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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Aug 2001
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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The genesis of Ulsan carbonate rocks: a possibility of carbonatite\ulcorner
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~12
A small of carbonate rocks and spatially-associated ultramafic rocks uniquely occur in the ulsan iron-serpentine mine of the sourtheastern Kyungsang basin. The study of field geology, core drilling data and stable isotope analysis suggest that the carbonate rocks are carbonatite formed from the melt reflecting intrusive natures. Based on this study, the geology of the Ulsan iron-serpentinite mining area consists of Cretaceous sedimentary, volcanic, granitic ultramafic and carbonate rocks in ascending order. The carbonate and ultramafic rocks show concentric and ellipsoidal shapes at the outcrop and a funnel shape in the cross sectional view. Carbon and oxygen stable isotope analysis show a bimodal pattern rather than a typical mantle pattern, which may indicate that the melt was a secondary melt generated within the crus not in the mantle directly. The uprising of ultramafic melts would have melted lime-contained rocks forming a secondary carbonate melt in the upper crus. Then, the intrusion of the ultramafic melts would have melted lime-contained rocks forming a secondary carbonate melt in the upper crust. Then, the intrusion of the ultramafic melt was followed by the intrusion of the carbonate melt along deep-seated fractures. Well-developed major fractures in this area, fluid inclusion characteristics of the carbonate rocks, the spatial relation between the ultramafic and carbonate rocks and stable isotope data support interpreting the Ulsan carbonate rocks as carbonatite.
Petrologic Evolution of the Songaksan Monogenetic Volcano, Jeju Island, Korea
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 2001, Pages 13~26
Songaksan volcano, which occurs as a monogenetic volcano on the southwestern promontory of Hallasan shield volcano, is composed of tuff ring, cinder cone, lava pond and cinder conelet complex on wide basalt plateau. Except for an influx of external quartz xenocrysts in the tuff ring. Totally the volcano ranges from trachyandesite to trachybasalt in petrography and chemical compositions, which confirm the continuum between the evolved and primitive compositions widely occurring in the Jeju volcanic system. Chemical data for the volcano show quantitative compositional variation from the lower to the upper part of the volcanic sequences. The continuous compositional variations generally define a compositionally zoned magma storage. The chemical data suggest that the compositiona1 donations might have resulted from the fractional crystallization of a parental alkali magma. As result, the Songaksan volcano initially tapped the lop of the zoned magma storage and subsequently erupted successively more primitive magma.
Sm-Nd mineral ages of charnockites and ilmenite-bearing anorthositic rocks of Jirisan area and their genetic relationship
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 2001, Pages 27~35
The charnockite of Jirisan area occurs within the Precambrian high grade metamorphic terrane associated with anorthosite body as many foreign examples. Sm-Nd ages were determined from whole rock-garnet pairs, which turned out
) Ma for the massive charnockite and
) Ma for the foliated charnockite with $
initial ratios calculated with the these ages are 0.71319 and 0.71532 respectively. The fact that massive and foliated charnockites show identical age, identical Nd isotopic initial ratio, and similar Sr isotopic initial ratios suggest that they were generated at the same time from the same material even through their present textures are different. Initial ratios of Nd and Sr of the charnockites are quite distinct from the mantle values indicating the influence of continental crust. Sm-Nd age determined from the titanium bearing anorthositic rocks intruding the anorthosite body, using mineral separates of garnet, plagioclase, and mafic fraction, is
) Ma with $
initial ratios calculated with this age are 0.70616~0.70619. The charnockites and the anorthositic rocks occurring in contact each other also reveal the same age within the error, which suggest a genetic relationship between them. However, chemical compositions of the charnockites and Hadong-Sancheong anorthosites cannot be explained by igneous differentiation. Their differences in Nd and Sr initial isotopic ratios indicate different source materials. Therefore, temporal association between them suggests the possibility of the anorthosite acting as a thermal source for the generation of the charnockite as other studies.
Implication for the emplacement depth of the granites in the Yeongnam Massif, using the aluminum-in-hernblende barometry
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 2001, Pages 36~55
Hornblende geobarometry has been applied to estimate the emplacement depth of the Jurassic Yeongiu, Andong, and Gimcheon granites in the Yeongnam Massif. Geobarometry was determined from the twenty two samples of the Yeongiu granite, ten samples of the Andong granite and twelve samples of the Gimcheon granite, using the composition of hornblende rims coexisting with the mineral assemblage required for pressure determination. Amphibole compositions in the three granites vary from edenite to ferropargasite with the increase of pressure. According to the equation of Schmidt(1992), the pressures of emplacement of the Yeongiu, Andong, and Gimcheon granites are 5.6 to 7.9 kb, 5.5 to 7.5 kb, and 4.1 kb to 5.3 kb, respectively. The emplacement depth in the Yeongiu granites increase systematically from about 6 kb in the northwest to about 7.5 kb in the southeast. Andong granite shows no systematic change of the pressure estimates. The Gimcheon granite shows almost consistent pressure distribution. The pressure difference of about 1.5 kb across the Yeongiu granite may be explained by a model combining late postemplacement upsurge of a deeper part of the pluton in the south with tilting of the batholith by Yecheon shear zone.