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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Effect of Chlorella Extract on Quality Characteristics of Yoghurt
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~7
Yoghurt base was prepared from skim milk added with 0.25∼2.0%(w/v) of chlorella extract powder and fermented with lactic acid bacteria(Streptococcus thermophilus : Lactobacillus casei = 1:1) at 37
for 24 hours. Quality characteristics of the yoghurts were evaluated in terms of acid production, number of viable cell, color, texture property, and sensory property during lactic acid fermentation. The addition of 0.25% chlorella extract powder stimulated the growth of lactic acid bacteria which showed the highest number of viable cell counts(l.46
8/ CFU/mL) after 12 hours incubation, and also enhanced the acid production which was pH 4.33 after 12 hours incubation. The L values(brightness) of the yoghurts containing chlorella extract powder were lower than control group, whereas the b values(yellowness) were higher. The hardness and gumminess of the yoghurt added with 0.25% chlorella extract powder were higher than others. Sensory scores of the yoghurt added with 0.25% chlorella extract powder were significantly higher than other groups in color, chlorella odor, sweet taste, chlorella taste, mouth feel, aftertaste and overall acceptability.
Effect of Chlorella Extract on Acid Production and Growth of Yoghurt Starter
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 8~17
The effect of chlorella extract on the growth and acid production of yoghurt starter was investigated in order to prepare the yoghurt added with chlorella extract. The various levels of chlorella extract powder were added to skim milk medium and the medium was fermented by single or mixed culture of 4 types of lactic acid bacteria such as Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei, and Lactobacillus bulgaricus. The changes in acid production(pH, titratable acidity) and number of viable cells of the medium during fermentation in skim milk added with chlorella extract powder have determined. When chlorella extract powder was added to skim milk medium at the levels of 0.5%, 1.0%, 2.0%, and 3.0%, the addition of 0.5% chlorella extract powder with the single culture of Str. thermophilus, Lac. casei, and Lac. bulgaricus showed the highest number of viable cell counts after 9 hours incubation. And also all single cultures of the yoghurt starter produced the higher amounts of acid with the addition of 0.5% chlorella extract powder. When chlorella extract powder was added to the medium at the levels of 0.25%, 0.5%, 1.0%, and 2.0%, the addition of lower lever(0.25∼0.5%) of chlorella extract powder with the mixed culture of the lactic acid bacteria showed more the acidity of pH and the number of viable cell counts. Among the treatments tested, the addition of 0.25% chlorella extract powder with the mixed culture of Str. thermophilus and Lac. casei produced the highest number of viable cell counts after 12 hours incubation. Therefore it was suggested to manufacture the yoghurt with the addition of 0.25% chlorella extract powder and the inoculation of mixed culture of Str. thermophilus and Lac. casei for on the stimulation of growth of the yoghurt starter.
Nutritional Properties of Yakju Brewed with Natural Plants
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 18~24
Nutritional characteristics and antioxidation effects of Yakju brewed with natural plants(fine tree leaves, bamboo leaves, ginger, cinnamon and licorice root) were tested. With regard to the contents of phenolic compound, Yakju brewed with natural plants was about 1.7 times higher than Yakju which were not brewed with natural plants. In Yakju brewed with natural plants, lactose content was the highest but maltose was not detected. Minerals were detected in the order of P>K>Mg>Ca>Fe and the content of Fe and Na had a little changes during its 30 days storage. Amino acid contents were getting lower during storage. They were about 28% lower compared 3 days with 30 days storage. Electron donating ability of Yakju and its diluents were tested by DPPH. It was found that the electron donating ability of Yakju was lower as the dilution ratio got higher and as the storage terms got longer. Also, Yakju brewed with natural plants has 95.7∼96.7% of electron donating ability during 30 days storage without regard to its dilution ratio. Superoxide dismutase(SOD) like activity was in inverse proportion to dilution ratio and storage days. The highest SOD like activity was shown 51.5% and 53.9% in 3 days storage Yakju brewed with natural plants and in its 2 times diluents, respectively.
Effect of Dill and Stevia Hot-Water Extracts on Quality and Sensory Characteristics of Kimchi
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 25~31
The quality and sensory characteristics of kimchi during fermentation at 15
were evaluated. Kimchi was prepared with Chineses cabbage which was brined in 10% salt water added dill hot-water extracts(DK) and stevia hot-water extracts(SK) respectively. The pHs and reducing sugar contents of kimchi were decreased with increasing the fermentation time whereas lactic acid(%) was increased. The pH of DK was lower than control, and the lactic acid(%) contents of DK, SK were equal or higher than control in the first stage of fermentation. Also, the reducing sugar contents of DK, SK were lower than control. These results showed that the fermentation of DK and SK were faster than that of control in the first stage of fermentation. But the lactic acid(%) contents of DK, SK were higher than control after the 12th day of fermentation. It showed that it is possible to extend the preservation of kimchi. With increasing fermentation time, the L value of kimchi juice was increased, and the a value was decreased, and the b value was constant. Especially, the a value of DK, SK was higher than control. It meant that DK, SK kept more carotenoids in kimchi than control. On the 6th day of fermentation, the sensory evaluation analyzed by ANOVA followed Duncan's multiple range test showed that the levels of the green smell and the moldy flavor of DK were significantly lower than control(p<0.05) and the levels of the green smell, the green flavor and the moldy smell of SK were significantly lower than control(p<0.05), too. And the level of overall flavor of DK, SK was higher than control. The most preference among experimental groups was SK and then control, DK. The levels of TBARS of DK, SK were generally lower than control, and the level of TBARS of DK was lower than SK.
Prediction of Heating Temperature of Jangjorim Food by Using Finite Element Method and Response Surface Methodology
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 32~40
This Study was conducted to predict temperature profile of Jangjorim (boiled beef in soy sauce) food during retorting using the commercial NISA (Numerical Integrated Elements for System Analysis) program. NISA program is a good tool to simulate the temperature profile of a specific material based upon the finite element method. The cold point of Jangjorim food located not at the geometrical center but at 26.9 mm backward in y plane because specific heat of soy sauce was 20% higher than that of boiled beef. The effects of heat transfer coefficients on heat transfer during retorting process of Jangjorim were analyzed by response surface methodology (RSM). Independent variables were thermal conductivity of soy sauce, thermal conductivity of boiled beef, and convection heat transfer coefficient and dependent variables were temperature error and lethality error. Thermal conductivity of soy sauce was the most significant contributor among those (P<0.01).
Study on the Characteristics of Bread with Jasmin Tea Powder
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 41~46
This study was designed to investigate the effective ratio of healthy bread with jasmin tea powder. The weight, volume, and color difference of bread with various jasmin tea powder was measured and the picture of bread was taken and the panel test was taken. The weight of bread was increased and the volume was decreased significantly according to increase of jasmin tea powder. To avoid the decrease of volume, the active gluten was added, but there was not shown the increse of bread volume by active gluten. In the result of panel test and volume measurement, addition of 3% jasmin tea powder was appropriate. Therefore, using the jasmin tea powder, the diversity of bread by functionality, nutritional composition, taste, color, flavor of jasmin tea powder can be developed. This result will support the background the development of jasmin tea bread of good quality.
Cloning and Expression of Mammaglobin Gene
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 47~52
In this study, I attempted to develope the expression and purification system of human mammaglobin proteins in Escherichia coli and to produce anti-human mammaglobin rabbit antibody for the detection of human mammaglobin protein in the peripheral blood of breast cancer patients. Human mammaglobin gene was cloned and sequenced from m-RNAs purified from donated breast cancer tissues using RT-PCR. The cloned gene was inserted into pET30, pET22, and pET32 plasmid. The cloned gene in pET30 yields insoluble proteins which was difficult to purify from the cells extracts. The mammaglobin gene in pET32 was strongly expressed soluble proteins which were isolated using Ni-NTA affinity chromagraphy and DEAE-ion exchange chromatography, followed by enterokinase digestion of the purified proteins. The isolated proteins had enough purity to use as a antigen for the production of anti-mammaglobin antibody in rabbits. The polyclonal antibody produced against the isolated mammaglobin showed a specificity to mammaglobin after Westernblot immuno assay. In conclusion, the isolated mammaglobin protein and the anti-mammaglobin rabbit antibody may be used for diagnosis of breast cancer as well as development of anti-breast cancer drug.
Studies on the Manufacture of Peanut Yogurt
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 53~59
To increase the nutritional and economic value of commercial peanut yogurt, a peanut yogurt was prepared by 12% skim milk added defatted peanut powder(DPP). The proximate compositions of DPP were moisture 2.3%, crude protein 31.39%, crude lipid 38.84, ash 2.89% and carbohydrate 24.58, respectively. The yogurt product were evaluated for acid production(pH, titratable acidity), number of viable cell, viscosity, color, quality-keeping property and sensory property. By addition of 5% and 10% DPP, the titratable acidity of yogurt was higher than that of yogurt not added DPP. The propagation of lactic acid bacteria was stimulated by adding 5% DPP, and the number of viable cells were about 8.9 log cfu/ml. On the other hand, the number of viable cells in control were 8.3 log cfu/ml. Viscosity of yogurt made from adding 5% and 10% DPP was higher than that of yogurt with only skim milk. When yogurt added with DPP was kept for 15 days at 5
its quality-keeping was relatively good. As the DPP increased, L value(lightness) decreased and a value(redness) increased obviously but the b value(yellowness) of 5% peanut yogurt increased and 10% and 15% again decreased. The overall sensory scores of yogurts added with DPP showed lower than that of yogurt with only skim milk.
Studies on the Prolonging of Kimchi Fermentation by Adding Chitosan
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 60~65
This study was conducted to prolong the edible period of Kimchi by adding high molecular chitosan(MW 800,000) and the product was evaluated for acid production(pH, titratable acidity), number of total viable cell, lactic acid bacteria, coli-form bacteria and sensory property during Kimchi fermentation at 10
. Kimchi added with the chitosan showed a retarded decrease in pH and increase in titratable acidity. Total microbial count and lactic acid bacteria of Kimchi added with chitosan(0.3%) were about 1.3 log(cfu/g) lower than those of control throughout the fermentation of 6 to 9 days. After 15 days of fermentation, coliform bacteria of all control and samples were decreased as 1.6∼2.3 log (cfu/g) level. Kimchi samples which were added with 0.1 % chitosan and fermented at 10
for 6 days showed not only effective in prolonging the edible periods but also better sensory scores in acceptability.
Measurement of Molecular Weight and Heating Properties of Korean White Ginseng Protein
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 66~71
This study was carried out to elucidate the molecular weight and the heating properties of Korean white ginseng protein by CM-cellulose column chromatography and electrophoresis. Thermostable protein contents were 0.17% in xylem-pith and 0.15% in cortex-epidermis of tap root by 90min of heating. The contents of thermostable protein were decrease after 90min of heating. By Electrophoresis, seven bands of 66, 45, 29, 24, 22, 20, 12kD were observed up to 30min of heating, but the band of 22kD was disappeared after 60min. of heating. The cationic protein content of thermostable protein fraction (28.24%) was higher than the anion protein content(0.80%). The molecular weight of thermostable protein fractions were 66kD, 55kD, 36kD and those of thermolabile protein fractions were 29kD, 24kD, 22kD, 20kD.
Isolation and Identification of Lactobacillus sp. Produced r-Aminobutyric Acid(GABA) from Traditional Salt Fermented Anchovy
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 72~79
This study was conducted to investigate the identification of lactic acid bacteria produced ν-aminobutyric acid(GABA) from traditional salt fermented anchovy. There was no appreciable difference in the number of lactic acid bacteria from fermented anchovy. Among the types of lactic acid bacteria, three strains of lactic acid bacteria produced ν-aminobutyric acid from those sample were identified temporary as name of Lactobacillus brevis BH-21, Lactobacillus rhamnosus BH-32 and Lactobacillus plantarum BH-38 by using gram positive identification(GPI) card and API 50 kit, respectively. 3 strains of Lactobacillus sp. were found to produce GAB A in the culture of filtrate. Lactobacillus brevis BH-21 produced GABA, some of which yielded 43.2 mg/mL GABA in the medium of 0.1% glucose, 0.1% yeast extract, 0.05% polypeptone, 0.002% MgSO
O, 0.001% FeSO
O, 0.01% NaCl, 0.1% monosodium glutamate, pH 6.0. This result suggests that Lactobacillus brevis BH-21 has the potential to be developed as a strain of GABA production.
Changes Quality Characteristics of Kimchi by Storage Containers
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 80~85
This study was performed to provide basic quality characteristics data of Kimchi by storage containers that will be applied for Kimchi storage container development of new material. In all storage containers, pH was decreased with increased storage days, while acidity was increased with increased storage days, The changes of pH and acidity by storage containers were alumina < stainless < bio < plastic. Salt content was same to all containers. In all storage containers, reducing sugars of Kimchi at first were 22.65
a/ mg/mL. But as these of alumina, stainless, bio and plastic at storage after 31 days were 11.18
a/ mg/mL, 5.39
c/, and 3.14
d/ mg/mL, respectively. The hardness, cohesiveness and gumminess of Kimchi by storage containers decreased with increased storage days. And the changes ratio of these were alumina < stainless < bio < plastic. The desirable organoleptic characteristic such as sourness, fresh cabbage taste and firmness were long time maintained at alumina container A significant evidence was detected that the alumina container showed less quality change than that of bio, stainless and plastic containers as storage days increased.
Studies on the Amino Acid, Sugar Analysis and Antioxidative Effect of Extracts from Artemisia sp.
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 86~91
This study has attempted to examine the antioxidative effect of ethanol extracts, and the analysis of amino acid and sugar of hot water extracts from Artemisia princeps, Artemisia argyi and Artemisia iwayomogi. Total phenol contents were 10.2 mg/
, 4.7 mg/
, and 7.0 mg/
in A. princeps, A. argyi and A. iwayomogi, respectively. Also, flavonoid contents were 6.1 mg%, 3.6 mg%, and 1.8 mg% in A. princeps, A. argyi and A. iwayomogi, respectively. Hot water extract from A. argyi showed highest electron donating ability toward DPPH. The contents of total amino acid by HPLC analysis were in the increasing order of A. princeps, A. argyi and A. iwayomogi. Of amino acid compositions, proline was largest in examined Artemisia sp.. The contents of total sugar by HPLC analysis were largest in A. iwayomogi. Of the sugar compositions, the glucose content was largest in examined all Artemisia sp., and the fructose content was in the increasing order of A. iwayomogi, A. argyi and A. princeps.
생식 산업의 현황과 전망
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 94~99
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 100~102
생식 소비자의 영양과 건강
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 1, 2004, Pages 103~109