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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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Areal Distribution Ratios of Constituent Rocks with Geologic Ages and Rock Types by GIS in the Gyeongsangbug-Do and Daegu Areas
Yun, Hyun-Soo ; Lee, Jin-Young ; Yang, Dong-Yoon ; Hong, Sei-Sun ; Kim, Ju-Yong ; Yi, Sang-Heon ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~18
On the ArcGIS 9.2 program in Gyeongsangbug-Do and Daegu areas, distribution ratios of rock types and geologic ages were obtained from the 1 : 250,000 scaled digital geologic and geomorphic maps. The obtained distribution ratios here will be used the geologic information data for industrialization and development planning of rock resources. The Gyeongsangbug-Do area consists of 86 rock types that can be divided into 10 large groups in geologic age. Their geologic distribution ratios show the decreasing in the order of Cretaceous, Precambrian, Jurassic, Quaternary, Age-unknown and Tertiary, all of which occupy the prevailing ratio of 96.30% in the area. Of which, sixteen rock types are somewhat dominant ones (64.04%). They are of Precambrian Yulri group and granite gneiss of the Yeongnam metamorphic complex and biotite gneiss of the Sobaegsan metamorphic complex, Age-unknown granite, Jurassic granite, Cretaceous Gasongdong and Dogyedong formations of the Yeongyang sub-basin, Nagdong and Chunsan formations and intermediate-basic volcanics of Euiseong sub-basin, Jinju and Jindong formations and andesite-andesitic tuff of Milyang sub-basin, and hornblende granite, and Quaternary alluvium. They show relatively narrow ranges of 2.07-6.53% in geologic distribution in exception of Jurassic granite showing 13.14%. And the rest 70 rock types appear to very narrow range between 0.01 and 1.94 %. On the other hand, twelve rock types are developed in the Daegu area. Their geologic ages appear to be classified into Cretaceous and Quaternary occupying 86.05% and 11.39%, respectively. Seven rock types take possession of 94.04% among the all rocks. The major rock types are Jinju formation of the Sindong group, Chilgog, Haman and Jindong formations of the Hayang group, andesite and andesitic tuff, hornblende granite and Quaternary alluvium. With exception of andesite and andesitic tuff of 37.40%, the types show slightly wide range of 3.25-17.39%, which apparently differ trends from that of Gyeongsangbug-Do area. And the rest of rock types have narrow ranges of 0.22-1.81% in the Daegu area.
Deformation structures of the Jurassic Ogcheon granite and the Honam Shearing, Ogcheon Area, Korea
Kang, Ji-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 19~30
The Jurassic Daebo Ogcheon granite is distributed in the Ogcheon area which is located in the central part of the Ogcheon Belt, Korea. This paper newly examines the timing of Honam shearing on the basis of the petrofabric researches on the deformation structures of the Ogcheon granite. The structural shape of Ogcheon granite is mainly characterized by a wedge shaped of E-W trend and an elongate shape of ENE trend in geological map and by contacts parallel to the regional S1 foliation in the host Ogcheon supergroup. It indicates that the pluton was permittedly emplaced after the S1 formation. The main deformation structures are marked by a solid-state tectonic foliation of N-S trend, which passes through the contact of the pluton, and by an aplitic dyke of E-W trend, and by sinistral, NW and E-W oriented shear zones on the eastern border of the pluton. The petrofabric study on the main deformation structures suggests that the tectonic foliation and the aplitic dyke were formed by the Honam dextral strike-slip shearing of (N)NE trend at ca.
deformation temperature, and that the sinistral shear zones could be induced by the dextral rotation of the pluton from its original site of intrusion, that is, by the shear strain which is due to sliding of the pluton past the host rocks. The history of emplacement and deformation of the Ogcheon granite and the previous results on the timing of Honam shearing would be newly established and reviewed as follows. (1) Early~Middle Jurassic(187~170 Ma); intrusion of syntectonic foliated granite related to Early Honam shearing, (2) Middle Jurassic(175~166 Ma); main magmatic period of Jurassic granitoids, the permitted emplacement of the Ogcheon granite, (3) Middle~Late Jurassic(168~152 Ma); main cooling period of Jurassic granitoids, the deformation of the Ogcheon granite related to Late Honam shearing. Thus, this study proposes that the Honam shear movement would occur two times at least during 187~152 Ma (ca. 35 Ma) through the intertectonic phase of 175~166 Ma.
Occurrence and Deformation of Fe-Ti ores from the Proterozoic Hadong Anorthosites, Korea
Jung, Jae-Sung ; Kim, Jong-Sun ; Cho, Hyeong-Seong ; Song, Cheol-Woo ; Son, Moon ; Ryoo, Chung-Ryul ; Chi, Sei-Jeong ; Kim, In-Soo ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 31~49
Nearly NS-trending Fe-Ti ore bodies intermittently occur in the Hadong anorthosites, south Korea, irrespective of the rock types of the anorthosites. In order to determine their occurrence mode and deformation history, we collected the features of occurrence and geological structures in the field, petrographic features using thin sections of the principal constituent rocks, and geochemical data of ilmenites in the ore body using electron probe microanalysis. Fe-Ti ore bodies examined in this study are divided into two types: dike- and lamina-types. It is steadily supported that the dike-type has intruded into the anorthositic rocks after their emplacement and solidification. And the laminar-type is probably a result of the mylonitization and transposition of the dike-type ore bodies parallel to the shear planes, due to later strong dextral ductile shearing. In the meantime, the Fe-Ti ore bodies have experienced the stronger dextral shearing in the more northern part of the study area, i.e. Cheongryong-ri, Wolhoeng-ri, Jonghwa-ri, and Jayangri and Baekun-ri in ascending order of its strength, together with the less content of
. All ilmenites of the ore bodies have very similar chemical composition, as pure ilmenite of 52~55 wt.% in
content, irrespective of the occurrence mode and degree of later ductile shearing of the ore bodies. And they didn't experience to exsolve into magnetite. The structural data indicate that the Hadong anorthosites have deformed by NNE-trending folding, intrusion of the Fe-Ti ore bodies, NNW~NNE-trending dextral ductile shearing, NW~NNW-trending sinistral semi-brittle shearing, and intrusion of NNE~NE-trending mafic dykes in descending order of chronology after the formation of foliation of the anorthositic rocks. The foliation is interpreted as a result of the accumulation of crystals that settle out from the magma by the action of gravity.
Flow Directions and Source of the Dongmakgol Tuff in the Cheolwon Basin, Korea
Hwang, Sang-Koo ; Kim, Jae-Ho ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 51~65
The Dongmakgol Tuff is a stratigraphic unit which is composed of voluminous ignimbrites in the Cheolwon basin. The ignimbrites belong to pumice-rich vitric tuffs that show eutaxitic to parataxitic fabrics from fiamme or pumice clasts. They are almost densely welded and strongly flattened, but often parallel aligned and stretched. Also they exhibit flow indicators such as flow lineations, imbrications, tensional cracks and boudins from their alignment and/or elongation, and lithic and pumice clasts show lateral grading in their average maximum diameter. Flow direction map from the lineations, asymmetric structures and lateral grading diagram indicate that the Dongmakgol Tuff has a source from its southwestern part near a boundary between southern Dongmakri and northern Gomunri, and is considered that the ignimbrites took emplacement processes of laminar flows during the final stage of flowage and the flow lineations are from the result of shear stress during that times.
Petrotectonic Setting and Petrogenesis of Cretaceous Igneous Rocks in the Cheolwon Basin, Korea
Hwang, Sang-Koo ; Kim, Se-Hyeon ; Hwang, Jae-Ha ; Kee, Won-Seo ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 67~87
This article deal with petrotectonic setting and petrogenesis from petrography and chemical analyses of the Cretaceous volcanic and intrusive rocks in the Cheolwon basin. The volcanic rocks are composed of basalts in Gungpyeong Formation, Geumhaksan Andesite, and rhyolitic rocks (Dongmakgol Tuff, Rhyolite and Jijangbong Tuff), and intrusive rocks, Bojangsan Andesite, granite porphyry and dikes. According to petrochemistry, these rocks represent medium-K to high-K basalt, andesite and rhyolite series that belong to calc-alkaline series, and generally show linear compositional variations of major and trace elements with increase in
contents, on many Harker diagrams. The incompatible and rare earth elements are characterized by high enrichments than MORB, and gradually high LREE/HREE fractionation and sharp Eu negative anomaly with late strata, on spider diagram and REE pattern. Some trace elements exhibit a continental arc of various volcanic arcs or orogenic suites among destructive plate margins on tectonic discriminant diagrams. These petrochemical data suggest that the basalts may have originated from basaltic calc-alkaline magma of continental arc that produced from a partial melt of upper mantle by supplying some aqueous fluids from a oceanic crust slab under the subduction environment. The andesites and rhyolites may have been evolved from the basaltic magma with fractional crystallization with contamination of some crustal materials. Each volcanic rock may have been respectively erupted from the chamber that differentiated magmas rose sequentially into shallower levels equivalenced at their densities.
SHRIMP U-Pb Zircon Ages of the Jinju Formation and Silla Conglomerate, Gyeongsang Basin
Lee, Tae-Ho ; Park, Kye-Hun ; Chun, Jong-Hwa ; Yi, Kee-Wook ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 89~101
To constrain the depositional ages of the Gyeongsang sedimeantary formations, SHRIMP U-Pb ages were determined from detrital zircons in three samples: (1) a pebble-bearing sandstone from the lowermost Jinju Formation of the Sindong Group and (2) two conglomerates from the Silla Conglomerate of the Hayang Group. Their concordia ages are
Ma respectively. Such ages represent the maximum deposition ages for the lowermost Jinju Formation and Silla Conglomerate, indicating the deposition of the Jinju Formation started from late Aptian and lasted to early Albian, then deposition of the rather thin Chilgok Formation and Silla Conglomerate was followed during the Albian. The age distribution of the analyzed detrital zircons indicates the presence of protoliths, or zircons derived from them, regarding a wide span of igneous activities from Mesozoic to Archean. Among such ages, there are Mesoproterozoic, Neoproterozoic and Paleozoic igneous activities, which have not been known or seldom reported from Korean peninsula. These ages further suggest the possible presence of rocks with such ages during the deposition periods or their derivation through a long river system developed into the continents at the time of deposition.
LA-ICP-MS U-Pb Zircon Age of the Hongjesa Granite in the Northeast Yeongnam Massif
Lee, Ho-Sun ; Park, Kye-Hun ; Song, Yong-Sun ; Kim, Nam-Hoon ; Yuji, Orihashi ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 103~108
U-Pb zircon age for the Hongjesa granite, in the northeast Yeongnam massif, was determined using LA-ICP-MS. We obtained upper intercept age of
Ma, indicating Paleoproterozoic granitic magmatism together with the Buncheon and Pyeonghae granite gneisses of the region.