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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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Corrosion of Calcareous Rocks and Ground Subsidence in the Muan Area, Jeonnam, Korea
Ahn, Kun-Sang ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 47~58
This study examines the distribution of basement rocks in Gyochon-ri, Muan-eup, Muan-gun, Jeonnam where ground subsidence occurred in June 2005, and traces corrosion of limestone. Mica schist and rhyolite are distributed in the surface of the study area, but thick limestone layer with large and small caverns are distributed underground. A horizon of limestone with maximum width of 300 m and 4 km of length was found along the detour which is in the north of pound subsidence. Such identification of limestone presence would be very useful to predict potential ground subsidence. Limestone in this area was disturbed by fold and fault due to severe shearing deformation. Small caverns were frequently found in anticline part of folds formed in limestone layer. Schists with different thicknesses were intercalated in the limestone with shearing deformation and consist of sheet silicate minerals (chlorite and mica) and quartz. In sections of weathered specimen, it is shown that biotite of schist part was altered into chlorite and corrosion of calcite around the schist followed. This suggest that ground water permeated between intercalated sheet silicate minerals and corrosion of limestone began. And small caverns were generated where active corrosion occurred. This study suggests that because of many reasons (for instance, reclamation of the Bulmu reservior and excess pumping), cavern water level was lowered and cave sediments were removed, and it caused ground subsidence to occur.
Petrology of the Basalt of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii
Park, Byeong-Jun ; Jang, Yun-Deuk ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 59~72
Kilauea volcano located in the southern part of Hawaii island chains has been formed by continuous and sporadic eruption activities from 16 century to September of 1982. Kilauea volcano was investigated from collecting the samples of basalt to identify the geochemical characteristics of the lavas. Olivine, clinopyroxene, plagioclase, and opaque minerals with glass groundmass are observed. Clinopyroxene formed glomerophopyritic texture with plagioclase and zoning texture was observed in some of plagioclase phenocrysts. Major elements such as
increased with respect to MgO.
and CaO show the kink on Marker diagram due to the crystal fractionation of plagioclase and clinopyroxene with plagioclase respectively. Olivine has a wide range of Fo% ranging from 60 to 90, and MnO and FeO in the olivine are decreased with increasing Fo% oppositely increased
, MgO, and NiO. Ni in the whole rock is controlled not only by the mode of olivine but also by the Ni abondance in the olivine.
The Occurrence and Formation Mode of Basaltic Rocks in the Tertiary Janggi Basin, Janggi Area
Kim, Choon-Sik ; Kim, Jin-Seop ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 73~81
A basaltic tuff formation (Upper Basaltic Tuff of the Janggi Group) occurs in close association with basalt (Yeonil Basalt) at the Tertiary Janggi basin. The purpose of this paper is to describe the occurrence of the basaltic tuff and associated basalt and to determine their mode of formation. The basaltic rocks of the study area show few distinct lithofacies, all of which are originated from the interaction of basaltic magma with external water. The four lithofacies include (1) sideromelane shard hyaloclastite, (2) pillow breccia, (3) entablature-jointed basalt, and (4) in-situ breccia. The sideromelane shard hyaloclastite constitutes most of the Upper Basaltic Tuff and has a gradual contact with the pillow breccia. The pillow breccia consists of a poorly sorted mixture of isolated and broken pillows, and small basalt globules and fragments engulfed in a volcanic matrix of sideromelane shard hyaloclastite. The entablature-jointed basalt occurs as a small body within the hyaloclastite. It is characterized by irregularly-curved joints known as entablature. The in-situ breccia occurs as a marginal facies of entablature-jointed basalt, and its width varies from 10 to 30m. The result of this study indicates that the basaltic tuff and associated basalts of the study area were produced by the volcanic activity of same period and the basaltic tuff was formed by subaqueous eruption of basaltic lava followed by nonexplosive quench fragmentation.
Paleogene dyke swarms in the eastern Geoje Island, Korea: their absolute ages and tectonic implications
Son, Moon ; Kim, Jong-Sun ; Hwang, Byoung-Hoon ; Lee, In-Hyun ; Kim, Jeong-Min ; Song, Cheol-Woo ; Kim, In-Soo ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 82~99
The Paleogene dikes intruding into the late Cretaceous granodiorite are pervasively observed in the Irun-myeon, eastern Geoje Island. They are classified into three groups: NW-trending acidic dike swarm and WNW- (A-Group) and
(B-Group) basic dike swarms. Based on their cross-cutting relationships, the earliest is the acidic dike group and fellowed by A- and B-Groups in succession. The acidic dikes seem to have intruded into tension gashes induced by the sinistral strike-slip faulting of the Yangsan fault system during the late
Paleogene. In terms of rock-type, orientation, age, and geochemistry, A-Group and B-Group are intimately correlated with the intermediate and basic dike swarms in the Gyeongju-Gampo area, respectively. These results significantly suggest that the corresponding dike swarms are genetically related. Based on the K-Ar and Ar-Ar age data, A- and B- Groups were intruded during
, respectively. The result means that the direction of tensional stress in and around the SE Korean peninsula was changed abruptly from NNE-SSW to
at about 51 Ma. Considering the tectonic environments during the Paleogene, it is interpreted that A-Group was injected along the WNW-trending tensional fractures developed under an regional sinistral simple shear regime which was caused by the north-northwestward oblique subduction of the Pacific plate beneath the Eurasian plate. Meanwhile, the regional stress caused by the collision of India and Eurasia continents at about 55 Ma was likely propagated to the East Asia at about 51 Ma, and then the East Asia including the Korean peninsula was extruded eastwards as a trench-rollback and the dip of downgoing slab of the Pacific plate was abruptly steepened. As a result, the strong suction-force along the plate boundary produced a tensional stress field trending EW or WNW-ESE in and around the Korean peninsula, which resultantly induced B-Group to intrude passively into the study area.