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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Feb 2000
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Phenolic Compounds in Persimmon Fruits and Stabilization of Discoloring Compounds
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 103~110
This study was conducted to determine changes in phenolic compounds of astrigent persimmons before and after softening process and evaluate discoloring properties of major phenolic compounds. Phenolic compounds in soft persimmons were mainly composed of catechins and chlorogenic acid. Although contents of phenolic compounds were reduced during the softening process, little change in the ratio of catechins to total phenolic compounds was observed. Most of phenolic compounds in damaged astringents persimmons were existed in the high molecular weight fraction and more phenolic compounds were extracted at the temperature higher than room temperature. To evaluate discoloring abilities of phenolic compounds, phenolic compounds were dissolved separately into water or 80% methanol. With presence of various amounts of anti-discoloring agents such as vitamin C, citric acid, and L-cystein, (+)catechin was significantly reduced.
Comparisons of Dietary Atherogenicity and Nutrient Intakes between College Students and Their Parents
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 111~117
We assessed dietary patterns of 72 college students and 72 parents. The purpose of this study was to compare the difference in selected nutrient intakes and dietary atherogenicity between young and old generations. Three-day dietary records were used as a tool in collecting data and the diets were analyzed by the computer program Nutritionist IV. Average calori intakes of students and parents were 1,881.5kcal and 1,866.4kcal. Fat intakes were higher for students than those of parents, but problem intakes were higher for parents than those of students. Carbohydrate, protein and fat ratios in energy compositiion of students and parents were respectively 57.6:16.4:26.4 and 59.4:18.3:22.5. Students had slightly higher calcium intakes and consumed more milk exchanges than did parents, but students had lower values than parents when expressed as %RDAs for calcium. Our findings of higher consumptions of fat and sugar, lower fiber intakes, and higher atherogenic scores of diets such as cholesterol index, Keys score and Hegsted score in students than in their parents, would place our students at a higher risk for obesity and cardiovascular diseases.
Studies on Volatile Compounds in Lipoxygenase Deficient-soybean and Its Products
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 118~124
Lipoxygenase(LOX) in soybeans is responsible for beany flavors which limit the wide utilization of soybeans to foods. This study was conducted to analyze beany flavor compounds of the normal Hwagkeumkong and LOX-deficient soybean cultivars, Jinpumkong which lacks L-2, L-3, and Jinpumkong 2 which lacks all L-1, L-2, L-3. Using the combination of dynamic headspace sampling and gas chromatography-mass selective detector(DHS-GC-MSD) for analyzing volatile compounds, hexanal and hexanol were identified in whole soy flour of all three soybena cultivars. Hwangkeumkong had more volatile compounds than Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 in defatted soy flour. Hexanal and acetic acid were identified in soy milk of all three soybean cultivars but Hwangkeumkong had more volatile compounds than Jinpumkong 2. From the analysis with a static headspace sampling(SHS) and GC-MSD the major compounds were hexanal, acetic acid, 1-hexanol, and 1-octen-3-ol. The content of acetic acid was similar among three cultivars. But contents of hexanal and pentanal in Jinpumkong 2 were less than that of Jinpumkong and Hwangkeumkong. Using GC-FID, Jinpumkong 2 had less contents of hexanal and pentanol than Hwangkeumkong in whole soy flour and defatted soy flour. In this study, LOX-deficient soybean cultivars showed less hexanal, pentanol and other compounds than the normal Hwangkeumkong. However quite amount of beany flavor compounds were identified in Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2. So further studies are required to characterize LOX isozymes, to understand the mechanisms of beany flavors production, and to develop some other methods for removing beany flavor.
A Study on the Eating Behavior, Nutritional Status and Health Condition of Obese Adult Attending a Weight Control Exercise
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 125~133
The purpose of this study was to investigate eating behavior, nutritional status and health condition of obese adult attending a weight control exercise. The subjects of this study consisted of 81 adult in some areas of Daegu. Their weight, height, triceps, midarm circumference were measured and their dietary intake and eating behavior were obtained by using questionnaires. Anthropometry was conducted to determine obesity. Average age of men and women were 38.1 and 35.2 years old respectively. Their intake of energy and protein were 69.5% and 97.4% of RDA respectively. Energy intake of normal and obese group was 74.4% and 64.9% of RDA respectively. Protein intake of normal and obese group was 99.7% and 95.3% of RDA respectively There was a negative correlation between PIBW and energy intake, PIBW and carbohydrate intake, BMI and energy intake, and BMI and carbohydrate intake. A relative magnitude of factors affecting weight decrease rate was analyzed by Stepwise multiple regression analysis. Overall results about relative influence of independent variables to dependent variable(weight decrease rate) indicated that the BMI(p<0.01) was the most significantly correlated with weight decrease rate in all subjects. The results of this study suggest that the extensive nutrition education in weight control program should be emphasized to prevent obesity early.
Inhibitory Effect of Extracts from Parmelia austrosinensis and P. praesorediosa on Postprandial Hyperglycemia
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 134~138
An inhibitory activity against
-glucosidase was identified in extracts of medicinal lichens, Parmelia austrosinensis and P. praesorediosa. The extracts retained almost all of their original activities when treated with heat, acid and alkaline conditions, and some hydrolytic enzymes. Partially purified inhibitor showed strong inhibition against disaccharide hydrolytic enzymes of mammalian and mold origin, but weak or no inhibition against polysaccharide hydrolytic enzymes except glucoamylase. The inhibitors from the two Parmelia sp. showed almost same retention time in HPLC. The inhibitor suppressed elevation of blood glucose level in rats after oral administration of soluble starch or sucrose.
Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from Aloe vera peel against Streptococcus mutans JC-2(I)
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 139~145
To separate anticaries and antiinflammation from Aloe vera peel, we investigated a inhibited effect of Streptococcus mutans JC-2 that was antibiosis, glucosyltransferase activity about aloe-emodin and barbaloin. Aloe-emodin and barbaloin had strong antibiosis activity against Streptococcus mutans JC-2, they were especially antibiosis effect to low growth and prolong lag phase at attachment concentration 100
/mL. The reduction rate of a culture fluid became to lessen than the comparison group for aloe-emodin and barbaloin. The intracellular materials of Streptococcus mutans JC-2 were to leakage as much as attachment concentration addition of aloe-emodin and barbaloin but there was no significant difference membrane demage between two active substances. The activity of GTase was inhibited by aloe-emodin and barbaloin and their inhibition rate was respectively 99.8%, 98.4% at the attachment concentration 100
Isolation and Purification of Antimicrobial Active Substances from Aloe vera peel(II)
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 146~151
To evaluate anticaries and antiinflammation of Aloe vera peel, antimicrobial substances were extracted from Aloe vera peel and identified. The antimicrobial active substances of water extract were successfully purified with solvent fractionation, silica gel column chromatography, preparative thin layer chromatography and UV spectrophotometer. Two purified active substances were identified as aloe-emodin and barbaloin by Mass Spectrometer, 1H-NMR and FT-IR.
Quality Change of Cinnamon Extract Prepared with Various Drying Methods
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 152~157
In order to select the optimum drying method for the production of cinnamon extract, water extract and 70% ethanol extract of cinnamon were prepared. And then several drying method of oven drying, vacuum evaporation, spray drying and freeze drying were performed. Content of cinnamic acid, cinnamic aldehyde, eugenol, tannin and free sugar, and antioxidant activity, degree of browning, pH, color value, turbity and solubility were compared. In water extract, contents of cinnamic acid, cinnamic aldehyde, eugenol were 29.45mg/100g, 94.86mg/100g, 120.75mg/100g and decreased to 4.76%∼44.21%, 5.30%∼48.05%, 3.66%∼21.83% by oven dyring, vaccum drying, spray drying respectively, but freeze drying showed a little decrease of those components. In 70% ethanol extract, effectual components decreased to 76.05%∼88.38% and 26.86%∼78.76% by freeze drying and vacuum evaporation respectively. Antioxidant activity decreased by drying and decreasing rate in 70% ethanol extract was lower than water extract. Degree of browning increased as the drying temperature increased. Tannin and free sugars were little affected by drying temperature. Solubility decreased in oven drying and 70% ethanol extract. Overall data suggested that optimum drying methods of cinnamon extract were freeze drying in case of water extract and freeze drying and vaccum drying in case of 70% ethanol extract.
Production of Killer Toxin from a Mutant of Hansenular capsulata S-13
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 158~163
Killer yeast, Hansenular capsulata S-13 were treated with heat, ethylmethane sulfonate and N-methyl-n'-nitro-n-nitrosoguanidine and a mutant(S13-E1), showing 2-fold higher killer toxin activity than that of parent strain to killer sensitive strain, Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 38026 was obtained. Hansenular capsulata S13-E1 showed strong killer toxin activity to Saccharmyces mellis and Saccharomyces sal년 and four strains of gas-producing yeasts from traditional Doenjang and Kochujang. The culture condition for killer toxin production by Hansenular capsulata S13-E1 was optimized to be 1.0% potato extract, each 0.5% of peptone and glucose, and 0.025% MgSO4 with initial pH 4.5 at 3
and 36 hr of batch cultivation.
A Study on the Carbamate Pesticide Residues in Domestic and Imported Crops in Chonnam Province
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 164~170
10 carbamate pesticides were surveyed in domestic and imported green peas, beans, red beans from March 1999 through December 1999. Samples were collected from Gwangju, Mokpo, Suncheon and Yosoo grain markets. This study was performed by post-column ο-phthalaldehyde and 2-mercaptoethanol prior to HPCL fluorophore detection. Pesticides were found in 14 of 80 samples(17.5%). The kinds of pesticide detected in green peas were methomyl, MTMC, carbaryl, those in sesames were oxamyl, carbofuran, carbaryl, 1-naphthol, MIPC, those in beans were oxamyl, MTMC, carbaryl and those in red beans were MTMC, carbaryl. The range of residues detected in green peas, sesames, beans and red beans were 0.002∼0.025ppm, 0.001∼0.469ppm, 0.005∼0.356ppm and 0.017∼0.125ppm, respectively. The most frequently detected pesticides were MTMC(6 times) and carbaryl(5 times), while aldicarb, PHC and BPMC were no detected in all samples. Detection frequencies of carbamate pesticides in imported crops were higher than those in domestic ones except red beans. Only one result of oxamyl residues determined in imported bean was higher than the proposed maximum residue limits of Codex, which was 0.356ppm.
Production of Protease from Thermophilic Actinomyces
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 171~175
Microbial proteases have certain unique characteristics, and are now widely used in food, leather, detergent, and pharmaceutical industries. Thermophilic Actinomyces producing the protease was isolated from soil in Wonju city. This strain was able to grow and produce protease at the culture temperature of 50
. The maximum protease production was obtained when 0.5% soluble starch and 0.4% yeast extract were used as carbon and nitrogen source, respectively. The other culture condition for the maximal productivity of the protease was 0.1% K2HPO4, and 0.05% CaCl2 at initial pH 8.0 for 48 hours.
Purification and Properties of Protease from Thermophilic Actinomyces
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 176~180
Microbial protease has been interesting due to the biological roles in the producing microorganism. A thermophilic Actinomyces produing protease was isolated from soil. The optimal medium composition and culture conditions for maximum protease production was as follows 0.5% soluble starch, 0.5% yeast extract. 0.1% K2HPO4, 0.05% CaCl2, initial pH 8.0 at 50
for 48hours. The protease was purified by the procedure of ammonium sulfate precipitation, anion exchange chromatography(LC), DEAE high performance liquid chromatography and GPC HPLC. The purification fold of the purified enzyme was increased about 22.6. The optimal pH and temperature for reaction of the purified enzyme were 7.5 and 60
. The purified enzyme was stable for the pH range from 6.0 to 8.5, but was unstable when treated at 80
for 10 minutes. The activity of the enzyme was inhibited by Ag+ and Cu2+.
The Preparation of Canned Pufferfish and Its Keeping Stability
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 13, issue 2, 2000, Pages 181~186
This study was designed to investigate the preparation of canned pufferfish and its quality during storage at 4
0.5 and 25
0.5. The proximate compositions of the raw pufferfish were moisture 77.8%, protein 18.4% and lipid 3.3%. After the preparation of canned pufferfish there were no significant changes. During storage at 4
0.5 and 25
0.5, the amino nitrogen(NH2-N) contents and acid value(AV) in both the raw and canned pufferfish revealed little difference. The volatile basic nitrogen(VBN) contents in the raw and canned pufferfish were in the range of 10.7mg/100g∼19.2mg/100g, and had no change during storage. Viable cell counts of the canned pufferfish had no change during storage at 4
0.5 and 25
0.5. The toxicity was below 2MU/g in the raw pufferfish, and it was also nontoxic in the canned pufferfish during storage.