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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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Sphene U-Pb ages of the granodiorites from Gimcheon, Seongju and Anui areas of the middle Yeongnam Massif
Park Kye-Hun ; Lee Ho-Sun ; Cheong Chang-Sik ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~11
Sphene U-Pb ages were determined for the granodiorites from Gimcheon, Seongju and Anui areas of the middle Yeongnam massif. The determined ages were in the narrow range of 195.7±2.4∼200.8±1.9(2σ) Ma that are approximately coincident with the boundary between Triassic and Jurassic. Even though the studed plutons are aerially separated, they reveal quite similar major element compositions and almost identical ages, suggesting that they were generated from the similar source materials under the identical tectonic environment and thus they can be considered to form a single suite. Considering the age and spatial distribution of the Triassic to Lower Jurassic plutons of the Yeongnam Massif and Okcheon Belt, it seems that there were episodic changes in tectonic environment in both areas with relatively short intervals. In general, the compressive environment of active continental margin was prevailed. However, the tensional environment of within-plate was also appeared several times intermittently. In conclusion, Yeongnam Massif and Okcheon Belt experienced distinct tectonic environments during Triassic to Lower Jurassic, providing important clue to reveal the crustal evolution of the Korean Peninsula.
Petrological Study of Cretaceous Granitic Recks in the Waryongsan Area, Southwestern Gyeongsang Basin: Compositional Change of Granitic Rocks by Magma Mingling
Kim Kun-Ki ; Kim Jong-Sun ; Jwa Yong-Joo ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 12~23
Cretaceous granitic rocks in the Waryongsan area occur as a stock and show compositional changes with altitude. They include mafic microgranular enclaves (MME) with various sizes and types. The MMEs present clear evidence of magma mingling such as supercooling zone, mantling texture and back veining. The granitic rocks are divided into porphyritic granite, porphyritic granodiorite and fined-grained granite by their petrographic characteristics and modal compositions. The MMEs are discriminated to quartzdioritie, quartzmonzodiorite and tonalite. They have varying areal proportions in each granitic rock-type: 10∼l5% in the porphyritic granite, about 50% in the porphyritic granodiorite, and about 20% in the fined-grained granite. SiO₂ contents shows compositional change of 61.2∼72.0wt.%. Mean SiO₂ contents have 61.7wt.% in the porphyritic granodiorite, 68.6wt.% in the porphyritic granite. and 71.9wt.% in the fined-grained granite, respectively. Major oxide contents of the granitic rocks linearly vary with SiO₂ contents from the porphyiritic granodiorite to the fine-grained granite on Harker diagrams. Linear compositional variations seem to have been caused by differential degrees of mingling between mafic magma and host granite. Where larger amount of mafic magma was injected into the host granitic magma, the two magmas reached to thermal equilibrium more quickly and eventually chemical mixing occurred to produce the composition of the porphyritic granodiorite. On the other hand. less amount of injected mafic magma would have been responsible for mechanical mixing to produce the compositions of the porphyritic granite and the fined-grained granite. Therefore, it is considered that the granitic rocks in the Waryongsan area experienced magmas mingling resulting from the injection of more mafic magma into differentiating granitic magma, and that the compositional changes of the granitic rocks were ascribed to the degree of mingling between the two magmas.
Study on the Source Area of the Stones from Stone-cultural Properties -Geomorphological and Petrological Approach for the Iksan Area-
Cho Ki-Man ; Jwa Yong-Joo ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 24~37
In this study we examined the geomorphological and geological characteristics of the granite landforms in the Iksan area. Moreover we investigated the source areas of stones which are used to build the Mieruksaji west stone pagoda. Joint is most identifiable geomorphological and geological structure in the Iksan area. Direction of J1 joint appears to be N71°E∼EW, and that of J2 joint ranges N20°W∼N20°E. Cross-pattern joint is predominant in the study area, and linen.-pattern vertical joint is also observed. Tor and corestone are easily found as geomorphological features in the study area. Corestones forming for are almost 2∼3 m across and 2∼3 m or over 5 m high. Their hardness is mainly of hammer bounce. Tower-type and castle-type of for are characteristic in the Mireuksan granites. Other geomorphological features such as tafoni, gnamma are also observed in the study area. Petrographical and geochemical features of the stones used for the Mireuksaji west stone pagoda are compared with those of the granites cropped out nearby, and indicate that the stones from the Mieruksaji west stone pagoda are quite similar to the Mireuksan granites. In the Mireuksan we can easily find lots of old traces for rock cutting.
Age of the Volcanic Pebbles Within the Silla Conglomerate and the Deposition Timing of the Hayang Group
Kim Chan-Soo ; Park Kye-Hun ; Paik In-Sung ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 38~44
Hornblende /sup 40/Ar//sup 39/Ar age of 113.4±2.4 (2σ) Ma was determined from the volcanic pebble of the Silla Conglomerate which belongs to the Hayang Group of the Cretaceous Gyeongsang Supergroup. This age corresponds to the top of Aptian. Based on the reported age information, onset and duration of deposition of the constituting formations of the Hayang Group are constrained as follows; deposition of the Jindong Formation started from ca. 96∼97 Ma and lasted for about 15 Ma. Therefore, Jindong Formation was deposited since Cenomanian to Santonian and it is likely to be extended to the early Campanian. We propose 81∼80 Ma, which is in early Campanian, as the boundary between Hayang and Yucheon Groups. We suggest that the Silla Conglomerate was deposited during the early Albian and the Haman Formation was deposited during the rest of the Albian and also during the Cenomanian. The Chilgok Formation seems to be deposited during the late Aptian
Petrology of the basalt in the Udo monogenetic volcano, Jeju Island
Koh Jeong Seon ; Yun Sung-Hyo ; Hyeon Gyeong Bong ; Lee Moon Won ; Gil Young-Woo ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 45~60
This study was intended to elucidate the petrography and geochemical characteristics of the Someori Basalt in the Udo monogenetic volcano, eastern Jeju Island. The Someori basalts consist of plagioclase, olivine, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and ilmenite. The Someori basalts are plotted into subalkali rock series on the TAS diagram, and belong to tholeiitic basalts in the diagram of alkali index against to Al₂O₃ contents. The basalts belong to tholeiitic rock series, having normative quartz (less than 3.9%) + hypersthene + diopside.
Rb-Sr Whole-rock Isochron Age and Petrology of the Mt. Geumjeong Granite, Busan
Yun Sung-Hyo ; Koh Jeong-Seon ; Park Kwang-Sun ; Ahn Hyo-Chan ; Kim Young-Il ; Yoo Sung-Hyeon ; Lee Dong-Han ; Yun Gi-Young ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 61~72
The granitoids in the Mt. Geumjeong, Busan can be divided into granodiorite, hornblende granite, adamellite, tonalite, biotite granite and micrographic granite. The geochemical characteristics of the Mt. Geumjeong granites indicate that they were crystallized from a calc-alkaline series and that they belong to Ⅰ-type granitic rocks which evolved from granodioritic magma into hornblende granite, adamellite, biotitie granite, and finally micrographic granite through fractional crystallization of plagioclase. The crystallization pressures and temperatures of the minimum melt compositions of the granitic rocks were estimated to about 1∼5 kbar and 720∼700℃. The trace element composition and REE patterns, characterized by a high LILE/HFSE ratio and enrichments in LREE, indicate typical continental margin arc calc-alkaline rocks produced in the subduction environment. The Rb-Sr isotopic data for the Mt. Geumjeong granites define a well-defined isochron yielding as age of 69.6±1.9 Ma with an initial Sr isotopic ratio of 0.70503.
New Approach on the Extinction of Spreading at the Phoenix Ridge, Antarctica
Choe Won Hie ; Lee Jong Ik ; Lee Mi Jung ; Hur Soon Do ; Jin Yaung Keun ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 73~81
K-Ar ages have been determined for the submarine basalts dredged from the P2 and P3 segments of the Phoenix Ridge, Drake Passage, Antarctica, for better understanding on the extinction of seafloor spreading. At the P3 segment, the K-Ar ages of the rifted ridge basalts are 3.5-6.4 Ma, and those for the axial seamount basalts are 1.5-3.1 Ma. The K-Ar ages for the basalts at the rifted ridge and axial central high in the P2 segment are 2.1 and 1.4-1.9 Ma, respectively. We suggest that the extinction of seafloor spreading at the P3 and P2 segments occurred at 3.3 and 2.0 Ma, respectively, on the basis of ridge structure and formation time of basalts. This result favors a stepwise extinction model rather than a simultaneous one on the extinction of the Phoenix Ridge.