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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of fish pathology
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fish Pathology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Dec 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - May 2000
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Studies on Monogenean Trematodes Classification from Cultured Freshwater Fishes in Korea 1. Monogenean Trematodes from Anguilla japonica and Parasilurus asotus
Han, Jung-Jo ; Park, Sung-Woo ; Kim, Young-Gill ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 75~86
Monogeneans(Phylum Platyhelminthes) have been known as common parasites onto the skin and gills of cultured freshwater fishes. Infestation with these parasites result in a great loss in aquaculture industry. Some classification studies on these parasites have mostly been conducted in Japan but rarely in Korea. For the purpose of classifying monogenean parasites infesting two Korean freshwater fishes, eel (Anguilla japonica) and catfish(Parasilurus asotus), samples captured from March 1998 to April 2000 were examined. Here we report for the first time in Korea that four different species of monogeneans are identified: Pseudodactylogyrus bini and P. anguillae in eels; Ancylodiscoides infundibulovagina and Ancylodiscoides sp. in catfish.
Studies on Monogenean Trematodes Classification from Cultured Freshwater Fishes in Korea 2. Monogenean Trematodes from Cyprinus carpio and Misgurnus anguillicaudatus
Kim, Young-Gill ; Han, Jung-Jo ; Park, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 87~96
Monogeneans(Phylum Platyhelminthes) have been known as common parasites onto the skin and gills of cultured freshwater fishes. Infestation with these parasites result in a great loss in aquaculture industry. Some classification studies on these parasites have mostly been conducted in Japan but rarely in Korea. For the purpose of classifying monogenean parasites infesting two Korean freshwater fishes, carp(Cyprinus carpio) and loach(Misgurnus anguillicaudatus), samples captured from March 1998 to April 2000 were examined. Here we report that three different species of Monogeneans, Diplozoon nipponicum, Dactylogyrus extensus from carp and Gyrodactylus paralatus from loach, respectively. Of these the latter two parasites have never been identified in Korea.
Inactivation of White Spot Baculovirus(WSBV) by Chlorine, Iodine, Sunlight Exposure, Drying and Fresh Water
Heo, Moon-Soo ; Sohn, Sang-Gyu ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 97~102
In order to investigate the effect of chlorine disinfectant against white spot baculovirus (WSBV), 5, 10, or 30 ppm of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) was treated to the WSBV-infected shrimp, Penaeus chinensis. In contrast with the non-treated control, no shrimp was dead after of sodium hypochlorite treatment. This result indicated that WSBV was inactivated by chlorine treatment. No inactivation of WSBV was observed by 10, 20, 30 ppm of povidon-iodine treatment. WSBV was also inactivated by 2, 4 hr sunlight exposure and by 1, 2, 3 hr drying. WSBV was inactivated very effectively by addition of fresh water on sea water.
Effect of Quaternary Ammonium Compounds(QACs) on the Immune Response of eel(Anguilla japonica) In vitro
Choi, Min-Soon ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 103~110
The immunostimulatory effects of quaternary ammonium compounds(QACs) were investigated in leucocytes of eel(Anguilla japonica) in vitro. Proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes(PBLs) was no significantly affected by QACs, regardless of mitogen(PHA, ConA and LPS) and the concentration of QACs added. QACs heightened the leucocytes function such as respiratory burst activity, phagocytosis and pinocytosis, resulting in significantly increased the bactericidal activity of macrophages. These results suggested that QAC might modulate the immune responses by activation of leucocytes function but not by increment of immunocompetent cell numbers.
Drug Resistance of Bacterial Flora Isolated from Kunsan Bay
Choi, Min-Soon ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 111~119
One hundred and twenty three strains of bacterial flora collected from Kunsan bay and examined for drug resistance to 9 antibiotics. The isolated and examined bacteria were Vibrio spp.(44 strains), Pseudomonas spp.(42 strains), Aeromonas spp.(26 strains), Moraxella spp.(9 strains), Enterobacteria spp.(6 strains), Bordetella spp.(3 strains), Alkaligenesis spp.(3 strains), Staphylococcus spp.(3 strains), and Flavobacterium spp.(2 strains). The drugs used were Ampicillin(AM), Penicillin-G(PM), Rifampicin(RF), Streptomycin(SM), Oxolinic acid (OA), Nalidixic acid(NA), Oxytetracycline(OT), Amikacin(AK), and Enorfloxacin(EF). Forty two strains were found to be sensitive to all drugs. The remaining strains showed resistance to various combinations of drugs. Among the resistant strains were mostly restricted to AM(54 strains/43.9%), PM(47 strains/38.2%), RF(35 strains/28.4%), SM(9 strains), OA(5 strains/ 4.06%), and NA(1 strains/0.8%), in combination at high degree showing 15 different drug resistant patterns. The most frequently showed resistant patterns were AM-PM-RF(16 strains/13.4%), AM-PM(8 strains/6.5%), and PM-RF(7 strains/5.6%). These results suggested that Kunsan bay were contaminated with various strains of highly resistant strains to drugs(AM, PM and RF). These results suggest that high levels of various antibiotics have already been introduced to Kunsan bay. Furthermore it seems that chemotherapy of fish disease has become extremely difficult because of the acquirement of multi-drug resistance to wide range of antibiotics.
Mass Mortalities of Cultured Striped Beakperch, Oplegnathus fasciatus by Iridoviral Infection
Sohn, Sang-Gyu ; Choi, Dong-Lim ; Do, Jeung-Wan ; Hwang, Jee-Youn ; Park, Jeong-Woo ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 121~127
From August to October 1998, over 60% mortality of cultured striped beakperch Oplegnathus fasciatus was occurred in net cages along the southern coast of Korea. Moribund fish showed some clinical signs of lethargic behavior, dark coloration or decoloration, severe gill anemia and enlargement of spleen. Also enlarged basophilic cells showing Feulgen -positive reaction were observed in the tissue section of spleen, kidney, liver and heart of the diseased fish. GF cells inoculated with spleen homogenate of diseased fish produced cytopathic effect of enlarged and rounded cells, therefore the causative virus was isolated from diseased fish. Striped beakperch fingerlings intraperitoneally inoculated with the causative virus (
/0.1 ml) revealed symptoms similar to those of naturally infected fish and died from 7 to 14 days post injection. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the causative virus was enveloped icosahedral particle with 120~130 nm in diameter. PCR products of the expected size (500 bp) were amplified with a primer set based on the ATPase gene of RSIV(red sea bream iridovirus) using template DNAs which were extracted from the spleen of diseased fish and GF cells inoculated with the causative virus. According to the analysis of nucleotide sequence of these PCR products, the sequence from ATPase cDNA gene of the causative virus showed 95% homology with that of RSIV. These results indicate that the mass mortality in the cultured striped beakperch was caused by the infection of iridovirus similar to RSIV.
The Morphology of the Hemocytes of the Clam, Ruditapes philippinarum (Mollusca: Bivalvia)
Kang, Sun-Gu ; Park, Sung-Woo ; Kim, Young-Gill ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 129~136
To understand host-defence mechanism of clam(Ruditapes philippinarum) hemocyte against foreign materials, classification and their seasonal change in the number were performed. clams collected from a farm in Julpo Bay, Gochang, Chollabuk-Do were used in this experiment. Lots of hemocytes were found between the muscle fibers and connetive tissue of posterior adductor muscle. Hemocytes of R. philippinarum were classified into granulocytes and agranulocytes. Granulocytes were composed of three types, basophilic granulocyte, acidophilic granulocyte and fibrocyte in accordance with the staining affinities of their cytoplasmic granules. Fibrocyte has filopodia and vesicle in endoplasm and bigger than other granulocytes in size. Agranulocytes were less in the number and smaller in the size compared to those of granulocytes. Hyalinocytes had no granule in their cytoplasm. The nucleus located in the center of the cell was oval or spherical shaped. In electron microscopic observation, granulocytes and hyalinocytes contained electron-dense vesicles and some small lucid vesicles in their cytoplasm, respectively. Granulocytes phagocytosed more zymosan particles than hyalinocytes. Acidophilic granulocytes showed higher phagocytic ratio than basophilic granulocytes. Total hemocyte numbers showed the highest at April to August and the lowest at October to December. In the composition of each hemocyte, basophilic granulocytes were always more than acidophilic granulocytes and hyalinocytes.
Differences in Larvicidal Activity of Complement and Chemiluminescent Response of Phagocytes in Carp (Cyprinus carpio), Crucian carp (Carassius auratus) and False Dace (Pseudorasbora parva) against Excysted Metacercariae of Clonorchis sinensis
Kim, Ki-Hong ; Hwang, Yoon-Jung ; Kwon, Se-Ryun ; Cho, Jae-Bum ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 137~142
Differences in larvicidal activity of complement and chemiluminescent response of phagocytes in carp (Cyprinus carpio), crucian carp (Carassius auratus) and false dace (Pseudorasbora parva) against excysted metacercariae of Clonorchis sinensis were investigated. The prevalence of C. sinensis metacercariae of false daces caught at Nakdong river (NR) was 100%. However, no C. sinensis metacercariae were found in false daces, which were collected at a reservoir in Chinyoung (CY), crucian carps and carps. The sera of false dace, which were intensively infected with C. sinensis metacercariae, killed excysted metacercariae of C. sinensis more readily than that of carp. However, the serum obtained from C. sinensis metacercariae-free false dace showed the lowest larvicidal ability. The larvicidal ability of sera collected from each fish species completely disappeared when the complement was inactivated by heating. When supernatant of excysted metacercariae homogenate were added to phagocytes of each species, the chemiluminescent responses were significantly (p<0.05) diminished in false dace and carp. The inhibition ratio of chemiluminescent responses by the supernatant was 22.9% in false dace, 9.6% in crucian carp and 12.4% in carp.
Comparison of Treatment Efficacy of Formalin, Bronopol and Bithionol against Ichthyobodo sp. In Cultured Olive Flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus(Temminck & Schlegel)
Kim, Ki-Hong ; Cho, Jae-Bum ; Kwon, Se-Ryun ; Ahn, Kyoung-Jin ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 143~146
The effectiveness of bronopol and bithionol in treating Ichthyobodo sp. infestation in cultured olive flounder was investigated, and compared them with formalin. Bath with formalin at 200 ppm or bithionol at 100 ppm for 1 h showed complete removal of Ichthyobodo sp. from all the experimental fish. Baths with lower concentrations of formalin (50 and 100 ppm) or bithionol (25 and 50 ppm) significantly reduced infection intensities of Ichthyobodo sp. On the other hand, baths with bronopol or intubation of bithionol at various concentrations were not effective against Ichthyobodo sp. infestation.
Vertebral Column Deformities in Rhynchocypris oxycephalus by Cold Shock Treatment
Park, In-Seok ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 147~151
Deformed vertebrae by cold shock in Rhynchocypris oxycephalus were discovered. Deformity was externally noticed in the caudal penducle region of R. oxycephalus. Radiographic and histologic investigation confirmed the deformity. Especially, histological investigations provided the fact that extensive fusion between neighbouring vertebrae is caused by removal of endogeneous mineralized tissue. Deformed vertebrae appeared suggesting the direct evidence of vertebral fusion had arisen internally by cold shock in this species.