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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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Petrological Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1996
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1996
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The use of fluid inclusions to constrain P-T-X conditions of formation of Eonyang amethyst
K. H. Yang ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~9
Eonyang amethyst deposits are thought to be spatially and temporally associated with the biotite granite of the Kyeongsang Basin. The examined euhedral quartz crystals in cavities in the aplite intruded biotite granite are colored-zoned from white at the base to amethystine at the tops. Three types of primary Inclusions were observed and three is representing each types are constructed to constrain the trapping conditions and fluid evolution involved during the formation of the amethyst. The intersection of the isochore representing the early fluid inclusions with solidus temperature of the host granite indicates initial quartz formation at about
and 1.0-1.5 kbars . Intermediate quartz formation, associated with the high-salinity inclusions, occurred at somewhat lower temperatures (
) and pressures of about 1 kbar. The amethystine quartz formed from
-NaCl fluids at temperatures between 280-
and pressures of about 1 kbar. Early quartz is interpreted to have formed from fluids that either exsolved from or were in equilibrium with the granite at near solidus conditions, whereas the amethystine quartz apparently grew from fluids of at least partial sedimentary origin.
Subdivision of Precambrian Time and Precambrian Stratigraphy of North-eastern Asia and some problems on the Korean Geological terms
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 10~20
The increament of crustal thickness, continental growth and evolution, plate tectonic movements, and mega-impacts of meteorites have been worldwidely studied in the subdivision of Precambrian. In many subdivision methods of Precambrian Eon and Eonthem, the division based on the principle of the Plate tctonic movement referred internationally, is as follows,
The rationality of this subdivision and some problems in the currently adopted stratigraphic subdivision of Precambrian Eonthem will by commented, and the validity of English and Korean Geological terminology on the Precambrian stratigraphy of northeastern Asia will be discussed also.
Fluid-rock Interaction during Contact Metamorphism of the Hwanggangni Formation Geosan, Korea
Kim, Sangmyung ; Kim, Hyung-Shik ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 21~34
Contact-metamorphosed calc-silicate hornfels of the Hwanggangni formation adjacent to Daeyasan granite in Goesan are characterized by the mineral assemblages. tremolite-clinozoisite-alkali feldspar-calcite, diopside-grossular-vesuvianite, and wollastonite-diopside-phlogopite-grossular-vesuvianite, indicating low
condition during contact metamorphism. Two trends of fluid-rock interactions are recognized; combination of infiltration and buffering in the outer portion of the aureole and fluid-dominated behavior in the most part of the aureole. Modal abundance of diopside produced during metamorphism was measured in order to estimate fluid/rock ratios and permeabilities with the assumption that equivalent volume of fluids estimated from the fluid/rock ratios flow through the rock body. The calculated fluid/rock rations and permeabilities range from 0.6 to 9 and
meabilities in the calc-silicate hosted contact aureoles and expected values during progressive metamorphism by theories.
Geochemistry and Petrogenesis of the Granitic Rocks in the Vicinity of the Mt. Sorak
Kyoung-Won Min ; Sung-Bum Kim ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 35~51
The granitic rocks in the vicinity of the Mt. Sorak, the northeastern part of the NE-SW elongated Mesozoic granitic batholith in the Kyeonggi massif, consist of granodiorite, biotite granite, two-mica granite and alkali feldspar granite. Variations In major and most trace elemental abundances show a typical differentiation trend in a granitic magma. Granitic rocks all display a calc-alkaline trend in the AFM diagram. Also, In the ACF diagram discriminating between I- and S-type granitic rocks, granodiorite and most biotite granite in the southeastern area represent I-type and magnetite-series characteristics, while most biotire granite and two-mica granite in the northwestern area exhibit S-type and ilmenite-series ones.According to recent studies of the granitle rocks In the Inje-Hongcheon district. all ihe granitic rocks distributed in the northeastern part of the Kyeonggi massif have been classified as late Triassic to early Jurassic Daebo granite. With reference of the formerly published ages, an age oi
Ma calculated by the slope in the plot of
for the biotite granite samples from the southeastern area is inferred as an emplacement age for the granitic rocks in the vicinity of the Mt. Sorak. On the basis of elemental variations and Sr isotope compositions, an possible evolutional process for the granitic magmas in this area is suggested. The primary magma of I-type and magnetite-series generated about 125 Ma by partial melting of igneous originated crustal materials, might be emplaced and evolved through fractional crystallization, convection and assimilation of the surrounding Precambrian metasediments to become S-type and ilmenlte-serles in the outer area, and then solidified to granodiorite, biotite granite and two-mica granite.At the latest stage, the evolved hydrothermal solution altered the formerly solidified biotite granite to alkali feldspar granite and probably later local igneous activities affected the alkali feldspar granite again.
Granulite-facies metamorphism and P-T evolutionary path of cordierite gneisses in the Cheongpyeong-Yangpyeong area
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 52~65
Precambrian metamorphic rocks of the Cheongpyeong-Yangpyeong area, central Gyeonggi massif, comprise gneiss, schist, quartzite and amphibolite. Mineral, assemblages of pelitic gneisses are characterized by biotite + cordierite + garnet + sillimanite + K-feldspar + plagioclase + quartz together with minor muscovite, spinel and corundum, and represent the granulite facies metamorphism. In particular, kyanite occurs as fine-grained relict phase inside plagioclase of three gneiss samples. Metamorphic conditions are estimated from garnet-biotite and garnet-cordierite geothermometers in conjunction with garnet-
-quartz-plagioclase (GASP) and garnet-rutile-
-ilmenite (GRAIL) geobarometers. They are 700-
and 3.2-8.3 kbar, and 580-
and 2.1-3.2 kbar, respectively, when the core and rim compositions of garnet are use. Garnet of the GASP assemblage increases rimward in the Fe and Mn contents but decreases in the Mg content, whereas its Ca content does not vary significantly. Together with the occurrence of relict kyanite and the result of P-T estimates, compositional zoning patterns of garnet indicate a clockwise P-T history. Moreover, the preservation of high-pressure minerals such as kyanite in plagiocalse, even after the medium-pressure granulite facies metamorphis, suggests a rapid change in P-T conditions.
Tholeitic volcanism in Cheju Island, Korea
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 66~83
We report petrography, mineral chemistry, and major and trace element chemistry for rare tholeiites in Cheju island where alkalic rocks predominate. Available age data indicate that the tholeiitic magmatism was younger than 0.49Ma, possibly younger than 0.17 Ma. The tholeiites are generally fine-grained, porphyritic rock and show intergranular texture with lath-shaped plagioclase (
), orthopyroxene (bronzite) and olivine (
). Characteristically, two kinds of clinopyroxene (pigeonite and augite) occur only in groundmass. The tholeiites have normative quartz and show limited compositional variations (
=51.0-52.5 wt%; Mg＃=54-60). Major and transitional metal element variations of tholeiites are distinct from those of alkaline rocks in MgO diagram, suggestingthat the two rock types cannot be simply related to differentiation process from the same magma. The ratios among
, Rb, Ba, Nb and La are similar for both tholeiites and alkali basalts, however the ratios between the elements (P, Y and Yb) having an affinity with garnet and the above elements are higher for tholeiites than for alkali basalts. These trace element ratios suggest that the tholeiites and alkali basalts were produced by different degrees of partial melting from a similar sources material (garnet lherzolite mantle).
Pb-Pb Age of Marble from Muju, Korea
Park, Kye-Hun ;
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 84~88
Pb isotope composition is analyzed from the rock chips of marbles intercalated between gneisses of Muju area and it shows very large variation (
=36.42~39.75). The data points form well defined positive relationship on
plot, which corresponds to
) Ga. This age is very similar to the formation ages of the granitic gneisses from Buncheon and Cheondongri (Tanyang), and suggests that the fairly large volume of Sobaeksan Massif suffered regional metamorphism at this time. It is suggested that the most parts of Korean peninsula including Kyeonggi and Sobaeksan Massifs were very close each other and experienced a regional metamorphism together about 2.0 Ga ago from the fact that galenas from whole Korean Peninsula except Kyeongsang Basin and metamorphic rocks from Kyeonggi Massif also reveal a similar slope corresponding 2.0 Ga on Pb-Pb isotope plot.
Sr-Nd-Pb Isotopic Compositions of Lavas from Cheju Island, Korea
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 89~107
Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic characteristics of alkaline lavas and tholeiites in Cheju Island show that the isotopic compositions of the former slightly overlap, but have relatively more depleted than the latter. However, in viewpoint of the two eruptional stratigraphies of tholeiites, the isotopic compositon of the older one is similar to those of alkaline rocks in Lava Plateau Stage after Lee (1982). These suggest that the parental magmas of alkaline lavas and tholeiites might have originated from the homogenous mantle sourve and that the characteristics of the mantle source to be partially melted might be different between the eruption stages. The isotopic signatures of the bolcanic rocks in Cheju Island overlap with those in Samoa Islands and South China Basin, indicating the DMM-EM IImixing trend. This is distingushed from the DMM-EM I trend of the Cenozoic volcanic rocks in Korea except for cheju Island and Northeastern China. The modelled binary mixing calculation between MM and EM IImaterials indicates that the mantle source of the volcanic rocks in Cheju Island has been mixed about less than 10% of enriched mantle material (EM II) with depleted mantle material (DMM). Concerned with the indentation model between North China Block (NCB) and South China Block (SCB) after Yin an Nie (1993), we suggest that the distinct isotopic features of DMM-EM I and DMM-EM IIof the Cenozoic volcanic rock in Korea as well as China can be explained by the difference of the nature of subcontinental lithospheric mantle as enriched mantle materials, i.e. EM I of NCB, while EM II of SCB.
Petrlolgy of the Cretaceous Volcanic Rocks in Cheonsungsan Area, Korea.
The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 1, 1996, Pages 108~120
This study reports petrography and geochemical characteristics of the Cretaceous volcanic rocks that are distributed in the vicinity of the Cheonsungsan area, Yangsan-Gun, Gyeongsangnam-Do. The Cretaceous volcanic rocks composed of andesitic rocks, Wonhyosan tuff, Cheonsungsan tuff in ascending order. Sedimentary rock is the basement in the study area cofered with volcanic rocks. These volcanic rocks are Wonhyosan tuff and Cheonsungsan tuff that represented the early phase of the Bulgugsa igneous activity. Wonhyosan tuff are classified into dacite tuff and dacite welded tuff based on the rock texture and their mineral composition. They are covered with Cheonsungsan tuff. Dacite tuff composed of lithic lapilli ash-flow tuff and vitric ash-flow tuff. Most dacite welded tuff are lapilli ash-flow tuff. Cheonsungsan tuff overlying the Wonhyosan tuff consists of rhyolite tuff and rhyolite welded tuff. Rhyolite tuff are lithic crystal ash-flow tuff and crystal vitric ash-flow tuff with somewhat accidental fragments of andesitic and sedimentary rocks. Rhyolite welded tuff is distinguishe from rhyolite tuff by is typical eelded fabrics and its rock color. According to petrochemical data, the volcanic rocks in study area belong to high-K orogenic suties. On the discriminant diagrams such as La/Yb versus Th/Yb, these rocks falls into the discriminant fields for the normal continental margin arc.