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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Petrology of the Cretaceous igneous rocks in Gadeog Island, Busan, Korea
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 47~63
This study focuses on the petrography and petrochemical characteristics of the volcanic and plutonic rocks in Gadeog island, Busan, Korea. Based on textural and mineralogical characteristics, intermediate volcanic rocks can be divided into andesitic lava flows (porphyritic and massive andesites) and andesitic pyroclastics. Felsic volcanic rocks are composed of rhyolite, rhyolitic welded tuff, and tuff breccia. Plutonic rocks are intruded rhyolite and andesitic rocks, and composed of hornblende granodiorite which contains lots of mafic magma enclaves. Volcanic rocks are composed of andesite, dacite and rhyolite having a range in SiO
from 59 to 78wt.%. The volcanic rocks belong to the calc-alkaline rock series. Plutonic rocks have a range in SiO
from 63 to 69wt.%. This compositional variations correspond to those of Cretaceous volcanic and plutonic rocks in the southeastern Gyeongsang basin. The trace element composition and rare earth element patterns of the volcanics, which are characterized by high LREE/HFSE ratios and enrichment in LREE, suggest that they are typical of calc-alkaline volcanic rocks produced in the subduction environment around continental arc. We concluded that volcanic and plutonic rocks in Gadeog Island were evolved from orogenic andesitic magma which was produced by partial melting of the mantle wedge in the subduction environment.
Petrography of the Miocene Volcanic Rocks of the Eoil Basin, Southeastern Part of Korean Peninsula
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 64~80
The Miocene volcanic rocks in the Eoil Basin, which is one of the pull-apart basins in the southeastern Korean Peninsula, are bimodal in composition: felsic (67.2-70.5wt.% SiO
) and mafic(49.3-55.2wt.% SiO
). The bimodal volcanic activities in the basin appear to be closely associated with the basin development. The volcanic rocks are intercalated with thick Files of sedimentary sequence. They show evidence of magma mixing. which has produced mafic and felsic volcanic rocks. We are able to identify the petrographic characteristics (disequilibrium phenocryst assemblages) of the volcanic rocks that were mixed. In basaltic lava, phenocrysts of olivine and orthopyroxene coexist with corroded quartz phenocryst. Dacitic to rhyolitic welded ash-flow tuff contains phenocrysts of clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene. It suggests that phenocryst disequilibrium have been affected and mixed by magmas, which have different compositions.
Zircon Morphology and Petrochemistry of Mesozoic Plutonic rocks in Seonsan Area, Korea
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 81~102
The plutonic rocks in Seonsan area are divided into dioritic-syenitic rock, gneissose granite, biotite granite and fine grained biotite granite. These rocks intruded into the Pre-cambrian metamorphic complex and are all covered by the Cretaceous Nakdong formation. According to modal minerals, dioritic-syenitic rock corresponds to quartz monzonite, granodiorite, tonalite fields, whereas all the other plutonic rocks fall in granite field. Petrochemically the dioritic-syenitic rock is lower in SiO
content, differentiation index and Larsen index than all the other plutonic rocks. About the zircon morphology, dioritic-syenitic rock shows (100) dominant type but other granitic rocks exhibit mixed types between (100) and (110) type. The dioritic-syenitic rock could be crystallized in higher temperature than the other plutonic rocks. The plutonic rocks correspond to calc-alkaline rock series, and belong to I-type granite and mostly magnetite-series in magmatic origin. In plutonic processes, the dioritic-syenitic rock with 5kb vapor pressure could intrude into the metamorphic batement at 17km deep below the surface. Later the gneissose granite with lower 3kb vapor pressure could intrude at 10km deep. Sequentially the biotite granite with 0.7kb could intrude at 2km deep. Finally the fine grained biotite granite with 3kb vapor pressure could intrude at 10km deep.
The Study on the Spherulitic Rhyolites in the northern part of Juwang Mt., Cheongsong
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 103~118
In Cheongsong area, very rare spherulitic rhyolites both in Korea and foreign countries occur as dykes showing various types. The spherulites in them represent an undercooling caused by very fast cooling of the dykes in a shallow depth near to the surface and the variety of types were resulted from the difference of relative cooling rate. Cheongsong spherulitic rhyolites can be classified into five types; radiated simple spherulite, layered simple spherulite, layered multiple spherulite, radiated-layered multiple spherulite, radiating layered multiple spherulite. Radiated simple and radiating layered multiple spherulites formed by diffusion current caused by undercooling related to very fast cooling. On the other hand, layered multiple spherulites formed by relatively slow diffusion as a Liesegang ring during relatively slow cooling. If the cooling rate is between the two cases, layered simple spherulites formed. This interpretation indicates that Chrysanthemum, Dandelion, Dahlia and Sunflower types which are included in radiated simple or radiating layered multiple spherulites formed in the dykes with the fastest cooling rate in Cheongsong area while Peony, Rose and Innominate types classified as layered multiple spherulite formed in the dykes with the relatively slowest cooling rate. At the cooling rate between them, Apricot type spherulite formed. The K-Ar age-dating for Cheongsong spherulitic rhyolites indicate them to be formed between 48 and 50 Ma. The Cheongsong rhyolites are very valuable for research and preservation because of their rarity, beauty and diversity.