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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Dec 1994
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Sep 1994
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
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Petrography and mineral chemistry of Fe-Ti oxides for the Mesozoic granitoids in South Korea : a reconsideration on the classification of magnetite- and ilmenite-series
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~19
We present petrography, mode and chemistry data for Fe-Ti oxide minerals from the Mesozoic granitoids in South Korea. Magnetites from the Daebo Uurassic) granites are nearly pure
, while those from the Bulgugsa (Cretaceous) granites contain considerable amounts of Mn and Ti. This is probably related to rapid cooling of the Bulgugsa granites compared with slow cooling of Daebo granites, which is supported by geologic relations and hornblende geobarometry results of Cho and Kwon (1994) on the emplacement depth for these granites. The composition of ilmenite does not shew appreciable difference between the Daebo and Bulgugsa granites. However,
contents are higher for the ilmenites coexisting with magnetite than for those without magnetite. In the temperature vs. oxygen fugacity diagram, the Bulgugsa granites plot near Ni-NiO and QFM buffer curves, although only two samples show greater than the granite solidus temperature. The mode data suggest that both magnetite- and ilmenite-series exist in Daebo and Bulgusa granites from the Kyonggi massif, Ogcheon belt and Youngnam massif, while only magnetite-series exists in Bulgugsa granites from the Kyongsang basin. Many ilmenite-series granites occur in the Ogcheon belt, which might be related to assimilation of carboniferous sediments in the belt. The proportion (44 : 56) between ilmenite- and magnetite-series for the Daebo granites is significantly different from that of Ishihara et al. (1981) who showed, using magnetic susceptibility data, predominance of ilmenite-series (more than 70%) for the Daebo granites, which can be mainly attributed to preference in sampling and to wrong assignment of age for some plutons. We also found magnetite in weakly-magnetized Kanghwa granite which was formerly classified as ilmenite-series by Ishihara et al. (1981). The proportion of ilmenite-series increases in the order of hornblende biotite granite, biotite granite and two mica granite. We conclude from these observations that the ilmeniteseries granites might have originated from contamination of carboniferous crustal material and/or such source material.
Subgrain boundaries in octachloropropane: deformation patterns, subgrain boundary orientation and density
Ree, Jin-Han ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 20~33
Some of the seven types of subgrain boundaries (Means and Ree, 1988) in octachloropropane samples show distinctive deformation patterns during their development. Type II subgrain boundaries migrate to accommodate the deformation difference between adjacent grains. The formation of Type III requires a rigid-body roation of grains to reduce misorientation of adjacent grains. Type I, IV, V and VI develop either in static or dynamic condition. Type VII form only in static environments after deformation. Ribbon grains can develop via Type III or Type IV process. The orientation pattern and density of subgrain boundaries are more or less stable through a post-deformation heating. Subgrain boundary orientations are symmetric with respect to the grain-shape foliation in pure shear. In simple shear, their maximum inclines toward the direction of shear.
High pressure X-ray diffraction study on a graphite using Synchrotron Radiation
Kim, Young-Ho ; Na, Ki-Chang ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 34~40
High pressure X-ray diffraction study was carried out on a graphite to investigate its compressibility as well as any possible phase transition to the hexagonal diamond structure at room temperature. Energy dispersive X-ray diffraction method was introduced using a Mao-Bell type diamond anvil cell with Synchrotron Radiation. Polycrystalline sodium chloride was compressed together with graphite for the high pressure determinations. Because of the poor resolution of the X-ray diffraction pattern of graphite, its compressibility was estimated to be almost same as that of NaCl by graphite (002) X-ray diffraction peak only. An observation of any new peak from a possible hexagonal diamond phase seems very unplausible for its definite identification based on the present data. Alternative approaches such as an Wiggler Radiation source as well as a Large Volume high pressure apparatus will be necessary for the detailed studies on a graphite in future.
암석 용해방법에 따른 미량원소 분석결과 비교
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 41~48
Three USGS rock standards (G-2, W-2, and BHVO-1) are decomposed by three different methods, such as open beaker, microwave oven, and alkali fusion method, to compare the effect of decomposition methods for trace elememt analysis in the rock samples. Solubilized trace elements are measured with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). Generally the analytical results of trace elements between open beaker and microwave digestion method are not different. In case of alkali fusion method, some volatile elements such as Pb, Cu, and Rb are considerably lost. Using acid digestion method, Zr and Hf concentrations are lowered in case that these elements are concentrated in refractory minerals. The concentrations of rare earth elements are generally consistent with the recommended values, but due to large dilution factor, there are some analytical problems in alkali fusion method.
홍제사 화강암질편마암체의 성인과 공존하는 흑운모, 백운모 및 녹니석 사이의 화학적 평형
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 49~75
The Hognjesa granitic rocks can be subdivided into biotite granitic gneiss and microcline- perthite granitic gneiss according to their mineralogy and textures, which change gradationally each other. They consist mainly of biotite, muscovite, chlorite, microcline, plagioclase, perthite and quartz accompanied with sillimanite, garnet, and tourmaline in places. The replacement and/or alteration phenomena and relationships of coexisting minerals suggest that the granitic gneisses might be formed by regional metamorphism of upper amphibolite facies and granitization by partial melting accompanied to the regional metamorphism, and again at later effected by regional metamorphism of epidote-amphibolite or greenschist facies. The biotite, muscovite and chlorite formed during these metamorphism, show nearly similar chemical compositions, respectively, regardless to the rock phases and stages of formation. They show relatively stable chemical equilibrium between coexisting pairs. The granitization which formed granitic gneisses may be seemed to occur regionally by partial melting accompanied to the first regional metamorphism.
선캠브리아 홍제사 화강암의 진화과정(한국 북동부지역의 원생대의 화성활동과 변성작용)
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 76~93
The Precambrian Hongjesa granite is lithologically zoned from biotite granite in central part to biotite-muscovite granite towards the margin. The
(=Fe/(Fe+Mg)) value and the aluminum saturation index of biotite systematically vary as a function of mineral assemblage, and are positively related with those of bulk rock. This relationship as well as the lithological zoning are attributed to the fractional crystallization of the Hongjesa granitic magma. The trace element data corroborate that biotite-muscovite granite is more fractionated than biotite granite. The evolution of the Hongjesa granite is elucidated by using the AFM liquidus topology, where A=
; F=FeO+MnO; and M=MgO. At an early magmatic stage where biotite is the only ferromagnesian mineral to crystallize, the
value and the alumina content of granitic magma continuously increase.. Muscovite subsequently crystallizes with biotite along the biotitemuscovite cotectic curve where biotite-muscovite granite forms. Local enrichments in Mn and B further crystallize garnet and tourmaline, respectively. The unique zonal pattern characterized by the occurrence of the evolved biotite-muscovite granite at the margin may be accounted for by the passive stoping during the emplacement of the Hongjesa granite. This emplacement may have occurred in continental collision environment, according to the tectonic discrimination diagram using major element chemistry.
Metamorphism of the Hongjesa granite and the adjacent metasedimentary rocks(Magmatism and metamorphism of the Proterozoic in the northeastern part of Korea)
Jeongmin Kim ; Moonsup Cho ; Hyung Shik Kim ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 3, issue 1, 1994, Pages 94~108
The Precambrian granite, and the Yuli group and the Hyeondong gneisss complex are studied to unravel the metamorphic history of the northeastern Sobaeksan massif. The Hongjesa granite, emplaced at 650-
kbar, has been altered at 310-
. Not only the chloritization of biotite but also the sericitization and saussuritization of plagioclase occur at the subsolidus stage. Biotites of the Hongjesa granite vary in their Al, Fe and Mg contents through dioctahedral and tschermakitic substitutions during the subsolidus stage. Secondary muscovites from biotite and feldspars are enriched in their Si and Mg+Fe contents through tschermakitic and trictahedral substitutuions. The metamorphic pressures and temperatures estimated from the Hyeondong gneiss complex are 3.6-6.6 kbar and 593-
, respectively. Local migmatization producing the cordierite-bearing assemblage occurs in the Hyeondong gneiss complex. The Gibbs' method applied to the assemblage of garnet+biotite+plagioclase+quartz in banded gneiss suggests a complex P-T history of the Hyeondong gneiss complex.