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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 1998
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 1998
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 1998
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 1998
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 1998
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Studies on Preparation of Low-Fat Press Ham and Its Quality Properties during Storage
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 475~481
This study was conducted to investigate the possibility for low fat press ham which was made without fat added. Four kinds of press ham were prepared ; Apork 70%, fat 0% ; low fat press ham), B(pork 60%, fat 10%), C(pork 55%, fat 15%) and D(pork 50%, fat 20%). The press ham samples were stored at 4
. The physic chemical properties of press hams were analyzed during storage 60 days at 4
. The contents of moisture(71.3%) and crude protein (23.4%) of low press ham were higher than those of other products, and crude fat content (2.8%) was remarkably lower(p<0.5). The water holding capacity of press ham was higher than other products. Hunter's L(61.6) and b-value(5.9) of low fat press ham were lower than other products, but a-value(11.7) was higher. Hardness (70.2 dyne/cm), springiness(85%), chewiness(0.49kg), gumminess (2.0kg) and brittleness (0.7kg) of low fat press ham were higher than those of other products, but cohesiveness was lower than D product. Aroma and texture of low fat press ham were inferior to other, but taste and palatability of that were superor.
Effects of Freezing Temperature on Quality of Thawed Beef
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 482~487
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of freezing temperature on quality of thawed beef loin. In case of thaw drip loss, the freezing of -3
were higest by 3.4% to 30 days and by 1.8% to 60 days, respectively. And the thaw drip loss of -3
freezing was more than -2
freezing. The cooking loss of water bath and pan boiling were increased significantly during freezing than the beginning of freezing, but were not different -3
. The salt soluble protein extractability was decreased during freezing, the -2
freezing was higher than -3
freezing. The water soluble protein extractability of -3
freezing was not significant different during freezing storage, that freezed at -2
was increased during freezing. The "L" value of the beginning of freezing was higher than during freezing, the "a" value was not different during freezing, and the "b" value during freezing was higher than the beginning of freezing. The myoglobin denatured percentage of the -3
freezing were highest by 94.4% to 45 days and by 94.0% to 15 days, respectively. The shear force value during freezing was higher than the beginning of freezing, the myofibrillar fragmentation index was not significant different during freezing. The pH was increased to freezing 30 days, after that was decreased.ays, after that was decreased.
Effects of Dietary Fiber on the Bacterial Enzymes and Putrefactive Metabolite in Aged Rats
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 488~492
This study was performed to investigate the influcence of various dietary fiber sources in Korea for activities of bacterial enzymes (
-glucuronidase) and amounts of putrefactive product (indole) in aged rats.
-Glucosidase activity in the intestinal content was significantly lower in the seamustard 15% group than in other groups whereas the activity of
-glucuronidase was higher in the mugwort 15% group than other experimental groups. The amount of indole and pH in the intestinal content of aged rats were significantly lower in mugwort groups than in other groups.
Volatile Flavor Components of Korean Sancho Fruit and Tree(Zanthoxylum schinfolium)
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 493~498
An attempt was in this to analyzer volatile flavor components of sancho(Zanthoxylum schinfolium). Essential oils in sancho tree and fruit isolated by a simulataneous steam distillation (SDE) methods using n-pentane/diethyl ether as solvent. A total of 57 and 44 components were identified by gas chromatography(GC) and combined gas chromatography spectrometry (GC-MS), respectively. Granyl acetate(29.23%) geraniol (6.80%, p-isopropyl-2-chclohexenone(5.53%), phellandral (4.10%) in sancho fruit and 4, 6, 6-trimethyl-bicyclo(7.47%), T-carvelo(4.60%,
-cypernone(3.58%) in sancho tree were found to be major volatile flavor. 22 compnents including myrcene, limonene, 1, 8-cinol in sancho fruit and 10 components including 4-(1-methylethyl)-cyclohexanol, methyl undecyl ketone in sancho tree were identified. The contents of unsaturated fatty acids of palmitic acid(24.34%), myristic acid(3,68%) in sancho tree was higher than that of the sancho fruit.
Structural Characteristics of the Water Soluble Browning Reeaction Products Isolated from Korean Red Ginseng
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 499~505
The purpose of this study was to ivestigate the structural characteristics of waste soulble browning reaction prodcuts (WS-BRPs) isolated from Korean red ginseng. They all showed the maximum absorbances at near 280 nm. Their IR spectra suggested the presence of hydroxyl, amide carbonyl and aliphatic methine groups. From sugar analysis it was identified that L and S-1 contained two kinds of suggar, glucose and xylose, and S-2, a fructose together with glucose and xylose. Thirteen different amino acids were identified in L. Ten amino acids from S-1 and seven amino acids from S-2 were identified using Auto Amino Acid Analyzer. Glycine, serine and glutamic acid in S-1 and one unknown amino acid and glycine in S-2 were detected as the major amino acids, respectively. From the 1H-and 13C-NMR spectra, it was identified that a number of sugar moieties, carbonyl and carbon double bonds (only in S-2) were contained in the three WS-BRP components. Approximate number of sugar moiety of L, S-1 and S-2 was determined to be 8∼10, 9∼11 and 4∼5, respectively. Contents of nitrogen, carbon and hydrogen showed L>S-1>S-2.
Characterization of Natural Gardenia Color with Systhetic Color
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 506~512
In order to replance systhetic colors by natural colors as food additive, properties of Gardenia yellow color and Gardenia blue color were compared with Food yellow No. 4 and Food blue No. 1. Color differeance between Food yellow No. 4 and Gardenia yellow color was 7.55. Thermal stability of Food yellow No. 4 was above 99%. On the other hand, in case of Gardenia yellow color, showed adove 90% of residual color units in 8
30min and 10
30min at pH 7.0 but 75% in 121
15min. Difference of light stability between Food yellow No. 4 and gardenia yellow color was about 18%. Addition of ascorbic acid was increased about 6% in light stability. Color difference between Food blue No. 2 and Gardenia blue color was 107. Thermal stability of Food blue No. 2 was above 99%. But Gardenia blue color showed 92% of residual color units in 8
30min and 10
30min at pH 7.0 but 90% in 121
15min. Difference of light stability between Food blue No. 4 and Gardenia blue color was about 8%. Addition of -tocopherol was increased about 4% in light stability of Gardenia blue color.
A Survey on the Notion and Intake of Kimchi among College Women
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 513~520
A survey of the notion and intake on Kimchi among college women in Pusan was conducted to get some basic information on kimchi. Two hundred sixty seven students in Pusan participated in this survey. Seventy five percent of students answered that they like kimchi. They preferred well-fermented kimchi with anchovy extracts, refreshing taste and crispy texture the saltly and sweet. Chinese cabbage kimchi (87.6%) was found to be the most favored kimchi and Kakdugi(seasoned pickles of cubed radish), Nabak kimchi and Chonggak kimchi (ponytail kimchi) were followed in the order. The most favorite food made from kimchi was stir fried kimchi with rice. They disliked traditional special kimchi, such as Puchu kimchi (leek kimchi), Pa kimchi (green onion kimchi), Kkennip kimchi (perilla leaf kimchi), Godulbaegi kimch (Korea wild lettuce kimchi) and Gat kimchi (Leaf mustard kimchi). About 93 grams of kimchi was consumed daily and this amount was a little. Seventy percent of students did not have any experiences preparing kimchi. Experiences of kimchi preparation were given by mother through kimchii-making event for the winter(71.7%), cooking practice in middle or high school (14.1%) and college(10.9%) and general cooking education (33%). They preferred to buy kimchi at the Agricultural Cooperative Association (48.5%) or a large kimch factory (32.75). College students believe that kimchi is a healthy food and are willing to learn how to make kimchi.
Effect of Some Tea on Removability of Cd and Pb Ion in Solution
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 521~527
Removabilities of heavy metals(Cd and Pb) by the tea materials (barley-tea, corn-tea, jasmin-tea, brown rice-green tea, black-tea, cassia tora-tea, persimmon peel-tea, and rice-tea) in the tea-water were studied in the various conditions ; particle size of tea (20, 40, 70 mesh), concentration of heavy metal (25, 50, 100 ppm) and extraction temperature(20, 30, 50, 100
). The removabilities by the tea solids were increased as the particle size decreased, concentration of heavy metal increased, and extracting temperature increased. Of the nine kinds of tea, Cd and Pb removability by jasmin-tea was highest. In addition, heavy metal removability by cassia tora tea was better than that of other tea as extraction temperature was increased.
Assessment of University Food Service by Students in Daejeon Area
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 528~535
This study was conducted to provide some basic information for promoting efficiency in university food services. Subjects were 309 students of A, B and C university. The survey was done by questionaires, and the data were analyzed by SAS program. The quantity and nutritional values of food was evaluated as appropriate but temperature and freshness of food, use of seasonal food, variety of menu were indicated as unsatisfactory. Male students marked lower points on the price but female students gave lower scores for variety of menu and use of seasonl food. Employee hygiene fast service and neatness and kindness of workers were evaluated as appropriate but food sanitation and cleanness of dishes were indicated as unsatisfactory. A and B university students scored low marks on food sanitation. Female students scored higher marks on the employee's neatness. Arrangement of tables and chairs, location of returning utensils, location of counter use of menu board and ventilation facilities were scored as average but interior decoration and heating facilities were scored as low level. Students of a school scored low mark on the arrangement of tables, location of counter, heating facilities and interior decoration but students of B school scored low mark on the use of menu board. Calmness and comfortableness of dining hall was unsatisfactory but location of dining hall, serving time and waiting time were evaluated as appropriate. In conclusion improvements for temperature and freshness of food, use of seasonal food, variety of menu, food sanitation, cleanness of dishes, interior decoration, heating facility and resting area were indicated as necessary.
Effect of Storage Period and Rechilling Process on Tenderness of Myofibrillar Protein of Chilled or Frozen Beef
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 536~541
This study was carried out to investigate the changes of characteristics of myofibrillar protein for the vacuum chilled, the air frozen or the rechilled Holstein beef loin. The vacuum chilled beef was stored at 1
and the air frozen beef was stored at -20
for 60 days. The rechilled beef was restored for 3 days at 1
by using the vacuum chilled or the air frozen beef. Myofibrillar protein extractability, 30,000 dalton component content and Mg-ATP ase activity for the vacuum chilled beef were higher than those of the air frozen beef. Each parameters increased significantly for the vacuum chilled beef after the 20 days storage, but there was no significant difference for the vacuum chilled beef after the 20 days storage, but there was no significant difference for the air frozen beef during the 60 days storage. By the rechilling process, myofibrillar protein extractability of the vacuum chilled and the frozen beef were not significant difference. The 30,000 dalton component of the vacuum chilled beef was showed not significant increment by rechilling, but the frozen beef was showed significant increment by rechilling. The Mg-ATPase activity of myofibrillar protein of the vacuum chilled beef was not changes by rechilling, but the frozen beef after the 20 days storage was significant increment by rechilling.
Change of Fatty Acid Compositions during Hepatic Triacylglycerol Accumulation in Dietary Orotic Acid-induced Fatty Liver
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 542~549
Dietary orotic acid is known to induce the fatty liver. Fatty acid profiles in the lipid fraction of the liver and the serum in rats fed with or with orotic acid diet were analyzed. In all the hepatic lipid fraction of rats fed on the supplemented orotic acid diet, there was a significant increased in linoleic acid. In addition, linoleic acid was also increased in the triacylglycerol fraction of hepatic endoplasmic reticulum and the triacylglycerol and diacylglycerol fractions of hepatic Golgi apparatus of the orotic acid-feeding rats. In the time course study of the fatty acid profile in the hepatic triacylglycerol and diacylgycerol fractions, an increase of linoleic acid was observed similarly in the initial stages of orotic acid intake in the both fractions. However, linoleic acid in the serum triacylglycerol fraction of orotic acid-feeding rats increased from day 1, but it began to decrease the increment from day 2, resulting in the lower level of linoleic acid in the serum triacylglycerol fraction of orotic acid-feeding rats than that of rat fed a orotic acid-free diet after 10 days. Oleic acid (18:1) was increased in the only cholesteryl ester fraction of helpatic. However, oleic acid level in other fractions was not changed. The compositions of 14:0, 16:0 and 18:0 was reduced in the hepatic triacylogylcerol, diacylglycerol and cholesteryl ester fractions by orotic acid-feeding. However, these saturated fatty acids were significantly increased in the serum triacylglycerol fractions. The orotic acid indcued changes in linoleic acid level in hepatic triacylglycerol may be explained by the impaired fatty acid metabolism and limited excretion of this fatty acid from liver to serum.
Effect of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on Glucose Uptake of Soleus Muscle in NIDDM Diabetic Rats
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 550~555
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFA) on glucose and lipids metabolism in high-fat diet rate. Rats were randomly assigned to normal, high-fat with n-3 PUFA and high-fat dietary groups. Experiments were carried out after 5 weeks feeding with prescriptive diets following 7 hrs fasting. Body weight gains tended to be higher in high-fat fed rats than normal. Blood glucose was increased (p<0.05) by high-fat diet compared with normal diet, and decreaseed (p<0.05) to normal level by n-3 PUFA. Plasma insulin level was significcantly higher (p<0.01) in high-fat diet rats than that of normal-diet rats, and also decreased (p<0.01) by n-3 PUFA. Glucose up take of soleus muscle in vitro was decreased markedly in high-fat fed rats than normal diet rats at 0, 1, 10, and 100nM insulin concentration. Therefore insulin sensitivity and responsiveness were decreased by high-fat diet. Omega-3 PUFA made a recover(p<0.01) insulin sensitivity to almost normal level, and improved (p<0.05) insulin responsiveness in some extent. In conclusion, the results suggest that metabolic disorder of glucose and insulin resistance of skeletal muscle are caused by high-fat diet and n-3 PUFA can ameliorate metabolic disorder and insulin resistance.
Effect of Laminaria Addition on the Shelf-life and Texture of Bread
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 556~560
Effects of laminaria powder(0.1%, 0.5% and 1.0%) on self-life and texture of bread were investigated. Added laminaris inhibited the growth of bacteria and the decrease the moisture content and pH value, and the more laminaria was add, the higher degree of inhibition of those was observed. Results of texture analysis showed that there was no significant differ each treatment and control(no added laminaria powder).
Stabilization of Amylolytic Enzymes by Modification with Periodate-Oxidized Soluble Starch
;Tri;Kazuo Ito;Masaru Iizuka;Noshi Minamiura;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 561~564
The stabilizatio of amaylolytic enzyme such as
-amylase of barley,
-amylase of wheat,
-amylase of sweet potato,
-amylase of Bacillus licheniformis,
-amylase of Aspergillus sp. and
-glucosidase of Aspergillus awamori was attained by modification with periodate-oxidized soluble starch. The pH stability of modified enzyme was increased at pH 9 for
-amylase of sweet potato, pH 3~5 and 8~11 for
-amylase of barley, pH 2~3 and 7~12 for
-amylase of wheat and pH 6 for
-glucosidase of Aspergillus awamori. Thermal stability increased 17.6% for
-amylase of Aspergillus sp. at 6
for 10min, 30% for
-amylase of Bacillus licheniformis at 10
for 5min and 4.5% for
-amylase of sweet potato at 6
for 10min compared with those of native enzymes.
Identification of the
-Amylase Inhibitor Producing Actinomycetes BY-445
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 565~569
The strain BY-445 which produces new inhihitors of
-amylase was isolated from a soil sample and identified. The aerial hyphae of this strain develope in the from of open spirals. The spore chain of BY-445 strain appears in spiral shape with spiny surface. Melanoid and soulble pigments were not observed. Gelatin was liquefied, and skin milk and starch was also hydrolyzed. The isolate contained LL-diaminopimelic acid in its cell wall hydrolysate. The content of fatty acid 16:iso, 15:0 anteiso and 16:0 was 25:30, 16.19 and 13.16%, respectively. BY-445 strain was closely related to Streptomyces violaceusinger but it was different from this strain in some cultural and physiological characteristics. This strain was, therefore, designated as Streptomyces sp. BY 445.
An Effect of Red-ripe Persimmon on Fermentation and Sensory Characteristics of Kimchi
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 570~575
This paper presents an investigation of chemical and sensory properties of Kimchi with red-ripe persimmon. Kimchi with different levels(0, 5, 10, 15%) of real-ripe persimmon was fermented at 4
for 20days. During the fermentation, pH decreased in all Kimchi samples and pH of Kimchi with red-ripe persimmon was a little lower than that of Kimchi without red-ripe persimmon. Acidity increaased continuously and saltiness was maintained at 1.2∼2.2% levels during fermentation. The reducing sugar of Kimchi with red-ripe persimmon was relatively higher than that of the other sample without red-ripe persimmon. Total vitamin C(Vit. C) in Kimchi added red-ripe persimmon increased in the early stage of fermentation and reduced gradually after 4days of fermentation. In the sensory evolution, Kimchi with 10% red-ripe persimmon recorded high scores in taste, flavor, texture and overall acceptability during all fermentation period.
Properties of the Proteolytic Enzymes from Mulberry Tree Barks(Morus alba Linne)
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 576~579
Water extract of mulberry tree barks(Morus alba Linne) was studied for its proteolytic activity. Protein content of the extract was 1.12mg/ml and its specific activity was 5.14U/ml. The enzyme was active on various proteins : the relative acitities were 100 for casein, 63 for albumin, 58 for collagen, 45 for hemoglobin and 36 gelatin, respectively. There suggested that the ability of the enzyme to hydrolyze meat was relatively high since those are major meat proteins. Optimum pH and temperature for proteolytic activity were : pH 6.0 and 6
. And the enzyme was stable at the pH range of 6.0 to 7.0 and temperature between 50 and 8
. Apparent proteolytic activities could support some scientific grounds of traditional application of mulberry tree barks to home cooking for meat tenderization.
Sensory Characteristics and Tenderness of Boiled Beef by Addition of the Barks(Morus alba Linne)
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 11, issue 5, 1998, Pages 580~584
Tenderization of beef by the addition of barks(Morus alba Linne) and its sensory properties were observed by shearing test, cooking loss, pH, protein content and sensory evaluation. Shear force was decreased as the addition level of barks (Morus alba Linne) increased. Tenderization effect of beef was increased 8,8% at the addition level of 2.5%, 25% at 5.0%, 4.7% at 7.5%, 58% at 10% barks(Morus alba Linne). Cooking loss was observed 44.50% at the no addition, 45.3% at 2.5%, 45.8% at 5.0%, 47.5% at 7.5%, 50.0% at 10% addition level of barks (Morus alba Linne). As the addition level of barks(Morus alba Linne) increased pH of cooked beef decreased to the range of 5.6 to 5.46. As the addition level of barks (Morus alba Linne) increaed protein content of beef decreased whereas protein content of cooled liquor increased. The addition of barks(Morus alba Linne) improved the sensory quality of cooked beef. Especially, tenderness scored the highest value in 10% added beef and other quality factors color, flavor, juiciness and overall quality were evaluated significantly high in 5% added beef. Therefore 5% addition level of barks(Morus alba Linne) for cooking beef was suggested as the desirable level of addition.