Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of fish pathology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fish Pathology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1992
Volume 5, Issue 1 - May 1992
Selecting the target year
Experimental infection of Edwardsiella tarda in the Tilapia
Kim, Kwang-Hee ; Choi, Dong-Lim ; Chung, Joon-Ki ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 2, 1992, Pages 61~75
Experimental infection method for Edwardsiellosis was studied to imitate histopathologically natural infections in the Tilapia Oreochrimis niloticus. Prior to the bacterial challenge, the intestine of tilapia was damaged by 0.2ml of 30% hydrogen peroxide introduced through a silicon tube which was inserted 4 to 5cm into the intestine from anus. E. tarda was mixed a 10% Gum arabia and administered into the stomach by a cannula 20 hours after the hydrogen peroxide treatment. Bacterial doses used were from
/fish. Fish 72 hours after the challenged showed swollen and erosious lesion and focal necrosis with bacterial-eaden inflammatory cell in the Liver, Spleen, Kidney. Fish 96 and 120 hours after bacterial challenge were moribund showing swollen Liver, Spleen, Kidney and focal accumulation of macrophages and production of granulomas in the infected lesions.
Effects of aquatic drugs and immune response in color carp, Cyprinus carpio, to Aeromonas hydrophila
Ji, Bo-Young ; Park, Soo-Il ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 2, 1992, Pages 77~85
This study was carried out in order to investigate the immunosuppressive factor and immune response of color carp. The protection and serum antibody production of juvenile color carp aganist Aeromonas hydrophila were investigated on the effect of temperature differences and injected several aquatic drugs, i.e. Hydrocortisone, Oxytetracycline, Chloramphenicol and Ascorbic acid. The fish were injected intraperitoneally with 1mg/fish of HKC and FKC at three different temperature conditions as
respectively. There were induced better protection and serum antibody production in the fish which had been kept at
than in the fish which had been kept at
. The FKC immunized fish were followed 24 hrs later with intraperitoneal injection of 40mg/kg body weight of Hydrocortisone, 60mg/kg body weight of Oxytetracycline. 60mg/kg body weight of Chloramphenicol and 30mg/kg body weight of Ascorbic acid, respectively. The control fish were injected PBS only. The fish given the above aquatic drugs reduced serum antibody production level and protection rate when compared to control fish. As the results, immune response of juvenile color carp immunized FKC at
was more effective than
and immune response of juvenile color carp injected several aquatic drugs which was seemed to be immunosuppressive factor.
Purification and antibacterial effect of lysozyme from flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus
Kim, Jin-Woo ; Park, Soo-Il ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 2, 1992, Pages 87~92
Lysozymes were isolated and purified from various organs of cultured flounder by using chitin-coated cellulose column chromatography. The molecular weights of them were compared with each other in 15% SDS-PAGE gels. The result showed that all lysozymes isolated from various organs of flounder had the same molecular weight of about 14000. To clarify the role of lysoryme as a body defence, the antibacterial activities of flounder lysozyme on seven bacterial pathogens, five Gram-negative and two Gram-positive species, were investigated. The lysozyme had substancial antibacterial activity on four strains, two Gram-negative and two Gram-positive species. These suggest that flounder lysozyme plays a role in body defence against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial pathogens.
Histopathological study of chronic nitrite toxicity on the japanese eel, Anguilla japonica
Yang, Han-Choon ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 2, 1992, Pages 93~118
The research was carried out to examine the chronic toxic effects of nitrite on the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica by neans of histological observations. Young eel, 10.8g mean body weight. were exposed to 6 different concentrations of nitrite(1, 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40ppm) for 10 weeks. Each concentration was treated under 5 different levels of pH(5.5, 6.0, 6.5, 7.0 and 7.5) and each of these treatment was tested at 2 different temperature regimes(
). Proper concentration of nitrite was made by
and proper pH levels were made by the combinations of 0.1M
. Histopathological test of gill tissues were made along with the test of the formation of thrombocystes and chloride cells on the gill filaments. At the lower pH levels, mucus secretion from the gill was incrased as the nitrite concentration increased. As the level of nitrite increased the number of chloride cells on the gill filament were decreased. Most of the remained chloride cells were observed only at the terminar part of the gill filament at 40ppm of nitrite. Degeneration of gill tissues were observed when nitrite levels were over 10ppm along with detachement and sweption of the epithelial cells of the gill lamellae. Shrunken gill lamellae and formation of thrombosis in the capillaries of gill lamellae were also observed. When temperature goes higher at the higher level of nitrite, necroses in the gill lamellae was increased. At the lower than 10ppm of nitrite, degeneration of gill lamellae was occured at the beginning of the test period but regenerated later. Negative effects of nitrite on the growth of young eel was started between 5~10ppm at the pH level of 7.0 and 7.5. Thrombosis formation were also started at this level. The safety concentration of nitrite at the pH levels of 7.0 and 7.5 on the small eel seems to be 1ppm. Thrombosis and gill lamella detachment and necrosis in the gill capillaries were not observed at this level. Chloride cells were appeared the whole part of the gill filament.
The absorption and excretion times of carp, Cyprinus carpio, treatment with oxolinic acid
Jeong, Hyun-Do ; Ha, Jai-Yi ; Huh, Min-Do ; Chung, Joon-Ki ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 2, 1992, Pages 135~142
The absorption and excretion times of oxolinic acid(OX) used in farms as new aquatic antibiotics commonly were evaluated with determination of the effects of water temperature and feeding to parameters by using the bioassay technique. On the same time, antibacterial activity and the complex formation of oxolinic acid with serum proteins of two different fishes were compared to those oxytetracycline(OTC). With more than 10 times lower MIC values than those of OTC in the strains among 13 analyzed fish pathogens. OX did not show the decresed antibacterial activity by the binding of serum proteins in carp and tilapia. It implies more powerful potential of OX as aquatic medicine OTC. The serum concentration of OX after different administrations the oral, i.m., i.v and dipping methods were compared. The higher beginning concentration in serum and faster excretion times were obserbed in i.m. and dipping methods respectively. In the oral and i.m. administration, peak serum concentration after 24－48 hrs and slow excretion times demonstrated in both methods. These pharmacokinetic characteristics similar at
water temperature conditions, however, beginning serum concentration of OX in fish dipped in
sol after starvation for 2 wks was appeared lower than those of fed fish. It suggests the importance of biological condition of the gill or skin for absorption of antibiotics after dipping administration.
Molecular cloning and characterization of metallothionein cDNA gene in channel catfish
Lee, In-Jung ; Song, Young-Hwan ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 2, 1992, Pages 143~152
Metallothionein is an essential and common protein to regulate the intracellular concentration of heavy metals, which exist in most organisms from bacteria to vertebrates. Although the detailed function of metallothianein has not been fully identified until yet, it may be involoved in the cellular protection against the heavy metal toxicity and in the global regulation of several other genes and the expression of metalloproteins. We have cloned the full cDNA clone of metallothionein gene in Channel Catfish by Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction(RT-PCR) starting from poly(A)-containing mRNAs. All PCR fragments have been subcloned into EcoRV site of pBluescript SK+ and dT-tailed at Smal site of pUC19, then PCR products are recovered by the double digestion of recombinant plasmids wiht EcoRI and HindIII, which are adjacent to EcoRV site in multicloning sites or by rapid PCR screening. The nucleotide sequence analysis of pMT150(one of the PCR clones) showed high homology with several other piscine metallothionein cDNA genes.
Isoaltion and characterization of petroleum degrading bacteria
Song, Young-Hwan ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 2, 1992, Pages 153~158
From several sites of petroleum storage basement in South Coasts in Korea, various petroleum degrading bacteria have been isolated and characterized as Pseudomonas fluorescens, Acinetobacter baumanii, Pseudomonas maltophila and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively. They show the ability of petroleum degradation on minimal media which contains petroleum as sole carbon source and loose the ability at high concentration of NaCl as increasing the concentration of NaCl from 0.5% to 6%. It has been confirmed that such bacteria have utilized the simple saturate hydrocarbon; n-decane, n-hexane, n-octane and n-decane because petroleum consists of various kinds of organic compounds. It has been also identified that petroleum degrading bacteria habor the plasmid and show the antibiotic resistance against ampicillin, tetracycline and chloramphenicol. These results strongly suggest that the petroleum degrading gene and antibiotic resistance gene might be located on the high molecular weight plasmid.
The histological structure and the pathologic lesions of teleost skin
Huh, Min-Do ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 5, issue 2, 1992, Pages 159~164
The skin of fishes is also the important external barrier against a variety of the environmental detrimental agents, allowing normal internal physiological function, so its condition is very important in many disease processes. Since fishes are aquatic, morphologically and physiologically they posses specific characteristics lacking in terrestial animals. Thus, it is necessary to keep in mind various specific histologic characteristics for a precise interpretation of the histopathological lesions. In the normal environment the fish skin is more subtly adapted for its physiological requirements as a limiting barrier than the skin of higher terrestial vertebrates. However, its delicacy makes it high vulnerable to damage in fish culture facilities or polluted waters. Although changes in the skin of fish such as discoloration, ulcerative lesions, are the the most readily observed clinical features of fish, there is a wide variety of possible responses, which are best considered in terms of their site within the skin. Up to now, there are relatively few sytematically described information on the histological structure of the teleost skin as well as integrated reviews of the range of pathological processes that can occur in teleost skin. Therefore it was tried in this article to rearrange the information already described by other investigators on the histological structure and histopathological changes of teleost skin.