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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of fish pathology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fish Pathology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 4, Issue 1 - May 1991
Selecting the target year
Treatment of Ceroidosis for Cultured Flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus -Hematological characteristic of flounder with glutathione supplemented diets-
Lee, Chang-Hoon ; Ha, Dong-Soo ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ; Choi, Dong-Lim ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 4, issue 2, 1991, Pages 59~70
In order to investigate the effects of glutathione against ceroidosis on flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, a serial experiment was carried out at indoor tanks in Cheju province, the southern island of R.O.Korea, from October 1 to November 4 of 1991. The choosed group of flounder for this experiment, ranged from 92 to 122g in body weight, already showed a distinct histological ceroidosis in liver, spleen, kidney about six months before this experiment. They were fed on formulated diets supplemented with glutathione of 0mg, 1mg, 2mg, 5mg, 10mg per kg of diet per day. Some flounders were fed on the decomposed diet as a control continuosuly. Two individuals fed on the experimental diets were cought at an interval 7 days for 35 days and analyzed the values of blood indexs. 1. While the values of RBC, Hb, Ht, MCHC, MCV of flounder fed on the decomposed diet and the glutathione non-supplemented diet were not changed compared with the beginning levels of experiment, those fed on the glutathione supplemented diets, showed markedly increased values from 7th day of experiment and from 21th day of experiment reached to the values of healthy flounder. 2. The variation of TP, Glu, Alp, BUN, TG, T-cho, GOT and GPT were not observed in the groups fed on the control diet and glutathione non-supplemented diet. In contrast, those values in the groups fed on the glutathione supplemented diets were markedly decreased from 7th day and become constant from 21th day. 3. The effect of glutathione supplementation with high concentration in diets showed much better improvements of symptoms concequently, compared with those of low concentration diets.
A streptococcal Disease of Cultured Flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus
Lee, Chang-Hoon ; Ha, Dong-Soo ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 4, issue 2, 1991, Pages 71~77
From August to October of 1991, a bacterial disease occurred in cultured flounder, of 0 age Paralichthys olivaceus, in Cheju-do. Typical symptoms of the diseased fish were the hemorrage of the opercle, discoloration of the body, exophthalmus and hemorrhage of the eyes. The causative organism isolated from diseased fish was identified as a
-hemolytic Streptococcus. This bacterium was not identical with any known Streptococcus species listed in Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 8th edition. However there was a close similarity between this species and Streptococcus sp. isolated from flounder and reported by Tashio (1983). The isolated bacteria streptococcus sp. showed very high sensitivity to the SM and EM, however, it resisted to the high concentration of Penicillin. In the pathagenicity analysis, about
/100g B.W of isolated bacteria were injected percutaneouly. The results showed that this inoculation size
/100g B.W was the threshold for the induction of mortality in pathogenicity analysis.
Studies on a viral disease of masu salmon, Oncorhynchus masou-I A histopathological study on masu salmon fry
Sohn, Sang-Gyu ; Park, Myoung-Ae ; Lee, Saeng-Dong ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 4, issue 2, 1991, Pages 79~85
In Feb., 1990 an epizootic disease to masu salmon fry, Oncorhynchus masou cultured at the hatchery of rainbow trout in Samchok, Kwangwon-do have broken out and induced high mortality over 70%. Externally, the diseased fish showed dark discoloration, abdominal distension with ascites, slight exophthalmus and fecal casts. Internally, the gill and the liver of diseased fish were edematous and pale, and the stomach of moribund fish contained the milkish fluid. Microscopically there was extensive necrosis of the hematopoietic tissue in kidney and spleen, and scattered necrosis of pancreas, liver and lateral muscle. Especially, the necrosis of lamina propria, muscle layer and tela submucosa in the digestive tract known as the typical signs associated with infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus was seen clearly.
Studies on the mass mortality of the cultured grouper, Epinephelus septemfasciatus
Sohn, Sang-Gyu ; Park, Myoung-Ae ; Lee, Saeng-Dong ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 4, issue 2, 1991, Pages 87~94
In the late summer of 1990 and 1991, mass mortality occured among cage-cultured grouper, Epinephelus septemfasciatus in south cost of Korea. The moribund fish didn't feed and became pale or dark chestnut colour and irregularly swimmed due to the loss of equilibrium, finally the diseased fish fell down side away on the bottom or the surface of cage showing the bent of body and died. The diseased fish showed the extensive hemorrahge in brain, the swelling of spleen and bile duct as the specific syptoms of internal organs. So the gill, skin and other organs of the diseased fish were examined for the presence of pathogenic parasites and bacteria. The parasitic Trichodina sp. were detected only from the gill lamella of the diseased fish, but these parasites seemed to be not a direct causative agents that induced the gross mortality of the cultured grouper. because these parasites were also observed in normal grouper, yellowtail, red seabream and rock bream co-cultured with the diseased grouper in same or near cages. In the viral examination, although isolation of the causative agent by the use of estabilshed cell Lines, RTG-2 and CHSE-214, was not succeed, the normal grouper inoculated intramuscularly with the filtered homogenate of the organs of the diseased fish showed the same external and internal signs with the naturally infected grouper. They died within a week. By using the naturally and the artificially infected fishes, electron microscopic observation revealed numerous hexagonal or polygonal particles in the cytoplasm of liver cells. Based on the these results, we suggest that the mass mortality of the cultured grouper would be occurred by the infection of a viral agent.
Occurrence of Saprolegnia diclina Associated with Fungal Gill disease at snake fishes Culture farm
Min, Hong-Kyu ; Chun, Soon-Bai ; Bai, Suk ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 4, issue 2, 1991, Pages 95~100
Saprolegnia diclina, which was the pathogen causing death in snake fishes(Channa argus) at culture farm, was investigated using scanning electron microscope. It was found that Saprolegnia diclina infection caused snake fishes to fail gas change in the gills. Cell lysis as well as edematous disease and hyperplasia as a result of Saprolegnea diclina attachment on the surface of gills were observed. The granules, the mean diameters of which ranged from 6 to
, attaching on the surface of gills were found to be secondary zoospores of Saprolegnia diclina. The failures of gas exchange in the gill cells and circulation as a result of the osmotic dilution of the blood were supposed to be the main cause of death.