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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Salt Adsorption by Calcium Alginate Beads
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 89~96
The adsorption characteristics of sodium chloride into Ca-alginate beads have been investigated and the result were as follows: Sodium chloride uptake by Ca-alginate beads increased with time. The highest uptake volume of sodium chloride was 4.2g after 10 minutes. The uptake volume by Fe, Ca, Ba, and Sr-alginate beads was 5.6g, 4.2g, 4.2g and 4.0g, respectively but in case of Fe-alginate beads, the induced hydrogel beads were very fragile and the strength of Fe-alginate beads were weaker than Ca- and Ba-alginate beads. Mg-alginate bead was not formed and Ca-, Ba- and Sr-alginate beads had a similar uptake volume about 4.2g, respectively. The uptake volume of sodium chloride by CaCl
concentration(0.1M. 0.2M and 1M), curing solution, was 4.8, 4.2g and 4.1g, respectively. The uptake volume by sodium alginate concentration(0.6%, 1% and 2%) was 2.8g, 4.0g, and 4.4g, respectively and Ca-alginate bead size was not effected in uptake sodium chloride. The uptake rate on initial sodium chloride concentration(4%, 8%, 12% and 16%) was 30%, 28%, 27% and 25%, respectively. The uptake rate on basic pH(10.0) was higher than when compared to other neutral pH(6.8) and acidic pH(4.0). The initial uptake velocity of sodium chloride from immobilization beads with salt resistant bacteria was lower than that of non-immobilization beads. The uptake rate of sodium chloride was decreased according to elongation of curing time. Reusability of Ca-alginate beads was possible but according to reutilization, the salt uptake volume of beads was also decreased. The uptake volume of sodium chloride from Doengjang by Ca-alginate beads on time course(3, 6, 12, and 24 hour) was revealed 5g, 6g, 7g and 7g, respectively.
Effect of the N-nitrosodimethylamine Formation in Ascorbate and Phenolic Portions from Citrus Juice
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 97~103
Five citrus juices were separated into a ascorbate and phenolic portion using rep-pak C
18/ cartridge, respectively, in order to elucidate the nitrite scavenging effect and N-nitrosodimethylamine(NDMA) formation in model system. The nitrite scavenging effect of ascorbate portion from citrus juices, in the different pH, when added with 5ml were 79.9 ∼98.6% under the condition of pH 2.5. 48.5∼86.3% at pH 4.2 and lower than 35.2% at pH 6.0. The nitrite scavenging effect was excellent phenolic portion rather than ascorbate portion. Particularly, the effect was more 2 times than ascorbate portion under the reaction condition of pH 6.0. When added the phenolic portion in the reaction mixture, NDMA formation was inhibited 92.8% or more in kum quat, mandarin orange and sweet orange juices. But the ascorbate portion was a negative response of the inhibition of NDMA formation. The inhibition on NDMA formation in citrus juice may be due to phenolic compounds were reacted.
Purification and Gene Analysis of Peptidyl Prolyl cia-trans Isomerase from Bacillus stearothermophilus
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 104~111
The peptidyl prolyl sis-trans isomerase (PPIase, EC 220.127.116.11) from bacillus stearothermophilus was extracted from the cells treated with by lysozyme. PPIase was purified from the cell extracts by heat treatment, ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion exchange chromatography and finally gel filtration, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(SDS-PAGE). The molecular weight of the purified PPIase was estimated as 18kDa by SDS-PAGE. The 39 amino acid residues from the N-terminus were determined by the protein sequencer. The enzyme showed the optimum pH at 8.0 and was stable at the range of pH 7.0∼8.0. The enzyme was considerably stable after heat treatment at 60
for 30minutes, and the enzyme was quite stable up to 65
. The presence of the PPIase in the refolding solution accelerated the isomerization rate of the assay peptide. PPIase gene of Bacillus stearothermophilus was screened from a genomic library by plaque hybridization using the A-l primer as a probe. A PPIase positive plaque contained a 3.0kb insert of the chromosomal DNA. A 3.0kb fragment was subcloned into pUC18, resulting pPI-40. A DNA fragment encoding the N-terminal portion of the PPIase in pPI-40 was amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR) method using the A-1 and B-2 primers. The amplified fragment was cloned into the Sma I site of pUC18 and recombinant plasmid was designated as pSN-18. The nucleotide sequence of 167bp fragment was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence of PPIase was completely matched with the determined N-terminal amino acid sequence of PPIase B. stearothermophilus.
Cloning and Transcription Analysis of Sporulation Gene (spo5) in Schizosaccharomyces pombe
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 112~118
Sporulation in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has been regarded as an important model of cellular development and differentiation. S. pombe cells proliferate by mitosis and binary fission on growth medium. Deprivation of nutrients especially nitrogen sources, causes the cessation of mitosis and initiates sexual reproduction by matting between two sexually compatible cell types. Meiosis is then followed in a diploid cell in the absence of nitrogen source. DNA fragment complemented with the mutations of sporulation gene was isolated from the S. pombe gene library constructed in the vector, pDB 248' and designated as pDB(spo5)1. We futher analyzed six recombinant plasmids, pDB(spo5)2, pDB(spo5)3, pDB(spo5)4, pDB(spo5)5, pDB (spo5)6, pDB(spo5)7 and found each of these plasmids is able to rescue the spo5-2, spo5-3, spo5-4, spo5-5, spo5-6, spo5-7 mutations, respectively. Mapping of the integrated plasmid into the homologous site of the S. pombe chromosomes demonstrated that pDB(spo5)1, and pDB(spu5)Rl contained the spo5 gene. Transcripts of spo5 gene were analyzed by Northern hybridization. Two transcripts of 3.2 kb and 2.5kb were detected with 5kb Hind Ⅲ fragment containing a part of the spo5 gene as a probe. The small mRNA(2.5kb) appeared only when a wild-type strain was cultured in the absence of nitrogen source in which condition the large mRNA (3.2kb) was produced constitutively. Appearance of a 2.5kb spo5-mRNA depends upon the function of the meil, mei2 and mei3 genes.
Proximate Compositions and Selected Phytoestrogens of Iranian Black Pomegranate Extract and Its Products
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 119~125
Phytoestrogens are non-steroidal compounds fecund In a variety of plants, which exert estrogenic effects in animals. In this study, the physico-chemical properties of Iranian black pomegranate extract and its products as preliminarily research for the developing of natural estrogen supplement were evaluated. The chemical components of Iranian black pomegranate extracts and its product (Forever 120) were analyzed. Proximate compositions of pomegranate extracts were as follows; crude lipid 0.4%, crude protein 0.9%, crude ash 1.4% and carbohydrate 42.0%. Major amino acids of pomegranate extracts are glutamic acid (1310.0ppm), aspartic acid (896.2ppm), arginine (877.7ppm) and phenylalanine (57.5ppm). Fatty acid compositions of pomegranate extract 1ibid extracted by chloroform-methanol (2:1) were myristic (13.1%), stearic (69.4), oleic acid (6.8%) and palmitic acid (8.3%). Mineral elements were ferrous (6640.0ppm) and potassium (2550.8ppm). Vitamins were composed of ascorbic acid(20.0mg/100g), Vit. B
(0.12mg/100g) and niacin (0.80mg/100g). 20 phytoestrogens and 20 estrogens of pomegranate extracts were detected Daidzein (0.29ppm), quercetin (9.75ppm) genistein (0.29ppm) and 17
-estradiol(0.15ppm). Above the chemical components of pomegranate extracts were compared with that of pomegranate its product or other isoflavon concentrates.
Biosynthetic Regulation of Invertase from Thermophilic and Alkalophilic Bacillus sp. TA-11
Kim, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Na-Mi ; Kim, Dong-Woo ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 126~130
Regulation of invertase biosynthesis was studied in thermophilic and alkalophilic Bacillus sp. TA-11. Biosynthesis of the invertase was effectively induced in the presence of 10 mM sucrose for 180 min. Glucose repressed the invertase induction by sucrose and as late as addition time of glucose, the invertase formation was increased, indicating that glucose repression was occurred by inducer exclusion. Catabolite repression was reduced a little by the addition of cAMP for 180 min of induction.
Pretense in Wax Gourd
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 131~136
Protease activity in matured wax gourd sarcocarp was 0.19unit/0.5ml, immatured wax gourd sarcocarp 0.56unit, and matured wax gourd 24.35 unit, immatured wax gourd core 0.35unit. Protease activity in matured wax gourd sarcocarp to raw meat or raw pork was 13,0 unit, 7.4 unit, respectively, and that in wax gourd core to raw beef was 30.2 unit, and raw pork was 24.5 unit. Thermal stability of pretense in matured wax gourd sarcocarp was stable below 70
when it was heated for 10 minutes. In case of 80
, the remaining activity was 21%, and at 90
, it was lost entirely. The absorption spectrum showed peak at 280nm. According to the HPLC analysis, casein was hydrolyzed into small size by protease in core or sarcocarp of matured was gourd and immatured wax gourd. Wax gourd diluted by 1/10 showed two peaks, one was from casein being hydrolyzed, and the other was from the increased molecular weight with coagulated casein. On the other hand, the molecular weight didin't increase in immatured wax gourd core diluted by 1/10. The result of dilution of 1/10 showed different pattern from undiluted one, but the peak of sarcocarp in matured wax gourd was 1 and the peak of core in immatured wax gourd was 5, and those of core and sarcocarp of immatured wax gourd were 3 respectively.
Inhibitory Effects of Wax Gourd Extract on Melanin Formation and Acne-forming Bacterial Growth
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 137~143
Lyophilizate of immatured wax gourd extract was 3.1 %, matured wax gourd extract was 1.0%, and its main ingredient was sugar, which accounts for 89.7% in total residue. In matured wax gourd, pectin contents was 4.11 mg/ml, and in immatured wax gourd 4.43 mg/m1. In matured wax gourd sarcocarp, sugar contents was 0.1% of sucrose, 0.32% of glucose, 0.35% of fructose, the first unidentified sugar was 0.06% and the second was 0.04%, and all total 0.87%. In sarcocarp of immatured wax gourd, sucrose was 0.33%, glucose was 1.04%, frutcose was 1.12%, and the first unidentified sugar 0.18%, and the second was 0.l2, which total 2.79%. In matured wax gourd core, pH was 4.64, sarcocarp 4.94, immatured wax gourd core 4,96, sarcocarp 5.40. According to the organic acid analysis, in sarcocarp of matured wax gourd, citric acid of 0.409 was contained, magic acid 0.084, succnic acid 0.048%, in matured wax gourd core, citric acid was 0.648, magic acid 0.127, succinc acid 0.058%, in immatured wax gourd, citric acid 0.023, magic acid 0.219, succinic acid 0.298%, in immutured wax gourd, citric acid was 0.039, malic acid 0.350, succinic 0.224%. Fumaric acid was trace in all cases. Total organic acid in matured wax gourd core was 0.833, immatured wax gourd core was 0.624 and immatured wax gourd sarcocarp was 0.546, matured wax gourd sarcocarp was 0,541%. In inhibition rate to propionibacterium acnes, control was 0(ø, cm), wax gourd that was not heated was 2.6, and wax gourd which was heated was 2.5, concentrated by 1/5 was 1.9, wax gourd by 1/10 was 2.5, freezing dry was 2.3. Wax gourd which not heated on producing melanin in B-16 melanoma cell, the melanins forming unit was 15
1/m1 in addition of 0.01%, while that as a control was 29
Physicochemical Characteristics of Sweet Persimmon by Heating Treatments
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 144~150
Sweet persimmon were tested in order to identify their use as secondary material which is excellent in function and taste as food. Samples were soaked for 1 and 5 min with NaCl concentration(0, 1 and 3%) at a certain heating temperature(25, 75 and 95
), and then tannin, vitamin C, flavonol, color intensity, sensory test and textural properties were analysed. The results of the analyses were as follows. Tannins were decreased as heating temperature, NaCl concentration and soaking time were increased, especially, that the control was 420 mg% but decreased 228 and 198 mg% at 95
(1 and 3% NaCl concentration) for 5 min. soaked in each. Vitamin C content also decreased more in higher temperature and NaCl concentration than control(122.4 mg%). Color intensity showed higher value in 1. and b than in heating temperature, NaCl concentration and soaked time longer remarkably, but a value decreased. The peel of sweet persimmons was analyzed myricetin(2.0
g/g) and kaemperol(1.1
g/g), but in pre-treatment sample(95
, 1% NaCl concentration and 5 min. soaked) was showed higher myricetin(9.5
g/g) and quercetin(5.5
g/g). Textural properties were good in pre-treatment sample(95
, 1% NaCl concentration and 5 min. soaked) such as brittleness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness. In sensory analysis, the pre-treatment samples(95
, 1% NaCl concentration and 5 min. soaked and 95
, 3% NaCl concentration and 1 min. soaked) were showed higher point than others.
Free Redical Scavenging and Cytotoxicity Activitives of Soybean Germ Saponin
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 151~157
This study was carried out to investigate functional activities of the free radical scavenging and germ of Glycin max. Merrill fur cytotoxicity toward P338 and L1210 cells derived from mouse. Effect of crude saponin were examined to oxygen radicals and their scavenger enzymes in liver fractions of Spragae-Dawley(SD) rats. Male rats were fed basic diets of control and experiment diets of 0.5∼1.0% crude saponin. There were no significant differences in hydroxy radical(
OH) formation of liver mitochondria and microsomes in 1.0% group, while
OH formations were significantly decrease in 0.5% and 1.0% saponin compared with control group. Their oxygen radical(O
/) scavenging activities were significantly decrease in liver cytosol of 0.5% and 1.0% saponin group compared with control group. Soybean germ saponin was isolated purified by the method of HPLC to investigate the cytotoxicity of mouse cells by using the MTT assay. SA-1 saponin fraction of soybean germ showed to inhibit toward growth cell of P338 and L1210 cells and its showed less than 50% cytotoxicity These results suggest that the saponin may play a effective role in attenuating a oxygen radical formations and increasing a scavenger enzyme activities.
Antibacterial Activities of Honeys on the Staphylococcus aureus
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 158~164
This study examined for the investigation the effect of honey on antibacterial activity. The experimental honey were used the domestics, or chestnut honey, multiflower honey, acassia honey, native honey and the foreign, or manuka honey, clover honey, canola honey, and the artificial honey, made with the diluted solution of each 12.5%, 25.0%, 50.0%. The result of compared the occasion of added-catalase with not added-catalase about the honey's antibacterial activity on Staphylococcus aureus by agar well diffusion assay were as follows. When the catalase was not added, manuka honey antibacterial activity was superior to chestnut honey's in the diluted honey of 12.5% and on the occasion of the diluted honey of 25.0%, it was approved in the order of manuka honey > chestnut honey > multiflower honey 〉 native honey > clover honey > acassia honey and the occasion of the diluted honey of 50.0%, it was approved in the order of manuka honey > chestnut honey > canola honey > native honey > multiflower honey > clover honey > acassia honey(p > 0.01). The clear zone representing inhibition of growth in diluted honey of 12.5, 25.0, 50.0 % with non-treat catalase ranged from 5.85 to 6.60, 4.26 to 8.27, 5.24 to 11.49 mm, respectively. When the catalase was added, antibacterial activity only showed in the manuka honey of 12.5% and on the occasion of the diluted honey of 25.0%, manuka honey's antibacterial activity was superior to chestnut honey (p > 0.01). On the occasion of the diluted honey of 50.0%, antibacterial activity was high in the order of manuka honey > chestnut honey > clover honey > canola honey > native honey(p > 0.01). The correlation was approved significantly among the manuka honey, chestnut honey, clover honey, canola honey and native honey.
The Effect of Mixing Beverage with Aralia continentalis Kitagawa Root on Blood Pressure and Blood Constituents of the Diabetic and Hypertensive Elderly
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 165~172
Studies were carried out to observe the influence of the Aralia continentalis Kitagawa root on blood pressure and blood constituents of the 24 hypertensive elderly(10 men and 14 women aged over 60). Total subjects were divided into three groups according to taking antihypertensive medications(A), antihypertensive medications and mixing beverages with the Aralia continentalis Kitagawa root(B) or mixing beverages with Aralia continentalis Kitagawa root(C). The systolic blood pressure of C group was significantly lower than that of A and B groups. The diastolic blood pressure of C group was lower than A and B groups. The blood glucose level of C group was a little lower than that of A and B groups. The level of TG increased more in A group than C group and decreased in B group. The levels of T-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol lowered in B and C groups and HDL-cholesterol level was higher in C group. The GOT, GPT and T-bilirubin levels of C group were significantly higher than others. Mixing beverages with Aralia continentalis Kitagawa root did not affect on blood protein and non-protein nitrogens. In conclusion, mixing beverages with Aralia continentalis Kitagawa root had an effect on lowering blood pressure, blood glucose, T-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations.
The Effect of Dietary Fiber Content of Rice on the Postprandial Serum Glucose Response in Normal Subject
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 2002, Pages 173~177
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of dietary fiber content of rice on the postprandial serum glucose and insulin responses in normal subject. Two rice varieties, Ilpum and Suwon 464 which are different in dietary fiber content, were cooked in pressure cooker and used for the test. The rice with a higher dietary fiber content gave a significantly lower glucose level (p<0.01) and insulin level (p<0.05) than did the normal rice variety. After a meal, the 60-min glucose levels of Suwon 464 and Ilpum were 90.3
4.8mg/dl and 111.6
2.7mg/dl, respectively. The glycemic index (GI) of Suwon 464 shows 64.5%, which was apparently lower than that of Ilpum. These results indicate that Suwon 464 high in dietary fiber can be useful in low-GI diets.