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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
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Petrological characteristics of the Yeongdeok granite
Woo, Hyeon-Dong ; Jang, Yun-Deuk ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 31~43
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.31
The Yeongdeok granite emplaced in the eastern Yeongyang subbasin is typically a medium- to coarse-grained massive biotite granite. It intruded into Precambrian schist & gneiss complex and is unconformably overlain by Cretaceous sedimentary rocks. In this study, we attempt to investigate the magma type which formed Yeongdeok granite and estimate the emplacement depth using Al-in-hornblende geobarometer to mineral composition. According to the magma fractionation,
, MnO, MgO, CaO,
show positive trend but
indicate negative trend with
contents. Those are identified as calc-alkaline series in AFM diagram and show the chemical characteristics of the I-type magma through the oxidation tendency of the iron ion and the portion of the alkaline composition. When calculated using the equation of Hollister et al. (1987), the emplacement depths of the Yeongdeok granite range from 8.98 to 17.19 km and average depth was estimated 13.03 km approximately.
Distribution and Petrology of the Columnar Joint in South Korea
Ahn, Kun Sang ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 45~59
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.45
This study has been designed to collate distribution, morphology, petrology of columnar joint in South Korea. Reported columnar joint areas in South Korea are 68, until the present time. These can be divided into five group by geography and volcanic activity. 1) The 16 columnar joint areas are distributed in Hantangang region. The 15 areas in this region are composed of basaltic lava in the Quaternary period, and the other 1 area is composed of volcanic rocks in the Cretaceous period. 2) The 18 columnar joint areas are distributed in Jeju island. Most of them are composed of basaltic lava(alkali basalt and Hawaiite), and the Sanbangsan and Baegrokdam area are composed of trachyte in the Quaternary period. Colonnade, entablature and chisel mark of the columnar joint are typically occur in basaltic lava. 3) The 5 columnar joint areas are distributed into the Ulleung island and Dokdo including Guksubawi. These are consisted of relatively well-formed trachyte columns in the Quaternary period. 4) The 8 columnar joint areas are distributed into the Pohang, Gyeongju and Ulsan region and consist of the Tertiary period volcanic rock. It's shape are dome, radial, horizontal and vertical. The 4 columnar joint areas are reported in the Pyeongtaek and Asan city of Chungcheongnamdo and Gosung of Gangwondo. All of them are the Tertiary period basalt. 5) The 15 columnar joint areas are distributed into the west and south coast region. Those are consisted of various rock type(from basalt to dacite), various occurrences(lava flow to welded tuff), and various diameters(20 cm to several meters). The columnar joint of Mudeung mountain and Juwang mountain are welded tuff in the Cretaceous period. The columnar joint is distributed over a wide area in South Korea, 5 in Gangwondo, 13 in Gyeonggido, 2 in Chungnam, 14 in Gyeongbuk, 1 in Jeonbuk, 10 in Jeonnam, 5 in Gyeongnam, and 18 in Jeju. The columnar joints in South Korea can be arranged in order of formative period, 18 in the Cretaceous period, 12 in the Tertiary period, and 38 in the Quaternary period. By magma series, 36 are belong to alkaline series and 32 are belong to sub-alkaline series.
Structural characteristics of the Yecheon Shear Zone in the Pukhumyeon-Pyeongeunmyeon area, Gyeongsangbukdo, Korea
Kang, Ji-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 61~73
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.61
The dextral strike-slip Yecheon Shear Zone of (E)NE-(W)SW trend is developed in the Pukhumyeon-Pyeongeunmyeon area, Gyeongsangbukdo, in the central part of Sobaeksan Massif, Korea which mainly consists of Precambrian metasedimentary rocks and Mesozoic granite. This paper researched the relative formation time, the deformation temperature, and the distribution of ultramylonite zone of Yecheon Shear Zone from the analysis of their deformed rock structures and microstructures. There are the mylonite foliation and stretching lineation by shear deformation, and the (E)SE-vergence gentle plunging, moderately inclined tight fold defined by the gneissosity and mylonite foliation as ductilely deformed main rock structures. Flame perthites, myrmekites, microfractures, microkinks, kinkband, and undulatory extinction are recognized as characteristic microstructures in feldspars during ductile shear deformation. Patterns of c-axis fabrics of recrystallized quartz aggregate display single girdle and type I crossed girdle where the rhomb
slip systems are predominant. The shearing senses on sense-of-shear plane show top-to-the-NE and top-to-the-SW on the predominant NW-dipping and subordinate SE-dipping mylonite foliations, respectively. These characteristic rock structures and microstructures suggest that the Yecheon ductile shearing occurred under
deformation temperature after the tight folding. The (E)NE trending ultramylonite zone of Yecheon Shear Zone, which passes through the Pulnobong and the north part of Pakdalsan, is established from the zonal distribution of Precambrian metasedimentary rocks and the grain-size distribution of feldspars in the Precambrian metasedimentary rocks and quartzs in the Mesozoic granite.
Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility (AMS) of the Quaternary Faults, SE Korea: Application to the Determination of Fault Slip Sense and Paleo-stress Field
Cho, Hyeongseong ; Kim, Min-Cheol ; Kim, Hyeonjeong ; Son, Moon ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 75~103
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.75
The Quaternary faults are extensively observed along major inherited fault zones (i.e. Yangsan Fault System, Ulsan Fault, Yeonil Tectonic Line, Ocheon Fault System) in SE Korea. Their geometry and kinematics provide a very useful piece of information about the Quaternary crustal deformation and stress field in and around Korean Peninsula. Using magnetic fabrics (AMS), we attempted to determine the slip senses of Jinti, Mohwa, Suseongji2, and Wangsan faults and then interpreted the fabric development process of fault gouge and the characteristics of stress field during the Quaternary. All the magnetic fabrics of the faults, except the Wangsan Fault, consistently indicate a dominant reverse-slip sense with weak strike-slip component. Most of the oblate fabrics are nearly parallel to the fault surface and the anisotropy degrees generally increase in proportion to the oblatenesses. These results suggest that the fabrics of the fault gouges resulted from a progressive deformation due to continuous simple shear during the last reactivation stage as reverse faulting. It is also interpreted that the pre-existing fabrics were overwhelmed and obliterated by the re-activated faulting. Paleostress field calculated from the fault slip data indicates an ENE-WNW compressive stress, which is in accord with those determined from previous fault tectonic analysis, focal mechanism solution, and hydraulic fracturing test in and around Korean Peninsula.
Geological structures in the Bonghwajae area Jecheon-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea
Jung, Jin-Woo ; Kang, Ji-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 105~117
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.105
The Ogcheon and Joseon Supergroups are distributed in the Bonghwajae area, Jecheon-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea which is located in the northeastern fore-end of the Ogcheon Metamorphic Zone. This paper researched the geological structures based on the geometric and kinematic characteristics and the forming sequence of the major multi-deformed rock and microstructures. Most of regional foliations are not the S0 bedding but the S0-1 composite foliations defined by the preferred orientation of stretching minerals, some are recognized as the S0-1-2 composite foliations by the preferred orientation of insoluble opaque minerals and cleavage lamella. The geological structures were formed at least by three phases of deformations i.e. NNE-SSW trending D1, E-W trending D2, N-S trending D3 compressions. The S0-1 composite foliation, which shows a similar zone-distribution trend of the constitution strata of the Ogcheon and Joseon Supergroups, trended WNW before D2 deformation, but it was reoriented into N-S which was parallel to the trend of S2 foliation by D2 deformation, and it was rearranged into NW, NE, N-S trends as it is now by D3 deformation. The structural characteristics of each deformation phase and the deformation history are very similar to those in the eastern domain of Busan area into which the Ogcheon and Joseon Supergroups in this area are extended as NNW trend. It is expected to be very valuable data in interpreting the tectonic evolution of the northeastern fore-end of the Ogcheon Metamorphic Zone.
Monitoring Techniques for Active Volcanoes
Yun, Sung-Hyo ; Lee, Jeong-Hyun ; Chang, Cheol-Woo ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 119~138
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.119
There are various ways to monitor active volcanoes, such as the method of observing the activity of a volcano with the naked eye, the method of referring to the past eruptive history based on the historic records and the method of monitoring volcanoes by using observation equipment. The most basic method from the observation equipment-using methods to monitor volcanoes is seismic monitoring. In addition to this, the ways to monitor volcanoes are as follows: resonance observation which may be effective to remove artificial noises from the seismic activities that are recorded in the seismograph, ground deformation by using precision leveling, electronic distance measurement, tiltmeter, GPS, and InSAR observation method, volcanic gas monitoring, hydrologic and meteorological monitoring, and other geophysical monitoring methods. These monitoring methods can make volcanic activities effectively monitored, determine the behavior of magmas in magma chambers and help predict the future volcanic eruptions more accurately and early warning, thus, minimize and mitigate the damage of volcanic hazards.
3D Reconstruction of Internal Zonation in Zircon
Kim, Sook Ju ; Yi, Keewook ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 139~144
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.139
A series of the planar cathodoluminescence (CL) and backscattered-electron (BSE) images of magmatic zircon from the Paleozoic Yeongdeok pluton in the southeastern Korean Peninsula were taken using a scanning electron microscope for a 3D reconstruction of internal zonation of zircon. Seven zircon crystals mounted in epoxy were serially polished with average
thickness to their disappearance. Their 3D reconstruction of zonation was performed using the Volume Viewer function in the ImageJ software. The 3D oscillatory zoning pattern of zircon was apparently shown in all the analyzed crystals. This method can further be applied to zircon crystals of multiple growth histories as well as other geological materials.
A Measure on the Conservation of Geological Heritages : Geological Survey and Evaluation Forms for Geologic Outcrops
Sagong, Hee ; Lee, Soo-Jae ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 145~152
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.145
Geological heritages can be defined conveniently as geological records worthy of conservation, and are represented in most cases by geological outcrops. So survey and evaluation of geologic outcrops are necessary for better conservation of geological heritages. As a measure to prevent potential destruction of geological heritages from various development projects, I propose construction of database based on survey and evaluation forms of geological outcrop, which can also be used for environmental impact assessment. The geological survey form consists of survey area, category, subcategory, location, dimension, geologic features, photo, description, and investigator. The evaluation form consists of evaluation category, detailed evaluation, comprehensive evaluation, and evaluation grade. The evaluation category is divided into academic aspect, education effect and landscape. The detailed evaluation items for academic aspects and education effect are representativeness, rarity, diversity and typicality, while those for geomorphology and landscape are peculiarity, aesthetics and naturalness. The evaluation grades are divided into five, where the first grade means a must of conservation.
Geoheritage Values of the Geological Outcrops Distributed in the Dusong Peninsula Geosite of the Busan National Geopark, Korea
Cho, Hyeongseong ; Kang, Karyung ; Cheon, Youngbeom ; Son, Moon ; Kim, Jin-Seop ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2014, Pages 153~162
DOI : 10.7854/JPSK.2014.23.2.153
The social demands to conserve the geological outcrops with important scientific values are increasing. Accordingly public programs such as national geopark are recently established. In this study, outcrops with geological values in the Dusong Peninsula geosite of the Busan National Geopark are investigated in details with a discussion in the aspects of geoheritage values. The Dusong Peninsula is located in the late Cretaceous Dadaepo Basin interpreted as an intra-arc pull-apart basin extended in the Cretaceous Yucheon Subbasin. In this area, a number of noticeable geological records, such as andesitic sills, lower Dadaepo Formation, paleo-seismites, clastic dikes, compound calcrete deposits, syn-depositional normal faults, and unconformity between basin-fill and basements, are observed. Considering their unique geological significance, the strategic plans for their conservation and management should be urgently provided.