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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
Effect of Desalting on the Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Danmuji
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 439~445
Radish roots were salted in 4 different salt concentrations (5, 10, 15, 20%) for 3 months followed by desalting. The effects of desalting process on salt concentration, Ca content, texture and sensory characteristics were investigated during 3 days of desalting period at
. NaCl content in danmuji salted in lower NaCl concentrations decreased rapidly and a linear relationship was found between the decrease in NaCl content and the logarithmic value of desalting time. Changes in Ca content of danmuji also exhibited a similar trend to that of NaCl content. Hardness of radish root tended to increase wit an increase in desalting time up to 2 days of desalting and then decreased slightly at the 3rd day of desalting. The results of sensory evaluation revealed that regardless of salt concentration used acidic, salty odor and taste of danmuji decreased significantly during desalting, however, there was very little change in yeast-moldy odor and taste with the intensity being very low in danmuji salted in higher salt concentrations. Among the textural properties, the crispness of danmuji salted in 5, 10 and 20% NaCl concentrations increased up to 2 days of desalting and decreased slightly thereafter, whereas that of radish salted in 15% NaCl concentration increase continously during 3 days of desalting. Total acceptibility was best in danmuji salted in 20% NaCl concentration and desalted for 3 days.
Sugars in Kochuzang
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 446~452
Sugars in Korean Kochuzang, saccharified and fermented red pepper paste, were studied by HPLC, TLC and NMR. The sugars in Kochuzang were extracted by heating in boiling water bath for 3 min. Commercial Kochuzang was found to contain 0.8~6.5% of limit dextrin, 0.3~7.3% of maltotriose, 5.3~16.5% of maltose, 8.6~29.4% of glucose and 0.3~3.4% of fructose, but did not found sucrose. The sugars in domestic Kochuzang were found to contain 2.3~1.5% of limit dextrin, 3.3~6.9% of maltotriose, 6.1~11.5% of maltose, 6.1~11.7% of glucose and 3.4~5.2% of fructose and 3.6~3.8% of sucrose. Limit dextrin in Kochuzang of maker 1 and 3 showed both signal of
-1, 4- and
-1, 6-glucosidic linkage with its estimation ratio of 5:1 and 9.1:1, respectively, by 1H-NMR analysis.
Sugars in Korean and Japanese Pumpkin
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 453~457
Sugars in Korean and Japanese pumpkin were studied. The sugars in pumpkin were crushed and extracted by boiling for 30 min. Korean pumpkin was found to contain 0.41% of sucrose, 0.54% of fructose, 0.61% of glucose and 0.68% of starch. Japanese pumpkin was found to contain 2.60% of sucrose, 2.76% of fructose, 1.91% of glucose and 1.22% of starch. No other mono- and oligosaccharides were detected in the test of TLC and HPLC. Starch in Japanese pumpkin showed only signal of
-1,4-glucosidic linkage by proton NMR analysis, and showed 86% of absorbance by iodine reaction compared with amylose(DP 117). These results indicated that starch in Japanese pumpkin is composed by only amylose. Pectin contents of Korean and Japanese pumpkin sowed 6.29% and 2.67%, respectively, as galacturonic acid by carbazole analysis.
Studies on the Preparation of Yogurt from Milk Added Purple Sweet Potato Powder
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 458~461
Yogurts were prepared by the fermentation of milk containing purple sweet potato powder(PSPP). The effect of PSPP addition on quality and sensory evaluation were as follow ; acidity, brix and viable cell count of PSPP yogurt was higher than the control. As the level of PSPP lightness and yellowness decreased. Redness increased significantly wit increases in viscosity. In consideration with the sensory evaluation of the PSPP yogurt, texture and color was better than the control, and taste was similar to the control. The sensory test of yogurt ranked highest at 3%~40% PSPP.
Study on Dewatering and Impregnation Soaking Process
Choe, Dong-Won ; Sin, Hae-Heon ; Choe, Hyeong-Taek ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 462~467
The DIS process(dewatering and impregnation soaking process) are using for dewatering of food materials at room temperature. And the DIS process are resulted in diffusion process as well as dewatering phenomena. During the DIS process, plasmolysis or cytorrhysis was happened by according to solute size. A tissue state of food material was very important variables for movement of water or solute, and running conditions are important for dewatering and impregnation. And models for DIS process were fundamentally given by Fick's law at unsteady state or mass balance. For example, Bicompartmental Model was given for quantification of water loss and solid gain.
Changes in Morphologic and Enzymatic Properties of Beef Myofibrillar Protein by Storage Tmeperature
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 468~474
This study was designed to investigate the changes in meat quality of beef shank, rib and loin during storage at 8
. The shear force value(SFV) of beef shank and loin decreased significantly after 6days storage, beef loin was no significant difference during storage. The SFV in early storage period was high in the order of beef rib, loin and shank, but the SFV of beef rib and loin was similar in course of storage period. The Myofibrillar fragmentation index(MFI) of beef shank increased significantly after 6 days storage, but beef rib and loin early storage was high in the order of beef rib, loin and shank. The actomyosin extractability after 3days storage increased in all parts of beef, but beef loin decreased after 6 days storage. In case of Mg2+-ATPase activity of actomyosin, beef shank increased to 3 days storage, and this reached the level of 0 day after 6days. The MG2+-ATPase activity of beef rib and loin was similar, but beef rib in early storage was higher than beef loin. The Ca2+-TPase activity of beef shank increased to 3 days and decreased after 6 days storage, beef rib was not different during storage and beef loin decreased slightly during storage.
Studies on the Effect of Glyoxylate on the Biosynthesis of Prodigiosin in Serratia marcescens
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 475~479
The effects of amino acids and metabolites in growth media on the biosynthesis of prodigiosin from Serratia marcescens ATCC 25419 were examined. The prodigiosin synthesis was decreased approximately by 50 to 80% by several amino acids and metabolites tested. The prodigiosin synthesis was increased approximately by 20 to 40% by a low concentration of glyoxylate(1 to 3mM) and outstandingly increased by 122% at 5mM concentration under anaerobic condition. However, the prodigiosin synthesis was decreased approximately by 50 to 90% at a high concentration(20 to 30mM) under anaerobic condition. The prodigiosin was not synthesized by pyruvate and
-ketobutyrate under aerobic and anaerobic condition, with addition to glyoxylate under aerobic condition, among the range from 0.5 to 30mM, while the cell growth under anaerobic condition was decreased distinctly by a high concentration(20mM above) of glyoxylate. These data suggest that the growth and prodigiosin of S. marcescens is positively regulated by a low concentration of glyoxylate (1-5mM), but repressed by a high concentration of glyoxylate(20mM above) unlike pyruvate and
Sugars in Korean Ginseng(Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer)
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 480~484
Sugars in Korean ginseng(Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) were studied by HPLC, TLC and NMR. The sugars in Korean ginseng were crushed and extracted by boiling for 30min. Korean ginseng was found to contain 3.77% of sucrose, 3.50% of maltose, 0.09% of fructose and 0.04% of glucose and 3.90% of starch. No other mono- and oligosaccharides were detected in the test of TLC and HPLC. Starch in ginseng showed only signal of
-1, 4-glucosidic linkage by proton NMR analysis, and showed 92% of absorbance by iodine reaction compared with amylose(DP 117). These results indicated that starch in Korean ginseng is composed by only amylose. Pectin content in ginseng showed 0.22% as galcturonic acid by carbazole analysis.
Production of Peptides Enhancing Calcium Solubility in the Presence of Phosphate Ions In Vitro
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 485~490
Gluten peptide was produced from corn gluten by enzymatic hydrolysis. This peptide had an ability to increased the solubility of calcium owing to protect calcium ions from forming precipitates of calcium phosphate in the presence of phosphate ions. The solubility of calcium was increased 5.2 times in the presence of 8.3 mg peptide produced by the treatment of papain. These peptides contained high acidic amino acids and fractionated by Delta pack column into fractions No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3. Among them the fraction No. 3 had the highest calcium binding capacity.
Production of the Microbial Chitosan from Rhizopus oligosporus ATCC22959
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 491~496
To increase the productivity of microbial chitosan from Rhizopus oligosporus ATCC22959, production medium and incubation conditions were optimized. The composition of the medium and the incubation conditions were like follows : starch+glucose(1:1) 3.0%, yeast extract 3.0%, KH2PO4 0.05%, MgSO4 0.01%, ZnSO4 0.002%, pH 5.0, incubation temperature 3
, and incubation time 96hours. The productivity of chitosan of optimized medium was about 6.4 times higher than that of basal medium.
Study on Production and Properties of Galactooligosaccharide from Soybean Arabinogalactan
Sin, Hae-Heon ; Choe, Hyeong-Taek ; Choe, Dong-Won ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 497~502
For the purpose of enzymatic production of galactooligosaccharides from soybean arabinogalactan (SAG) hydrolysis, the
-1, 4-galactanase) from Bacillus sp. HJ-12 was used. The soybean galactooligosaccharides(SOS) were optimally produced in SAG 1%(w/v), pH 8.0, 5
-1, 4-galactanase 20unit/g SAG and 24-40 hour reaction conditions. The produced galactooligosaccharides had visocity of 11,000 cp at 75%(w/v),
. The viscosity of galactooligosaccharides was 80 fold increasing value than that of sucrose solution. Temperature dependence of viscosity of SOS was 4.6 fold higher value than surose solution below than 5
. Less than 50 Brix, the viscosity of SOS was similar with sucrose solution(20-40 cp), but increasing of concentration, the difference of viscosity between SOS and sucrose solution was increased. And, SOS was very stable at pH and temperature.
Extraction and Separation of Protein-bound Polysaccharide by Lentinus edodes
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 503~508
The extraction and separation methods of protein-bound polysaccharides from the mycelium and culture broth of L. edodes were investigated. The use 2% solution of surface active agent, Triton X-100 was effective for extraction of the protein-bound polysaccharide from the mycelium. The extraction of the protein-bound polysaccharides from mycelium with hot water was achieved by 4 hours extraction at 10
. For the separation and partial purification of the protein bound polysaccharides the column chromatography using DEAE-Cellulose, DEAE-Sephadex and Sephadex proved to be effective.
Studies on the Carotenoid Pigment of Ubiquinone Producing Strain Rhodopseudomonas capsulata H161
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 509~513
The photosynthetic bacteria, Rhodopseudomonas capsulata H161, were grown anaerobically in the Modified Ormerod medium for 5 days. The optimum temperature and pH for growth and carotenoid pigment of the organism were observed at 3
, and around pH 7.4, respectively. The optimum condition of producing the carotenoid pigment, light intensity 5,000 lux. The photosynthetic bacteria, Rhodopseudomonas capsulata H161, produced large amount of carotenoid pigment, which identified to 4 carotenoid components containing; spheroidene, rhodovibrin, spirilloxanthin, lycopene.
Quality Assessment of Fried Soybean Curd during Different Storage Condition
Kim, Dong-Su ; Park, Hyeon-Su ; Kim, Hyeon-Dae ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 514~520
The study was carried out to investigate the changes of quality and to determine the optimal shelf-life of fried soybean curd under low temperature(8
) and room temperature(25-3
), respectively. The quality criteria for fried soybean were acid value, peroxide value, fatty acid composition and microbial concentration, et al. The initial moisture content of fried soybean curd was 41.9%, it was rapidly decreased to 29.6% until the second days under low temperature. The pH value was 5.7 and 5.8 at the ninth days under 8
and the sixth days under 25-3
, respectively. Also, the acid value rised remarkly to 10.65 at the fifth days and the peroxide value was 12.20 at the sixth days under room temperature. The viable cell counts were 1.0
1.0 at the initial storage, but they were increased to 6.1
105 over at the second days of room temperature. Moreover, the mold colony counts were in 2.0
103 and 2.0
107 during all storage days under 8
Development of Liquefied Seasoning Material from Cockle Shell By-Product
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 521~527
A liquefied seasoning material was manufactured by using the enzymatic hydrolysis for the benefit of highly effective utilization of cockle shell by-product, and their quality was investigated. The weight ratio of by-product to whole cockle shell was 32.7%, and the contents of moisture and crude protein in the raw cockle shell by-product were 83.1% and 10.7%, respectively. The optimal concentrations of protease such as Protease N. P.(Pacific Chemical Co.) and Alcalase(Noo co), used in order to reduced the hydrolysis period, were effective at 4%(w/w), and optimal hydrolyzing time was 8 hours and after 8 hours were little changed. To improve flavor of the liquefied seasoning material, by Maillard reaction used thermal treatment, addition of glucose was very effective. And addition in hydrolysate with 10% glucose, 9% table salt, 2% starch and 0.5% caramel were suitable for promotion of taste. Total nitrogen and amino type nitrogen in the product were 1,607mg% and 1,264mg%, respectively. And the ratio of amino type nitrogen to the total nitrogen was 78.6%. The major free amino acid were glutamic acid, lysine, leucine, valine and aspartic acid, and content of glutamic acid was 1,027.5mg%.
Processing of Squeezed-Type Cockle Shell By-Product Paste
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 528~532
A fermented squeezed-type paste was processed in order to highly effective utilization of cockle shell by-product, and improvement on rheological properties and texture of hydrolysate by used additives. The cockly shell by-products were homogenized with addition of water and enzymatically hydrolyzed at 5
for 8 hours added 4% Protease N.P.(Pacific Chemical Co.). And the hydrolysate was thermally treated for the purpose of flavor improvement, enzyme inactivation and pasteurization product at 10
for 1 hour, with 4% glucose. To make improvement of rheological properties, used complex additive with 0.5% alginic acid, 1% pectin and 0.2% agar were very effective. And stability of mixing was 98.1% after centrifuged at 10,000 rpm for 60 minutes. The chemical composition of moisture, total carbohydrate, total nitrogen and amino type nitrogen in the fermented squeeze-type cockle shell by-product paste were 57.7%, 20.6%, 1,458mg% and 1,187mg%, respectively. And the ratio of amino type nitrogen in total nitrogen was 81.4%.
Effect of Glycyrrhiza glabra Extracts on Immune Response
Sim, Ho-Gi ; Park, Mu-Hui ; Choe, Cheong ; Bae, Man-Jong ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 533~538
This study was conduced to investigate on immune response of the hot water extract(PHE), 50% methanol extract(PME) and acetone extract(PAE) from Glycyrrhiza glabra. The experiment was carried out by phagocytosis, plaque forming cell(PFC), hemalysin titration(HY) and rosette forming cell(RFC) assay by using BALB/c mice. The results obtained from this study are as follow ; The effects of Glycyrrhiza glabra extracts on phagocytosis was tended to be slight increase in GME and GAE groups compared to the control group, but not significant. In the experiment of PFC and HY, the results of experiment groups which was given each samples were significantly higher than the control group. The result of rosette forming cell in GME and GAE groups were significantly higher than control group.
Identification of Volatile Flavor Components of Chinese chive and Baek-Seok Chie
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 539~543
This study was carried out to investigate the Chinese and Baek-Seok chive. We collect the volatile components of Chinese and Baek-Seok chive by dynamic head space method. Chinese chive was analyzed by Gas chromatography-Mass Spectrometry(GC-MS). 28 components including 20 sulfides, 5 alcohols, 1 benzene and 2 aldehydes compounds were identified in samples, Also Baek-Seok chive was analyzed by GC-MS. 32 components including 19 sulfides, 10 alcohols, 2 benzonoides and 1 aldehyde compounds were confirmed.
Effects of Phosphate Complex on the Functional Properties of Fish Meat paste
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 544~548
Effects of four kinds of phosphate complex on the water holding capacity(W.H.C) and protein solubility of yellow-corvenia(Pseudosciance manchurica) and hair tail(Trichurus lepturns) meat paste were investigated. The formulations of four kinds of phosphate complex employed to this experiment were made by mixing several phosphates such as sodium polyphosphate, sodium pyro-phosphate, sodium acid pyro-phosphate, potassium pyro-phosphate, sodium tetra meta-phosphate, sodium ultra meta-phosphate and sodium hexa meta-phosphate, and monoglyceride at different mixture ratios. Among the four kinds of phosphate complex, phosphate B complex which was formulated by mixing sodium poly-phosphate 50%, sodium pyro-phosphate 20%, sodium tetra meta-phosphate 20%, sodium acid pyrophosphate 5% and sodium ultra meta-phosphate 5% was most effective on enhancing the W.H.C and protein solubility of yellow corvenia meat paste, and in case of hair tail meat paste, phosphate C complex which was formulated by mixing sodium poly-phosphate 40%, sodium pyro-phosphate 30%, potassium pyro-phosphate 15%, sodium tetra meta-phosphate 10%, and sodium hexa meta-phosphate 5% was more effective than other phosphate complex, and their optimum addition level was 0.4% respectively in weight of fish meat paste. Texture characteristics such as hardness, cohesiveness, and springiness value of Kamaboko(fish meat paste product) were evaluated as best when 0.3% of phosphate B complex was added. The optimum cooking condition of Kamaboko to get good texture was heating for 45 minutes at 85
Isolation of Hydrogen Evolution Photosynthetic Bacteria Rhodobacter sphaeroides KS 56
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 549~552
A purple non-sulfur photosynthetic bacteria which evolved molecular hydrogen efficiently from glucose in the presence of low concentration of NH4+ under light illuminated anaerobic condition was isolated from mud samples in Korea. This bacteria was identified on Rhodobacter sphaeroides KS 56 based on the morphological, cultural and physiological characteristics.
Changes in the Freshness of Frozen-thawed Fish Fillet during Cold Storage
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 553~558
Frozen cod fillet block(7.0
0.5g) was purchased from a supermarket in Taegu area. Three experimental groups of fish fillet, frozen-thawed cod fillet refrigerated at 5
(R), frozen at -2
(F) and repeated freezing and refrigerating(RFR) every other day, were incubated at each temperature. Changes in the viable counts of mesophiles and psychrotrops, the amount of free drip and pH of cod muscle during cold storage were 6.5
104 and 7.4
103 CFU/g of muscle, respectively. The viable counts of cod muscle R and FRF exceeded 107 CFU/g within 8 days and 16 days, respectively, while the viable counts of cod muscle F were not exceeded 107 cells/g throughout the storage period. The viable counts of psychrotrops exceeded that of mesophiles at the end of cold storage period. The viable counts of cod muscle showed positive correlation with pH(r=0.73-0.96,the highest in RFR) during cold storage. The amount of free drip in cod muscle R, F and RFR was 27.06
8.02 and 33.97
10.70%, respectively. The amount of free drip in RFR increased as the progress of storage.
Antimicrobial Activity of terminalia chebula Retz. Extract of against Intestinal Pathogens
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 559~563
Terminalia chebula Retz., which was showed antimicrobial activity against intestinal pathogens through screening herbs related treatments of intestinal diseases, were extracted by methanol and fractionated by n-hexane, ethylether, ethylacetate,and water. Antimicrobial activities of the methanol extract and each fractionates were then investigated under the anaerobic broth system. The methanol extract showed antimicrobial activity against all intestinal pathogens(Eubacterium limosum ATCC 10825, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Staphylococcus aureus KFCC 11764 hardly grew at 2,000
g/ml of concentration. Especially, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Staphylococcus aureus KFCC 11764 hardly grew at 2,000
g/ml of concentration. There is no significant difference of antimicrobial activity among each fractionates. Fraction of Terminaliz chebula Retz. ethylacetate fractionate, which were fractionated by Sephadex G-200 and Silica gel column chromatography revealed the strongest antimicrobial activity at 12 to 21 and 22 to 34 of fraction number, respectively.
Development of Natural Antioxidants Stable at Frying Temperatures
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 10, issue 4, 1997, Pages 564~573
The addition of antioxidants to fats and oils is one of the most effective ways to prevent oxidation of lipids. The popularity of natural antioxidants has increased because of the possible toxicity of synthetic antioxidants. Common natural antioxidants, tocopherols, retard oxidation at ambient temperatures, but they are ineffective at retarding oxidation at frying temperatures. The need for the development of novel natural antioxidants which are effective at frying temperatures is obvious. Sterols present in vegetable oils and certain herbal plant extracts have been reported to have antioxidant properties. Some sterols have been shown to retard thermal changes at frying temperatures. All the sterol effective at preventing oxidation at frying temperatures have an ethylidene group in their side chain. These effects can be explained by the hypothesis that sterols with a structure that allows them to react with lipid free radicals to form relatively stable free radicals are effective as antioxidants. (Key words :natural antioxidants, sterols, ethylidene group, herbal plant extracts)