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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Influences of Cold Aged Dough on the Quality of Baguette
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 369~374
This study was conducted to investiagte influences of cold aged dough on the quality of bagutte. After 2 hours fementing, the dough was divided 2 parts and they were stored in the refrigirated adjusted 1∼-1
. The cold aging time was 24, 48 hours respectivley. After 2 hourse fermentation, the dough's pH was 5.45 and 24, 48 hours cold aged dough were 4.99, 4.81. During cold aging, the difference of pH was not significant. The main organic acids in the baguette were lactic acid, acetic acid and malic acid, Among these organic acids, the acetic acid was the largest quantity regardlessly in different fermentation and the cold aging acids, time. Right after baking, the enthalphy of all samples were almost same even thought in different cold aging time, but during different storage periods they showed the difference of retrogradation by the increase of the enthalphy. 24 hours cold aging baguette had the best taste, aroma and texture in bread's score sheet.
Characteristics of Greenish Pigments from Silkwarm Excrement by Ethanol Extraction
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 375~380
A study of characteristics of greenish pigments from silkwarm excrement by ethanol extraction. Through visible absorption scanning, it showed two absorption peaks at 415 and 657nm, and it was shown to be greenish color. In the presence of light, the stability of pigments rapidly degraded, but in the presence of Al-foil, green and blue cover were very stable. It was shown to be stabilized at the temperature of 7
until 20days and presence of metal ions, such as Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Zn2+. The pigments was shown to be stabilized in 5% acetic acid solution, but in the presence of lactic acid, citric acid and tartaric acid solution were unstable. On the result of TLC analysis, pigments were shown to be composed of eight color fractions, and main color fractions were F-1, F-2 and F-3. In F-1, F-2 fractions were revealed green color and F-3 fraction were revealed yellow color.
Production of Streptomyces albus KSM-35 Amylase from Bacillus subtilis LKS88 Haboring the Recombinant Plasmid pASA240
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 381~387
The effects of culture conditions on the production of amylase expressed by Bacillus subtilis LKS88 with a cloned gene from Streptomyces albus KSM-35 were investigated. The production of amylase was increased significantly by using sodium citrate and rice hull as a carbon source. In addition, the use of a mixture of sodium citrate and rice hull (1:1) resulted in increase of enzyme production by 20-fold when compared to that of soluble starch. The soybean meal as the nitrogen source could be partially replaced with yeast extract without changing the enzyme production yield. The amylase production was also increased by adjusting initial pH to 6.0 or by adding 0.01% SDS. Maximum amylase production was observed in the medium containing 1.5% sodium cirtate, 1.5% rice hull, 0.7% soybean meal, 0.3% yeast extract, 0.66% K2HPO4, 0.05% MgSO4
7H2O, 0.008% CaCl2
2H2O, 0.01% SDS with initial pH of 6.0. The maximum yield of amylase reached 56.6 U/ml when B. subtilits LKS88 (pASA 240) was cultured at 37
for 36 hr.
Effects of Dietary Fiber Sources on the Composition Intestinal Microflora in Aged Rate
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 388~393
This study was performed to investigate the influence of vadrious dietary fiber sources such as mugwort, apple, sea mustard, butterbur on the intestinal in aged rats. Nine groups of aged rats (12months after weanling) were fed each experimental diet containing 5% and 15% dietary fibers for 4 weeks. The contents in large intestine of aged rats used for the measurement of intestinal microflora. Total viable counts and the numbers of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Clostridium, E. coli and Staphylococcus were determined by nonselective medium and various selective media. The intake of dietary fiber sources employed did not show any differece in the number of total microorganisms, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. It was remarkable that Clostridium perfringens appeared in the colon of aged rats. The prpulations of Peptococcus and Clostridium were significantly larger in the apple 5% group than in other dietary fiber groups while the number of Staphylococcus was significantly smaller in the dietary fiber groups than in cellulose group. And the Streptococcus populations decreased in the mugwort 15% group. Accordingly, the mugwort 15% group is effective in improving intestinal flora of aged rats.
Enzymatical Hydrolysis of Low-Usefulness Marine Resources
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 394~401
In present work, the development of processing for various fermented sea foods using low-usefulness marine resources were investigated. The optimum temperatures of autolysis were 35
for hair tail, 45
for gizzard shad, 30
for kangdale, 30
for pen shell and 30
for oyster and when alcalse(Novo Co.) were added, optimum temperatures were 60
, respectively, and protease N, P. (Pacific chem. enzyme mixture 2,000) were 55
, respectively. Especially although exozymes and endozymes reacted at same time, hydrolysis rate of raw materials got to maximum at optimum temperatures of exozymes. The facts showed that exozymes dominated the hydrolysis reached max8imum at pH 9.0, and optimum hydrolysis time of all raw materials were 6 hours. And the optimum concentrations of exozymes were about 3.0% for hair tail, 4.5% for gizzard shad, 3.5% for kangdale, 3.0% for pen shell and 3.0% for oyster, respectively.
Rapid Processing of Hydrolyzed Sauce Using Low-Usefulness Fish and Shellfish
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 402~408
A rapid processing method for fermented sauce of favorable flavor was investigated with low-usefulness marine resources. Hydrolyzed at optimal conditions for 6 hours usuing alcalase, and separated by molecularporous membrane. It's very effective for remove bitter taste at below M.W. 100 dalton, and effective at below M.W.500 dalton. Added 2% invert sugar in fermented sauce at below M.W.500 dalton, and thermal treatment at 100
for 30 minutes were improved flavor. Chemical composition of fermented sauce using hair tail were 80.7% of moisture, 2.2% of carbohydrate, 1.8% of total nitrogen, 1.6% of amino nitrogen and pH was 6.5. The ratio of amino nitrogen in total nitrogen was 77.8%. And chemical composition of fermented sauce used gizzard shad, kangdale, pen shell and oyster were similar to fermented sauce used hair tail. Total nitrogen were above 1.8% and the ratio of amino nitrogen in total nitrogen was 77.7∼84.2% in all fermented sauce. Amino acid contents in fermented sauce used hair tail, gizzard shad, kangdale, pen shell and oyster were 4,318.1mg%, 4,681.3mg%, 3,156.2mg% and 4,175.0mg%, respectively. And the predominant free amino acid were glutamic acid, lysine and glycine in all fermented sauce.
Effects of Freezing Temperature on Quality of Vacuum Packaging Freezed Beef
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 409~415
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of freezing temperature on quality of vacuum packaging freezed beef. In case of thaw drip loss, the freezing of -3
were 5.23% and 5.17% to 60 days respectively, were increased significantly during freezing. The cooking loss of water bath and pan were increased significantly during freezing than the beginning of freezing, but were no different between -3
. The salt soluble protein extractability was decreased during freezing, the -20
freezing was higher than -3
freezing. The water soluble protein extractability was increased during freezing higher than during freezing. The myoglobin denatured percentage of the -3
freezing was higher than -20
freezing, the 15 days storage of -3
freezing was highest to 96%. The shear force value was not change during freezing, the myofibrillar fragmentation index during freezing was higher than the beginning of freezing, but was not change during freezing. The pH was decreased to freezing 45 days, after that increased.
Identification of K1 Polysaccharide Antigen of Escherichia coli Isolates from Urine Specimens of Urinary Tract Infections in Children
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 416~419
Identification of escherchia coli K1 polysaccharide antigen isolated from urine specimens of urinary tract infections in children were performed from of 1992 to 1993 in Kyoto, Japan. The serotypes of E. coli were categorized that O1:H7, O2:H6, O2:H7, O16:H6, O18:H7, O18:H￣, and O135:H44 among 14 strains isolated from urine specimens of urinary tract infections in children by the serological test. And, one strain (O18:H￣, isolation rate: 7.1%) of E. coli K1 polysaccharide antigen among 14 strains were isolated from urine specimens of urinary tract infections in children by the bacteriophage test.
The Effect of Eggs on the Quality Properties of Ramyon
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 420~425
The effects of eggs on the quality properties, color measurment, cooking quality, textureal and sensory properties of Ramyon were esxamined. The contents of egg used were from 1% to 5% based on flour weight. The farinograph absorption decreased by egg but farinograph stability and breakdown were increased in vice versa. The yellowness of Ramyon prepared with eggs was higher than that of control. At cooking quality examination of Ramyon manufactred with eggs, weight of cooked Ramyon was increase but volume was appeared in vice versa. Extraction amounts of Ramyon manufactured with eggs during cooking were much smaller than those of control. The shear extrusion force and hardness of Ramyon manufactured with eggs were shown much higher value than those of control. The I2 reaction value of Ramyon manufactured with eggs and control were shown to almost same value,, from 2.13 to 2.20. Sensory properties of cooked Ramyon which was manufactured with eggs showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test, addition of 5% eggs to wheat flour may be suitable for processing Ramyon.
Antioxidative and Nitrite-scavenging Effects of Solvent Extracts from Gyrophora esculenta
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 426~430
This study was conducted to investigate electron donating ability, antioxdative activity and nitrite-scavenging effect of solvent extracts from Gyrophora esculenta. The phenolic compounds of diethylether, butanol, petroleum ether and hexane extracts were 194.20
/ml and 0.20
/ml, respectively. Electron donating abilities of diethyleter and butanol extracts from Gyrophora esculaenta were 80.79% and 72.81%, respectively. Absorption of DPPH by diethyleter and butanol extracts sharply increaed at initial stage. Antioxidative activities of fiethylether and butanol extracts by peroxide values are rather high as compared to those of control, but low s compared to those of BHA. Nitrite-scavenging abilities of diethylether, butanol and petroleum ether from Gyrophora esculenta were 96.07%, 77.39% and 15.07%, respectively.
Bacteriological Examination of Retort Pouched Loach Soup and Soybean Paste Soup Containing Mud Snail
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 431~436
The present study is concerned with the bacteriological examination of retort pouched loach soup and soybean paste soup containing mud snail. It was found that before sterilization, viable cell counts (c.f.u/ml) in their media were for the loach soup 3.80
106 on TSA, 2.27
102 Endo agar, 5.20
102 on SS agar. With the culture media, SDA and TCBS, no microorgarnisms were isolated from the both soups. Sixteen species of microorgarnisms were identified for the unsterilized soups. In the loach soup on TSA, B. pantothenticus was the dominant species, followed by S. dysenteriae, C. sporogenes and some others were also identified, such on TSA, B. marinus was the dominant species, followed by S. aureus, S. saccharolytics and P. tetradius, S. adorifera, E. ictahuri, E. gergoviae, E. coli were also identified. On Endo agar, the two soups showed a similar bacteriological pattern, in which entrobacterium such as E. gergoviae and E. coli were identified. Particularly K. subsp. rhinoscleromatis for the loach soup. On SS agar, S. ficaria and P. prevotii in the loach soup, S. ficaria and P. tetradius in the soybean paste soup were identified respectively. Bacteriological examination was also carried out for the spoiled retort pouched soup in the market, in which thirteen microorgarnisms were isolated and its pattern almost similar to that before sterilzation. They were B. pantothenticus, S. dysenteriae, C. sporogenes, P. gergoviae, E. ictaluri, S. ficaria, K. subsp. rhinoscleromatis in the loach soup and B. marinus, S. aureus, S. saccharolytics, P. tetradius, E. ictaluri, S. ficaria, S. adorifera in the soybean soup.
Chemical Components of Wid and Cultivated Horned Rampion, Phyteuma japonicum Miq.
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 437~443
This research is to establish the basic data of the nutritive value and improve our diet. In the part of the leaf and stem of the wild and cultivated horned rampion (Phyteuma japonicum Mig), the components such as chemical compositon, vitamin C, free sugar, mineral, nucleotide and its related compounds, composition and free amino acid were analyzed one after another. Content of the crude lipids and proteins was determined much higher in its wildness than in its cultivated horned rampion; while, that of carbohydrates was higher in the former than in the latter. The content of vitamin C was retained higher in the leaf than in the stem horned rampion. And the content of calcium among the detected minerals was outstanding in all of the samples collected, and potassium and magnesium was the next ones in its order. The main components of free sugars in both the wild and cultivated horned rampion were glucose and fructose, and their content was higher in the stem than in the leaf. Nucleotide and its related compounds were identified with 5 kinds of nucieotides such as CMP, UMP, IMP, AMP and hypoxanthine (Hx), and the content of Hx and AMP was the highest I the wild and cultivated samples, respectively. In the composition amino acid of the wild horned rampion, glutamic acid, aspartic acid and phenylalanine was outstandingly abundant; while, such amino acid as methinone and proline was small and besides cysteine couldn't be detected in the stem. Total amounts of composition amino acid in the leaf was 2118.0 and 1120.1mg% in the wild and cultivated sample, respectively. In the free amino acid of horned rampion, the total amount ranged from 8.5 to 50.1mg.%, which were lower level than that of composition amino acid. But the number of free amino acid was 29 kinds, which was bigger in its number than that of composition amino acid detected 17 kinds.
The Effect of Processing Conditions of the Salted and Dried Yellow Corvenia(Gulbi) on n-Nitrosamine(NA) Formation during Its Processing 1. Changes of Amines, Nitrate and Nitrite in the Salted and Dried Yellow Corvenia during Its Processing and Storage
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 444~451
The changes of amine, nitrate and nitrite nitrogen in yellow corvenia were studied during its processing and storage in order to clarify the precursors of N-nitrosamine(NA) formation in the salted and dried yellow corvenia(Gulbi), prepared y using the different salting method like dry and brine salting by pure and curde salt. As a result, during the processing and storage of Gulbi, DMA and TMA contents were significantly increased in the yellow corvenia. And after 40 days storage the increase rate showed 25.7∼45.7, 3.3∼5.6 times higher than those of 0.3, 2.4mg/kg, respectively, while nitrite contents, during its processing and storage, were scarcely changed in the salted and dried yellow corvenia. During the processing and storage, of Gulbi, DMA and TMA contents were less produced in brine salted and dried yellow corvenia using crude salt than in sample prepared using were scarcely changed in the salted and dried yellow corvenia. During the processing and storage of Gulbi, DMA and TMA contents were less produced in brine salted and dried yellow corvenia using crude salt than in sample prepared using pure salt, while the former were more effective than the latter in inhibiting the production of nitrate and nitrite. Therefore, it was revealed that reduction of NA precursors such as DMA, TMA, nitrate and nitrite were more effective in preparing with the brine salting method than with the dry salting method.
The Effect of Processing Condition of the Salted and Dried Yellow Corvenia (Gulbi) on n-Nitrosamine(NA) Formation during Its Processing 2. Changes of NA in Salted and Dried Yellow Corvenia during Its Processing and Storage
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 452~459
In 7 kinds of Gulbi purchansed from Yosu, Sunchon and Chinju, N-nitrosamine (NA) such as N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) and N-nitrosodipropylamine(NDPA), were detected and their content was 2.8∼78.3
/kg, trace and 0∼1.4
/kg, respectively. This experiment was conducted to study the effect of processing conditions on NA formation in the salted and dried yellow corvenia(Guibi), prepared by using the different salting method like dry and brine salting by pure and crude salt. NDMA, NDEA and NDPA were not detected in raw sample, but NDMA content increased in yellow corvenia during its salting (27.6∼37.4
/kg), and then drastically decreased in Gulbi stored for 40 days, ranging from 2.8 to 4.3
/kg. Content of above NA was inhibited more effectively in the samples prepare with brine salting method than with the dry salting method during its processing and storage. Especially, NA in the sample prepared with brine salted and dried yellow corvenia using the pure salt was detected in the lower concentrations, and that of NDMA, NDEA and NDPA was 2.8∼27.6, trance and ND-2.7
The Influence of Dietary Fiber on Intestinal Environment in Rats Controlled by Food Restriction
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 4, 1998, Pages 460~465
The effects of food restriction on the fecal microflora, moisture, pH, indole,
-glucuronidase in rate were studied for 4 weeks. Four groups of rats for feeding was allocated to the following experimental trials : (1) control containing 1% cellulose, (2) control with food restriction, (3) treatment of diet containing butterbur, (4) treatment of butterbur combined with diet restriction. Treatment of butterbur combined food restriction significantly (p<0.05) reduced the growth of Bacteroides, Peptococus, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and Escherchia coli, respectively. No remarkable changes in the
-glucuronidase activities were observed but indole content significanlty decreased. Based on these results, treatment of butterbur combined with diet restriction in rats had a significantly effect for preventing the growth of those pathogenic microorganims.