbofuran and high soil pH accelerated degradation of both insecticides. Soil microorganisms seem to play an important role in the degradation of BPMC and carbofuran. Both chemical and biological degradations appear to contribute transformation of BPMC and carbofuran in the flooded soil.
Comparison of Steam Distillation with Solvent Extraction Method in Determining Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Soil
Shim, Jae-Han ; Suh, Young-Tack ; Park, Ro-Dong ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 73~77
Principle of steam distillation has been successfully applied to the routine extraction of organochlorine pesticide residues from soil samples. Recovery of 8 organochlorine insecticides was found consistent and also comparable to that of conventional solvent extraction method. Recoveries of
and heptachlor was, however, rather poor at 47 and 45% respectively. The steam distillation method offers added advantages such as economy in time and costly solvents.
Heavy Metal Contents of the Drainage-basin Soil in Daejon Area
Kim, Moon-Kyu ; Lee, Kyu-Seung ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 78~82
Some physico-chemical properties and heavy metal contents of up-land and paddy field soils on the drainage-basin of Daejeon Cheon and Yoodeung Cheon in Daejeon area were investigated. The average contents (and the range) of Pb was 6.75 ppm (2.33-11.65 ppm), Cr; 1.77 ppm (0.58-4.0 ppm), Cd; 0.7pprn (0.09-1.83 ppm), Cu; 9.96 ppm (t-19.36 ppm), and Zn; 19.99 ppm (2.38-47.9 ppm) in up-land soil, and Pb; 7.77 ppm (t-15.5 ppm), Cr; 1.91 ppm (t-9.38 ppm), Cd; 0.21 ppm(t-2.05 ppm), Cu; 11.17 ppm (t-21.96 ppm), and Zn; 18.0l ppm (1.65-40.0ppm) in paddy field soil, respectively.
A Survey for Pesticide Residues in Major Rivers of Korea
Lee, Hae-Keun ; Lee, Young-Deuk ; Park, Young-Sun ; Shin, Yong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 83~89
To obtain basic information for the safe use of pesticides, the aquatic environment of 5 major rivers was surveyed in April and August 1982 for organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticide residues. Regardless of sampling times and sites, pesticide residue levels were very low. Of the organophosphorus pesticides surveyed, only IBP and diazinon were detected in water samples while fenthion, fenitrothion, chlorpyriphos, chlorpyriphos-methyl, chlorfenvinphos, phenthoate, and edifenphos were not detected in any water samples. Residue levels and detection frequencies of IBP or diazinon were much higher in water samples collected in August than those collected in April. Detection frequencies of organochlorine pesticides, on the other hand, were high, but their actual residue levels were very low. BHC was detected nearly in all water samples while aldrin was not found in any samples. Detection frequencies of heptachlor, endosulfan, and o.p`-DDT were considerably high but dieldrin and p.p`-DDT were detected in a few water samples and their residue levels were also very low.
The Influence of the Sewage in Jinju City on the Water Pollution of the Nam River
Ha, Ho-Sung ; Heo, Jong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 90~97
Water pollution status of the sewage in Jinju City was investigated to provide the basic information for the conservation of the Nam River. Physicochemical characteristics of the sewage were examined at five sites of sewage ditches, Jinyang Lake and Nam River. The results are as follows; 1) Average value of analyzed components of the sewage at five sampling sites were pH 7.1, DO 2.3 ppm, BOD 126.2 ppm, COD 123.7 ppm, turbidity 22.3 ppm,
, alkalinity 121 ppm, hardness 121 ppm, Cl 44.3 ppm,
88.9 ppm, Pb 0.0052 ppm, Zn 0.0079 ppm, Cu 0.0124 ppm, Mn 0.0050 ppm, respectively. 2) Discharged amount of sewage in Jinju City was
. BOD loading of the Nam River discharged from the sewage ditches was 4.93 ton/day, and her BOD loading discharged from the Jinyang Lake was 6.94 ton/day. 3) Heavy metals content of the sewage were comparatively low, and then it would not influence the water quality of the Nam River. But
contents were very high at all sewage ditches. Therefore, the sewage would not suitable for the agricultural irrigation water.
Studies on the Effects of Hydrogen Fluoride Gas in Paddy Rice and Weeds at Fluorine Damaged Site
Kim, Bok-Young ; Cho, Jae-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 98~102
The hydrogen fluoride gas generated from making the cement hardener injured the plants growing at the neighbour field. This investigation was conducted on sample analysis of hydrogen fluoride gas damage plants which included the ratios of destroyed leaves, damage symptoms, and nutrient elements in paddy rice and weeds. The results obtained were as follows; 1) The ratio of destroyed leaves at near HF source was very high reaching about 95% at 100m, 65% at 500m, 5% at 2㎞, respectively. 2) The necrosis was the characteristic symptom of fluoride injury on rice plant and occurred predominantly at the tip and margins of damage leaf. It developed along the tip and margins of leaves with a dull, gray-green, water soaked discoloration. 3) The fluorine content of tip and margins of damaged rice leaves were 1,600 ppm, 3 to 20 times higher than that of center part and it ranged from 130 to 242.5 ppm in weed leaves, but from 10 to 15 ppm in normal weed leaves. 4) The contents of calcium, potassium, silicon, iron and manganese were higher in tip and margins than in the center of rice damage leaves. 5) The Cocculus trilolous. D.C was the most resistant plant to HF gas than any other plant growing in this site, while wild berry and aralia tree belong to most sensitive plant group.
Photochemical Oxidants Damage in Rice Plants
Jeong, Young-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 103~107
The effect of photochemical oxidants on rice plants was measured by growing the rice plants Nihonbare in pot in charcoal-manganese oxide filtered atmosphere and non-filtered air. Visible injury on the leaf blades of rice plants were observed in plants grown under the unfiltered air chamber, but plants under filtered air chamber were free from any injury. Fresh weight of stem and root at maximum tillering stage in unfiltered chamber were 16.8 and 46.4% less than filtered air chamber, respectively. Grain yield in unfiltered air chamber was also reduced by 14.7% compared to that of filtered air chamber. And the reduced yield paralleled increase in concentration of oxidants in the atmosphere at the experimental site. ABA content in rice plants cultivated in unfiltered air chamber was higher than in filtered air chamber, but the root activity of rice plants in unfiltered air chamber was remarkably decreased.
Effects of Some Pesticides on Periphyton Community in Paddy field
Roh, Jung-Ku ; Lee, Uen-Ho ; Park, Chul-Won ; Lee, Sung-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 108~113
There has been two kind of research fields in evaluating the ecotoxicity of chemicals The one is a bioassay and the other is an ecosystem analysis. The toxicants are transported into different biota, which have quite different environmental behaviour patterns and toxic properties. The effects of pesticides (butachlor, carbofuran, and tricyclazole) on periphyton community was studied by analyzing content of chlorophyll-a and autotrophic index (AI) that is a means of determining the trophic nature of the periphyton community. Results indicated that the content of chlorophyll-a was not influenced by the pesticides. The growth of algae was inhibited by sunshine period. And AI value is 43-2027: the large value indicates heterotrophic periphyton community, and was not affected by pesticides.
Effect of Supplementary Heating on the Night Air Temperature and Growth of Strawberry Under Greenhouse Cultivation
Suh, Hyo-Duk ; Park, Sang-Keun ; Kwon, Young-Sam ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 2, issue 2, 1983, Pages 114~119
Several supplementary heating methods were investigated to find their effects on night air temperature, injury in plant, growth and yield with Hokowase strawberry(Fragaria grandiflora) under greenhouse, during early spring season in 1981 and 1982. Kerosene lamp as a supplementary heating was not suitable because of its severe injury on strawberry plants, danger of accidental fire and bad smell. Paraffine candle and electric wire heating did not injure on strawberry plant, raised the minimum air temperature in greenhouse at night, enhanced growth, flowering and harvesting time of strawberry. Paraffine candle was effective as a supplementary heating method for short period growing under greenhouse, whereas electric wire heating was suitable for long period cultivation.