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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Environmental Agriculture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 1989
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 1989
Selecting the target year
Effect of Irrigation Water Pollution on the Nutrition Physiology of Rice Plant in the Kimhae Plain;Especially on the Nitrogen Supply and Yield
Ha, Ho-Sung ; Heo, Jong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 8, issue 2, 1989, Pages 93~102
Water pollution status of the irrigation water, inorganic nutrient contents of rice plant, relationship between water quality of irrigation water and inorganic nutrient contents of rice plant, and nitrogen supply by irrigation water at six sites of pumping stations in Kimhae plain were investigated. The results were as follows : 1. Average values of water components analyzed at all pumping stations were in the range of 6.5-7.0 pH, 0.6-7.7ppm DO, 4.4-63.5ppm BOD, 7.3-73.9ppm COD, 1.84-16.22ppm
-N and 0.07-1.35ppm
-P respectively. 2. Comparatively heavy polluted sites were Sikman, Bongrim and Noksan, and less polluted sites were Daejeo, Myeongje and Jangyou, judging from BOD, COD and
-N of the irrigation water. 3. Nitrogen supply by irrigated water for a year were 6.82Kg/10a, 5.98Kg/10a, 6.64Kg/10a, 2.31kg/10a, 6.22Kg/10a and 2.54Kg/10a in Daejeo, Sikman, Bongrim, Myeongji and Noksan area, respectively. 4. Positive correlation was observed between ammonium nitrogen of the water and total nitrogen contents of rice plant. Total nitrogen contents of rice plant were higher in Sikman, Borgim and Noksan area than in the other areas.
Uptake of the Fresh and Aged Residues of Carbofuran by Rice Plants from Soil
Lee, Jae-Koo ; Kyung, Kee-Sung ; Wheeler, W.B. ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 8, issue 2, 1989, Pages 103~118
In order to investigate the uptake of the systemic insecticide, carbofuran, 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl-N-methyl(arbamate) residues, fresh and aged, by rice plants, they were grown for 42 days in soils containing freshly treated (T-1), 3-month-aged (T-2), and 6-month-aged residues (T-3). The amounts of
during the 3-and 6-month aging in soil (temp.
; moisture, 50% of the maximum water-holding capacity) were 8.9 and 26.7% of the original radioactivity applied, respectively. Mineralization of
in soil to
during 42 days of rice growing was 4.4% (T-1), 11.0% (T-2), and 15.7 (T-3). The methanol extract of the 3-and 6-month-aged soils revealed that 3-keto carbofuran phenol (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-3-oxo-7-benzofuranol) was the major metabolite, where as 3-hydroxy carbofuran (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-7-benzofuranyl-N-methylcarbamate) turned out to be the major metabolite in the shoots by the enzymatic cleavage of the possible conjugate present in the methanol extract. Volatilization of
in soil during 3-and 6-month-aging, and 42 days of rice growing was 0.026, 0.05, and 0.012-0.018% of the applied radioactivity, respectively. The
which was absorbed from the soils by rice plants during 42 days of the growing period and persisted in rice plant tissues was 26.8, 21.4, and 10.3% in T-1, T-2, and T-3, respectively. The non-extractable bound residues were 8.3, 37.9, and 54.6% of the originally applied carbofuran in T-1. T-2, and T-3, respectively. The small translocation of
in T-3 upwards suggests that major metabolite 3-keto carbofuran phenol is conjugated in roots and the low recovery in T-1 indicates the loss of carbofuran from the shoots.
The Minimum Concentrations of Surfactants Inducing Phytotoxicity and Their Symptoms
Yu, Ju-Hyun ; Koo, Suk-Jin ; Cho, Kwang-Yun ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 8, issue 2, 1989, Pages 119~127
The minimum concentrations of nonionic and anionic surfactants inducing phytotoxicity were investigated after spraying or flooding surfactant solutions to annual plants. Of the sufactants tested, LE, NP, SPSS, LN, PAAS and DBC induced phytotoxicity at the lowest concentrations through all treatments and Tween, Span, SP, SC, STPP and CLIS induced the least phytotoxicity even at high concentration. At flooded paddy field tests, anionic surfactants induced phytotoxicity at the lower concentration than nonionic, but showed similar tendencies with other treatments. In pre-emergence treatments of upland and dry paddy field tests, there was little phytotoxicity induced at over 10 percent, while phytotoxicity was induced at the lowest concentration among 6 treatments in flooded paddy field tests.
Relationship between Light Environment and Crop Growth under Various Nitrogen Application Rates Condition in Rice Plant Canopy
Lee, Jeong-Taek ; Kazuo, Kobayashi ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 8, issue 2, 1989, Pages 128~135
To find the effects of solar energy into the rice canopy and its balance on the rice plant growth, a Tongil type rice, Raekyeong and a japonica rice, Koganebare were used with four levels of nitrogen fertilizer application, 6, 10, 14, and 18kg
in Chigugo, Japan. The micrometerosological data, the solar radiation and absorbed solar radiation by the rice plants, and leaf area index on cardinal growth stage of the rice community were measured. The results are as follows : Raekyeong showed increased LAI by increased nitrogen fertilizer application rates, and larger LAI than Koganebear. 1. There was no difference in total dry weight till 20 days after transplanting regardless of nitrogen levels in the same variety, after that, however, Raekyeong showed higher dry matter productions for the same durations than Koganebare. 2. In early growth stage of transplanting rice, reflection ratio of solar radiation above the crop canogy was about 6%, however, it was increased up to 20% by the increased LAI at heading date. 3. In high levels of nitrogen application plots, LAI were increased so that values were decreased. 4. Relationship between the amount of absorbed radiation by plants and its dry matter production was linearly significant. Higher levels of nitrogen application produced higher dry matter in Raekyeong, however, in lower level, the dry matter production pattern was almost similar between both rice cultivars.
Synthesis of Sulfonylurea Derivatives by Oxalylchloride
Kyung, Suk-Hun ; Tak, Yoon-Heung ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 8, issue 2, 1989, Pages 136~141
An alternative method for the synthesis of sulfonylurea derivatives, some of which considered to be a new recommendable herbicides, with oxalylchloride was investigated. Sulfonamides read with oxalylchloride to sulfonyloxamoylchlorides, which convert easily under pyrolysis to sulfonylisocyanates. The isocyanates react further with amines to yield corresponding sulfonylurea derivative quantitatively.
A simple device to measure the relative rate of heat loss through plastic coverings from greenhouse
Jung, Jin ; Park, Byung-Bin ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 8, issue 2, 1989, Pages 142~147
In this report, we set up a simple device which enabled us to obtain data useful to estimate the relative capacity of thermal energy retention of greenhouse built with various plastic coverings. A box(
) framed with flexiglass at the edges and covered with thin plastic films was made, in which were placed a thermostat-controlled nichrom wire heater and a thermal probe made of thermister to monitor temperature changes. A wheaston-bridge type transducer and a chart recorder were used to record the changes of temperature inside the box The data obtained by using the device showed that the relative rate of heat toss through plastic films with identical thickness decreased in the order of PE film>EVA film>PVC film and that IR additives such as fine silica gel improved the insulating power of plastic films. This observations are in well accord with general information, demostrating the feasibility of the device in usefulness for the purpose of screening of various commercial plastic coverings.
Environmental Chemical Test Methods and Environmental Toxicological Assessment of Chemicals
Kim, Yong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, volume 8, issue 2, 1989, Pages 148~171