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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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Albitization of feldspar in the Cretaceous Kusandong Tuff, Korea
Jeong, Jong-Ok ; Sohn, Young-Kwan ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 195~211
The Kusandong Tuff, known as a representative key bed in the Cretaceous Gyeongsang Basin, is a crystal-rich tuff of pyroclastic flow and surge origin. It is 1-4 m thick and laterally extends for more than 200 km intercalated in the upper part of the Hayang Croup. Observations and analyses of the feldspar crystals in the tuff, using polarizing microscopes, EPMA, and BSE images, reveal that the plagioclase crystals in the tuff were completely albitized (>
Ab) whereas those in the southernmost localities where the tuff is rich in fine ash matrix are unaltered or partly albitized. K-feldspars are partly albitized at all localities, irrespective of the matrix content of the tuff, Perthitic textures, chessboard twinning, albitization along micro-fractures and cleavages, and the relationship between matrix content and the degree of albitization suggest that feldspars in the Kusandong Tuff were albitized by Na-rich fluid after burial. Albitization is interpreted to start preferentially along micro-fractures and cleavages and be hampered in matrix-rich tuffs with a low permeability. Original composition of the plagioclases in the Kusandong Tuff is also interpreted to have ranged between oligoclase and andesine (
) before the albitization.
Morphology and petrology of Jisagae columnar joint on the Daepodong basalt in Jeju Island, Korea
Koh Jeong-Seon ; Yun Sung-Hyo ; Hong Hyun-Chu ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 212~225
This study has been designed to elucidate the morphology of Jisagae columnar joints and the petrography and petrochemistry of Daepodong basalt in Jeju Island, distributed along the 3.5 km-long coast from Seongcheonpo to Weolpyeongdong. Colonnade of the Jisagae columnar joint typically occurs within the upper part of a flow and consists of relatively well-formed basalt columns. Most columns are straight with parallel sides and diameters from 100 cm to 205 cm,
in maximum. Length of the columns extends up to 20 m. Most columns tend to have 6 or 5 sides but sometimes they have as few as
or as many as 7 or 8 sides. The Daepodong basalt consists of plagioclase, olivine, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, ilmenite and magnetite. Plagioclase is labradorite, clinopyroxene is augite, orthopyroxene is bronzite and olivine is chrysolite and hyalosiderite. The Daepodong basalt shows porphyritic texture with matrix of mainly intersetal texture. The Daepodong basalt is plotted into alkali rock series on the TAS diagram. The tectonic setting of the Daepodong basalt represents within plate environment.
Granite Suite and Supersuite for the Triassic Granites in South Korea
Jwa Yong-Joo ; Kim Jong-Sun ; Kim Kun-Ki ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 226~236
Using the concept of granite suite/supersuite we hierarchically divided the Triassic granites in South Korea which have spatio-temporally close relationships each other. Among the Triassic granites in the Okcheon belt (western Yeongnam massif), the Baegrok granite and the Jeomchon granite can be grouped into one suite, the Baegrok suite, whereas the Cheongsan granite into the Cheongsan suite. These two suites can be grouped again into a larger supersuite, the Baegrok supersuite, on the basis of the similarity in the source rocks and the contrasts in the petrographic and geochemical characteristics. Three Triassic granites in the Gyeongsang basin - the Yeongdeok granite, the Yeonghae granite, and the Cheongsong granite - can be grouped into the Yeongdeok suite, Yeonghae suite and Cheongsong suite, respectively. These three suites can be grouped again into a larger supersuite, the Yeongdeok supersuite, on the basis of the similarity in the source rocks and the contrasts in the petrographic and geochemical characteristics. Nd-Sr isotopic signatures for the Baegrok supersuite are quite distinct from those for the Yeongdeok supersuite, indicating that the source materials of each granitic magma were not identical. The source rocks for the Baegrok supersuite are thought to be a mixture of two crustal components of the Yeongnam massif, whereas those for the Yeongdeok supersuite to be a mixture of the depleted mantle with the crustal components of the Yeongnam massif. The fact that the two contemporaneous granite supersuites were derived from the different sources can be explained by the difference of the tectonic environments where the granitic magmas were produced.
A Role of Standard Material in Rare Earth Element Analysis by ICP-MS
Lee Seung-Gu ; Kim Kun-Han ; Song Yong Sun ; Kim Yongje ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 237~250
In order to clarify the effect of standard rock material in the chemical analysis of rare earth element abundance with ICP-MS, we measured rare earth element abundance of KIGAM granite standard rock material (KG-1), USGS granite standard rock material (G-2), GSJ granite standard rock materials (JG-1a and JG-2). In REE analysis, we used conventional calibration standard solutions, KG-1, JG-1a, JG-2 and G-2 as standard material, respectively. Chondrite-normalized LREE patterns of low granite standard material correspond well each other in the recommended value and the estimated value regardless of a kind of standard rock. However, the HREE patterns of the estimated value based on G-2 or JG-2 and the recommended value are different from each other. Such difference may be due to the wrong recommended value or a specific geochemical properly of the standard rock material itself, The chondrite-normalized REE patterns of four standard rock materials estimated on the basis of KG-1 or JG-1 a show little deviation compared to the those of the recommended values. This suggests that KG-1 and JG-1a may be a optimum standard material for granitoids.
Volcanic Forms and Eruption Processes of Laoheishan and Huoshaoshan in the Wudalianchi Volcanics, NE China
Hwang S.K. ; Jin X. ; Ahn U.S. ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 251~263
Modern volcanoes, Laoheishan and Huoshaoshan, have erupted during
in the Wudalianchi volcanic group, NE china. They comprise scoria and spatter cones that consist of potassium-rich phono-tephritic pyroclastic deposits and lavas, and include wide lava flow fields. The Laoheishan scoria cone is a polygenetic multiple volcano that overlaps earlier and later edifices with more complicated internal structures produced in greater scale and in earlier time than the Huoshaoshan. There is a funnel-shaped crater in the center of the later edifice of the Laoheishan scoria cone. The Huoshaoshan spatter cone is a monogenetic simple volcano with a central pit crater. The volcanic sequences indicate eruption processes that followed a repeated pattern that progressed through 5 stages of explosive and effusive eruption including lava fountains and Strombolian eruptions in the Laoheishan, and a recognizable pattern of 2 stages that started with Strombolian eruption and progressed through lava effusion in the Huoshaoshan.