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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Retrogradation Properties of Rice Starch
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 105~110
The effect of varietal differences of rice starches by amylose content and gel consistency on the retrogradation behavior was studied. The gel consistency test, which is designed to detect differences in the texture of cooked rice of varieties that have a similar amylose content, had been turned out to be useful in this study. Both Suwon 232 and San Li Cun had higher amylose content, but were greatly different in gel consistency values. The results showed that setback viscosity of rice flour measured in a Brabender amylograph was significantly affected by amylose content as well as gel consistency. Increase in the rigidity modulus (E) of rice starch gels during storage determined by using Texture analyzer indicated that amylose content was an important factor in terms of hardness development The study of Avrami kinetics of retrogradation showed that time constant of rice starch gels was influenced by amylose content, but not by gel consistency.
Characteristics and Antibiotics Susceptibility of Escherichia coli Isolated from Fishery Products
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 111~115
This study was practiced to investigate characteristics and antibiotics susceptibility to 296 isolates of Escherichia coli isolated from 2429 fishery samples sold in Noryangjin Fishery Market from Sep. 2001 to Aug. 2002 It showed 12.2% average E. coli isolation rates for the tested samples. Isolation rates were high in summer, especially July and August, but there was no isolate in winter season. Of the fishery groups, the isolation rate showed in crustacea(15.6%), in mollusca(14.4%), in shellfish(12.0%) and in fish(11.0%). But, differences between the fishery groups was not large. In the case of shellfish, the isolation rate of shucked shellfish (16.3%) was higher than the non-shucked shellfish (6.8%). Following the provinces of origin of the fishery samples, in Gyung-Nam (14.3%) showed the highest isolation rate, whereas Je-Ju (6.9%) showed the lowest isolation rate. Results in 12 kinds of antibiotics susceptibility test, the 169 isolates(57.1%) had antibiotics resistances at least one kind of antibiotics and the 104 isolates (35.1%) had the multiple resistance at least two kinds.
Preparation of Chocolate Added with Monascus Barley Koji Powder and Quality Characteristics
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 116~122
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Monascus barley koji powder addition on the preparation of chocolate(milk, white). The viscosity, moisture contents, color, rancidity and sensory evaluation were observed. When the ratio(0, 2, 4, 6%) of Monascus barley koji powder were varied on the preparation of chocolate, the milk chocolate was not changed respect to viscosity, moisture contents, color and rancidity. Under the same condition, the white chocolate was observed as follows, viscosity was increased a little bit, moisture contents were decreased. In color, L(lightness) and a(redness) value were increased obviously but the b value(yellowness) was decreased. And there are no changed in rancidity. In sensory evaluation, the milk chocolate with Monascus barley koji powder(0∼6%) addition did not make a significant difference in color, taste and flavor but texture and acceptability. The white chocolate with Monascus barley koji powder(0∼2%) addition was observed no significant difference in taste, smell, texture and acceptability except for color.
A Study on Overgrown Antler Kimchi
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 123~129
Kimchi made with the addition of 2 percent of boiled overgrown antler, raw overgrown antler, overgrown antler treated with lactic acid(acid treated overgrown antler) has been fermented for 15 days at 11
. After 15 days of fermentation, the results show that pH of boiled overgrown antler Kimchi was 3.82, that of raw overgrown antler Kimchi was 4.07, acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi was 3.98 control Kimchi was 3.86, and acidity of boiled overgrown antler Kimchi was 7.2 that of raw overgrown antler Kimchi was 10.1, that of acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi was 8.6, control Kimchi was 6.9, respectively. After 15 days, total sugar content was 1.20% in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 0.46% in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 1.15% in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, 1.46 % in control Kimchi, and reducing sugar was 0.47% in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 0.09% in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 0.58% in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi and 0.39% in control Kimchi, respectively. Amino acid content was 16.35
mol/m1 in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 20.83
mol/ml in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 15.06
mol/m1 in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, 17.60
mol/m1 in control Kimchi, and protein was 1.830% in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 2.011% in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 2.101% in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi and 2.011% in control Kimchi, respectively. Lactic acid content was 2.036% in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, 1.485% in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, 0.954% in boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, 1,200% in control Kimchi, and the content of succinic acid and acetic acid was highest in acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, and the result was 0.1531% and 0.188%, respectively. The number of microorganism was 0.96
8/g. The number of microorganism was highest in raw overgrown antler Kimchi, and followed by acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, control Kimchi, and boiled overgrown antler Kimchi, respectively, The results of test of the saltness, sour, aroma, color, texture through sensory evaluation reveal that boiled overgrown antler Kimchi and raw overgrown antler Kimchi has the excellent taste, and followed by control Kimchi, acid treated overgrown antler Kimchi, respectively.
Effect of Heating Condition, Additives and Solvents on Rheology of Squid Meat Paste Products
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 130~137
The squid had not been utilized for gel products because of its lower gel forming ability. The objectives of this study were as followed; 1) the optimum heating condition on squid meat paste products and 2) the optimum added level for jelly strength of squid meat paste products. Optimum heating conditions of squid meat kamaboko were as followed; setting(pre-heating) at 15
for 2 hours and heating at 9
for 60 minutes. The additives examined were as follows; 20mM EDTA, 10mM PMSF, 5
mol/100g TGase, 0.2% potassium bromate, 2% collagen, 2% sucrose ester of stearic acid and 1% egg shell powder. The effects of additives on jelly strength were observed as follow, in descending order; 10mM of PMSF>5
mo1/100g of TGase>0.2% of potassium bromate>20mM of EDTA. But sucrose ester of stearic acid and 1% egg shell powder were no effect. The solvents examined were as follows; n-amyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, n-hexyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and glycerin glycol. It showed that high jelly strength as 787gㆍcm for 3% of n-butyl alcohol and 749gㆍcm for 3% of n-amyl alcohol. To adding 5% of n-butyl alcohol and n-amyl alcohol, gave the highest jelly strength and water holding capacity(WHC). Effect of alcohol on jelly strength appeared higher value at added 5% of n-butyl alcohol than n-amyl alcohol, and flying squid product was higher than jumbo squid product.
Effect of Added Proteins on Rheology of Squid Meat Paste Products
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 138~145
The effects of adding egg white, bovine plasma protein(bpp), gelatin and gluten on the rheological properties of squid meat paste product(squid meat kamaboko) were examined by the measurements of jelly strength, texture, moisture content, water holding capacity(WHC) and folding test. The optimum added levels for jelly strength of squid meat kamaboko were 4% of egg white, 5% of bovine plasma protein, 3% of gelatin and 4% for gluten. However, it is no increase that at added additives of over this concentrations were. Bovine plasma protein gave the highest jelly strength among the all additives at every concentration. Folding tests value of the optimum added levels were all B value. In this case moisture content and water holding capacity were 72.06∼73.78% and 88.53∼91.11% in jumbo squid, also flying squid were 71.91∼72.89% and 90.21∼93.25%, respectively. The additives were increased the jelly strength, hardness and water holding capacity(WHC), and these effects were eliminated by adjusting the water-content to the value of the control sample without additives.
Effects of Chinese Medical Material Extract on Plasma Lipids and Glucose in Male Rats
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 146~151
Chinese medical materials of Astragalas manbranaceus Bunge, Angelica gigas Nakai, Cnidium officinale, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, Lycium Chinese Mill were mixed, mixing ratio was 28:20: 18:18:16(w/w). Yield and concentration of extract obtained through extraction- concentration process of the mixed Chinese medical materials were 37.28%(w/w) and 50Brix, respectively. Animal feed(AF) used for animal test was manufactured from both mixing of general AF and this extract(0∼ 5%, w/w) and freeze dried. After the male rats were fed experimental diets in order to test during 4 weeks, the results of plasma TG, total cholesterol, phospholipid content changes and plasma, pancreas and femur insulin concentration changes were followed. The more the amount of treatment of Chinese medical material extract are, the higher the effect of concentration decline are in plasma lipid concentration. And at 3% treatment plasma TG, total cholesterol and phospholipid contents are decreased respectively 8.62%, 2.81% and 2.11%. Plasma glucose concentration has also similar effect that those things are decreased at 3% treatment. Insulin concentration of plasma, pancreas and femur are difficult to prove the effects due to respective increase and decrease. We guess that these results comes from not experimenting intentioned rat of diabetes mellitus but normal rat.
Enzymatic Properties of Serratia marcescens Pretense
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 152~157
Serratia marcescens ATCC 25419 protease was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulfate treatment, and DEAE-cellulose anion exchange chromatography. The specific activity of the enzyme was increased 448-fold during purification with an overall yield of 43.0%. Metal reactivation on the purified protease from S. marcescens was studied. S. marcescens protease was a metalloenzyme to be completely inhibited its activity by EDTA and the enzyme outstandingly inhibited by Hg, Fe, Cu, but the activity was increased approximately 20% by Co. The reactivation of the apoenzyme was effective with Mn, Co, Zn in pH range from 6 to 8. Among metalloenzymes prepared to the addition of Mn, Co, Zn to restore the degree of activity of native enzyme, Zn-enzyme was similar to the native enzyme in respects with enzyme activity, alkali-inactivation, thermo-stability.
Effect of Synnemata of Beauveria bassiana on the Properties of Noodle
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 2, 2003, Pages 158~164
This study was conducted to investigate the properties of noodle which was made of composite flour blended with the powder of synnemata of Beauveria bassiana. The characteristics of cooked-noodle including color, cooking properties, mechanical texture properties were measured, and sensory evaluation was performed. The L-value of dry and wet-noodle which made of composite flour was similar to that of 100% wheat flour, but a and b-value were higher than those of 100% wheat flour. There were no differences in the weight, volume and water absorption of the cooked-noodle made of composite flour and that of 100% wheat flour, but the turbidity of the cooked-noodle made of composite flour was higher than that of 100% wheat flour. The breaking force of dry-noodle which was made of composite flour was same as that of 100% wheat flour. Hardness and Gumminess of the cooked-noodle which was made of composite flour blended with synnemata powder at level of 1∼5% were same as those of 100% wheat flour. Springiness, chewiness, cohesiveness and adhesiveness of the cooked-noodle which was made of composite flour blended with synnemata powder at level of 1% were similar to those 100% wheat flour. The results of sensory evaluation showed that the cooked-noodles containing 1% and 3% synnemata powder were acceptable as much as those of 100% wheat flour in terms of color, taste, flavor, texture and overall acceptance.