Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of fish pathology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Fish Pathology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 1993
Volume 6, Issue 1 - May 1993
Selecting the target year
Studies on disease of catfish(Silurus asotus) in Korea II. Pathology on vibriosis
Kim, Young-Gill ; Lee, Keun-Kwang ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 6, issue 1, 1993, Pages 1~10
Two vibrio sp. strains were isolated from disease catfish(silurus asotus). The present isolates were identified as Vibrio ordalii based on their biological and biochemical characteristics ; they were positive for acid production from glucose, Iactose, maltose, sucrose and salicine, while negative for arabinose, galactose, inocitol and xylose. They are named KL-1 and KL-2, KL-1 and KL-2 strains were similar to physiological characteristics ; growth was observed at pH 5 to 10 and in 0% to 6.0% NaCl. Two strains did not growth at a concentration above 7.0% NaCl and pH10. This bacterium was infected into health catfish hypodermically. Such injection was found to induce haemorrhagic ulcers very similar to those observed in naturally infected fish. At 24h post-infection, the red spot developed around the injection site and grew bigger to from a red sport area. At 120h post-infection, the muscle ncerosis was extended near the ventral fin. The seventy percent lethal dosage was appeared to water temperature at
. Two strains were tested for drug senistiveity by plate method. KL-1 and KL-2 strains were sensitive to GM. K, N, S and SxT, but resistant to CF, L and VA.
Immune response of eel against fish pathogen, Edwardsiella tarda
Park, Soo Il ; Choi, Yoon-Jeong ; Lee, Joo-Seok ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 6, issue 1, 1993, Pages 11~20
To study the immune responses of the japanese eel. Anguilla japonica, fish were injected intraperitoneally with several types of Edwardsiella tarda antigen, i. e., FKC(formalin killed cells), HKC(heat killed cells) or LPS(lipopolysaccharide), and the changes of immunocytes numbers, phagocytosis and agglutination titre in the peripheral blood of the fish were investigated. The number of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of eels were decreased until 6 hours after injection, and then were turn to normal levels after 24 hours of injection. However, the level were slightly increased and were remained after 24 hours. The number of neutrophils of FKC, HKC or LPS injected fish were the highest at 12 hours after injection and were decreased slowly after that. Three weeks after the injections, the agglutination of antibody titre of all immunized groups were reached at 128 and were remained this level thereafter. However 6 weeks after the injections, that in HKC injected fish were dropped the level up to 4. Fish were injected with LPS and the blood from the fish were bled after 12 hours. Then the blood were incubated with E. tarda. Six hours after incubation, the phagocytic index was reached the highest level, 28.3. One week after the LPS injection, the blood were again bled and incubated with E. tarda. The phagocytic index at this time was 3.9. The phagocytic indexes of the fish injected with FKC and HKC, treted as same LPS injected fish as above, were 18.8 and 10.7, respectively. The phagocytic index of the control fish was 1.2. The antibacterial activities of normal antiserum against E. tarda were shown for both FKC and LPS injected fish, but not for HKC injected fish. The RPS(relative percentage of survival) of HKC, FKC and LPS injected fish in the challenge test were 10%, 20% and 30%, respectively. These results suggest that the effect of protection of the eel which were injected with antigen were varied with the method of preparation of the antigen.
Histopathological changes in fish gills by potassium permanganate and influence of water quality
Shin, Mee-Young ; Choi, Dong-Lim ; Chung, Joon-Ki ; Chun, Seh-Kyu ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 6, issue 1, 1993, Pages 21~55
Histopathological changes in gills by potassium permanganate were investigated in four fish species. flounder(Pararychthys olivaceus) and rockfish(Sebastes schlegeli) in marine fish, and carp(Cyprinus carpio) and eel(Anguilla japonica) in freshwater fish. Marine fishies were more sensitive to
than freshwater fishies and have shown histological changes even in low concentration of 1ppm. Eels were less affected than carp in high concentration of
. Especially in eels, hyperplasia and hypertropy of mucus cells were observed. Compared to in underground water. the effect of KMnO₄ were reduced very much in pond water. That this differences were due to the concentration of organic substances were certained by experiment with various feed concentrations. The potency of
were influenced by dissolved oxygen.
Drug Resistance in Fish-Pathogenic Bacteria
Aoki, Takashi ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 6, issue 1, 1993, Pages 57~64
The properties and DNA structures of R plasmids differ depending on the species of the fish-pathogens Aeromonas hydrophila, A. salmonicida, Edwardsiella tarda, Enterococcus seriolicida, Pasteurella piscicida and Vibrio anguillarum. However, some R plasmids with the same resistance markers in similar DNA structures were found in A. hydrophila and E. tarda, as well as in A. hydrophila and A. salmonicida. R plasmids from V. anguillarum were classified into three groups according to their DNA structures. The first group was detected before 1977, the second from 1980 to 1983, and the third from 1989 to 1991. R plasmids have been retained within P. piscieida having the same DNA structures and detected at various locations and times. E. seriolicida strains carrying the same R plasmids, which were encoded with resistance to macrolide antibiotics(MLs), lincomycin(LIM), and TC, and to MLs, LIM, and CP. were distributed in yellowtail farms in various districts. The chloramphenicol-resistance(cat) gene of the R plasmids of P. piscicida was classified as CAT type I. The cat of the R plasmids of E, tarda. A. salmonicida was classified as type II. The cat of R plasmids of V. anguillarum was classified into two types. One type detected before 1977, was classified as CAT IV and the other type, detected after 1980, was classified as CAT II. Tetracycline-resistance (tet) V. anguillarum, isolated before 1977 and after 1981, was classified as Tet B and Tet G, respectively. The class D tet gene was widely distributed in R plasmids from fish-pathogens A. hydrophila, E. tarda, P. piscicida, and also V. anguillarum isolated after 1989.
The histological structure and the pathological lesions of gill in teleosts
Huh, Min-Do ; Jeong, Hyun-Do ;
Journal of fish pathology, volume 6, issue 1, 1993, Pages 65~70
The delicate histological structure of gill in teleosts can be easily affected by a variety of biological, chemical or physical detrimental agents because it is directly exposed to the surrounding water. The epithelium of secondary lamella is thin to allow efficient gaseous exchange and this also renders it particularly vulnerable to various pathogens. As well as the main respiratory role, the gill has other various important functions such as acid-base balance, osmoregulation or the excretion of nitrogenous waste products. Thus destruction of epithelial integrity such as epithelial necrosis or thickening can render a fish very vulnerable to respiratory, secretory and excretory difficulties. This article was tried to describe in detail the common processes of pathological responses correlated to the normal histological structures of the gill in teleosts.