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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of fish pathology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fish Pathology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1992
Volume 5, Issue 1 - May 1992
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A Study on infection symptom of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus(IPNV) in chinook salmon embryo cell line
Kim, Young-Gill ; Lee, Keun-Kwang ; Chung, Ee-Yung ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 1~7
CHSE(Chinook Salmon Embryo)-214 fish cell lines was cultured in Eagle's minimal medium (MEM) supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum and 2mM-glutamin. Optimum growth temperature of CHSE-214 cell line was
. Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus(IPNV) was successfuly multiplied and showed the cytopathic effect in CHSE-214 cell line. Infection symptom of IPNV was observed with inverted phase contrast microscopy. At 6h-12hrs post-infection, the cells infected with IPNV were similer to normal cells. At 18-24hrs post-infection, the cells were somewhat round form and a little swollen form than normal cells. At 30hs post-infection, the cells were becoming more abnormal cells. At 48-68 post-infection, the infected cells were lysed and showed the severe cytopathic effect.
Bactericidal action by complement of fish serum
Yoo, Byoung-Hwa ; Park, Soo-Il ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 9~18
In order to know the defense mechanism of fish, bactericidal activity was examined into the sera of carp Cyprinus carpio, tilapia Oreochromis niloticus and flounder Paralichthys olivaseus. Each examined normal serum of fishes showed the bactericidal activity against avirulent Escherichia coli but it wasn't appeared against virulent Edwardsiella tarda. When the normal serum of each fish was treated with zymosan, it lost the bactericidal activity completely. After addition of EGTA into the normal serum of each fish, the sera of tilapia and flounder still exhibited the bactericidal activity but the serum of carp lost it. In the presence of specific antibody and complement, bactericidal activity of each antiserum was exhibited high level with in one hour incubation. On the other hand, heat inactivated antiserum showed bacteriostatic reaction. From the above results, although the activity of alternative or classical pathway of each fish complement is different, it is an important function in fish defense mechanism.
The effects of adjuvants and vaccine against edwardsiellosis in tilapia, Oreochromis nioticus
Lee, Joo-Seok ; Park, Soo-Il ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 19~27
A formalized bacterin(FKC) of Edwardsiella tarda, conjugated with/without Freund's complete adjuvant(FCA), Freund's incomplete adjuvant(FIA) and potassium aluminium sulfate(PAS), was administered by intraperitoneal injection to tilapia respectively. The tilapia were reared under indoor recirculating filter system. There were agglutinin titer increment in the tilapia which were administered not only FKC bacterin but also adjuvanted vaccines. But the producing time of the highest level of antibody in the immunized tilapia was different among vaccine preparation, i. e. FKC+FCA group and PAS+FKC group are between the 2nd and the 4th week, and FKC alone group is the 2nd week. In the challenge experiment with
of E. tarda T1123 to the tilapia immunized with vaccines, RPS above sixty was recorded both challenge dose in the tilapia which were 3 weeks after immunization with FKC+FCA, PAS+FKC and FKC alone, and the former dose 8 weeks after immunization with FCA+FKC and PAS+FKC. There were some resistance enhancement against E. tarda in the tilapia which were injected with adjuvant alone than that of control. As the results, the FCA or PAS adjuvanted vaccine is effective to sustain the defensible period against edwardsiellosis.
Studies on the biochemical and serological characteristics of Edwardsiella tarda isolated from cultured flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus
Bang, Jong-Deuk ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ; Park, Soo-Il ; Choi, Yun-Jung ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 29~35
This study was carried out in order to identify the biochemical and serological characteristics of Edwardsiella tarda isolated from cultured flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus in the east and south coast of Korea. During the year of 1990 and 1991, the number of isolated E. tarda were 131 strains. To identify the biochemical characteristics of them kinds of tests were conducted. The results represented that all the strains had the same biochemical characteristics, and their biochemical characteristics were no differences among strains. A serological analysis was carried out based on agglutination test with antiserum belonging to E. tarda serotype a (E-22), b (SU-138), c (SU-100) classfied in japan. The selected 10 isolates showed agglutinin titer of 5120-2560, 40-80 and below 40 against E. tarda serotype a, b and c, respectively. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(SDS-PAGE) profiles of cell proteins of selected 10 isolates were showed no differences in kinds and volumes of proteins among strains.
The utilization of antibiotics and the treatment of bacterial diseases in fish
Jeong, Hyun-Do ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 1, 1992, Pages 37~48
Antibiotics are chemical substances produced by various species of microorganisms that suppress the growth of other microorganisms or may destroy them. Among the more than 4000 antibiotics that has been identified, about 20s are using as the therapy of infectious fish diseases. There are several methods used to classify and group antibiotics, and the most common classification has been based on chemical structure and proposed mechanism of action. The effect of antibiotics may be determined by the kind of fish pathogens and by the external environment surrounded the infected fish. It implies that the kind of antibiotics and its application method should be decided after the determination of the reasons of fish disease. The uncontrolled usages of antibiotics may induce the selection of resistant mutants appeared spontaneously and present in any group of bacteria. The epidemic spread of such antibiotic resistant strains of fish pathogenic bacteria already has been reported in various districts of japan. Importantly, transferable drug resistant(R) plasmids were detected in strains of most of fish pathogens. Based on those reports, the antimicrobial resistance appears to be a rapidly emerging problem in the fish industry on the country. The expanding literatures on the pharmacokinetics, clinical trials, withdrawal periods and efficacy of environmental effect for the commonly using antibiotics have met the needs of data for the practical application of antibiotics. However, the most important thing for the treatment of fish diseases would be the communication and exchanging of information between the site of aquaculture and the diagnostic laboratory.