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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Astaxanthin in Phaffia rhodozyma
Xu, Bao-Jun ; Fang, Zhe-Ming ; Kang, Hyo-Jin ; Wang, Qi-Jun ; Mo, Eun-Kyoung ; Sung, Chang-Keun ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 165~170
A sensitive and accurate method for the detection of astaxanthin was developed. The optimum HPLC system for the extraction and quantification of astaxanthin was based on a reversed phase column, and a quaternate mobile phase contained dichloromethane. The amount of astaxanthin can be accurately quantified in Phaffia rhodozyma cultures. The results of this study suggest that the mixture solution of dimethylsulphoxide and acetone is the optimal extraction solvent for astaxanthin and samples treatment for astaxanthin analysis must control low temperature and absent light operation strictly.
The Development of Functional Seasoning Chicken Products using Natural Extracts of Green Tea and Water Soluble Mineral Ion
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 171~179
In order to investigate the effects of pickle carrier on physico-chemical characteristics of seasoning chicken products, chicken were cured in seasoning containing 100 ppm germanium water, green tea, water soluble mineral and mixtures(100 ppm germanium water+green tea+water soluble mineral) after addition of 0.1% concentration to the weight of chicken. The determination of pH, salt and sugar contents were carried out, according to curing time. The salt content showed 1.11 %, 1.21 % in cured at 24 hours in control of breast and leg, irrespective of chicken parts, in which showed 19.94 brix, 18.89 brix in sugar content, respectively. These results mean that breast and leg meat added with natural extracts and functional water showed higher sugar content than that of control, in which revealed shortening of curing time by increasing penetrating velocity of salt and sugar content. Thus, salt and sugar content tended to be increased as the curing time of pickle carrier were extended in seasoning chicken after dipping in pickle containing water soluble mineral ions for 6 hours. The seasoning chicken treated with natural extracts and functional water showed a lower than that of control in hardness, irrespective of chicken parts. Overall, the seasoning chicken treated with natural extracts and functional water showed a low TBARS value and Log CFU/g, in which revealed antioxidative and antimicrobial activity. The sensory evaluations of seasoning chicken added with natural extracts and functional water containing water-soluble mineral ions were not significantly different(P<0.05). The glutamic acid among free amino acid contents showed a high in seasoning chicken treated with green tea, compared to control. This amino acid played a important role in taste of seasoning meat. The doneness appearance in seasoning chicken added with natural extracts and functional water containing water-soluble mineral ions tended to not be different, compared to those of control. These results revealed that seasoning chicken added with natural extracts and functional water containing water-soluble mineral ions would be attractive in fast food market on the basis of improvement of tenderness, shortening of curing time and uniformity of roasting appearance in seasoning chicken.
Development of a Computer Program Predicting Sterilization Effects on Target Microorganisms
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 180~186
In order to prediction of lethal effects on target microorganisms, this study was developed the program in the basis of Excel that was systemized with Visual Basic. This program was automatically calculated the lethal effects (L and Fo value) by using thermal characteristics (D and z value), kinetic model and mathematic model. For the selection of target microorganisms, we are selected two microorganisms because of spoilage increasing by acid production and decreasing quality of food, and heat resistance microorganisms. The target microorganisms were Bacillus cereus (D
=0.0065 min, z=7.8
) and Bacillus subtilis (D
=0.5 min, z =12
). The program was developed for the target microorganisms, and that was very useful for various microorganisms that direct introducing known D and z value.
Studies on Nutrient Components between the Chungjung Chicken Meats and General Chicken Meats
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 187~191
It was performed to find out difference of the nutritional contents between chungjung chicken meats grown chemicals free and general chicken meats. The chungjung chicken was eat and given feeds of good quality mixed living microbial agent, power of ginseng leaves and by-product of extract liquefied sea foods from fishes producted clean area of the Western Sea, including plentiful calciums, amino acids, docosahexanoic acid(DHA) etc. Addition of they improved chungjung chicken yields and meat quality compared to general chicken given feeds mixed antibiotic etc. Also, chungjung chickens eaten miced type develop resistance to in disease. There were significant trend in crude proteins, calciums, crude lipids contents, and unsaturated fatty acids between the chungjung chicken meats and the general chicken meats. The crude proteins and calciums contents were higher in the chungjung chicken meats than the general chicken meats, but the crude lipids contents were higher in the general chicken meats than that. Also, contents of the n6 fatty acids and n3 fatty acids in chungjung meats were higher than that. Especially, contents of DHA in the chungjung chicken meats were detected higher than the general chicken meats. Therefore, the results from this experiments will provide a information for the nutritional knowledge of the 'white meats', especially the clean chicken meats.
Effect of Exercise on Serum Lipids in Abdominal Obese Women
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 192~196
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of body composition, serum lipids and several parameters of body fatness (percent body fat, waist-hip ratio) in abdominal women by exercise. For this study, 8-weeks intensive exercise(5km jogging/day, 50min/day) was continued by subjects and they limited only fat rich foods and controlled daily energy intake to 1,800kcal～2,100kcal per day. The subjects were 52 women and the distribution of ages was 36～54 years. The data were analyzed using SPSS/PC package program and the results were estimated by paired t-test, Pearson correlation. The results are summarized as follows : 1) After exercise-training for 8 weeks, percent body fat, body mass index, body weight, total cholesterol was decreased (p<0.05). 2) LDL cholesterol and triglyceride was decreased significantly(p=0.000). The changes in deep abdominal adipose tissue were related to changes in triglycerides. 3) After exercise training, the waist-hip ratio was significantly correlated to body weight and serum lipids. 4) According to the data of this study, Ⅰ recommended that obese women, especially, abdominal obese patients should exercise regularly and we should prolong many studies for obesity
A Study on the Necessity of School Education for Child Obesity part 1 -A Basic Investigation for Guideline of Nutritional, Physical Education-
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 197~202
The purpose of this study was to investigate basic factors of obesity, nutrient intakes, behaviors of dietary life, daily energy expenditure and emphasize on the necessity of school education. Because the growing prevalence of obesity have required a need for health education in school. The results were as follows. 1. The average height of boys and girls was l59
11cm(girls). The average weight of them was 68
13kg(girls). BMI(body mass index) of them was 26.9
2.9(girls). 2. For energy and protein, the average intakes of subjects were higher than recommended dietary allowances for Koreans(7th Ed). The average intakes of vitamin A and ascorbic acid were much lower than the recommended dietary allowances. 3. Most of subjects prefer fast food, rich snacks and overeating, irregular meal amount and these dietary behaviors were severe problems. 4. Total energy expenditure was 1,933kcal in boys and 1,789kcal in girls. To reduce weight and treat obesity, the required energy intake to subjects was 1,546kcal(boys) and 1,431kcal(girls). If we prepared the effective program for obesity, school education should be integrated within the larger community. Parents of students and students may be educated to make good health changes in the home. Nutrition education has a direct impact on their life style of their food intake and nutritional status. The use of multi-component obesity treatments will be effective in a school setting. It is more effective to encourage health habits in school, house and it should be integrated within the larger community.
Physicochemical Properties of Red Wine using Active Dry Yeast Strains
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 203~208
In wine making, to perform yeast culture effectively that is the most important factor, 5 (Montrachet, Pasteur Champagne, Epernay II, prise de Mousse, Lalvin W15) representative active dry yeasts were selected. These are results about physicochemical properties. As a consequence of examining the survival rate in both 17% ethanol solution and 200ppm sulfite solution after 72 hours, Lalvin W15 strain was the highest among the 5 representative active dry yeasts. Moreover, in 1% citric acid solution, the survival rate of Pasteur Champagne after 72 hours was the highest one. As a result of experiment of red wine that is fermented by 5 different active dry yeasts, the highest one of total acidity was must of Lalvin W15. And then, the must of the Epernay II contains the highest ethanol content. Regarding of the content of organic acid, the wine that is fermented by Prise de mousse was the highest one and the order could be explained by Tartaric > Malic > Citric.
The Study in the Composition Changes of Muscle Proteins and Amino Acids in the Hibernant Fish-Mudskipper (Boleophthalmus pectinirostris) before and after Hibernation
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 209~217
The composition of muscle proteins and free amino acids in the mudskipper (hibernant fish) were investigated before and after hibernation (maturity period: August, hibernation period: November thru. April). It was found that crude proteins were 17.6% in August, 17.5% in November and 16.9% in April, while among the muscle proteins, sarcoplasmic proteins were constituted up to 19.2～20.4%, 58.8～61.3% for myofibrilla proteins, 11.2～13.2% for intracellular proteins and 7.5～8.3% for stroma proteins. Composition changes of the muscle proteins were hardly noted until November but during the hibernation(from Nov. to Apr.) the amount of the sarcoplasmic proteins and the myofibrillar proteins decreased pronouncedly. As for the sarcoplasmic proteins, 14 subunits were found and among them, the amount of 30 kDa and 46 kDa subunits were found to increase slightly in April compared with those in November, while the amount of 35 kDa and 65 kDa subunits were decreased slightly. As for the myofibrilla proteins, 13 subunits were found and detectable changes in their composition were not observed until November but in April the amount of myosin heavy chain was increased by 3%, while the amount of actin decreased by 3% when those are compared with the results in November. The composition of amino acids in the muscle proteins was hardly changed during the observation period. But there were considerable changes of composition of free amino acids. Glycine and alanine were found to be the major free amino acids. The most striking feature was the changes in the glycine and arginine content: the former, which is a dominant free amino acid, was increased by two-fold in April compared with that in August and the latter was increased by two-fold in November and by four-fold in April. It was also found that the amount of essential amino acids (i.e., lysine and histidine) and others (alanine, glutamic acid, serine, aspartic acid and valine) increased significantly during the hibernation period.
A Plan for Improving Quality of Traditional Soybean Paste
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 218~223
This study is proceeded on the development of standard method for making soybean paste by Korean traditional method. Fermentation condition of Meju was 1) Pre-fermentation : 30 days in about 20
room, 2) Main fermentation : 5 days in 30
or upper temperature, 3) Post fermentation and drying : 30 days in well sunlightened room in January. Meju was soaked in 18% salt solution(Meju 7kg/salt solution 20L) for 35～40 days (from late February to early April) and after soaking Meju was filtered as unsoluble solute and crushed and put into traditional Korean receptacle(named 'Dok'). Crushed Meju was stored from early April to mid September and Meju was changed into soybean paste(Doen-jang). During fermentation amino acid nitrogen in Doen-jang was slightly increased in early period and decreased lately. It has been proved that by panel test soybean paste made by the method suggested in this study was more excellent than commercially fermented soybean paste. This study has presented the possibility of commercial production of soybean paste made by traditional method.
Study on Health Benefits in Human Body of Food with Functional Ingredients
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 16, issue 3, 2003, Pages 224~231
The development of food science in the near future probably depends on the advance in functional food science. Actually, a number of substances and products with potential for disease risk reduction rather than simply for health maintenance have been investigated for their body-modulating functions. Some of them have been applied in practice to the industrialization of functional foods in terms of foods for health uses. Health is becoming a more important aspect of food. Consumers increasingly see the link between food and health, thus generating growing levels of consumer interest in more actively managing their diets and, by implication, their health. there is demand from consumers and strong manufacturer push towards the development of food as medicine. Pharmaceutical companies are currently focused on the medical aspects of food as medicine, but it is expected that there will be an increase in the rate of active ingredients for lifestyle application.