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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Feb 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Comparison of Sensitivity for Detection of Heat-Labile Enterotoxin of Enterotoxienic Escherichia coli(EC 81) and Enterotoxin of Enterotoxigenic Clostridium perforngens type A (NCPC8238) by Means of a Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~5
Detection for heat-labile enterotoxin(LT) of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli(ETEC, EC81, O148:H28) and enterotoxin of enterotoxigentic Clostridium perfringents type A(CP, NCTC8238, Hobbs serotype 2) by use of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay were positive reaction, which using LT gene-specific primers of ETEC with a detection limit equivalent from 100ng/
to 1 pg of a DNA fragment of 417-bp in EC81 and enterotoxin gene-specific primers of CP with a detection limit equivalent from 100ng/
to 10pg of a DNA fragment of 364-bp in NCTC8238. Detection for a LT gene of ETEC highly appeared 10-fold sensitivity than an enterotoxin gene of CP.
Changes in Chemical Composition of Panax ginseng Leaves by Different Harvesting Months
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 6~12
This study was performed to investigate the changes in chemical composition of Panax ginseng leaf by harvesting at July, August and September. The levels of crude protein of dried ginseng leaf were decreased from 17.12mg% to 14.26% by harvesting month, however, crude fat contents of dried ginseng leaf were increased slightly from 1.90% to 2.49%. Three kinds of free sugar, i.e. glucose, fructose and sucrose were found in dried ginseng leaf and maltose was not found. Free sugar contents were increased by delaying harvest, but free amino acid were decreased. Total free amino acid was decreased in delayed harvesting month, serine was revealed superior in free amino acid composition, and valine was revealed next order. In minerals, contents of Ca were from 1,306.1mg% to 1,923mg%, that of K were higher than others patricualy as 1,266.9∼1,216.0mg%. The contents of minerals were existence in order of Mg, P, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu, abundantly. Total vitamin C were present of 391.0∼336.1mg%, and the contents were decreased as delayed as harvesting period despite of the plentiful content. In fatty acid composition of ginseng leaf, the palmitic acid content was as 40% higher than other fatty acids, remarkably.
Antioxidative Effects of Ethanol Extract Obtained from Rooibos Tea(Aspalathus linearis) and It's Application of Food
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 13~20
This study was designed the antioxidative effect of the ethanol extract obtained Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) on various kinds of oil, and examined the synergistic effect of Rooibos tea extract by addition of citric acid to the antioxidation activity and also investigate to antioxidation effect of the extract in food production and storage peroids. The antioxidative activity of 0.2mg of Rooibos tea extract was showed similar to same doses of
-tocopherol, BHA and BHT in linolieic acid-ethanol system. The antioxidative effect of the mixture with 0.1% Rooibos tea extract on lard was more effective than that of the mixture with same doses of
-tocopherol, BHA and BHT. The antioxidative effect of Rooibos tea extract was showed slightly effects on lard or soybean oil. Antioxidative effects of Rooiboe tea extract in addition of citric acid as synergist showed more effective in linoleic acid-ethanol system, but did not showed in the other oils. In the application of Rooibos tea extract to food prodctuction and storage period, the antioxidative effect was more effective in biscult, preparation added lard mixed with 0.1% Rooibos tea extract.
Characteristic of the Rice Quality with Long-term Storage of Paddy
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 21~27
In order to investigate the changes of rice qualities during 4 years storage of paddy in warehouse of normal temperature condition. As storage period go by, head ratio was deduced and broken rice was increased according as a change of temperature during the long term storage. A color of rice was became more dark gray than that of entering time as L value was decreased from 64.07 to 61.62 a 4 years late. As a results of studies on the cooking quality of milled rice, water uptake ratio and expanded volume were increased in proporation to storage period, wherease total solids and iodine blue value were decreased. In the characteristic of texture of cooked rice, viscosity/hardness ratio(-H/H) had a decreasing tendency, while adhesiveness and cohesiveness increased with increased storage time. The qualities of cooked milled rice studied were sensory attributies of odor, taste, stickiness and appearance which were evaluvated by multiple comparsion method. The sensory results showed that all of descriptions were deterirated with a increased storage period. The taste and stickiness were changed from good score to bad score a 2 years later.
Studies on the MEJU Processing Aptitude of Recommended Soybean Varieties 1. Characteristics of Soybean Varieties as Raw Material, Soaking and Boiling Process
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 28~35
As a result of survey of one hundred grain weight and been husk/whole bean ratio of 25 soybean varieties, the one was ranged 12.1∼27.1g and Saeal was highest as 27.1g, and Kwangan was lowest as 12.1g, while the other was revealed that Sinpladal 2 was highest as 9.40%, and Jangyebo was lowest, as 6.13%. Contents of crude protein were ranged 38∼48.5% which Tanback was highest as 48.5%, and Jangyeob was lowest as 39%. Crude lipid contained 17∼22%, and Muhan was highest as 48.5% and Tanback was lowest as 39%. Range of water uptake ratio and hardness after soaking were 235.9∼202.8% and 0.890∼2.593kg/3.14
and Jinpum was highest as 2.593kg/3.14
, while Tanwon was lowest as 0.066kg/3.14
Comparison of Antibacterial Activities of Green Tea Extracts and Preservatives to the Pathogenic Bacteria
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 36~44
Survival of pathogenic bacteris(S. aureus, L. monocytogenes, E. coli and S. typhimurium) in tryptic soy broth containing green tea water extract(GTW), green tea ethanol extract(GTE), potassium sorbate (PS) and sodium benzoate(SB) stored at various pH was evaluated. Tryptic soy broth(TSB) containing 0∼2%(w/v) of green tea extracts and preservatives adjusted to pH 5.5, 6.0, 6.5 and 7.0 was inoculated approximately 105 CFU/ml of pathogenic bacteria and incubated at 35
for 24∼48 hours. Survival of bacteria was determined by viable cell counts of bacterial culture at each pH. Minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration(MBC) of green tea extracts and preservatives against pathogenic bacteria were derived from survival curves of each bacteria. Antibacterial activities of green tea extracts increased with increasing pH but those of preservatives decreased with increrasing pH. S. aureus was the most sensitive strain to GTW and GTE but the most resistant to PS and SB. The MICs of green tea extracts to S. aureus were 0.52∼0.98% at pH 5.5∼6.0 and non inhibitory at pH 7.0. S. typhimurium was the most resistant to green tea extracts while the most sensitive to SB. The MICs of green tea extracts to S. typhimurium were 0.46∼1.62% at pH 5.5∼6.0 and 2% of PS was bactericidal at pH 5.5. 1.0∼2.0% of GTE were bactericidal to all strains tested except L. m9oncytogenes at pH 7.0. GTE was most efficient at inactivating pathogenic bacteria, generally followed by GTW, PS and SB.
Effect of Ethanol Concentration on Extraction of Vlolatile Components in Cinnamon
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 45~52
In order to select the optimum ethanol concentration for extraction of volatile components in cinnamon, the dried cinnamon was extracted with water and 30∼90% ethanol. The volatile components of cinnamon extracts were isolated by the simultaneous distillation extraction method using Likens and Nickerson's extraction apparatus, and analyzed by GC-MS. In cinnamon bark powder 45 components were detected and 21 components were identified. The major component of cinnamon bark powder was cinnamic aldehyde. In water extract of cinnamon, volatile components were not extracted sufficiently. The volatile components of cinnamon were increased with the increment of ethanol concentraction upto 70%. The volatile component of 70% ethanol extract showed similar pattern and amount to cinnamon bark powder. But in 90% ethanol extracts, the number and amount of volatile component were reduced. The above data suggested that 70% ethanol was the most effective solvent for volatile components extraction of cinnamon.
Antioxidative Effect of Persimmon Leaves
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 53~58
The production of malondiadehyde(MDA) was significantly decreased when the methoanol extract of persimmon leaves was added to the system. The methanol extract of persimmon leaves was fractionated by using various solvents such as hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate and butanol. Among the above fractions especially the chloroform fraction, ethylacetate fraction revealed the strong antioxidative activities. The hot water extract of the persimmon leaves was less effective than tannin which was extracted from persimmon leaves in antioxidative activity.
Changes in Chlorphyll Contents and Volatile Compounds of Angelica keiskei Kimchi during Fermentation
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 59~65
Changes in the contents of volatiles and chlorphylls of Angelica keiskei Kimchi during fermentation were investigated. Total chlorphyll contents decreased gradually during the fermentatin period. Chlorphyll a decreased rapidly from 1.38 to 0.5
/cm by the 5th day of fermentation with no further changes at 7th day, while chlorophyll b did not show any change by 3rd day and decomposed rapidly thereafter. Major voltile compounds identified in the kimchi were sabinene,
-terpinolene, which were gradually decreased during fermentation. There were significant differnce in color, sourness, bitterness and overall acceptability in sernsory evauation of Angelica keiskei Kimchi during fermentation at 2
Comparison of the Volatile Components of Korean Ginger (Zingiber officinal Roscoe) by Different Extraction Methods
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 66~70
The volatile components of Korea ginger were compared by using different isolation methods, head-space sampling procedure(HSSP), simultaneous distillation extrction(SDE) and soild pahse micro-extractions(SPME). Sixty-one components were identified by GC-MSD in the extracts obtained from each extraction methods. However, the components identified showed a difference in their composition wit the extraction methods. In the extract by HSSP, fifty-five components including a high volatile compound such as acetaldehyde, ethylacetate, 2,3-butandione were detected, and thirty-one components were identified in the extract by SPME. While, the low volatile components such as elemol, zingiberenol and
-eudesmol were detected only in the extract by SDE method. The results suggest that SDE method is the best for the analysis of low volatile components, whereas HSSP is a proper method for the analysis of high volatile components from natural resources.
Preparation of Yogurt from Milk Added with Purple Sweet Potato
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 71~77
New type yogurt base were prepared from milk added with skim milk powder or purple sweet potato, and fermented by lactic acid bacteria (Streptococcus thermophilus and Bifidobacterium infantis, 1:1, v/v). The yogurt proudcts were evaluated for acid production(pH, titratiable acidity), number of viable cell, viscosity, sensory properties, and color value. The composition of some organic acids was also analyzed by GC. The acid production slightly decrerased by addition with purple sweet potato. There was no significant difference in viable cell counts between control (yogurt added with only skim milk powder) and yogurt added with purple sweet potato, and viable cell counts of all samples were above 9.08 log cfu/ml. Viscosity of yogurt added with purple sweet potato(36,800∼46,000 centipoise) was higher than that of yogurt added with only skim milk powder(32,200 centipoise). The overall sensory score of yogurt added with purple sweet potato(38.6%, dry base) was the best of tested yogurt. The major organic acid of yogurt added with purple sweet potato was lactic acid. its content was 0.997∼1.203%. malic acid, succinic acid, oxalic acid, and fumaric acid were analyzed out a little. Lightness and yellowness decreased by addition with purple sweet potato but redness increased. Total color difference(
E) with yogurt addition with purple sweet potato and only skim milk powder were very high(above 11.46).
Studies on the Steady Shear Flow Properties of Sea Mustard Aqueous Extracts
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 78~82
For the purpose of investigation of the food processing fittness of the sea mustard aqueous extracts, the steady shear flow have been measured over a wide range of shear rate using a Brookfield digital viscometer(SPDL21). The rheological behaviors of the sea mustard aqueous extracts which were extracted at 10
for 2 hours exhibited pseudoplastic behavior with yield stress. In the test of the relationship between temperature and apparent viscosity of samples at 10 rpm decreased along with the increment of temperature. The sea mustard aqueous extracts appeared greatly temperature dependent characteristics(Ea=1.51 ㎉/mole).
Effect of Bacteriocin on Some Quality Changes during Fermentation of Kimchi
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 1, 2000, Pages 83~87
The effect of commerical bacteriocin(Bc) was studied on some quality changes during fermentation of Kimchi at
. The Bc additon by 1.0, 3.0 and 5.0% was found to be effective in extension of pH decrease to reach the optimal pH of pH 4.0~4.2. Thel effect increased with an increase in bacteriocin concentration. The color values of 'L' and 'b' of the Kimchi liquid increased while 'a' value decreased during fermentation. The hardness also increased until 21 hours and then decreased and a slightly more hardness measured at the late stage of fermentation.