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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Preparation and Characteristics of Drinkable Yoghurt Added Water Extract of Omija(Schizandra chinensis Baillon)
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 111~119
A new type of drinkable yoghurt was prepared to develop a functional yoghurt. Skim milk containing 0.4-1.0％(w/v) water extract of omija(Schizandra chinensis Baillon) was fermented by the mixed strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus. Quality characteristics of the drinkable yoghurts were evaluated in terms of compositions, keeping-quality(pH, titratable acidity, number of viable cells) and sensory properties. The drinkable yoghurts added with water extract of Schizandra chinensis were composed of 2.92-3.03％ protein, 9.98-10.23％ lactose, 0.81-1.08％ fat, 16.21-16.64％ total solid, and 14.57-15.17％ solid-not-fat. The L values(brightness) were significantly lower in the yoghurts containing water extract of Schizandra chinensis than that of the control which had no water extract of Schizandra chinensis, while the a values(redness) and b values(yellowness) were significantly higher than those of the control. The pH, titratable acidity and number of viable cells of the lactic acid bacteria of all yoghurts were not changed during the storage at 4
for 15 days, while the pH and titratable acidity were remarkedly changed during the yoghurts stored at 20
for 15 days. The drinkable yoghurts containing 0.4％(w/v) water extract of Schizandra chinensis added 15％(w/v) oligosaccharide, or 0.6％(w/v) water extract of Schizandra chinensis added 20％(w/v) oligosaccharide had the highest sensory score in taste and overall acceptability among the treatments. From the results, Schizandra chinensis was a useful natural additive with the bioactive effect by provision of a acceptable physicochemical and sensory properties in the drinkable yoghurt.
Quality Characteristics of Noodle Added with Chlorella Extract
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 120~127
This study was conducted to evaluate quality characteristics of noodles when different concentrations of chlorella extract powder were added to the wheat flour. The characteristics of noodle including cooking properties, color, mechanical texture properties, and sensory properties were determined. The noodles containing chlorella extract powder exhibited higher values in cooked weight, volume, moisture absorption, and cooking loss. When the amount of chlorella extract powder increased, the Hunter L(lightness) value, a(redness) value of cooked noodles decreased but b(yellowness) value increased. From the textural properties measured by texture analyzer, the noodles with chlorella extract powder were significantly lower in hardness, cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess, and chewiness than those of 100％ wheat noodle. The results of sensory evaluation of cooked noodles containing chlorella extract powder indicated that the cooked noodle with 1.5％ chlorella extract powder showed the highest value. Based on cooking properties and sensory evaluation, chlorella extract powder up to 1.5％ could be substituted for wheat flour to improve the noodle quality.
Keeping Quality and Sensory Property of Drinkable Yoghurt Added with Chlorella Extract
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 128~137
For the purpose of making a functional drinkable yoghurt, new types of drinkable yoghurts were prepared from skim milk added with 0.25％ chlorella extract powder and 2.5-10.0％ chlorella extract liquid. Quality characteristics of the drinkable yoghurts were evaluated in terms of quality-keeping property(pH, titratable acidity, number of viable cells) and sensory properties. When the drinkable yoghurts containing chlorella extract(0.25％ chlorella powder and 2.5-10.0％ chlorella extract liquid) were kept at 4
for 15days, the pH(pH 4.13-4.27), titratable acidity(0.66-0.75％) and number of viable cell counts of the lactic acid(8.42-8.89 log CFU/
) were not significantly changed for all drinkable yoghurts during the storage at 4
for 15days, but the pH(pH 3.53-3.56) and titratable acidity(1.30-1.37％) and number of viable cell counts(9.15-9.45 log CFU/
) were markedly changed for the storage at 20
for 15days. Therefor the keeping quality of the drinkable yoghurts with addition of chlorella extract was relatively good at 4
for 15days. The results of sensory evaluation of the drinkable yoghurts containing chlorella extract indicated that color, chlorella taste, aftertaste and overall acceptability of the drinkable yoghurt with no addition of chlorella extract showed higher preference than others. And also sensory scores of the yoghurt added with 20％ oligosaccharide were significantly higher than other groups in aftertaste and overall acceptability.
Screening of Antioxidative Compounds toward Human Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) from Useful Plants
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 138~146
This study was designed to investigate antioxidative activity of substances isolated from 25 kinds of useful plants resources toward free radical and human low density lipoprotein(LDL). Methanol extracts of Oenothers odorate had the highest antioxidative activity similar with
-tocopherol. Methanol extracts of Oenothers odorate was extracted again by the ethylacetate. The ethylacetate soluble acidic fraction obtained from methanol extract of Oenothers odorate showed highest activity toward human LDL. Each fraction was purified through Sepadex LH-20 chromatography by elution of chloroform-methanol mixture (90:10 v/v). Fraction, F-2 obtained from Oenothers odorate showed at highest levels of electron donating activity. Fraction, F-2 was identified as 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid and 3-hydroxycinnamic acid.
Extraction of Young Antler and Antler by Water, Proteases and HCl
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 147~155
Freeze dried antler, heat dried antler, antler were extracted through processing step by water, protease and hydrochloric acid(HCl). Extraction rate of freeze dried antler at 50
by water was 9.01％(8.82, absorbance at 280 nm), that of heat dried antler was 9.01％(4.45, absorbance at 280 nm), and that of antler was 1.10％(0.31, absorbance at 280 nm), respectively. Extraction rate of freeze dried antler by bacterial protease was 16.89％(4.50, absorbance at 280 nm), and that of heat dried antler was 17.29％(5.62, absorbance at 280 nm), and that of antler was 18.22％(0.64, absorbance at 280 nm), respectively. Extraction rate of freeze dried antler by 0.8N HCl was 72.25％(4.60, absorbance at 280 nm), that of heat dried antler was 71.14％(4.70 absorbance at 280 nm), and that of antler was 79.82％ (2.80, absorbance at 280 nm), respectively. Extraction rate of freeze dried antler through three processing steps was 98.15％, that of heat dried antler was 97.35％, that of antler was 99.14％, respectively. The result of analysis by HPLC shows that high molecular pe which appears in young antler and antler extraction was changed into a small molecular peak of about 1,000 by the reaction of protease, and protein of about MW 70,000 was extracted from their remaining residue by 0.8N HCl. The above result shows that water extraction and protease extraction in the freeze dried young antler, protease extraction and HCl extraction in dried young antler, and HCl extraction in antler are most effective.
Comparision of Carotenoid Pigments in Catfish, Parasilurus asotus and Slender catfish, Parasilurus microdorsalis in the Family Siluridae
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 156~162
This study was performed as a part of comparative biological studies of carotenoid pigment for the unutilized biological products. The content of total carotenoid in the integument of wild catfish were 0.27(
0.7) mg％ and composed of 25.8％ zeaxanthin, 9.7％ diatoxanthin and 9.1 ％ cynthiaxanthin as major carotenoid. The content of total carotenoid in the integument of cultured catfish were 0.07(
0.03) mg％ which is relatively lower compare to wild catfish and composed of 48.5％ lutein, 13.9％ zeaxanthin and 13.3％ isocryptoxanthin as major carotenoid. The total carotenoid contents of the slender catfish were 0.75(
0.25) mg％ which is relatively higher compare to other species of catfishes. The carotenoids were composed of 24.5％ zeaxanthin, 24.1 ％ 7'8'-dihydro-
-carotene-4-ol, 17.9％ 7'8'-dihydro-
-carotene and 10.8％ 7'8'-dihydro-
-carotene-3-01 as major carotenoid and 8.7％ diatoxanthin, 6.7％ cynthiaxanthin and 5.0％ lutein as minor carotenoid. Based on these data, as a comparative studies of carotenoid in integument of siluridae, parasiloxanthin and 7',8'-dihydroparasiloxanthin which are the characteristic carotenoid of catfish from biwa lake in Japan, Slender catfish contained more based on 7',8'-dihydro-
-carotene while that of wild and cultured catfishes were not found, indicating that carotenoid pigment of slender catfish depend on their living conditions.
Effects of Heating Temperature and Time, Salt and pH on the Texture and Color Characteristics of Whole Egg Gel
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 163~170
Effect of several factors for Preparation of whole egg gel (WEG) on texture and color of WEG were investigated in this study. The factors studied were amount of water addition, heating temperature and time, pH and NaCl. The whole egg gel was prepared by mixing of whole egg and steaming at 100
for 7 min followed by cooling at 22
for 90 min. The results showed that the increase in water addition decreased significantly with viscosity values of whole egg solution (WES) and the addition of more than 50％ water resulted in a significant decrease in the stress at failure (SF) and the hardness of WEG. The color a and b values of WES decreased and the value of WEG also decreased significantly in negative range. The increase in heating temperature decreased the coagulation time and increased in SF while SF decreased. Addition of NaCl up to 1.3％ resulted a significant increase in SF and hardness and a little changes in color of WEG. As the pH of WES changed from 4.0 to 10.0, the viscosity of WES was minimal and SF and hardness were maximal at pH 6.0. The L and b values of WEG were significantly reduced at higher pH values of 8.0.
Effects of Sourdough Powder on the Physical Properties of the Bread Flour
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 171~176
The purpose of this study was to examine physical properties of the bread flour added two different commercial sour dough powder. Addition of sour dough powder didn't show different water absorption, but reduce stability and increase breakdown on farinogram. Initial pasting temperatures of bread flour were increased by 0.7-1.3
when sour dough powder was added. Peak viscosity were increased by 3-6 RVA with addition of Phil IM 1, but addition of Phil XN 290 didn't show much difference with unadded bread flour Hardness of bread added Phil XN 290 and Phil IM 1 were lower than control after 2 days of making bread, but after 4 days they showed rapid increment. Sensory test showed that addition of Phil XN 290 2％ and Phil IM 1％ had better general evaluation than the others.
Properties in Formation of Protein-Binding Polysaccharide in Cordyceps militaris
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 177~185
The effects of liquid culture conditions and nutrient sources on the formation of protein-binding polysaccharide (PS) in Cordyceps militaris were examined. The formation amount of PS was increased in proportion to the growth rate of mycelium, in case of higher aeration or lower acidity. The optimum growth temperature of the mycelia was 25
for the formation of PS. The optimum carbon source and nitrogen source were glucose and peptone, respectively. The ratio of C/N was optimal with 3％ glucose to 0.5 ％ peptone. The sugar composition in the PS was greatly changed according to the carbon sources. The mycelium of Cordyceps militaris by liquid culture showed a higher electron donating ability than that by solid culture.
Softening Studies of Raw Sea Tangle Texture for Improvement of Its Processing Compatibility
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 186~192
This study was performed to investigate softening methods of raw sea tangle for development of sea tangle processing products and intermediate materials. In examination of various softening agents, it was revealed that 0.3％ sodium triphosphate was best effective on softening with heat treatment. Softerness and spreadability of sea tangle treated with sodium triphosphate and heat treatment were indicated to be better than the others. In blanching studies, microwave was extremely effective on softening and the effect was as follows: microwave>steaming>boiling water in softening order. In the case of adding 0.3％ sodium triphosphate in blanching treatment, there was synergy effectiveness on softening. The color change of treated sea tangle was significantly different at p<0.05 depending on blanching method and addition amount of the agent.
Studies on Softening Stability of Softened Sea Tangle Depending on Various Softening Agents
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 193~198
This study was carried out to develop the intermediate material for its processing product of sea tangle by investigating softening stability of softened sea tangle for storage. The change of softening stability, Avrami (equation) exponent, color and sensory characteristics was examined during storage when hydrophilic softening agent was added to the softened sea tangle. Inclination of the sample added with isomalto oligosaccharide showed the lowest value in relation of ln(E
L/- Et) vs t for four days of storage. Exponent range of Avrami equation was 1.00-1.67 and isomalto oligosaccharide having 1.0 of exponent exhibited the most stable effect in softerness. The sample formulated with isomalto oligosaccharide indicated the lowest value in rate constant and its rigidity was progressed very slowly during storage. The L, a and b value of softened sea tangle during storage was relatively decreased. Color preference, odor, cohesiveness, softerness, process compatibility were revealed to be in best when isomalto oligosaccharide was added. When softening agent was added to the softened sea tangle it showed the positive result in processing compatibility and the available value in intermediate material for its processing product. It was relatively effective on softening stability when isomalto oligosaccharide was added to the softened sea tangle.
Studies on Korean Takju using the By-Product of Rice Milling
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 199~205
The quality characteristics of traditional Korean Takju fermented with discolored, broken, and milled rice were evaluated. Initial pH of medium and culure temperature for the alcohol fermentation were 4.2 and 26
, respectively. After 5 days of cultivation, final pH and temperature were 4.0 and 23.5
. The alcohol contents in fermentation of discolored and broken rice was about 18.0％ and that of milled rice was 18.7％. The content of succinic acid was highest in organic acid components of products fermented three materials respectively. The major volatiles were 3-methyl-1-butanol, 2-methyl-1-propanol, n-propanol and ethyl acetate. In free amino acid composition of mashes, alanine retained more than 1000 mg％. Free sugars contained in mashes such as glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose were also analysed by HPLC. Results of sensory evaluation in taste, aroma, color were showed good score above 4.3.
Effect of Drying Conditions of Steamed Egg Yolk on Acid Value of Duck Egg Yolk Oil
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 206~211
It is very important to minimize the acid value of oil in the oil and fat industry, because acid value of oil products are a indicator quality. This study was performed to investigate change of moisture content, acid value and free fatty acid content by drying condition such as drying method, temperature and drying time on steamed duck egg york. Also, change of fatty acid composition by acid value. The acid values, moisture contents and free fatty acid contents were showed comparatively lower value by spray drying and freeze drying than by steam drying. but difference that keep in mind between each drying method was not looked. Whereas moisture content, acid value and free fatty acid content of effect of drying temperature reaches in lowest value. also, did not show change until dry 12hours reaching to lowest value by 3.1, 3.0％ and 0.98％ after dry 9hours both moisture content, acid value and free fatty acid content. Also, acid value increase, free fatty acid was increased, where unsaturated fatty acid showed that decrease rapidly.
Nutritional Characteristics of Ice Cream Added with Citron(Citrus junos Sieb ex Tanaka) Juice
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 212~219
In this study, we compared that sensory characteristics and nutritional components of ice cream supplements with various levels(1, 2, 3％) raw and frozen citron juice. Vitamin C was not detected in frozen citron juice 1％ added group. The content of vitamin C was 4.7 mg/100g in raw citron juice 3％ added group. But it detected 1.0 mg/100g in 3％ frozen citron juice added group. Free sugars were detected sucrose, lactose and maltose. Those amounts of all samples were lower than control group and were lower goes to citron juice added ratio higher. Organic acids in ice creams were detected oxalic acid, malonic acid, malic acid and citric acid. The citric acid content was higher than other organic acid. Especially, citric acid content was the highest in raw citron juice 3％ added group (6.3 mg/100g). But it's content was low in all frozen citron juice added groups (0.5-0.6 mg/100g). Mineral contents of ice creams were highest in raw citron juice 3％ added group (3399.96 mg/100g). The results of sensory test, citron aroma and citron taste were the highest in raw citron juice 3％ added group. Overall acceptability was the highest in frozen citron juice 2％ added group.
Optimization of Dynamic Headspace Purge Conditions for Concentration of Volatile Flavor Compounds of Roasted Perilla Seeds Oil by Response Surface Methodology
Kim, Suk-Ju ;
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 220~228
Dynamic headspace purge conditions were investigated to obtain minimum loss of high volatile compounds by breakthrough and maximum recovery of low volatile components of roasted perilla seed oil (RPSO). A response surface methodology was applied to evaluate the effect of purge temperature, purge time, and sample weight on
n (total peak area), breakthrough ratio, and peak area of perilla ketone the least volatile component of RPSO. Sample weight was the most important factor on the
n (total peak area) but it did not affect peak area of perilla ketone. All process variables significantly influenced breakthrough ratio. The optimum condition was determined by superimposing contour plots at purge temperature of 48
for 12 min purge time at sample weight of 0.60 g. 2-Propanone, 2-butanone, acetic acid, 2-methyl propanal were main breakthrough compounds in RPSO flavor.
Isoflavone, Phytic Acid and Oligosaccharide Contents of Domestic and Imported Soybean Cultivars in Korea
The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition, volume 17, issue 2, 2004, Pages 229~235
Chemical composition, total dietary fiber(TDF), oligosaccharide, isoflavone and phytic acid contents of seven domestic and three imported soybean cultivars were determined. TDF contents were ranged from 16.83 to 21.71％(w/w) without remarkable differences among soybean cultivars. Phytic acid contents of domestic cultivars such as Geomjongkong 1 (3.02％) and Dawonkong (2.92％) were higher than imported ones such as Canadian (2.07％) and American (2.22％) soybeans for soybean sprout and US No. 1 (2.16％). The phytic acid contents of cotyledon parts were 1.5 to 2 times higher than those of hypocotyl parts. Isoflavone contents in whole seed were wide ranged from 371 to 2,398
/g among cultivars and it were existed mainly as glucoside isomers. Profiles of isoflavone aglycones were composed of 52％ genistein, 36％ daidzein and 11％ glycitein. Hwanggumkong, Dawonkong, Geomjongkong 1 and American soybean for sprout contained lower isoflavone than others. Hypocotyl parts of soybeans contained from 6120.1 to 16921.1
/g isoflavone with ratio of 48％ glycitein, 35％ daidzein and 10％ genistein. Isoflavone contents of cotyledon parts were ranged 375-2393
/g, composition of which had no glycitein, 55％ genistein and 38％ daidzein. Oligosaccharide contents were similar among cultivars. Stachyose of 3.0-3.9％, raffinose of 0.8-1.2％, sucrose of 4.5-7.8％ and fructose of 0.3-0.8％ were determined.